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*  Skeletal muscle
... is one of three major muscle types, the others being cardiac muscle and smooth muscle. It is a form of striated ... ISBN 0-7216-9549-3. Quoted from National Skeletal Muscle Research Center; UCSD, Muscle Physiology Home Page - Skeletal Muscle ... Most skeletal muscles are attached to bones by bundles of collagen fibers known as tendons. A skeletal muscle refers to ... Diseases of skeletal muscle are termed Myopathies, while diseases of nerves are called Neuropathies. Both can affect muscle ...
*  Skeletal-muscle pump
The skeletal-muscle pump is a collection of skeletal muscles that aid the heart in the circulation of blood. It is especially ... Experiments have shown that a strong muscle contraction can occur without a corresponding increase in skeletal muscle blood ... it would seem impossible for a muscle contraction and skeletal muscle hyperemia to be uncoupled. Another experiment recently ... "Muscle pump does not enhance blood flow in exercising skeletal muscle". Journal of Applied Physiology. Retrieved 19 March 2013 ...
*  List of skeletal muscles of the human body
This is a table of skeletal muscles of the human anatomy. Almost every muscle constitutes one part of a pair of identical ... These muscles are described using anatomical terminology. fibularis muscles: Accessory muscle List of bones of the human ... muscles of the torso or trunk, muscles of the upper limbs, and muscles of the lower limbs. The action refers to the action of ... regarding what is defined as different parts of a single muscle or as several muscles. The muscles of the human body can be ...
*  Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
A progressive skeletal muscle weakness usually develops in other areas of the body as well; often the weakness is asymmetrical ... In an open access article in Skeletal Muscle, researchers "review how the contributions from many labs over many years led to ... If the entire region is removed, there are birth defects, but no specific defects on skeletal muscle. Individuals appear to ... 2014 DUX4-fl and downstream target genes are expressed in skeletal muscle biopsies and biopsy-derived cells of fetuses with ...
*  Wnt signaling pathway
In particular, Wnt10b is a Wnt protein that increases this sensitivity in skeletal muscle cells. Since its initial discovery, ... Skeletal Muscle. 3 (1): 5. doi:10.1186/2044-5040-3-5. PMC 3602004 . PMID 23497616. Malinauskas T, Jones EY (Dec 2014). " ... catenin signaling increases insulin sensitivity through a reciprocal regulation of Wnt10b and SREBP-1c in skeletal muscle cells ... These processes are necessary for proper formation of important tissues including bone, heart and muscle. Its role in embryonic ...
*  Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy
Alpha-dystroglycan in skeletal muscles helps to prevent the breakdown of muscle fibers through stabilization and protection. ... FCMD mainly affects the brain, eyes, and muscles, in particular, the disorder affects development of the skeletal muscles ... Use of the destabilized muscle fibers over time causes them to break down and a gradual decline in muscle tone and atrophy of ... Skeletal Muscle. 1: 22. doi:10.1186/2044-5040-1-22. ISSN 2044-5040. PMC 3156645 . Fukuyama type muscular dystrophy at NIH's ...
*  Sarcospan
Skeletal Muscle. 3 (1): 1. doi:10.1186/2044-5040-3-1. Crosbie; Heighway, J; Venzke, DP; Lee, JC; Campbell, KP; et al. (1997). " ... is a 25-kDa transmembrane protein located in the dystrophin-associated protein complex of skeletal muscle cells, where it is ... Without SSPN, Akt signaling pathways will be hindered and muscle regeneration will not occur. The loss of dystrophin results in ... "Sarcospan-dependent Akt activation is required for utrophin expression and muscle regeneration". The Journal of Cell Biology. ...
*  Hypertrophy
Muscle hypertrophy List of biological development disorders Hernandez, Richard; Kravitz, Len. "Skeletal muscle hypertrophy". ... 20-22, ISBN 978-1-59377-189-8 University of California Muscle Physiology Home Page: Hypertrophy. ...
*  Myotonia congenita
... is a congenital neuromuscular channelopathy that affects skeletal muscles (muscles used for movement). It is a genetic disorder ... But once the muscles are warmed up, they can once again function normally. This can happen in various muscles, even in muscles ... In skeletal muscle fibers the equilibrium potential for Cl− is around -80 mV, equal to that of K+ at rest. Cl− moves towards ... In skeletal muscle fibers, a large transverse tubule system with a high surface-area to volume ratio exists. The onset of ...
*  Carnosine
Chan, Kin M.; Decker, Eric A.; Feustman, Cameron (1994). "Endogenous skeletal muscle antioxidants". Critical Reviews in Food ... It is highly concentrated in muscle and brain tissues. Carnosine and carnitine were discovered by Russian chemist Vladimir ... and anserine present in muscle and brain". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 85 (9): 3175-3179. doi:10.1073/pnas ...
*  Cisatracurium besilate
Caldwell JE (1995). "New skeletal muscle relaxants". Int Anesthesiol Clin. 33 (1): 39-60. doi:10.1097/00004311-199500000-00003 ... is a bisbenzyltetrahydroisoquinolinium that has effect as a neuromuscular-blocking drug or skeletal muscle relaxant in the ... used adjunctively in anesthesia to facilitate endotracheal intubation and to provide skeletal muscle relaxation during surgery ... Serra C, Oliveira A (2006). "Cisatracurium: myographical and electrophysiological studies in the isolated rat muscle". Fundam ...
*  Mechanotransduction
Burkholder, TJ (2007). "Mechanotransduction in skeletal muscle". Frontiers in Bioscience. 12: 174-91. doi:10.2741/2057. PMC ... When a deformation is imposed on a muscle, changes in cellular and molecular conformations link the mechanical forces with ...
*  TNNC2
"Differential expression of slow and fast skeletal muscle troponin C. Slow skeletal muscle troponin C is expressed in human ... Troponin C, skeletal muscle is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TNNC2 gene. Troponin (Tn), a key protein complex in ... Townsend PJ, Yacoub MH, Barton PJ (1998). "Assignment of the human fast skeletal muscle troponin C gene (TNNC2) between D20S721 ... "Entrez Gene: TNNC2 troponin C type 2 (fast)". Romero-Herrera AE, Castillo O, Lehmann H (1977). "Human skeletal muscle proteins ...
*  Paramyotonia congenita
Rojas C, Wang J, Schwartz L, Hoffman E, Powell B, Brown R (1991). "A Met-to-Val mutation in the skeletal muscle Na+ channel ... Wu F, Gordon E, Hoffman E, Cannon S (2005). "A C-terminal skeletal muscle sodium channel mutation associated with myotonia ... Vicart S, Sternberg D, Fontaine B, Meola G (2005). "Human skeletal muscle sodium channelopathies". Neurol Sci. 26 (4): 194-202 ... Cannon S (2006). "Pathomechanisms in channelopathies of skeletal muscle and brain". Annu Rev Neurosci. 29: 387-415. doi:10.1146 ...
*  James Spudich
Spudich JA, Huxley HE, Finch J (1972). "Regulation of skeletal muscle contraction. II. Structural studies of the interaction of ... Spudich JA, Watt S (1971). "The Regulation of Rabbit Skeletal Muscle Contraction". Journal of Biological Chemistry. 246 (15): ... Professor of Biochemistry and of Cardiovascular Disease at Stanford University and works on the molecular basis of muscle ...
*  Beta-2 adrenergic receptor
Dilate arterioles to skeletal muscle. In the normal eye, beta-2 stimulation by salbutamol increases intraocular pressure via ... Glycogenolysis and lactate release in skeletal muscle. Contract sphincters of Gastro Intestinal tract. Thickened secretions ... Protein kinase A then goes on to phosphorylate (and thus inactivate) myosin light-chain kinase, which causes smooth muscle ... Actions of the β2 receptor include: Heart muscle contraction increase cardiac output (minor degree compared to β1). Increases ...
*  Delta-sarcoglycan
This protein is expressed most abundantly in skeletal and cardiac muscle. The mutations in this gene have been associated with ... Liu LA, Engvall E (2000). "Sarcoglycan isoforms in skeletal muscle". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (53): 38171-6. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.53. ... sarcoglycan in smooth muscle and its interaction with the smooth muscle sarcoglycan-sarcospan complex". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (49 ... Muscle Nerve. 28 (4): 472-83. doi:10.1002/mus.10465. PMID 14506720. Thompson TG, Chan YM, Hack AA, Brosius M, Rajala M, Lidov ...
*  Fibromyalgia
See S, Ginzburg R (1 August 2008). "Choosing a Skeletal Muscle Relaxant". Am Fam Physician. 78 (3): 365-70. Archived from the ... Genetic analysis of the skeletal muscle chloride channel which is the underlying cause of myotonia congenita revealed that both ... prolonged muscle spasms, weakness in the limbs, nerve pain, muscle twitching, palpitations, and functional bowel disturbances. ... The muscle relaxants cyclobenzaprine, carisoprodol with acetaminophen and caffeine and tizanidine are sometimes used to treat ...
*  Telocyte
Rat striated skeletal muscle (diaphargm). A typical TC (blue) with two convoluted Tp is shown, by transmission electron ... 11] Klumpp D, Horch RE, Kneser U, et al., Engineering skeletal muscle tissue-new perspectives in vitro and in vivo. Journal of ... A blue telopode of 14.2 µm in the section plane is illustrated around a nerve ending (green) between smooth muscle cells (brown ... At least 4 TC with their extensive Tp are visible between the epithelium and an arteriole (SMC - smooth muscle cells). Note, ...
*  Caveolae
Lo, Harriet P; Hall, Thomas E; Parton, Robert G (2016-01-13). "Mechanoprotection by skeletal muscle caveolae". Bioarchitecture ... In smooth-muscle cells, caveolin Cav1 has a role in stretch sensing which triggers cell-cycle progression. Some known ... shown to be required for the protection of cells from mechanical stress in multiple tissue types such as the skeletal muscles, ... Cavin4, analogous to Cav3, is muscle-specific. Caveolae are one source of clathrin-independent raft-dependent endocytosis. The ...
*  A. K. Jamil
Tone of skeletal muscles. Magnetic vacuum and high pressure Information on patient due for anaesthesia Non-Kink Catheter Mount ... "Tone of skeletal muscles / A.K. Jamil". catalogue.nla.gov.au. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 10 June 2014. [permanent ...
*  Occipitofrontalis muscle
Atlas of skeletal muscles. McGraw-Hill. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-07-290332-4. Bérzin F (1989). "Occipitofrontalis muscle: functional ... The occipitofrontalis muscle (epicranius muscle) is a muscle which covers parts of the skull. It consists of two parts or ... However, Terminologia Anatomica currently classifies it as a single muscle, and also includes the temporoparietalis muscle as ... The occipitofrontalis muscle is innervated by the facial nerve. The occipital belly originates on the lateral two-thirds of the ...
*  Occipitalis muscle
Atlas of skeletal muscles. McGraw-Hill. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-07-290332-4. Drake, Richard L.; Vogl, A. Wayne; Mitchell, Adam W. M ... The muscles receives blood from the occipital artery. Position of occipitalis muscle (shown in red). Occipitofrontalis muscle ... is a muscle which covers parts of the skull. Some sources consider the occipital muscle to be a distinct muscle. However, ... Terminologia Anatomica currently classifies it as part of the occipitofrontalis muscle along with the frontalis muscle. The ...
*  Robert S. Langer
2005). "Engineering vascularized skeletal muscle tissue". Nature Biotechnology. 23 (7): 879-84. doi:10.1038/nbt1109. PMID ... Bioengineered synthetic polymers provide a scaffolding on which new skin, muscle, bone, and entire organs can be grown. With ... such as the creation of engineered blood vessels and vascularized engineered muscle tissue. ...
*  Limb infarction
... is the preferred test for diagnosing skeletal muscle infarction. Oxygen consumption of skeletal muscle is approximately 50 ... It may cause skeletal muscle infarction, avascular necrosis of bones, or necrosis of a part of or an entire limb. Early ... A major presentation of diabetic skeletal muscle infarction is painful thigh or leg swelling. The major tissues affected are ... Retrieved on April 30, 2010 Grigoriadis E, Fam AG, Starok M, Ang LC (April 2000). "Skeletal muscle infarction in diabetes ...
*  Cranial nerve nucleus
Close to the midline are the motor efferent nuclei, such as the oculomotor nucleus, which control skeletal muscle. Just lateral ...