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*  Exon
... ization is the creation of a new exon, as a result of mutations in introns. Exon trapping or 'gene trapping' is a molecular ...
*  Stepwise mutation model
The original model assumes that if an allele has a mutation that causes it to change in state, mutations that occur in ... rates of mutation than small alleles and including variations that suggest that mutations are split between point mutations ... The stepwise mutation model (SMM) is a mathematical theory, developed by Motoo Kimura and Tomoko Ohta, that allows for ... For example, it is possible that two individual are identical at a given locus, having the same mutation even from its common ...
*  Mutation
Lethal mutations are mutations that lead to the death of the organisms that carry the mutations. A back mutation or reversion ... A heterozygous mutation is a mutation of only one allele. A homozygous mutation is an identical mutation of both the paternal ... A germline mutation gives rise to a constitutional mutation in the offspring, that is, a mutation that is present in every cell ... Point mutations may arise from spontaneous mutations that occur during DNA replication. The rate of mutation may be increased ...
*  Silent mutation
Codon degeneracy Neutral mutation Genealogical DNA test Missense mutation Nonsense mutation Point mutation Kimchi-Sarfaty, C.; ... Conversely, silent mutations are mutations in which the amino acid sequence is not altered. Silent mutations lead to a change ... The phrase silent mutation is often used interchangeably with the phrase synonymous mutation; however, synonymous mutations ... Silent mutations are mutations in DNA that do not significantly alter the phenotype of the organism in which they occur. Silent ...
*  Petite mutation
... or mutations in mitochondrial DNA (termed "cytoplasmic Petites") which is a deletion mutation, or by mutations in nuclear- ... Induction of the cytoplasmic 'petite' mutation by chemical and physical agents in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mutation Research ... or mutations in, mitochondrial DNA (termed "cytoplasmic Petites"), or by mutations in nuclear-encoded genes involved in ... petite mutations can be induced using a variety of mutagens, including DNA intercalating agents, as well as chemicals that can ...
*  Founder's Mutation
"Founder's Mutation" is the second episode of the tenth season of The X-Files. It was written and directed by James Wong, and ... "Founder's Mutation" was the fifth of the season's episodes to have been written and filmed, and it was originally going to be ... "Founder's Mutation" debuted on January 25, 2016, and was watched by 9.67 million viewers. It scored a 3.2 Nielsen rating in the ... "Founder's Mutation" was written and directed by James Wong, making it his first directorial contribution to The X-Files since ...
*  Postzygotic mutation
... spontaneous mutations and induced mutations. How detrimental a mutation is to an organism is dependent on what the mutation is ... or large mutations that affect entire chromosomes and are divided into two classes, spontaneous mutations and induced mutations ... Germ- line mutations are the result of a change in the genetic structure of germ cells. These mutations are able to be ... Constitutional mutations is a mutation that when present in one cell, is also present in all other cells associated with the ...
*  Relentless Mutation
... is the 3rd studio album from Vancouver, British Columbia-based technical death metal band Archspire. It was ... We hope you enjoy this track, and we'll be releasing more of Relentless Mutation soon. In addition to "Involuntary Doppelgänger ... "Archspire 'Relentless Mutation' (album stream)". Exclaim.ca. Retrieved 3 October 2017. ... is the first track from our upcoming release Relentless Mutation. We are extremely proud of what we were able to accomplish ...
*  Mutation breeding
Mutation frequencies are notably higher for ion beam radiation compared to electron radiation, and the mutation spectrum is ... Kharkwal, M. C.; Shu, Q. Y. (2008). "The role of induced mutations in world food security" (PDF). Induced plant mutations in ... space-bred mutations have greater efficacy in that they experience positive effects on their first generation of mutation, ... Current Status and Research Directions of Induced Mutation Application to Seeds Program in Vietnam in Induced Plant Mutations ...
*  Germline mutation
A germline mutation can also occur due to exogenous factors. Similar to somatic mutations, germline mutations can be caused by ... If the mutation arises in either the sperm or the oocyte before development, then the mutation will be present in every cell in ... A mutation that arises soon after fertilization, but before germline and somatic cells are determined, then the mutation will ... A dominant mutation only requires 1 mutated gene to produce the disease phenotype, while a recessive mutation requires both ...
*  Mutation testing
... (or mutation analysis or program mutation) is used to design new software tests and evaluate the quality of ... NET and Mono Nester Mutation testing tool for C# VisualMutator Mutation testing tool for C# Humbug Mutation testing tool for ... integrated mutation testing framework for Java Jumble Bytecode-based mutation testing tool for Java PIT Bytecode-based mutation ... total number of mutants These mutation operators are also called traditional mutation operators. There are also mutation ...
*  BRCA mutation
... with BRCA1 mutations being slightly more common than BRCA2 mutations), but the impact on women with the gene mutation is more ... A BRCA mutation is a mutation in either of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, which are tumour suppressor genes. Hundreds of different ... Not all mutations are high-risk; some appear to be harmless variations. The cancer risk associated with any given mutation ... Inheriting one BRCA1 mutation and one BRCA2 mutation has been reported occasionally; the child's risk for any given type of ...
*  Adaptive mutation
The E. coli strain FC40 has a high rate of mutation, and so is useful for studies, such as for adaptive mutation. Due to a ... Adaptive mutation states that rather than mutations and evolution being random, they are in response to specific stresses. In ... Adaptive mutation is a controversial evolutionary theory. It posits that mutations, or genetic changes, are much less random ... This would not be possible if adaptive mutation was not at work because natural selection would not favor this mutation in the ...
*  Missense mutation
... or substitution refers to a change in one amino acid in a protein, arising from a point mutation in a single ... In genetics, a missense mutation is a point mutation in which a single nucleotide change results in a codon that codes for a ... Missense mutations can render the resulting protein nonfunctional, and such mutations are responsible for human diseases such ... this would be a silent mutation (a type of synonymous substitution, which is not always silent) and not a missense mutation. ...
*  Mutation (algebra)
Right homotope and mutation are defined analogously. Since the right (p,q) mutation of A is the left (−q, −p) mutation of the ... and any mutation of A is Lie-admissible. If A is alternative then so is any homotope of A, and any mutation of A is Malcev- ... In the theory of algebras over a field, mutation is a construction of a new binary operation related to the multiplication of ... mutation A ( a , b ) {\displaystyle A(a,b)} x ∗ y = ( x a ) y − ( y b ) x . {\displaystyle x*y=(xa)y-(yb)x.\,} ...
*  Consonant mutation
... counting mixed mutations). Cornish and Breton have so-called mixed mutations, where a trigger causes one mutation to some ... Consonant mutation is change in a consonant in a word according to its morphological or syntactic environment. Mutation ... Mutation of initial, medial, and final consonants is found in Modern Hebrew. Japanese exhibits word medial consonant mutation ... Welsh also has a mixed mutation (triggered by na, ni, and oni). The languages vary on the environments for the mutations, ...
*  Mutation rate
... s are given for specific classes of mutations. Point mutations, are a class of mutations, which are small or large ... DNA viruses have mutation rates between 10−6 to 10−8 mutations per base per generation, and RNA viruses have mutation rates ... higher mutation rates increase the rate of beneficial mutations, and evolution may prevent a lowering of the mutation rate in ... the mutation rate is the frequency of new mutations in a single gene or organism over a various amount of time. Mutation rates ...
*  Resistance mutation
A resistance mutation is a mutation in a virus gene that allows the virus to become resistant to treatment with a particular ... Two NRTI mutations and four NNRTI mutations were commonly found, which can now be tested for using an inexpensive point-of-care ... Resistance mutations are evident and widely studied in HIV due to its high rate of mutation and prevalence in the general ... Resistance mutation is now studied in bacteriology and parasitology. Resistance mutations can occur through several mechanisms ...
*  Point mutation
Point mutations may arise from spontaneous mutations that occur during DNA replication. The rate of mutation may be increased ... a mutation called a frameshift mutation). Point mutations that occur in non-coding sequences are most often without ... A point mutation is a genetic mutation where a single nucleotide base is changed, inserted or deleted from a sequence of DNA or ... Nonsense mutations include stop-gain, and start-loss. Stop-gain is a mutation that results in a premature termination codon (a ...
*  Polar mutation
These mutations tend to occur early within the sequence of genes and can be nonsense, frameshift, or insertion mutations. Polar ... A polar mutation affects expression of downstream genes or operons. It can also affect the expression of the gene in which it ... "Polar mutations in membrane proteins as a biophysical basis for disease" - InterScience "Dictionary of medicine: French-English ... mutations are found only in organisms containing polycistronic mRNA. Definition on BMBCB "Microbial Physiology" - Google Books ...
*  Mutation Nation
The English manual for the Mutation Nation AES home version. The Neo Geo AES technical manual. Mutation Nation at the Killer ... Mutation Nation (ミューティションネイション) is a beat 'em up arcade game that was developed and released by SNK for the Neo Geo Japanese ... Rather than the standard fare of allowing players to pick up objects to use as weapons against the enemy however, Mutation ... List of Videogames Mutation Nation at MobyGames. ...
*  Mutation frequency
... and mutation rates are highly correlated to each other. Mutation frequencies test are cost effective in ... Mutation Research, (705), 3-10.described mutation frequency as containing a segment of cells that includes a mutation within ... Genomic mutation rates: what high-throughput methods can tell us. Bioessays, 31(9), 912-920. Allele frequency Mutation Mutation ... Since, organisms may pass mutations to their offspring incorporating and analyzing the mutation frequency and rates of a ...
*  Swedish mutation
The Swedish Mutation or Familial Alzheimer's Disease Genetic Mutation is one of the most well known genetic variation that ... The mutation had important consequences for Alzheimer's Disease research. The mutation occurs in the gene which encodes beta ... On average about half of the children of someone who carries the mutation will inherit it. The mutation is extremely rare - it ... The mutation was found in 1992 in Florida by Dr. Michael Mullan and Dr. Fiona Crawford working on DNA samples supplied by a ...
*  Nonsense mutation
A point-nonsense mutation differs from a missense mutation, which is a point mutation where a single nucleotide is changed to ... In genetics, a point-nonsense mutation is a point mutation in a sequence of DNA that results in a premature stop codon, or a ... For example, the effect of a point-nonsense mutation depends on the proximity of the point-nonsense mutation to the original ... doi:10.1016/S2213-2600(14)70100-6. Mutations point-nonsense mutation (Medical dictionary) Gatfield D, Unterholzner L, ...
*  Neutral mutation
... mutations in which natural selection does not affect the spread of the mutation in a species are termed neutral mutations. ... Charles Darwin commented on the idea of neutral mutation in his work, hypothesizing that mutations that do not give an ... However, Kimura explained this rapid rate of mutation by suggesting that the majority of mutations were neutral, i.e. had ... Since the amino acid translated remains the same a synonymous mutation has traditionally been considered a neutral mutation. ...