Molecular structure - tacticity[edit]. Polypropylene can be categorized as atactic polypropylene (PP-at), syndiotactic ... 19 The properties of polypropylene depend on the molecular weight and molecular weight distribution, crystallinity, type and ... Crystal structure of polypropylene[edit]. Isotactic polypropylene has a high degree of crystallinity, in industrial products 30 ... An isotactic structure leads to a semi-crystalline polymer. The higher the isotacticity (the isotactic fraction), the greater ...
Molecular structure[edit]. Chemically, carotenes are polyunsaturated hydrocarbons containing 40 carbon atoms per molecule, ...
Molecular structure[edit]. Structure of SMC dimer. Primary structure[edit]. SMC proteins are 1,000-1,500 amino-acid long. They ... Secondary and tertiary structure[edit]. SMC dimers form a V-shaped molecule with two long coiled-coil arms.[14][15] To make ... Nasmyth K, Haering CH (2005). "The structure and function of SMC and kleisin complexes". Annu. Rev. Biochem. 74: 595-648. doi: ... Losada A, Hirano T (2005). "Dynamic molecular linkers of the genome: the first decade of SMC proteins". Genes Dev. 19 (11): ...
Properties and molecular structure. Orbital diagram, after Barrett (2002),[29] showing the participating atomic orbitals from ... 8 molecular lattice in the phase of solid oxygen". Nature. 443 (7108): 201-04. Bibcode:2006Natur.443..201L. doi:10.1038/ ... The spectroscopy of molecular oxygen is associated with the atmospheric processes of aurora and airglow.[51] The absorption in ... Singlet oxygen is a name given to several higher-energy species of molecular O. 2 in which all the electron spins are paired. ...
Mass spectrometry: Used to determine the molecular weight of a compound and from mass spectrum analysis its structure. High ... These problems have been addressed by describing molecular structures using organic nomenclature . ... The structure of methane by pictorial representation of a Lewis diagram showing the sharing of electronpairs between atomic ... Because of molecular complexity, simplified systems of chemical notation have been developed. The latest version is the line- ...
3.1 Molecular structure *3.1.1 Inverted repeats. *3.1.2 Nucleoids. *3.2 DNA repair ... Granum structure The prevailing model for granal structure is a stack of granal thylakoids linked by helical stromal thylakoids ... "Molecular Biology and Evolution. 29 (10): 2937-48. doi:10.1093/molbev/mss101. PMC 3457768. PMID 22446745.. ... Granal structure. Using a light microscope, it is just barely possible to see tiny green granules-which were named grana.[108] ...
Estimating vapor pressure from molecular structure[edit]. Several empirical methods exist to estimate the vapor pressure from ... molecular structure for organic molecules. Some examples are SIMPOL.1 method,[12] the method of Moller et al.,[9] and ... Journal of Molecular Liquids. 143: 52-63. doi:10.1016/j.molliq.2008.04.020.. ...
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Specifically his research includes: Gas vesicles of cyanobacteria: physiology; structure; molecular biology; ecology The ... Molecular Microbiology, 17, 147-154. McMaster, T.J., Miles, M.J. & Walsby, A.E. 1996. Direct observation of protein secondary ... structure in gas vesicles by atomic force microscopy. Biophysics Journal, 70, 2432-2436. Walsby, A.E. & A. Avery. 1996. ...
Xiao-feng, Pang (2014) Water: Molecular Structure And Properties, chapter 5, pp. 390-461, World Scientific. ISBN 9789814440448 ... Davidson, Michael W. (26 May 2005). "Animal Cell Structure". Molecular Expressions. Tallahassee, Fla.: Florida State University ... Waters, Elizabeth R. (December 2003). "Molecular adaptation and the origin of land plants". Molecular Phylogenetics and ... Molecular analysis since 1992 has suggested that hagfish are most closely related to lampreys, and so also are vertebrates in a ...
Davidson, Michael W. (May 26, 2005). "Animal Cell Structure". Molecular Expressions. Tallahassee, FL: Florida State University ... They are highly diverse, not just in size and in anatomical structure, but also in behaviour and in habitat. The majority of ... Fossils of cnidarians that do not build mineralized structures are rare. Scientists currently think cnidarians, ctenophores and ... multicellular animals around 1 millimetre across and the simplest in structure. They have no regular outline, although the ...
Molecular Networks. Structure and Bonding. 132. p. 25. Bibcode:2009MNSB..132...25B. doi:10.1007/430_2008_7. ISBN 978-3-642- ... Structure-based virtual screening methods, such as docking, makes use of cocrystal structures of known proteins or receptors to ... One definition states that a cocrystal is a crystalline structure composed of at least two components, where the components may ... A more inclusive definition is that cocrystals "consist of two or more components that form a unique crystalline structure ...
Davidson, Michael W. (May 26, 2005). "Animal Cell Structure". Molecular Expressions. Tallahassee, FL: Florida State University ... While this does not prove that the structures found had a non-biological origin, they cannot be taken as clear evidence for the ... "This paper was originally presented at a workshop titled Evolution: A Molecular Point of View." Hanczyc, Martin M.; Fujikawa, ... 1-28 Risatti, J. Bruno; Capman, William C.; Stahl, David A. (October 11, 1994). "Community structure of a microbial mat: The ...
In scheme (4), the nonmetals are distinguished based on the molecular structures of their most thermodynamically stable forms ... These properties are largely determined by the interatomic bonding strengths and molecular structures of the nonmetals involved ... molecular structure; the peculiar nature of hydrogen; the corrosive nature of oxygen the halogens; and variations thereupon. In ... Polyatomic nonmetals form structures or molecules in which each atom has two or three nearest neighbours (Cx, P4, S8, Sex); ...
Shows molecular structure.) Miller, K.; Ooi, N.; Hobbs, J. K.; Rhys-Williams, W.; Love, W. G.; Hayter, I.; Katila, M.; Chopra, ...
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"Vectran molecular structure". Archived from the original on 2012-06-05. Retrieved 2010-12-06.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{ ... It is used as one of the layers in the softgoods structure of NASA's Extravehicular Mobility Unit (spacesuit) designed and ...
"Vectran molecular structure". Archived from the original on 2012-06-05. Retrieved 2012-11-22.. ... Chemical structure of this aramid consists of linearly substituted aromatic rings linked by amide groups. In a similar way, ... liquid-crystal polymers are capable of forming regions of highly ordered structure while in the liquid phase. However, the ...
Journal of Molecular Structure. Elsevier BV. 885 (1-3): 122-130. doi:10.1016/j.molstruc.2007.10.017. ISSN 0022-2860. Holmlid, ... Molecular Physics. Informa UK Limited. 105 (8): 933-939. arXiv:physics/0607193. doi:10.1080/00268970701197387. ISSN 0026-8976. ... Leif (2008). "Clusters HN+ (N=4, 6, 12) from condensed atomic hydrogen and deuterium indicating close-packed structures in the ...
Journal of Molecular Structure. 100: 161-177. Bibcode:1983JMoSt.100..161C. doi:10.1016/0022-2860(83)90090-X. Seel, Fritz; ... Molecular Structures, Reaction Enthalpies and Activation Energies". European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry. 2001 (10): 2543- ... is an unstable molecular compound of fluorine and sulfur. The molecule has a pair of sulfur atoms, with one fluorine atom on ... and Feq Carlowitz first determined the structure in 1983. Feq is 90° from Ftrans, and 84° from Fcis, and the torsion compared ...
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Journal of Molecular Structure. Volumes 834-836, May 27, 2007; pages 2-6. Committee of Concerned Scientists Leadership list. ... 2003; ISBN 0-309-08698-1; page 131 Henry H. Mantsch, Molecular spectroscopy with Gerhard Herzberg. ...
CRAVEN, B. M. (March 1963). "Molecular Structure of Tutin". Nature. 197 (4873): 1193-1194. Bibcode:1963Natur.197.1193C. doi: ... Craven, B.M. (January 1960). "The molecular structure and absolute configuration of picrotoxinin". Tetrahedron Letters. 1 (40 ... Karyone and Okuda proposed the tutin structure based on the pictrotoxinin structure and chemical degradation studies. The ... Conroy proposed the structure for picrotoxinin, which was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic studies and also determined the ...
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... and Molecular Structure of the New S2O Complex Mo(S2O)(S2CNEt2)3·1/2Et2O" (PDF). Inorganic Chemistry. 33 (17): 3639-3644. doi: ... Journal of Molecular Structure. 795 (1-3): 219-229. Bibcode:2006JMoSt.795..219T. doi:10.1016/j.molstruc.2006.02.055. Cheng, ... Disulfur dioxide adopts a cis planar structure with C2v symmetry. The S−O bond length is 145.8 pm, shorter than in sulfur ... Molecular and Optical Physics. 38 (3): 255-264. Bibcode:2005JPhB...38..255F. doi:10.1088/0953-4075/38/3/009. ISSN 0953-4075. ...
... dipole moment and structure of isopropyl cyanide". Journal of Molecular Structure. 21 (2): 289-297. Bibcode:1974JMoSt..21..289D ... The branched carbon structure of isobutyronitrile is a common feature in those molecules that are considered to be necessary ... Isobutyronitrile (C3H7CN) contains a carbon atom bounded by a simple link to two methyl (-CH3) structures and to a cyano group ... model indicates that both isomers are produced within or upon dust grain ice mantles through the addition of molecular radicals ...
Journal of Molecular Structure. 563-564 (1-3): 227-230. Bibcode:2001JMoSt.563..227K. doi:10.1016/S0022-2860(00)00879-6. v t e. ... Its structure, including bond lengths and bond angles, has been determined using Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy. ...
... structure, physiology and cognitive abilities of the nervous system.[1][2][3][4] ... We know from molecular biology that distinct parts of the nervous system release distinct chemical cues, from growth factors to ... others argue that uncovering structural functional relations depends on including as much neuronal and network structure as ...
Watson, JD, Baker TA, Bell SP, Gann A, Levine M, Losick R. (2004). "Ch9-10", Molecular Biology of the Gene, 5th ed., Peason ... Genome sequence, comparative analysis and haplotype structure of the domestic dog.. Nature. 2005, 438 (7069): 803-19. PMID ...
Instead of describing the abnormalities in structure and form, research focuses nowadays at decoding the molecular interactions ... "Human Molecular Genetics. 6 (10): 1647-56. doi:10.1093/hmg/6.10.1647. PMID 9300656.. ... Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology. 82 (2): 78-85. doi:10.1002/bdra.20426. PMID 18050313.. ... Advances in the fields of molecular biology and genetics, as well as the use of animal models have been of great importance in ...
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... a description that includes both their electronic and molecular structure. Ketones are trigonal planar around the ketonic ... In chemistry, a ketone /ˈkiːtoʊn/ is a functional group with the structure RC(=O)R', where R and R' can be a variety of carbon- ... Structure and propertiesEdit. Representative ketones, from the left: acetone, a common solvent; oxaloacetate, an intermediate ... Smith, Michael B.; March, Jerry (2007), Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms, and Structure (6th ed.), New York: ...
Bengtsson, S. B. K.; Vasaitis, R.; Kirisits, T.; Solheim, H.; Stenlida, J. (2012). "Population structure of Hymenoscyphus ... Gross, A.; Grünig, C. R.; Queloz, V.; Holdenrieder, O. (2012). "A molecular toolkit for population genetic investigations of ... through molecular genetic methods, the sexual stage (teleomorph) of the fungus was recognized as a new species and named ...
"Journal of Molecular Biology. 354 (4): 789-800. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2005.09.095. PMC 1403828. PMID 16277992.. ... published a paper that showed the three-dimensional structure of HIV's protease enzyme.[5] Other researchers claim that this ... "Kinetic, stability, and structural changes in high-resolution crystal structures of HIV-1 protease with drug-resistant ...
Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology. 10 (4): 276-86. doi:10.1038/nrm2654. PMID 19305417. MacDonald BT, Tamai K, He X (July ... Cell-cell adhesion complexes are required for simple epithelia in higher organisms to maintain structure, function and polarity ...
... it had exactly the same molecular weight.[11][12] How something of such a large molecular mass could be consistently found, ... Simoni, D. S., Hill, R. L., and Vaughan, M. (2002). The structure and function of hemoglobin: Gilbery Smithson Adair and the ... Buffered - neutral pH, preventing damage to the structure of proteins including enzymes (which could affect ionic bonds) ... hemoglobin has a molecular weight of 68,000 Da, suggesting that there are four iron atoms present rather than one, and that no ...
Eric J. Toone (2006). Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology, Protein Evolution (Volume 75 izd.). Wiley- ... Branden C, Tooze J.. Introduction to Protein Structure. New York, NY: Garland Publishing. ISBN: 0-8153-2305-0. http://www. ... Nicholas C. Price, Lewis Stevens (1999). Fundamentals of Enzymology: The Cell and Molecular Biology of Catalytic Proteins ( ... Gerhard Michal, Dietmar Schomburg (2012). Biochemical Pathways: An Atlas of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2nd izd.). ...
... where he is a full professor of cell and molecular biology and head of the Center for Protein Chemistry of Hemocentro de ... "Km+, a mannose-binding lectin from Artocarpus inegrifolia: amino acid sequence predicted tertiary structure, carbohydrate ...
Molecular cell biology. 4th ed, New York: Scientific American Books. ISBN 0716731363 ... StructureEdit. The phospholipid bilayer. The membrane is made up of a thin layer called the 'phospholipid bilayer'. This has ...
Eric J. Toone (2006). Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology, Protein Evolution (Volume 75 izd.). Wiley- ... Branden C, Tooze J.. Introduction to Protein Structure. New York, NY: Garland Publishing. ISBN: 0-8153-2305-0. http://www. ... Nicholas C. Price, Lewis Stevens (1999). Fundamentals of Enzymology: The Cell and Molecular Biology of Catalytic Proteins ( ... Gerhard Michal, Dietmar Schomburg (2012). Biochemical Pathways: An Atlas of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2nd izd.). ...
Importance of habitat preference and breeding behavior on genetic structure in China". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. ... Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 29 (2): 250-257. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00096-4. PMID 13678680.. ...
Fox KM، Dias JA، Van Roey P (2001). "Three-dimensional structure of human follicle-stimulating hormone". Mol. Endocrinol. 15 (3 ... Molecular function. • follicle-stimulating hormone activity. • ربط بروتيني. • فعالية الهرمون. Cellular component. • ...
By examining a large number of structures of molecular crystals, it is possible to find a minimum radius for each type of atom ... The van der Waals volume, Vw, also called the atomic volume or molecular volume, is the atomic property most directly related ... Henshaw, D.G. (1958). "Structure of Solid Helium by Neutron Diffraction". Physical Review. 109 (2): 328-330. Bibcode:1958PhRv.. ... Huheey, James E.; Keiter, Ellen A.; Keiter, Richard L. (1997). Inorganic Chemistry: Principles of Structure and Reactivity (4th ...
The genome of S. pneumoniae is a closed, circular DNA structure that contains between 2.0 and 2.1 million base pairs depending ... Avery's work marked the birth of the molecular era of genetics.[14] ... advances in next-generation sequencing and comparative genomics have enabled the development of robust and reliable molecular ...
The λ−4-type scattering is caused by the nanoporous structure (a narrow pore size distribution around ~70 nm) obtained by ... with terms containing particulate volumes and refractive indices replaced with terms for molecular polarizability.[8] ... can also be written in terms of individual molecules by expressing the dependence on refractive index in terms of the molecular ...
Molecular function. • molecular function. Cellular component. • cellular component. Biological process. • multicellular ...
Função molecular. •extracellular matrix structural constituent. •protein binding. •extracellular matrix constituent conferring ... Rosenbloom J (1984). «Elastin: relation of protein and gene structure to disease». Lab. Invest. 51 (6): 605-23. PMID 6150137. ... is associated with an altered MMP-7/HB-EGF signaling and increased formation of elastin-like structures». Mech. Ageing Dev. 130 ... use of recombinantly expressed human elastin polypeptides as a model for investigations of structure and self-assembly of ...
... and Key Analogues and Development of Inspired Methodology Suitable for the Systematic Study of Their Structure-Function ... Molecular Engineering. 1 (2): 153-160. doi:10.1007/BF00420051.. ...
2003). "11C-metomidate PET imaging of adrenocortical cancer". European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. 30 (3 ... This is very useful in showing detailed views of moving organs or structures with higher anatomical variation, which is more ... Crump Institute for Molecular Imaging. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 18, 2015.. ... The result is that structures deep in the body are reconstructed as having falsely low tracer uptake. Contemporary scanners can ...
As a thin strip to form an airtight seal between the control surfaces and adjacent structure of aircraft, especially gliders. ... 6 psi). Another important consequence of the molecular orientation is that it induces the formation of many crystal nuclei. The ... As a result, biaxially oriented PET film has excellent clarity, despite its semicrystalline structure. ... The heat setting step prevents the film from shrinking back to its original unstretched shape and locks in the molecular ...
... and flattened leaf stems called phyllodes which differ from leaves both in their structure and origin.[4][7] Some structures of ... On the basis of molecular genetics, Eckardt and Baum (2010) concluded that "it is now generally accepted that compound leaves ... Rudall, Paula J. (2007). Anatomy of flowering plants: an introduction to structure and development (3rd ed.). Cambridge: ... On the other hand, I-beam leaves such as Banksia marginata involve specialized structures to stiffen them. These I-beams are ...
Klenk, Hans-Dieter; Feldmann, Heinz (2004). Ebola and Marburg viruses: molecular and cellular biology (Limited preview). ... which reduces the availability of specific integrins responsible for cell adhesion to the intercellular structure and causes ... Trends in Molecular Medicine. 12 (5): 206-15. doi:10.1016/j.molmed.2006.03.006. PMID 16616875.. ...
Structure and function[edit]. Yeast OST is composed of eight different membrane-spanning proteins in three subcomplexes (one of ... Karaoglu D, Kelleher DJ, Gilmore R (October 2001). "Allosteric regulation provides a molecular mechanism for preferential ... Lizak C, Gerber S, Numao S, Aebi M, Locher KP (June 2011). "X-ray structure of a bacterial oligosaccharyltransferase". Nature. ... Pfeffer S, Dudek J, Gogala M, Schorr S, Linxweiler J, Lang S, Becker T, Beckmann R, Zimmermann R, Förster F (2014). "Structure ...
"Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 70: 402-411. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.08.008. ISSN 1095-9513. PMID 23994490.. ... and lineage sorting contribute to complex geographic structure". The Auk. 122 (3): 949-965. doi:10.1642/0004-8038(2005)122[0949 ... McCracken, Kevin G.; Johnson, William P.; Sheldon, Frederick H. (2001). "Molecular population genetics, phylogeography, and ... Molecular Ecology (published January 2013). 22 (1): 41-55. doi:10.1111/mec.12098. PMID 23110616.. ...
"Rosetta finds molecular oxygen on comet 67P (Update)". phys.org. Retrieved 2017-01-08.. ... "Chapter 14, Section 2 , Comet appearance and structure". lifeng.lamost.org. Retrieved 2017-01-08.. ... Structure of Comet Holmes in infrared, as seen by an infrared space telescope ...
Hasegawa, Masami (2017). "Phylogeny mandalas for illustrating the Tree of Life". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 117: ... The site wasn't discovered until 2013 as its whole structure could only be visible via Google Earth satellite imagery. The ... Buddhist architecture often applied mandala as the blueprint or plan to design Buddhist structures, including temple complex ... This mandala is generally structured according to the model of the universe as taught in a Buddhist classic text the Abhidharma ...
The faculty revised its structure and names in August 2007. Faculty of Law[edit]. ... Sars International Centre for Marine Molecular Biology. *School Science Center. Faculty of Medicine[edit]. ...