Loading...
*  Hypertonia
Spastic hypertonia involves uncontrollable muscle spasms, stiffening or straightening out of muscles, shock-like contractions ... Dystonic hypertonia refers to muscle resistance to passive stretching (in which a therapist gently stretches the inactive ... Rigidity is a severe state of hypertonia where muscle resistance occurs throughout the entire range of motion of the affected ... Bakheit, AM; Fheodoroff, K; Molteni, F (2011). "Spasticity or reversible muscle hypertonia?". Journal of Rehabilitation ...
*  Paratonia
Muscle tone Hypertonia Hypotonia Dementia Dupré, E (1910). "Débilité mentale et débilité motrice associées" [Mental disability ... Paratonia is the inability to relax muscles during muscle tone assessment. There are two types of paratonia: oppositional and ... AL-Zamil, Z.M.; Hassan, N.; Hassan, W. (2016-09-04). "Reduction of Elbow Flexor and Extensor Spasticity Following Muscle ... during repetitive continuous or discontinuous elbow movements may help distinguish paratonia from other forms of altered muscle ...
*  Spinal cord
These include hyperreflexia, hypertonia and muscle weakness. Lower motor neuronal damage results in its own characteristic ... Neurogenic shock lasts for weeks and can lead to a loss of muscle tone due to disuse of the muscles below the injured site. The ... Additionally, lower motor neurons are characterized by muscle weakness, hypotonia, hyporeflexia and muscle atrophy. Spinal ... Overall, spontaneous embryonic activity has been shown to play a role in neuron and muscle development but is probably not ...
*  Tay-Sachs disease
There may also be listlessness or muscle stiffness (hypertonia). The disease is classified into several forms, which are ...
*  List of MeSH codes (C23)
... muscle cramp MeSH C23.888.592.608.550 --- muscle hypertonia MeSH C23.888.592.608.550.500 --- muscle rigidity MeSH C23.888. ... 592.608.550.550 --- muscle spasticity MeSH C23.888.592.608.575 --- muscle hypotonia MeSH C23.888.592.608.593 --- muscle ...
*  List of MeSH codes (C10)
... muscle cramp MeSH C10.597.613.550 --- muscle hypertonia MeSH C10.597.613.550.500 --- muscle rigidity MeSH C10.597.613.550.550 ... muscle spasticity MeSH C10.597.613.575 --- muscle hypotonia MeSH C10.597.613.593 --- muscle weakness MeSH C10.597.613.612 --- ...
*  Paresis
... exaggerated tendon reflexes and muscle hypertonia In the past, the term was most commonly used to refer to "general paresis", ... When used without qualifiers, it usually refers to the limbs, but it can also be used to describe the muscles of the eyes ( ... Asthenia Ataxia Atony Catatonia Debility Fatigue (physical) Facial nerve paralysis Hypotonia Malaise Muscle weakness ...
*  Clomipramine
Decreased appetite Transaminases increased Alkaline phosphatase increased Speech disorders Paraesthesia Muscle hypertonia ...
*  Hydranencephaly
However, after a few weeks the infant sometimes becomes irritable and has increased muscle tone (hypertonia). After several ... a constant spasm or extreme tightening of the neck muscles. This condition possesses isolated occurrences, affecting less than ...
*  Spastic cerebral palsy
That leads to hypertonia in the muscles signaled by those damaged nerves. The limbs and body areas in which hypertonia ... which increase muscle tension. A person with spastic CP will commonly show, in addition to higher muscle tone, persistent ... stemming from tight adductor muscles and comparatively weak abductor muscles), are present. Gait analysis is often done in ... Generally, injury to muscle-nerves controlled by the brain's left side will cause a right body deficit, and vice versa. ...
*  Muscle tone
Physical disorders can result in abnormally low (hypotonia) or high (hypertonia) muscle tone. Another form of hypertonia is ... residual muscle tension or tonus) is the continuous and passive partial contraction of the muscles, or the muscle's resistance ... "muscle cramps". Treating these extensor or flexor group of muscles in isolation to relax can be difficult. Generally, muscle ... In skeletal muscles, this helps maintain a normal posture. Resting muscle tone varies along a bell shaped curve. Low tone is ...
*  Acquired brain injury
Singer, B; Dunne, Allison (2001). "Reflex and non-reflex elements of hypertonia in triceps surea muscles following acquired ... Physical therapy and other professions may be utilized post- brain injury in order to control muscle tone, regain normal ...
*  Williams syndrome
Physical therapy is helpful to patients with joint stiffness and low muscle tone. Developmental and speech therapy can also ... As individuals with Williams syndrome age, they frequently develop joint limitations and hypertonia, or abnormally increased ... Other symptoms include failure to gain weight appropriately in infancy (failure to thrive) and low muscle tone. Individuals ... muscle tone, and ongoing feeding and dietary assessments to manage constipation and urinary problems. Behavioral treatments ...
*  Prenatal cocaine exposure
Some, but not all, PCE children experience hypertonia (excessive muscle tone), and reduced reflexes and motor function have ...
*  Jumping Frenchmen of Maine
The symptoms start in infancy with hypertonia, an abnormal muscle tension that decreases flexibility, and an exaggerated ...
*  Spastic quadriplegia
... jerky movements stemming from hypertonia of the muscles. Spastic quadriplegia, while affecting all four limbs more or less ... These involuntary muscle contractions may affect the development of structural muscle around the hip and lead to hip dysplasia ... Stimulation of the muscles involved can treat some forms of nerve damage, depending on what the issue is. Sexual issues can be ... Muscle tone is sometimes used to make the diagnosis for spastic quadriplegia as affected children often appear to be either too ...
*  Active sitting
Hypertonia is high muscle tone that can vary in degree, and that can be influenced by excitement, stress, loud noise, external ... With postural stabilization in sitting and reaching, the leg and calf muscles are activated. When the muscles of the lower ... Hypotonia is low muscle tone, resulting in an inability to sustain controlled movement of the body against gravity, and can ... Since muscle tone varies from client to client, professional judgment is required in prescribing dynamic seating for children ...
*  Adductor muscles of the hip
These children often have hypertonia of the adductor muscles, making abduction difficult, obstructing normal hip development, ... The adductor muscles of the hip are a group of muscles mostly used for bringing the thighs together (called adduction). The ... The pectineus is the only adductor muscle that is innervated by the femoral nerve. The other adductor muscles are innervated by ... In 33% of people a supernumerary muscle is found between the adductor brevis and adductor minimus. When present, this muscle ...
*  Cerebral palsy
ADCP is characterized by both hypertonia and hypotonia, due to the affected individual's inability to control muscle tone. ... Although most people with CP have problems with increased muscle tone, some have normal or low muscle tone. High muscle tone ... Phelps developed surgical techniques for operating on the muscles to address issues such as spasticity and muscle rigidity. ... Often, symptoms include poor coordination, stiff muscles, weak muscles, and tremors. There may be problems with sensation, ...
*  Eperisone
... and hypertonia in skeletal muscles, thus alleviating stiffness and spasticity, and facilitating muscle movement Eperisone also ... Eperisone acts by relaxing both skeletal muscles and vascular smooth muscles, and demonstrates a variety of effects such as ... Skeletal muscle relaxation Relaxation of hypertonic skeletal muscles Improves intramuscular blood flow Suppression of spinal ... Eperisone also facilitates voluntary movement of the upper and lower extremities without reducing muscle power; it is therefore ...
*  Paralympic sports
Hypertonia - Hypertonia is marked by an abnormal increase in muscle tension and reduced ability of a muscle to stretch. ... Impaired muscle power - With impairments in this category, the force generated by muscles, such as the muscles of one limb, one ... Hypertonia may result from injury, disease, or conditions which involve damage to the central nervous system (e.g. cerebral ... palsy). Ataxia - Ataxia is an impairment that consists of a lack of coordination of muscle movements (e.g. cerebral palsy, ...
*  Upper motor neuron syndrome
... accuracy and dexterity altered muscle tone (hypotonia or hypertonia) - a decrease or increase in the baseline level of muscle ... If muscle tone is assessed with passive muscle lengthening, increased muscle stiffness may affect the feeling of resistance to ... In severely affected muscles, there may be marked secondary changes, such as muscle contracture, particularly if management has ... Other secondary changes such as loss of muscle fibres following acquired muscle weakness are likely to compound the weakness ...
*  Clasp-knife response
Continued passive flexion stretches the muscle and the sequence may be repeated. Hypertonia "Spinal Relexes". Musom.marshall. ... In upper motor neuron lesions, muscle tonus may increase and resistance of muscle to stretch increases. However, if sufficient ... Although seemingly a stretch reflex when flexing a joint, force from the muscle during the attempt to flex a joint is actually ... It was thought that this was a protective reflex, preventing application of so much force that muscles become damaged. More ...
*  Carisoprodol
Analgesia Anxiolysis Euphoria Muscle relaxation (and relief from hypertonia) Erectile hyperfunction Somnolence The usual dose ... Meprobamate and other muscle-relaxing drugs often were subjects of misuse in the 1950s and 60s. Overdose cases were reported as ... It is a centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxant of the carbamate class and produces all the effects associated with ... The drug, originally thought to have antiseptic properties, was found to have central muscle-relaxing properties. It had been ...
*  Paralympic Games
Hypertonia is marked by an abnormal increase in muscle tension and reduced ability of a muscle to stretch. Hypertonia may ... the force generated by muscles, such as the muscles of one limb, one side of the body or the lower half of the body is reduced ... The categories are impaired muscle power, impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency, leg length difference, short ... Physical Impairment - There are eight different types of physical impairment: Impaired muscle power - With impairments in this ...