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*  Polyneuropathy in dogs and cats
Polyneuropathy usually involves motor nerve dysfunction, also known as lower motor neuron disease. Symptoms include decreased ... Tick paralysis is an acute, ascending motor paralysis that occurs in dogs and cats. The cause is a neurotoxin in the saliva of ...
*  Cortical stimulation mapping
Once the dura mater is peeled back, an electrode is placed on the brain to test motor, sensory, language, or visual function at ... A cortical visual prosthesis is a promising subject of research because it targets neurons past the site of disease in most ... In the early 1900s Charles Sherrington began to use monopolar stimulation in order to elicit a motor response. This technique ... Cortical stimulation mapping led to the development of a homunculus for the motor and sensory cortices, which is a diagram ...
*  Motor neuron
Types of lower motor neurons are alpha motor neurons, beta motor neurons, and gamma motor neurons. The term 'motor neuron' is ... There are two types of motor neuron - upper motor neurons and lower motor neurons. Axons from upper motor neurons synapse onto ... Somatic motor neurons Special visceral motor neurons General visceral motor neurons Somatic motor neurons originate in the ... The motor neuron and all of the muscle fibers to which it connects is a motor unit. Motor units are split up into 3 categories ...
*  Alpha motor neuron
An alpha motor neuron and the muscle fibers it innervates is a motor unit. A motor neuron pool contains the cell bodies of all ... Alpha motor neurons receive input from a number of sources, including upper motor neurons, sensory neurons, and interneurons. ... Like other motor neurons, α-MNs are named after the properties of their axons. Alpha motor neurons have Aα axons, which are ... Alpha (α) motor neurons (also called alpha motoneurons), are large, multipolar lower motor neurons of the brainstem and spinal ...
*  Beta motor neuron
There are two kinds of beta motor neuron (as gamma motor neuron) that include: Static beta motor neurons. These motor neurons ... are a kind of lower motor neuron, along with alpha motor neurons and gamma motor neurons. Beta motor neurons innervate ... Beta motor neuronsmotor neurons), also called beta motoneurons, ... Also, axons of alpha, beta, and gamma motor neurons become myelinated. Moreover, these efferent neurons originate from the ...
*  Motor neuron disease
... s affect either upper motor neurons (UMN) or lower motor neurons (LMN), or both: Fasciculation Neilson, ... A motor neuron disease (MND) is any of several neurological disorders that selectively affect motor neurons, the cells that ... "About MND". motor neurone disease association. Retrieved 4 August 2016. "A Look at Upper Motor Neuron Diseases Hereditary ... there are numerous other diseases of motor neurons that are referred to collectively as "motor neuron disorders", for instance ...
*  Upper motor neuron
Lower motor neuron Upper motor neuron lesion Lower motor neuron lesion Saladin, Kenneth S. Anatomy & Physiology: the Unity of ... Upper motor neurons (UMNs) are motor neurons that originate either in the motor region of the cerebral cortex or in the brain ... stem and carry motor information down to the lower motor neurons. The main effector of motor neurons (efferent neurons) for ... Upper motor neurons travel in several neural pathways through the central nervous system (CNS): Any upper motor neuron lesion, ...
*  Lower motor neuron
... are all pathologies associated with lower motor neuron dysfunction. Upper motor neuron Upper motor neuron lesion Motor system ... Lower motor neurons are classified based on the type of muscle fiber they innervate: Alpha motor neurons (α-MNs) innervate ... Lower motor neurons (LMNs) are motor neurons located in either the anterior grey column, anterior nerve roots (spinal lower ... Damage to lower motor neurons, lower motor neuron lesions (LMNL) cause muscle atrophy, decreased strength and decreased ...
*  Gamma motor neuron
... alpha motor neurons, gamma motor neurons, and beta motor neurons. Alpha motor neurons, the most abundant type, are used in the ... A gamma motor neuronmotor neuron), also called gamma motoneuron, is a type of lower motor neuron that takes part in the ... It consists of muscle spindles along with fusimotor neurons - beta motor neurons and gamma motor neurons. Because beta motor ... gamma motor neurons (smaller in size than alpha motor neurons) are more likely to fire than the larger alpha motor neurons. ...
*  Madras motor neuron disease
... (MMND) is a motor neuron disease affecting primarily lower motor neurons. It is similar to ... Madras motor neuron disease (MMND) is a rare motor neuron disease originating in South India. Two other forms of the disease ... Familial Madras Motor Neuron Disease (FMMND) and the variant Madras Motor Neuron Disease (MMNDV). The symptoms of MMND include ... Madras motor neuron disease was first described by Meenakshisundaram et al. in Chennai in 1970. A 2008 paper presented a study ...
*  Upper motor neuron syndrome
... "upper lower motor neuron syndrome and a lower upper motor neuron syndrome". The saying refers to lower motor neuron symptoms in ... Upper motor neuron syndrome (UMNS) is the motor control changes that can occur in skeletal muscle after an upper motor neuron ... and upper motor neurons symptoms in the lower extremity (leg). The upper motor neuron syndrome signs are seen in conditions ... While multiple muscles in a limb are usually affected in the Upper Motor Neuron Syndrome, there is usually an imbalance of ...
*  Survival of motor neuron
... or survival motor neuron (SMN) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SMN1 and SMN2 genes. SMN ... "Neuronal-specific roles of the survival motor neuron protein: evidence from survival motor neuron expression patterns in the ... Martin R, Gupta K, Ninan NS, Perry K, Van Duyne GD (November 2012). "The survival motor neuron protein forms soluble glycine ... Pellizzoni L, Baccon J, Charroux B, Dreyfuss G (July 2001). "The survival of motor neurons (SMN) protein interacts with the ...
*  Upper motor neuron lesion
Upper motor neuron Lower motor neuron Lower motor neuron lesion James D. Fix (1 October 2007). Neuroanatomy. Lippincott ... a lower motor neuron lesion affects nerve fibers traveling from the anterior horn of the spinal cord or the cranial motor ... An upper motor neuron lesion (also known as pyramidal insufficiency) occurs in the neural pathway above the anterior horn cell ... The presence of the Babinski sign after 12 months is the sign of a non-specific upper motor neuron lesion. Increased deep ...
*  Lower motor neuron lesion
Lower motor neuron Upper motor neuron Upper motor neuron lesion James D. Fix (1 October 2007). Neuroanatomy. Lippincott ... the lower motor neuron. One major characteristic used to identify a lower motor neuron lesion is flaccid paralysis - paralysis ... A lower motor neuron lesion is a lesion which affects nerve fibers traveling from the ventral horn or anterior grey column of ... Most common causes of lower motor neuron injuries are trauma to peripheral nerves that serve the axons - a virus that ...
*  Motor Neurone Disease Association
... Facebook page for the Motor Neurone Disease Association Twitter account of the Motor Neurone ... The Motor Neurone Disease Association funds and promotes research to understand what causes MND, how to diagnose it and, most ... The Motor Neurone Disease Association (MND Association) is a British charity, operating in England, Wales and Northern Ireland ... which is a form of motor neurone disease (MND) (also known as Charcot disease, ALS or, in the United States, Lou Gehrig's ...
*  Survival motor neuron domain containing 1
Survival of motor neuron-related-splicing factor 30 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SMNDC1 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl ... "Entrez Gene: SMNDC1 survival motor neuron domain containing 1". Rappsilber J, Ajuh P, Lamond AI, Mann M (2001). "SPF30 is an ... "Characterization of a gene encoding survival motor neuron (SMN)-related protein, a constituent of the spliceosome complex". Hum ...
*  Lateral motor column neuron
Lateral motor column (LMC) neurons are motor neurons that develop only at limb levels and send axons into the limb mesenchyme. ... of Lim-Homeodomain transcription factors as neurons develop in the LMCs has been shown to produce subsets of motor neurons ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Neurological Disorders: Neurodegenerative Diseases: Motor Neuron Disease
Wikipedia: Motor Neurone Disease Encyclopedia article on this group of neurological disorders that selectively affect motor ... "Health ... Motor Neuron Disease" search on: AOL - Ask - Bing - DuckDuckGo - Gigablast - Google - ixquick - Yahoo - Yandex - ... Patient UK: Motor Neurone Disease Factsheet on this devastating illness which leads to progressive paralysis and eventual death ... NHS Choices: Motor Neurone Disease Provides information on this neurodegenerative disease. Includes a short video with a ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Neurological Disorders: Neurodegenerative Diseases: Motor Neuron Disease: Primary...
Health Conditions and Diseases Neurological Disorders Neurodegenerative Diseases Motor Neuron Disease Primary Lateral Sclerosis ...
*  Glossary of biology
monomer . motor neuron . mucous membrane . multicellular organism . muon The muon is an unstable subatomic particle with a mean ... DNA sequencing . dynein A motor protein (also called molecular motor or motor molecule) in cells which converts the chemical ... In a typical neuron, this is about -70 millivolts (mV). The minus sign indicates that the inside of the cell is negative with ... depolarization The process of reversing the charge across a cell membrane (usually a NEURON), so causing an ACTION POTENTIAL. ...
*  OpenWorm
Motor Neuron Firing > Motor Output > Environmental Change > Sensory Transduction ... There are two main technical challenges ... sensory inputs and motor outputs. Inputs employed 16-bit A/D converters attached to operational amplifier simulated neurons and ... with its hermaphrodite type having only 302 neurons. Furthermore, the structural connectome of these neurons is fully worked ... With so few neurons and new calcium 2 photon microscopy techniques it should soon be possible to record the complete neural ...
*  Primary lateral sclerosis
PLS belongs to a group of disorders known as motor neuron diseases. Motor neuron diseases develop when the nerve cells that ... PLS only affects upper motor neurons. There is no evidence of the degeneration of spinal motor neurons or muscle wasting ( ... Due to the fact that a person with ALS may initially present with only upper motor neuron symptoms, indicative of PLS, one key ... "Motor neuron diseases". Archived from the original on April 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-02. Primary Lateral Sclerosis at ...
*  Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
In this case, neurons in the brain (upper motor neurons) and in the spinal cord (lower motor neurons) are dying and this form ... ALS is a motor neuron disease, also spelled "motor neurone disease", which is a group of neurological disorders that ... An abnormal reflex commonly called Babinski's sign also indicates upper motor neuron damage. Symptoms of lower motor neuron ... "Avoiding false positive diagnoses of motor neuron disease: lessons from the Scottish Motor Neuron Disease Register". J. Neurol ...
*  Neuron
Betz cells, large motor neurons. Lugaro cells, interneurons of the cerebellum. Medium spiny neurons, most neurons in the corpus ... Pyramidal cells, neurons with triangular soma, a type of Golgi I. Renshaw cells, neurons with both ends linked to alpha motor ... Efferent neurons transmit signals from the central nervous system to the effector cells and are also called motor neurons. ... The basic morphology of type I neurons, represented by spinal motor neurons, consists of a cell body called the soma and a long ...
*  Henneman's size principle
Motor neurons of different sizes have similar voltage thresholds. Smaller neurons have higher membrane resistance and require ... the physiological and anatomical features of oculomotor nucleus motor neurons remain unchanged. Rat oculomotor nucleus motor ... Henneman also looked at what order the motor neurons were inhibited as the stretch was released and found that it was the ... The increase in size of motor neurons led to a decrease in input resistance with a strong linear relationship in both age ...
*  Cranial nerve nucleus
In general, motor nuclei are closer to the front (ventral), and sensory nuclei and neurons are closer to the back (dorsal). ... motor Abducens nucleus (VI) - motor Trigeminal motor nucleus (V) - motor Main trigeminal nucleus (V) - sensory (fine touch and ... motor Dorsal motor nucleus of vagus nerve (X) - visceromotor Nucleus ambiguus (IX, X, XI) - motor Solitary nucleus (VII, IX, X ... motor, extrapyramidal Trochlear nucleus (IV) - motor Oculomotor nucleus (III) - motor Edinger-Westphal nucleus (III) - ...
*  Motor pool (neuroscience)
Such motor units are made up of a single motor neuron and the muscle fibers that it innervates. Motor neurons are located in ... the motor units containing the smallest motor neurons fire first. As excitatory signaling increases, larger motor neurons are ... motor neurons with task-specificity, motor neuron specializations that allow for quick movements, and various other motor ... Alpha motor neurons and gamma motor neurons do not merely differ in their post-synaptic targets. The physiological differences ...