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*  Curie temperature
Due to the small size of particles (nanoparticles) the fluctuations of electron spins become more prominent, this results in ... The Curie temperature of nanoparticles are also affected by the crystal lattice structure, body-centred cubic (bcc), face- ... "Colossal Reduction in Curie Temperature Due to Finite-Size Effects in CoFe 2O 4 Nanoparticles". Chemistry of Materials. 25 (1 ...
*  Colloidal gold
... therefore both the molecules directly attached to the nanoparticle surface (i.e. nanoparticle ligands) and/or the nanoparticle ... Gold nanoparticle could also amplify the SPR signal. When the plasmon wave pass through the gold nanoparticle, the charge ... Gold nanoparticle under 2 nm has shown catalytic activity to the oxidation of styrene. Gold nanoparticles capped with organic ... "Size Measurement of Nanoparticles using Atomic Force Microscopy." Characterization of Nanoparticles Intended for Drug Delivery. ...
*  Molecular self-assembly
These DNA structures have also been used as templates in the assembly of other molecules such as gold nanoparticles and ... Supramolecular assembly Foldamer Macromolecular assembly Ice-nine Self-assembly of nanoparticles Sweetman, A. M.; Jarvis, S. P ... 2008). "The role of interparticle and external forces in nanoparticle assembly". Nature Materials. 7 (7): 527-38. Bibcode: ... "A DNA-based method for rationally assembling nanoparticles into macroscopic materials". Nature. 382 (6592): 607-609. Bibcode: ...
*  Nanoelectronics
Also, nanoparticles can be used as quantum dots. Single molecule devices are another possibility. These schemes would make ...
*  SQUID
These nanoparticles are paramagnetic; they have no magnetic moment until exposed to an external field where they become ... After removal of the magnetizing field, the nanoparticles decay from a ferromagnetic state to a paramagnetic state, with a time ... Measurement of the decaying magnetic field by SQUID sensors is used to detect and localize the nanoparticles. Applications for ... "Detection of breast cancer cells using targeted magnetic nanoparticles and ultra-sensitive magnetic field sensors". Breast ...
*  Zinc oxide
Many sunscreens use nanoparticles of zinc oxide (along with nanoparticles of titanium dioxide) because such small particles do ... Zinc oxide nanoparticles can enhance the antibacterial activity of ciprofloxacin. It has been shown that nano ZnO which has the ... First, zinc oxide nanoparticles can interfere with NorA protein, which is developed for conferring resistance in bacteria and ... Second, zinc oxide nanoparticles can interfere with Omf protein, which is responsible for the permeation of quinolone ...
*  Polyvalent DNA gold nanoparticles
Gold nanoparticles can either be purchased or synthesized from a variety of methods. Reduce the DNA into thiols by adding 0.1M ... Polyvalent DNA gold nanoparticles are colloidal gold whose surface is modified with thiol capped synthetic DNA sequences. They ... Hurst, Sarah J.; Lytton-Jean, Abigail K. R.; Mirkin, Chad A. (2006). "Maximizing DNA Loading on a Range of Gold Nanoparticle ... 3.0.CO;2-O. Cao, Y. C. (2002). "Nanoparticles with Raman Spectroscopic Fingerprints for DNA and RNA Detection". Science. 297: ...
*  Applications of nanotechnology
Examples include titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles in sunscreen, cosmetics and some food products; silver ... Nanobiotechnological approach using plant rooting hormones synthesized silver nanoparticle as a "nanobullets" for the dynamic ... nanoparticles in food packaging, clothing, disinfectants and household appliances such as Silver Nano; carbon nanotubes for ...
*  Green nanotechnology
During nanoremediation, a nanoparticle agent must be brought into contact with the target contaminant under conditions that ... Nanoparticles can be engineered to catalyze, or hasten, the reaction to transform environmentally pernicious gases into ... For example, since the nanoparticles are small enough to be absorbed into skin and/or inhaled, countries are mandating that ... At the moment, scientists are unsure of what will happen when nanoparticles seep into soil and water, but organizations, such ...
*  Nanobiotechnology
In particular, compared to other nanoparticles, silver and gold nanoparticles based applications elicited beneficial results on ... The gold nanoparticle has been used to induce growth and seed yield in Brassica juncea. This field relies on a variety of ... Colloidal gold Gold nanobeacons Gold nanoparticle Nanobiomechanics Nanomedicine Nanoparticle-biomolecule conjugate ... Among these, engineered nanoparticles have received wide attention in all fields of science, including medical, materials and ...
*  Nanoparticles for drug delivery to the brain
Also, solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) are lipid nanoparticles with a solid interior as shown in the diagram on the right. SLNs ... In this case, nanoparticles are literally pulled across the BBB via application of a magnetic field gradient. The nanoparticles ... Polymeric nanoparticles may also contain beneficial controlled release mechanisms. Nanoparticles made from natural polymers ... and it helped advance research and development toward clinical trials of nanoparticle delivery systems. Nanoparticles range in ...
*  Magnetic nanoparticles
Ferrite nanoparticles or iron oxide nanoparticles (iron oxides in crystal structure of maghemite or magnetite) are the most ... Magnetic nanoparticles are a class of nanoparticle that can be manipulated using magnetic fields. Such particles commonly ... Magnetic nanoparticle clusters that are composed of a number of individual magnetic nanoparticles are known as magnetic ... The magnetic nanoparticles are coated with antibodies targeting cancer cells or proteins. The magnetic nanoparticles can be ...
*  Energy applications of nanotechnology
In 2005, scientists at the University of Toronto developed a spray-on nanoparticle substance that, when applied to a surface, ... It should also be noted Dais received a US Patent (Patent Number 7,990,679) in October 2011 titled "Nanoparticle Ultracapacitor ...
*  Upconverting nanoparticles
From this, the number of unit cells in a nanoparticle, and thus the total mass of the nanoparticle, can be estimated. As the ... To calculate the molecular mass of a nanoparticle, the size of the nanoparticle, the size and shape of the unit cell structure ... The use of upconverting nanoparticles in fingerprinting is highly selective. The upconverting nanoparticles can bind to ... the UCNPs target tumor cells and the plasmonic nanoparticles generate heat to kill cancer cells. [Field] nanoparticles generate ...
*  Plasmonic nanoparticles
The nanoparticles can form clusters (the so-called "plasmonic molecules") and interact with each other to form cluster states. ... Plasmonic nanoparticles are particles whose electron density can couple with electromagnetic radiation of wavelengths that are ... Changing the geometry of the nanoparticles can be used to manipulate the optical activity and properties of the system, but so ... The symmetry of the nanoparticles and the distribution of the electrons within them can affect a type of bonding or antibonding ...
*  Dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticles
... (DENs) are nanoparticles ranging from 1.5 to 10 nm that are synthesized by a template ... Advantages that DENs have over other nanoparticles is that they are monodisperse and easy to make. The first component in DEN ... By using different sizes, or generations, of dendrimers it is possible to control the size of the nanoparticle to be ... Monometallic, bimetallic and semiconductor nanoparticles have been synthesized using this method. The primary use for DEN's is ...
*  Antibiotic Properties of Nanoparticles
The key to nanoparticle efficacy against antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria lies in their small size. On the nano scale, ... Nanoparticles can enhance the effects of traditional antibiotics which a bacteria may have become resistant to, and decrease ... Nanoparticles have been studied extensively for their antimicrobial properties in order to fight super bug bacteria. Several ... Doping nano tubes or fullerenes with silver or copper nanoparticles may also harm the cells ability to grow and replicate DNA. ...
*  Gold nanoparticles in chemotherapy
Other gold nanoparticles on the market are mostly for synthesis of nanoparticle complexes in research. Nanocomposix specializes ... Including PEG coating, the nanoparticles measured to be ~130 nm in diameter. Gold nanoparticles that act as drug delivery ... In order to have multiple targeting and therapeutic ligands bind with gold nanoparticles, the gold nanoparticles must first ... The concentrations of gold nanoparticles in biological systems for practical usage range from 1-100 nanoparticles per cell. ...
*  Magnetic-plasmonic bifunctional nanoparticles
A group of nanoparticles with controlled distributions further enhance the E field. Narrower junctions between nanoparticles ... For smaller nanoparticles, the normalized electric field increases as size increases. However, for nanoparticles of diameters > ... Bifunctional plasmonic-magnetic nanoparticles (PM-NPs) consist of optical and magnetic components. They are useful for ... A laser beam focused on two neighboring Ag nanoparticles can generate a high intensity electric field in the narrow junction ...
*  Self-assembly of nanoparticles
Thus, large nanoparticles assemblies are more stable. This size dependence allows nanoparticles to self-assemble at the ... Nanoparticles can self-assemble as a result of their intermolecular forces. As systems look to minimize their free energy, self ... Nanoparticles have been observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to self-assemble in real-time. Self-assembly is an ... Nanoparticles can be programmed to self-assemble by changing the functionality of their side groups, taking advantage of weak ...
*  Nanoparticle
For example, gold nanoparticles appear deep-red to black in solution. Nanoparticles of yellow gold and grey silicon are red in ... Nanoparticles can be linked to biological molecules that can act as address tags, to direct the nanoparticles to specific sites ... Although nanoparticles are associated with modern science, they have a long history. Nanoparticles were used by artisans as far ... These nanoparticles are hard, and impart their properties to the polymer (plastic). Nanoparticles have also been attached to ...
*  RNAi nanoparticles to target cancer
Nanoparticles with MDR-1 silencing siRNA along with a cytotoxic drug PTX. Using this nanoparticle for delivery, silencing of ... This is why nanoparticles are being used. The nanoparticles currently used in experimental trials are usually nanoplexes, ... A modified nanoparticle with siRNA is now being researched and has been shown to effectively shut down the expression of gro-α ... Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) are being considered for delivering siRNA to silence AR. The most effective LNP to be found in vivo ...
*  Laser printing of single nanoparticles
The laser printing of single nanoparticles is a method of applying optical forces that direct single nanoparticles to targeted ... Van der Waals interactions cause attachment of the single nanoparticles to the substrate areas. This has been accomplished with ... Zywietz, Urs; Evlyukhin, Andrey B.; Reinhardt, Carsten; Chichkov, Boris N. (2014). "Laser printing of silicon nanoparticles ... "Laser Printing Single Gold Nanoparticles" (Free PDF download). Nano Letters. 10 (12): 4794-8. Bibcode:2010NanoL..10.4794U. doi: ...
*  Oxidative dissolution of silver nanoparticles
Nanoparticle size and shape can be specified by changing the ratio of alginate to silver nitrate used and/or the pH. A coating ... Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) act primarily through a process known as oxidative dissolution, wherein Ag+ ions are released ... Chen, P., Zhang, X., Miao, Z., Han, B., An, G. & Liu, Z., In-situ Synthesis of Noble Metal Nanoparticles in Alginate Solution ... Liu, Y., Chen, S., Zhong, L. & Wu, G., Preparation of High-Stable Silver Nanoparticle Dispersion by using Sodium Alginate as a ...
*  Synthesis of nanoparticles by fungi
For external gold nanoparticle production, the solution color can vary depending on the size of the gold nanoparticles; smaller ... External gold nanoparticle synthesis by P. chrysosporium was attributed to laccase, while intracellular gold nanoparticle ... gold nanoparticles are formed at pH 5, and at pH 7 to pH 9 the large nanoparticles tend to lack a defined shape. Soni and ... were implicated in silver nanoparticle synthesis for Fusarium oxysporum. Jain et al. (2011) indicated that silver nanoparticle ...