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*  Vascular smooth muscle
... refers to the particular type of smooth muscle found within, and composing the majority of the wall of ... Vascular smooth muscle refers to the particular type of smooth muscle found within, and composing the majority of the wall of ... Mural cell Image of smooth muscle in the arterial walls Smooth muscle in stomach wall. ... Vascular smooth muscle contracts or relaxes to change both the volume of blood vessels and the local blood pressure, a ...
*  Muscularis mucosae
The muscularis mucosae is composed of several thin layers of smooth muscle fibers oriented in different ways which keep the ... It is present in a continuous fashion from the esophagus to the upper rectum (the exact nomenclature of the rectum's muscle ... The lamina muscularis mucosae (or muscularis mucosae) is a thin layer (lamina) of muscle of the gastrointestinal tract, located ... layers is still being debated). A discontinuous muscularis mucosae-like muscle layer is present in the urinary tract, from the ...
*  Smooth muscle tissue
BBC - baby born with smooth muscle condition has 8 organs transplanted Smooth muscle antibody Stomach smooth muscle identified ... 1 in smooth muscle, compared to ~6:1 in skeletal muscle and 4:1 in cardiac muscle. Smooth muscle does not contain the protein ... Smooth muscle-containing tissue needs to be stretched often, so elasticity is an important attribute of smooth muscle. Smooth ... make the entire smooth muscle tissue contract with them. The smooth muscle is the only type of muscle without the ability to be ...
*  Smooth muscle tumour
... s show a smooth muscle differentiation. There are two main types of smooth muscle tumour: the benign ...
*  Anti-smooth muscle antibody
Anti-smooth muscle antibodies are antibodies (immunoglobulins) formed against smooth muscle. These antibodies are typically ... "Immunoglobulin deposition in liver of patients with active chronic hepatitis and antibody against smooth muscle". British ...
*  Congenital smooth muscle hamartoma
... is typically a skin colored or lightly pigmented patch or plaque with hypertrichosis. Skin ...
*  Single-unit smooth muscle
... , or visceral smooth muscle is a type of smooth muscle found in the uterus, gastro-intestinal tract, ... In SUVSM, a single smooth muscle cell in a bundle is innervated by an autonomic nerve fiber. An action potential can be ... Because of its myogenic nature, single-unit smooth muscle is usually active, even when it's not receiving any neural ... Single-unit visceral smooth muscle is myogenic; it can contract regularly without input from a motor neuron (as opposed to ...
*  Smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential
... , abbreviated STUMP, is an uncommon tumor of the uterine smooth muscle that ... Ng JS, Han A, Chew SH, Low J (August 2010). "A clinicopathologic study of uterine smooth muscle tumours of uncertain malignant ... Coagulative tumor cell necrosis is common in clinically malignant smooth muscle cell tumors. It consists of an abrupt ... Ip PP, Cheung AN, Clement PB (July 2009). "Uterine smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP): a ...
*  Human musculoskeletal system
Cardiac muscles are found in the heart and are used only to circulate blood; like the smooth muscles, these muscles are not ... There are three types of muscles-cardiac, skeletal, and smooth. Smooth muscles are used to control the flow of substances ... Only skeletal and smooth muscles are part of the musculoskeletal system and only the skeletal muscles can move the body. ... Bárány, Michael (2002). "SMOOTH MUSCLE". Retrieved 2008-11-19. "The Mechanism of Muscle Contraction". Principles of Meat ...
*  Tropomyosin 3
Takahashi K, Hiwada K, Kokubu T (1988). "Vascular smooth muscle calponin. A novel troponin T-like protein". Hypertension. 11 (6 ... Winder SJ, Walsh MP (1990). "Smooth muscle calponin. Inhibition of actomyosin MgATPase and regulation by phosphorylation". J. ... In muscle cells, they regulate muscle contraction by controlling the binding of myosin heads to the actin filament. Mutations ... of actin-binding proteins involved in the contractile system of striated and smooth muscles and the cytoskeleton of non-muscle ...
*  Alison Brading
Smooth muscle, with Edith Bülbring, T. Tomita, and A.W. Jones. Autonomic Nervous System and Its Effectors Alison developed post ... Her early work focussed on the role of ions (particularly chloride) in the regulation of smooth muscle, developing new ways to ... She was particularly proud of her contributions to the study of smooth muscle in Japan, where three of her former DPhil ... 1970). Smooth muscle. London: E. Arnold. ISBN 0713141638. Brading, Alison (1999). The autonomic nervous system and its ...
*  Actin, alpha 1
Takahashi K, Hiwada K, Kokubu T (1988). "Vascular smooth muscle calponin. A novel troponin T-like protein". Hypertension. 11 (6 ... Winder SJ, Walsh MP (1990). "Smooth muscle calponin. Inhibition of actomyosin MgATPase and regulation by phosphorylation". J. ... "Entrez Gene: ACTA1 actin, alpha 1, skeletal muscle". Bandman, E (1992). "Contractile protein isoforms in muscle development". ... "Alpha-skeletal actin induces a subset of muscle genes independently of muscle differentiation and withdrawal from the cell ...
*  PDE1
... C has been shown to be a major regulator of smooth muscle proliferation, at least in human smooth muscle. Nonproliferating ... For example, in airway smooth muscles of humans and other species, generic PDE1 accounts for more than 50% of the hydrolytic ... Matsumoto T, Kobayashi T, Kamata K (August 2003). "Phosphodiesterases in the vascular system". J Smooth Muscle Res. 39 (4): 67- ... PDE1A most likely serves to regulate vascular smooth muscle concentration and has been found to be up-regulated in rat aorta in ...
*  Oligopeptide
It stimulates gastric, biliary, and pancreatic secretion; and certain smooth muscle. It is used to induce pancreatitis in ...
*  Ceruletide
... (INN), also known as cerulein or caerulein, is a ten amino acid oligopeptide that stimulates smooth muscle and ... It stimulates gastric, biliary, and pancreatic secretion; and certain smooth muscle. It is used in paralytic ileus and as ...
*  Interstitial cell of Cajal
Many types of smooth muscle tissues have now been shown to contain ICC, but with few exceptions the function of these cells is ... Kito Y (2011). "The functional role of intramuscular interstitial cells of Cajal in the stomach". J Smooth Muscle Res. 47 (2): ... Full Text Sanders K, Ward S (2006). "Interstitial cells of Cajal: a new perspective on smooth muscle function". J Physiol. 576 ... Electrical slow waves spread from ICC to smooth muscle cells and the resulting depolarization initiates calcium ion entry and ...
*  List of human endocrine organs and actions
J Smooth Muscle Res. 41 (1): 35-47. doi:10.1540/jsmr.41.35. PMID 15855738. [permanent dead link] Kaushansky K (May 2006). " ... Pedersen BK, Febbraio MA (October 2008). "Muscle as an endocrine organ: focus on muscle-derived interleukin-6". Physiological ... In 1998, skeletal muscle was identified as an endocrine organ due to its now well-established role in the secretion of myokines ... The use of the term myokine to describe cytokines and other peptides produced by muscle as signalling molecules was proposed in ...
*  László Szekeres
54/2, 936 pp, Szekeres L., Papp J.Gy.: "Pharmacology of Smooth Muscle". Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, Springer Verlag ...
*  Actinin
Laszlo Szekeres; Julius G. Papp (6 December 2012). Pharmacology of Smooth Muscle. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 17-18 ... and to the dense bodies in smooth muscle cells. The functional protein is an anti-parallel dimer, which cross-links the thin ... ACTN2 expression is found in both cardiac and skeletal muscle, whereas ACTN2 is limited to the latter. Both ends of the rod- ... α-Actinin is necessary for the attachment of actin filaments to the Z-lines in skeletal muscle cells, ...
*  Electrogastrogram
Gastrointestinal Motility". GI Smooth Muscle Electrophysiology: Slow Waves (Basal Electric Rhythm). p. 5. Parkman HP, Hasler WL ... Motility of GI tract results from coordinated contractions of smooth muscle, which in turn derive from two basic patterns of ... Bowen R. (November 23, 1996). "Electrophysiology of Gastrointestinal Smooth Muscle". Retrieved February 12, 2008. Waldhausen, ... which records the electrical signals that travel through the stomach muscles and control the muscles' contractions. An ...
*  Myxoma
1.^ SMA, smooth muscle actin. 2.^ MSA, muscle-specific actin. 3.^ EMA, epithelial membrane antigen. Symptoms associated with ... and are more likely to infiltrate the muscle of the heart. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can help non-invasively ...
*  Vasodilation
... works to decrease TPR and blood pressure through relaxation of smooth muscle cells in the tunica media layer of ... It results from relaxation of smooth muscle cells within the vessel walls, in particular in the large veins (called ... Vasodilation is the result of relaxation in smooth muscle surrounding the blood vessels. This relaxation, in turn, relies on ... Webb, RC (December 2003). "Smooth muscle contraction and relaxation". Advances in Physiology Education. 27 (1-4): 201-6. doi: ...
*  Caldesmon
This gene encodes a calmodulin- and actin-binding protein that plays an essential role in the regulation of smooth muscle and ... Mani RS, McCubbin WD, Kay CM (1992). "Calcium-dependent regulation of caldesmon by an 11-kDa smooth muscle calcium-binding ... Horiuchi KY, Chacko S (1989). "Interaction between caldesmon and tropomyosin in the presence and absence of smooth muscle actin ... Wang CL (2002). "Caldesmon and smooth-muscle regulation". Cell Biochem. Biophys. 35 (3): 275-88. doi:10.1385/CBB:35:3:275. PMID ...
*  George Chaldakov
"Ultrastructure of the arterial smooth muscle cell". In Stewart Wolf, Nicholas Theodore Werthessen. Smooth Muscle of the Artery ... Chaldakov GN, Nikolov SD, Vankov VN (1977). "Fine morphological aspects of the secretory process of arterial smooth muscle ... Chaldakov GN, Vankov VN (1986). "Morphological aspects of secretion in the arterial smooth muscle cell, with special reference ... Concept of the secretory function/phenotype of the vascular smooth muscle cell, as related to atherogenesis. Tubulin/ ...
*  Blebbistatin
... contraction of skinned tracheal muscles from guinea pig". Journal of Smooth Muscle Research. 49: 89-98. doi:10.1540/jsmr.49.89 ... It is widely used in research to inhibit heart muscle, non-muscle myosin II, skeletal muscle. However, its adverse ... Blebbistatin is a potent inhibitor of nonmuscle myosin IIA and IIB, cardiac myosin, skeletal myosin and smooth muscle but does ... At the organ level blebbistatin stops the contraction of skeletal muscle or heart muscle. Blebbistatin has also been found to ...
*  Submucous plexus
Its function is to innervate cells in the epithelial layer and the smooth muscle of the muscularis mucosae. 14% of submucosal ... Branches from the myenteric plexus perforate the circular muscle fibers to form the submucous plexus. Ganglia from the plexus ...
*  Calcium-dependent chloride channel
February 2012). "Anoctamins and gastrointestinal smooth muscle excitability". Experimental Physiology. 97 (2): 200-6. doi: ... and neuronal and smooth muscle excitability" in animals. Members of the Ca-CIC family are generally 600 to 1000 amino acyl ... ion channels for chloride that have been identified in many epithelial and endothelial cell types as well as in smooth muscle ... of anoctamin 1/TMEM16A by interstitial cells of Cajal is fundamental for slow wave activity in gastrointestinal muscles". The ...