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*  Ames test
Mutagens identified via Ames test are also possible carcinogens, and early studies by Ames showed that 90% of known carcinogens ... Mutagens identified in the Ames test need not necessarily be carcinogenic, and further tests are required for any potential ... Hayatsu, Hiroka (1991), Mutagens in Food: Detection and Prevention, CRC Press, pp. 286 pages, ISBN 0-8493-5877-9 Andrew ... However some proposed that organisms can tolerate low level of mutagens due to protective mechanisms such as DNA repair, and ...
*  Antimutagen
The interference can be in the form of prevention of the transformation of a mutagenic compound into mutagen[clarification ... There are a number of naturally occurring anti-mutagens that show their efficient action. Nutrients such as vitamins and ... Antimutagens can be classified into: Desmutagens, that inactivate the chemical interactions before the mutagen attacks the ... basically the sunscreen inhibit the penetration of the mutagen. These genes have the function of protecting cells against tumor ...
*  Heterocyclic amine formation in meat
MeIQ, IQ and 8-MeIQx are the most potent mutagens according to the Ames test. These HCAs are 100 times more potent carcinogens ... "Meat Consumption, Cooking Practices, Meat Mutagens, and Risk of Prostate Cancer". Nutrition and Cancer. 63 (4): 525-537. doi: ... "A population-based dietary inventory of cooked meat and assessment of the daily intake of food mutagens". Food Additives & ...
*  Mutagen
Such mutagens are called clastogens. Mutagens may also modify the DNA sequence; the changes in nucleic acid sequences by ... Mutagens may therefore be also carcinogens. However, some mutagens exert their mutagenic effect through their metabolites, and ... Different mutagens act on the DNA differently. Powerful mutagens may result in chromosomal instability, causing chromosomal ... of the mutagens identified through Ames test may also be carcinogens. Mutagens are not necessarily carcinogens, and vice versa ...
*  Mutagen X
... (MX), or 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-5H-furan-2-one, is a byproduct of the disinfection of water by ...
*  Aspergillus clavatus
And it yielded mutagens. The extracts were given to unimmunised mice, causing lung reaction and leading to cases of pulmonary ...
*  Heterocyclic amine
Sugimura T, Nagao M, Wakabayashi K (May 1996). "Carcinogenicity of food mutagens". Environmental Health Perspectives. 104 ( ...
*  Methyl carbamate
Mutagen. 23 (1): 51-63. PMID 8125083. OEHHA Archived 2006-05-12 at the Wayback Machine. Inchem.org National Toxocology Program ...
*  GPX3
Mutagen. 50 (4): 285-90. doi:10.1002/em.20452. PMC 2666781 . PMID 19170196. Saga Y, Ohwada M, Suzuki M, et al. (2008). " ...
*  40S ribosomal protein S9
Mutagen. 36 (3): 201-5. doi:10.1002/1098-2280(2000)36:3. 3.0.CO;2-1. PMID 11044901. Bortoluzzi S, d'Alessi F, Romualdi C, ...
*  Ada regulon
Mutagen. 11:241-255. Deyu Li, James C. Delaney, Charlotte M. Page, et al., "Repair of DNA Alkylation Damage by the Escherichia ... The alkylating agents from a group of mutagens and carcinogens that modify DNA by alkylation. Alkyl base lesions can arrest ...
*  Epigenetics
Mutagen. 49 (1): 16-25. doi:10.1002/em.20361. PMID 18172877. Ilnytskyy Y, Kovalchuk O (September 2011). "Non-targeted radiation ...
*  NUBP2
Mutagen. 50 (4): 285-90. doi:10.1002/em.20452. PMC 2666781 . PMID 19170196. Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH, et al. (2002 ...
*  Functional magnetic resonance imaging
Mutagen. 645 (1-2): 39-43. doi:10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2008.08.011. PMID 18804118. Suzuki Y, Ikehata M, Nakamura K, Nishioka M, ...
*  Indel
Mutagen. 37 (4): 311-23. doi:10.1002/em.1038. PMID 11424181. Sachin apurwa; Wilson MD; Rubio JM; Post RJ (March 2004). "A ... Environ Mol Mutagen 33:320-324. Väli U, Brandström M, Johansson M, Ellegren H (2008). "Insertion-deletion polymorphisms (indels ...
*  Aphidicolin
Mutagen. Suppl 1: 35-45. doi:10.1002/tcm.10068. PMID 12616595. Mahy, Brian W J (2001). A dictionary of virology (3. ed.). San ...
*  Gene expression profiling
Mutagen. 48 (5): 380-94. doi:10.1002/em.20290. PMC 2682332 . PMID 17370338. Breitling R (2006). "Biological microarray ...
*  H2AFX
Mutagen. 56 (6): 491-504. doi:10.1002/em.21944. PMID 25773265. Meyer B, Voss KO, Tobias F, Jakob B, Durante M, Taucher-Scholz G ...
*  Mutation
The rate of mutation may be increased by mutagens. Mutagens can be physical, such as radiation from UV rays, X-rays or extreme ... Induced mutations are alterations in the gene after it has come in contact with mutagens and environmental causes. Induced ... Each of these classes of chemical mutagens has certain effects that then lead to transitions, transversions, or deletions. ... Montelone BA (1998). "Mutation, Mutagens, and DNA Repair". www-personal.ksu.edu. Archived from the original on 26 September ...
*  Hydroxylamine
Nowadays other mutagens are used. Hydroxylamine can also be used to highly selectively cleave asparaginyl-glycine peptide bonds ... It may be absorbed through the skin, is harmful if swallowed, and is a possible mutagen. Cytochrome P460, an enzyme found in ...
*  Diphenylamine (data page)
Possible mutagen. Possible teratogen. Harmful in contact with skin, and if swallowed or inhaled. Irritant. Toxicity data ORL- ...
*  Nitrophenyl pentadienal
Klopman G, Kalos A, Frierson M, Rosenkranz HS (1986). "NPPD (spy dust) is predicted to be a mutagen". Environ Mutagen. 8 (4): ...
*  Dangerous Substances Directive (67/548/EEC)
... classified into three categories Mutagens (Mut.), classified into three categories Substances or preparations that are toxic ...
*  Lactoylglutathione lyase
Nagao M, Fujita Y, Wakanayashi K, Nukaya H, Kosuge T, Sugimara T (1986). "Mutagens in coffee and other beverages". Environ. ... Methylglyoxal is a by-product of normal biochemistry that is a carcinogen, a mutagen and can chemically damage several ...
*  Benzo(j)fluoranthene
"Metabolic activation of carcinogens and mutagens." Molecular Biology of Mutagens and Carcinogens. Springer US, 1983. 97-141. ... The presumed ultimate mutagen derived from B(j)F9,10-dihydrodiol, 9,10-dihydro-9,10-dihydroxy- 11,12-epoxybenzo(j)-fluoranthene ...