Musculoskeletal diseases. Genitourinary diseases. Respiratory diseases. On the other hand, as expected the length of hospital ... This is one of the measures of morbidity used when determining the burden of a disease. The second factor used is the length of ... Circulatory system diseases. Neoplasms. Injury/Poisoning. "Discharges". Meteor Australian Institute of Health an Welfare. ...
M: Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue[edit]. *(M25.1) Fistula of joint ... Diseases Inflammatory bowel disease, more often in the form of Crohn's disease than ulcerative colitis,[6] is the leading cause ... For example, surgical treatment of fistulae in Crohn's disease can be effective, but if the Crohn's disease itself is not ... N: Diseases of the urogenital system[edit]. *(N32.1) Vesicointestinal fistula. *(N36.0) Urethral fistula *Innora:between the ...
Kobak S (October 2015). "Sarcoidosis: a rheumatologist's perspective". Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 7 (5): ... Sarcoidosis is a disease involving abnormal collections of inflammatory cells that form lumps known as granulomata. The disease ... It has also been called Besnier-Boeck disease or Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann disease. The word "sarcoidosis" comes from Greek [ ... A sarcoidosis-like lung disease called granulomatous-lymphocytic interstitial lung disease can be seen in patients with common ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 11: 1759720X19863997. doi:10.1177/1759720X19863997. PMC 6676257. PMID 31413732 ... the disease is best understood as a single continuous spectrum of severity. As the presentation of adult disease is highly ... Although several clinical sub-types of the disease have been characterized, based on the age at which skeletal lesions are ... and some studies report a higher prevalence of milder disease. There is a remarkable variety of symptoms that depends, largely ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 10 (3): 61-67. doi:10.1177/1759720X17752037. PMC 5802641. PMID 29492111. ... It can be used alone or in combination with methotrexate or other disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). In the ... Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 76 (5): 840-847. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2016-210310. PMC 5530335. PMID 27856432. Sanofi and ...
Hubler, M.; Langley-Hobbs, S.J. (2009). "Hereditary and congenital musculoskeletal diseases". In Montavon, P.M.; Voss, K.; ... Langley-Hobbs, S.J. (eds.). Feline Orthopedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Disease. Saunders Ltd. pp. 41-53. doi:10.1016/B978-0- ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 4 (2): 111-120. doi:10.1177/1759720x11425092. PMC 3383519. PMID 22870499. ... These muscular diseases usually arise from a pathology within the muscle tissue itself rather than the nerves innervating that ... Patients with a glycogen storage disease manifest a normal increase in ammonia but no change from baseline of lactate, whereas ... In general, non-inflammatory myopathies are a grouping of muscular diseases not induced by an autoimmune-mediated inflammatory ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 11: 1759720X19828669. doi:10.1177/1759720X19828669. PMC 6391542. PMID 30833991 ... It may also be useful for other immune system related inflammatory diseases. The drug acts as a selective inhibitor of the ... In the European Union, Apremilast alone or in combination with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), is indicated for ... Mease PJ, Armstrong AW (March 2014). "Managing patients with psoriatic disease: the diagnosis and pharmacologic treatment of ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 6 (5): 185-202. doi:10.1177/1759720X14546350. PMC 4206646. PMID 25342997. ... Butler G, Wren B, Carmichael P (June 2019). "Puberty blocking in gender dysphoria: suitable for all?". Archives of Disease in ... Archives of Disease in Childhood. 104 (6): 611-612. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2018-315881. PMID 30655265. S2CID 58613069. ...
"Osteoarthritis". National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. April 2015. Archived from the original ... Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Hemochromatosis and Wilson's disease Inflammatory diseases (such as Perthes' disease), (Lyme disease), ... Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 4 (3): 167-80. doi:10.1177/1759720X12437753. PMC 3400104. PMID 22850875. ... estimates from the global burden of disease 2010 study". Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 73 (7): 1323-30. doi:10.1136/ ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 9 (8): 183-196. doi:10.1177/1759720X17712695. PMC 5557186. PMID 28835778. ... It is not impossible that ozonated or UV autohemotherapy may have real efficacy and effectiveness in autoimmune diseases if ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 4 (5): 357-68. doi:10.1177/1759720X12441869. PMC 3458615. PMID 23024712. ... Sprenger-Mähr H, Zitt E, Kronbichler A, Cejna M, Lhotta K (November 2019). "A hemodialysis patient with bone disease after ... Brown tumor in end-stage renal disease". The New England Journal of Medicine. 341 (22): 1652. doi:10.1056/nejm199911253412204. ... ISBN 978-0-19-852794-7. Marcocci C, Cianferotti L, Cetani F (October 2012). "Bone disease in primary hyperparathyrodism". ...
... how to diagnose a rare but highly fatal disease". Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 5 (6): 305-314. doi:10.1177/ ... Association with another disease such as lupus is called a secondary APS unless it includes the defining criteria for CAPS. ... As a disease associated with high morbidity and mortality, CAPS requires an aggressive multidisciplinary treatment strategy. ... 54% of pregnant mothers with the disease experienced fetal loss, and around 50% of pregnant mothers died from complications ...
Hubler, M.; Langley-Hobbs, S.J. (2009). "Hereditary and congenital musculoskeletal diseases". In Montavon, P.M.; Voss, K.; ... Langley-Hobbs, S.J. (eds.). Feline Orthopedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Disease. Saunders Ltd. pp. 41-53. doi:10.1016/B978-0- ... Ettinger, Stephen J.; Feldman, Edward C.; Bennett, D.; May, C. (1995). "Joint diseases of Dogs and Cats". Textbook of ... "genetic disease", achondroplasia. The Governing Council of the Cat Fancy likewise refuses to recognize the breed, considering ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 4 (3): 167-80. doi:10.1177/1759720X12437753. PMC 3400104. PMID 22850875. Zhang ... The main outcomes were disease progression, as measured by joint space narrowing (JSN) and knee pain (VAS). The combination ... has disease-modifying effects and provides symptomatic relief for at least some individuals suffering from OA. The report ... over the two-year period based on earlier studies of OA disease progression. Thus, while the researchers rightly concluded that ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 2011. Elsevier. "Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - 4th Edition". www.elsevier.com ... Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 3 (5): 255-266. doi:10.1177/1759720X11415456. ISSN 1759-720X. PMC 3383530. ... and other autoimmune diseases. He is the author of more than 16 books and 150 scientific publications in the field of ... Textbook of Autoimmune Diseases. Volume 355. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2000. Lahita, Robert G., Rheumatoid Arthritis: ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 9 (8): 183-196. doi:10.1177/1759720X17712695. PMC 5557186. PMID 28835778. ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 4 (2): 61-76. doi:10.1177/1759720X11430858. PMC 3383520. PMID 22870496. ... Micic D, Rao VL, Semrad CE (July 2019). "Celiac Disease and Its Role in the Development of Metabolic Bone Disease". Journal of ... "How A Bone Disease Grew To Fit The Prescription". NPR.org. Retrieved 2019-12-08. "One Minute Consult , What is osteopenia, and ... Osteopenia can also be secondary to other diseases. An incomplete list of risk factors: Age: bone density peaks at age 35, and ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 4 (3): 149-57. doi:10.1177/1759720X11436239. PMC 3400102. PMID 22850632. ... Types of autoimmune diseases it is used for include psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and Crohn's disease. It can be given by ... Other side effects may include liver disease, lung disease, lymphoma, and severe skin rashes. People on long-term treatment ... It is used as a disease-modifying treatment for some autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 4 (3): 181-207. doi:10.1177/1759720X11436238. PMC 3400101. PMID 22850529. ... They are also being investigated for use in diseases and injuries involving inflammation of the brain (ex. Parkinsons disease ... Although they are not used for analgesic benefits, they are widely utilized in the treatment of diseases related to ... Scott JP, Peters-Golden M (September 2013). "Antileukotriene agents for the treatment of lung disease". Am. J. Respir. Crit. ...
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. 9 (6): 137-144. doi:10.1177/1759720X17704430. PMC 5466148. PMID 28620422. ... Osteomalacia is a disease in adults that results from vitamin D deficiency. Characteristics of this disease are softening of ... Low vitamin D levels may result from disease rather than cause disease. A United States Institute of Medicine (IOM) report ... Low levels of vitamin D are associated with two major forms of human inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): Crohn's disease and ...
"Navicular Disease in Horses - Musculoskeletal System". Veterinary Manual. Retrieved 2020-10-08. "Special Feature , ... Because navicular disease can be caused, or at least exacerbated by shoeing, removing the cause is the first step in this ... It is possible that standing can also increase the chance of navicular disease (such as a horse that spends most of the day in ... People who choose to treat navicular disease through shoeing may use a shoe designed to lift and support the heels. This can ...
... cardiovascular diseases, 10% musculoskeletal disorders). The rate was highest in the canton of Zürich (1.4% of deaths), ... most of the assisted suicides concerned elderly people suffering from a terminal disease. The Swiss statistics of causes of ... and in the majority of cases they were suffering from a terminal disease (42% cancer, 14% neurodegeneration (e.g. Parkinson's ... January 2006 British doctor Anne Turner took her own life in a Zurich clinic having developed an incurable degenerative disease ...
ISBN 0-397-55150-9 Pienimäki T (May 2002). "Cold exposure and musculoskeletal disorders and diseases. A review". International ... disease Larsen-Johansson disease Knee rheumatoid arthritis Osteochondritis dissecans disease Synovial chondromatosis disease ... About 25% of people over the age of 50 experience knee pain from degenerative knee diseases. In the United States, more than US ... The components of each of these compartments can suffer from repetitive strain, injury or disease. Running long distance can ...
It covers musculoskeletal diseases and orthopedic surgery. The journal offers free continuing medical education articles ... The HSS Journal, the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by ...
2005). Musculoskeletal diseases : diagnostic imaging and interventional techniques. 37th International Diagnostic Course in ...
Akbar Bonakdar-Pour; William R. Reinus; Jasvir S. Khurana (22 September 2009). Diagnostic Imaging of Musculoskeletal Diseases: ...
Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases". "World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases". " ... The goal of the Foundation is to increase the early detection of osteoporosis and related musculoskeletal diseases, as well as ... The Foundation is the largest global NGO dedicated to osteoporosis and musculoskeletal diseases. Members of IOF are divided ... Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (WCO). The first WCO was held in 2000 in Chicago, Illinois and was formerly run by ...
For this reason, the disease is considered semi-lethal. The disease typically affects the musculo-skeletal system. The clinical ...
Bonakdar-Pour, Akbar (2010-06-09). Diagnostic Imaging of Musculoskeletal Diseases: A Systematic Approach. ISBN 9781597453554. " ... Aortic valve disease may be present, along with carpal tunnel syndrome, deformed hands and feet, stiff joints, or sleep apnea. ... Inherited Metabolic Diseases of the Nervous System" (Chapter). Ropper AH, Samuels MA: Adams and Victor's Principles of ... It is the most mild subtype of mucopolysaccharidosis type I; the most severe subtype of this disease is called Hurler Syndrome ...
US National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. ... Surgical treatment for cosmetic benefit is an option in some cases after the disease has been inactive for one to two or more ... It is important to continue to watch for symptoms and signs of active disease during and after treatment to ensure that the ... Photographs of the scalp may be useful in monitoring the course of the disease and response to treatment. The cause of the ...
... while imbalance results in disease. Such disease-inducing imbalances can be adjusted and balanced using traditional herbs, ... Most Americans used CAM to treat and/or prevent musculoskeletal conditions or other conditions associated with chronic or ... A belief that a substance that causes the symptoms of a disease in healthy people cures similar symptoms in sick people.[n 8] ... Treatments for severe diseases such as cancer and HIV infection have well-known, significant side-effects. Even low-risk ...
Musculo-skeletal imagingEdit. Musculoskeletal imaging: PET has been shown to be a feasible technique for studying skeletal ... Infectious diseasesEdit. Imaging infections with molecular imaging technologies can improve diagnosis and treatment follow-up. ... Cardiology, atherosclerosis and vascular disease study: In clinical cardiology, FDG-PET can identify so-called "hibernating ... March 1999). "In vivo mapping of cerebral acetylcholinesterase activity in aging and Alzheimer's disease". Neurology. 52 (4): ...
"Ebola Virus Disease". SRHD. Retrieved 15 September 2020.. *^ a b c d "Q&A on Transmission, Ebola". Centers for Disease Control ... A study of 44 survivors of the Ebola virus in Sierra Leone reported musculoskeletal pain in 70%, headache in 48%, and eye ... "About Ebola Virus Disease". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Archived from the original on 16 October 2014. ... "Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) Transmission". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 5 November 2014. Archived from the ...
"National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. May 2013. Archived from the original on 2 February 2015. ... Questions and Answers about Acne - US National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases ... This article is about a skin disease common during adolescence. For other acneiform skin diseases, see Acne (disambiguation). ... Disease Primers. 1: 15033. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2015.33. PMID 27227877.. *^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions: Acne" (PDF). U.S. ...
List of systemic diseases with ocular manifestations. References[edit]. *^ a b c Matejcek, A; Goldman, RD (November 2013). " ... The disease incidence varies widely depending on the geographical location. The most extensive epidemiological survey on this ... "Red Book-Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 29th Edition. The American Academy of Pediatrics". Retrieved 2007-07- ... In addition to the incidence of this sight threatening infection they also investigated the time trends of the disease. ...
"National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. April 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 18 May 2015. ... Osteoarthritis (OA) is a teep o jynt disease that results frae brakdoun o jynt cartilage an unnerleein bane.[5] The maist ... GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national ... a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545-602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16) ...
listen)) is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.[4][5] The word "medicine" is ... Musculoskeletal (including spine and extremities). *Neurological (consciousness, awareness, brain, vision, cranial nerves, ... Preventive medicine is the branch of medicine concerned with preventing disease. *Community health or public health is an ... Pathology as a medical specialty is the branch of medicine that deals with the study of diseases and the morphologic, ...
"Musculoskeletal and neurologic outcomes in patients with previously treated Lyme disease". Annals of Internal Medicine. 131 (12 ... "Lyme disease rashes and look-alikes". Lyme Disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 21 December 2018. Archived from ... "Lyme Disease Data and surveillance". Lyme Disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 5 February 2019. Archived from ... Treatment regimens for Lyme disease range from 14 days in early localized disease, to 14-21 days in early disseminated disease ...
... subluxation is the sole cause of disease and manipulation is the cure for all diseases of the human race.[4][41] A 2003 ... Norris P (2001). "How 'we' are different from 'them': occupational boundary maintenance in the treatment of musculo-skeletal ... Palmer, a magnetic healer, hypothesized that manual manipulation of the spine could cure disease.[214] The first chiropractic ... A subluxated vertebra ... is the cause of 95 percent of all diseases ... The other five percent is caused by displaced joints ...
Musculoskeletal. Subdivisions. Interventional, Nuclear, Therapeutic, Paediatric. Significant diseases. Cancer, bone fractures. ...
As such, it happens automatically (though there are exceptions in some disease states) and does not need conscious control or ...
Colorectal Disease. 10 (8): 789-792. doi:10.1111/j.1463-1318.2007.01381.x. PMID 17868406.. ... which may be useful in case of fecal incontinence or neurologic diseases, including traumatic spinal cord injuries; ... acute abdominal symptoms indicating a serious underlying disease). Although a Journal of Emergency Medicine paper concludes: " ...
US National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases ... Mixed connective tissue disease - a disease of the autoimmune system, also undifferentiated connective tissue disease. ... "Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. 17 (2): 125-139. doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2006.10.005. PMC 4426988. PMID ... Congenital diseases include Marfan syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome.. *Myxomatous degeneration - a pathological weakening of ...
Job strain and the risk of disability pension due to musculoskeletal disorders, depression or coronary heart disease: A ... Musculoskeletal disorders[edit]. Main article: Musculoskeletal disorders. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) involve injury and ... Cardiovascular disease[edit]. Main articles: Occupational stress and Cardiovascular disease. Research has identified health- ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Occupational Health Psychology (OHP). [1] *^ a b Everly, G.S., Jr. (1986). An ...
... showing he experienced significant musculoskeletal stress. Overall, the interred show signs of significant musculoskeletal ... Enamel hypoplasias generally form due to disease and/or poor nutrition. Linear furrows are commonly referred to as linear ... For example, bioarchaeologists have used caries in skeletons to correlate a diet of rice and agriculture with the disease. ... Disruptions in homeostasis caused by nutritional deficiency or disease or profound inactivity/disuse/disability can lead to ...
These drugs can cause cancer and other health conditions.[17] Healthcare workers are also at risk for diseases that are ... women predominate in the formal health workforce in many countries and are prone to musculoskeletal injury (caused by ... Exposure to respiratory infectious diseases like tuberculosis (caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and influenza can be ... Additional evaluation for TB disease as needed (e.g. chest x-ray for HCP with a positive TB test)[31] ...
Stephen Ira Katz, Director of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Archived 5 March 2012 ...
Occupationally related disease र ill-health are an important cause of morbidity र mortality in the world. The occupational ... Levy, B.S. & Wegman, D.H. (२०००). Occupational Health: Recognizing र Preventing Work-Related Disease र Injury (४th ed). ... treat र control occupational disease should it occur. ... Musculoskeletal Disorders. *Repetitive Motion. *Vibration white ...
"BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 20 (1): 446. doi:10.1186/s12891-019-2796-5. ISSN 1471-2474. PMC 6792214. PMID 31610787.. ... Add to these factors disease and cardiac and respiratory illness. Eccentric training enables the elderly, and those with the ... Rooyackers, J. (2003). "Eccentric exercise training in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". Rehabilitation ... Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. 8 (4): 270-274. doi:10.3109/15412555.2011.579926. PMID 21728805. S2CID ...
There is also much concern regarding the transmission of contagious diseases, particularly tuberculosis. An open question ... musculoskeletal injuries,[50] and higher rates of mental health conditions in flight attendants.[51] ... "Mortality From Neurodegenerative Diseases in a Cohort of US Flight Attendants". American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 59 (7 ... "Association between respiratory tract diseases and secondhand smoke exposure among never smoking flight attendants: a cross- ...
"Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2014-03-24.. *^ Rae, K; Orchard, J (May 2007). "The Orchard Sports Injury ... a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013". Lancet. 385 (9963): 117-71. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61682 ... Musculoskeletal injury *Articular cartilage injuries. *Acute lung injury. *Pancreatic injury. *Thoracic aorta injury ...
Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue XIII M00-M99 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue ... F02) Dementia in other diseases classified elsewhere *(F02.0) Dementia in Pick's disease ... F62) Enduring personality changes, not attributable to brain damage and disease. *(F63) Habit and impulse disorders *(F63.0) ... F06) Other mental disorders due to brain damage and dysfunction and to physical disease *(F06.0) Organic hallucinosis ...
Musculoskeletal disease templates‏ (1 ص). *. ◄ Music external link templates‏ (2 ص). *. ◄ Music sidebar templates‏ (2 ص) ...
The drug is associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-ulcerative colitis, but not Crohn's disease.[51] There are also ... Musculoskeletal[edit]. Isotretinoin has a number of muscoloskeletal effects. Myalgia (muscular pain) and arthralgia (joint pain ... It is used to treat harlequin-type ichthyosis, a usually lethal skin disease, and lamellar ichthyosis. It is a retinoid, ... Among others, actor James Marshall sued Roche over allegedly Accutane-related disease that resulted in removal of his colon.[81 ...
Infectious disease. Major modern diseases such as Ebola virus disease and salmonellosis are zoonoses. HIV was a zoonotic ... Rood, Kerry A.; Pate, Michael L. (2 January 2019). "Assessment of Musculoskeletal Injuries Associated with Palpation, Infection ... Many modern diseases, even epidemic diseases, started out as zoonotic diseases. It is hard to establish with certainty which ... Lists of diseasesEdit. Disease[28]. Pathogen(s) Animals involved Mode of transmission Emergence ...
Bell's stage 1 (suspected disease): *Mild systemic disease (apnea, lethargy,[7] slowed heart rate, temperature instability) ... Where the disease is not halted through medical treatment alone, or when the bowel perforates, immediate emergency surgery to ... The exact cause is unclear.[1] Risk factors include congenital heart disease, birth asphyxia, exchange transfusion, and ... Bell's stage 3 (advanced disease): *Severe systemic illness (low blood pressure). *Additional intestinal signs (striking ...
Granados S, Hwang ST (Jun 2004). "Roles for CD30 in the biology and treatment of CD30 lymphoproliferative diseases". The ... cloning and expression of a new member of the nerve growth factor receptor family that is characteristic for Hodgkin's disease ...
"Clinical Infectious Diseases. 52 (9): e162-93. doi:10.1093/cid/cir257. PMC 3106269. PMID 21460264.. ... Blood transfusions may also be used to treat a severe anaemia or thrombocytopenia caused by a blood disease. People with ... People with sickle-cell disease may require frequent blood transfusions. Early blood transfusions consisted of whole blood, but ... Circulatory, musculoskeletal. *Intravenous. *Intracardiac. *Intramuscular. *Intraosseous. *Intraperitoneal. *Nanocell injection ...
Mouth diseases include tongue diseases and salivary gland diseases. A common gum disease in the mouth is gingivitis which is ... It can also arise as a result of other gastrointestinal diseases such as coeliac disease. Coeliac disease is an autoimmune ... Crohn's disease is a common chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which can affect any part of the GI tract,[45] but it ... "Crohn's Disease". National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC). July 10, 2013. Archived from the original on 9 ...