*  Animal models of epilepsy
... and seizures can be divided into three basic categories: genetic animal models, chemically induced ... models, and electrically induced models. Sarkisian, Matthew R. (31 May 2001). "Overview of the Current Animal Models for Human ... Animal models of epilepsy have helped to advance the understanding of how brains develop epilepsy (Epileptogenesis), and have ... Löscher, Wolfgang (31 May 2011). "Critical review of current animal models of seizures and epilepsy used in the discovery and ...
*  Animal models of depression
Animal testing Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees Pit of despair, an apparatus used for animal models of clinical ... Therefore, animal models of depression often display altered anxiety-related behavior. An appropriate animal model of human ... model is probably the most valid animal model of depression. It aims to model a chronic depressive-like state that develops ... It is difficult to develop an animal model that perfectly reproduces the symptoms of depression in patients. Many animals lack ...
*  Animal model of autism
Klauck, S. M.; Poustka, A. (2006). "Animal models of autism". Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models. 3 (4): 313-318. doi:10.1016 ... researchers often focus only on single features of autism when using animal models. One of the more common rodent models is the ... "Animal Models of Autism". Transgenic and Knockout Models of Neuropsychiatric Disorders. Contemporary Clinical Neuroscience. p. ... Finding an Animal Model for Language Development Condro, M. C.; White, S. A. (2014). "Distribution of language-related Cntnap2 ...
*  Animal model of schizophrenia
Animals used as models for schizophrenia include rats, mice, and primates. The modelling of schizophrenia in animals can range ... In order for an animal model to be useful in developing treatments, results from the animal model must translate into results ... These fit into four basic categories: pharmacological models, developmental models, lesion models, and genetic models. ... knockout animal models have social deficits. Mechanisms of schizophrenia Animal models of depression Schizophrenia Geyer, MA; ...
*  Animal model of stroke
Thus, for each stroke etiology one or more animal models have been developed: Animal models of ischemic stroke Animal models of ... Animal models of stroke are procedures undertaken in animals (including non-human primates) intending to provoke ... intracerebral hemorrhage Animal models of subarachnoid hemorrhage and cerebral vasospasm Animal models of sinus vein thrombosis ... Stroke models are carried out on animals which inevitably suffer during the procedure. These encumbrances are e.g. social ...
*  Animal model of ischemic stroke
"Animal Models of Ischemic Stroke: Balancing Experimental Aims and Animal Care" (PDF). Comp Med. 54 (5): 486-496. PMID 15575362 ... or artificial spheres into the carotid artery of animals as an animal model of ischemic stroke. Thrombembolic MCAO is achieved ... animal models of stroke ^ Beech, J. S., S. C. Williams, C. A. Campbell, P. M. Bath, A. A. Parsons, A. J. Hunter, D. K. Menon ( ... Animal models of ischemic stroke are procedures inducing cerebral ischemia. The aim is the study of basic processes or ...
*  Dog training
This form of learning does not need reinforcement to occur; instead, a model animal is required. While the model may not be ... The model-rival training involved an interaction between the trainer, the dog, and a person acting as a model-rival, that is, a ... The trainer praised or scolded the model-rival depending on whether the model-rival had named the toy correctly. It was found ... not to impose particular behaviors on the less dominant animal, so the dominance model is irrelevant for most of the behaviors ...
*  Jesper Mogensen
Animal models in neuroscience '. i J Hau & SJ Schapiro (red), Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science: Vol. II. Animal Models. 3 ... model that deals with the seemingly contradiction between the localization and post-traumatic recovery of various functions in ...
*  Laboratory rat
"Research Animal Models". Charles River. Retrieved 5 August 2012. D'Cruz PM, Yasumura D, Weir J, Matthes MT, Abderrahim H, ... Like NOD mice, Biobreeding rats are used as an animal model for Type 1 diabetes. The strain re-capitulates many of the features ... While less commonly used for research than mice, rats have served as an important animal model for research in psychology and ... Krinke, George J. (June 15, 2000). "History, Strains and Models". The Laboratory Rat (Handbook of Experimental Animals). ...
*  Lahore Zoo
"Animals models". pk-photography.blogspot.com. Lahore. March 29, 2009. Retrieved June 5, 2010. "Lahore Zoo Education". lahorezoo ... The plight of captive animals at Lahore Zoo, has been subject to criticism by local animal rights activists. On 21 November ... Other animals include a pair of cougars. Elephant House was constructed in 1972 at a cost of about 500,000 rupees. It has three ... List of animal species at Lahore Zoo Instruction boards, maps and sign boards are placed around the zoo for guidance and ...
*  Australian green tree frog
Green tree frogs are sometimes used as model animals in research. The structure of their toe pads was used to investigate the ... In suburban areas, this frog is threatened by pollution and by predation by domestic animals. Also, some of the frogs have been ... White, John (1790). Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales with sixty-five plates of non descript animals, birds, lizards, ... Bruin, T. (2000). "Litoria caerulea: Information". Animal Diversity Web (Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan). Retrieved ...
*  Methylazoxymethanol acetate
Prenatal MAM exposure in rats results in a model of brain malformation. In some MAM animals, video-EEG monitoring has ... Methylazoxymethanol acetate, MAM, is a neurotoxin which reduces DNA synthesis used in making animal models of neurological ... Jones, CA; Watson, DJG; Fone, KCF (1 October 2011). "Animal models of schizophrenia". British Journal of Pharmacology. 164 (4 ... In rat models, the specific effect of MAM on neural development depends on the gestational age of the subject. At the ...
*  Nociception assay
One significant limitation of thermal assays lies in the specificity and validity of results in animals as models of human pain ... Le Bars, Daniel; Gozariu, Manuela; Cadden, Samuel W. (2001). "Animal Models of Nociception". Pharmacological Reviews. 53 (4): ... and the Von Frey hairs are inserted through the mesh to poke the animal's hindpaw. Normal reactions for the animal include ... Animal subjects used must be restrained to a fairly high degree when performing the tail withdrawal test due to the exact ...
*  Tail flick test
Le Bars, D; Gozariu, M; Cadden, S. (2001). "Animal Models of Nociception". Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental ... Most commonly, an intense light beam is focused on the animal's tail and a timer starts. When the animal flicks its tail, the ... The tail flick test is a test of the pain response in animals, similar to the hot plate test. It is used in basic pain research ... The tail flick test is one test to measure heat-induced pain in animals. This reflexive response is an indicator of pain ...
*  Eating disorders and memory
... mechanistic and predictive models. The activity-based anorexia model has been one of the most suitable animal models when ... Sham-feeding was the most prominent model used to study BED. Animal models have been able to provide key knowledge of the ... Relevance of animal models to human eating disorders and obesity. Psychopharmacology, 199, 313-329. Smith, G. (1989) Animal ... Animal models have contributed a fair amount to the current understanding of eating disorders and obesity, in different ways ...
*  House mouse
Le Bars D, Gozariu M, Cadden SW (December 2001). "Animal models of nociception". Pharmacological Reviews. 53 (4): 597-652. PMID ... Contemporary Topics in Laboratory Animal Science / American Association for Laboratory Animal Science. 44 (4): 46-8. PMID ... However, animals living in the wild do not reproduce in the colder months, even though they do not hibernate.) The pups are ... Although a wild animal, the house mouse mainly lives in association with humans. The house mouse has been domesticated as the ...
*  Neurogenomics
The development of animal models for complex psychiatric diseases has also improved over the last few years. Rodent models have ... Studies in animal models for several brain diseases has shown that the blood brain barrier (BBB) undergoes modification at many ... Studying the impact of these candidates would ideally demonstrate a schizophrenia phenotype in animal models, which is usually ... Mice models of the BBB and models of disease states have served well in conceptualizing the BBB as a regulatory interface ...
*  M. Neal Guentzel
Animal models for candidiasis. Curr Top Med Mycol. 1985;1:57-116. Guentzel MN, Guerrero D, DeShambo R. Nature of interaction of ... Mice with persistent gastrointestinal Candida albicans as a model for antifungal therapy. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1982 Jan ...
*  Safrole
Animal Models for Autism. 176 (1): 149-169. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2006.07.025. O'MATHUNA, DONAL. Does it work? Can sassafras be ... Studies in the 1960s suggested that safrole was carcinogenic, causing permanent liver damage in animals. Consequently, the US ...
*  Anima: Age of the Robots
Animal model - frog. Tivimiton - The vice-commander of the Animal forces belongs to the cohorts of Androids, good robots that ... Animal model - a BIG mouse. Branny - A skinny scientist who realises that he's been doing the wrong thing all his life, and ... Animal model - lion. Primatron - No prizes for guessing who this character is inspired from. This is the overlord of all robot ... Animal model - dog. Randy - Plays the role of anti-Effdee: Cantankerous, wise-cracking and clumsy. As a mercenary, Randy is ...
*  Operant conditioning chamber
Commonly used model animals include rodents-usually lab rats-pigeons, and primates). It is often sound-proof and light-proof to ... The structure forming the shell of a chamber is a box large enough to easily accommodate the animal being used as a subject. ( ... Some operant chambers can also have electrified nets or floors so that shocks can be given to the animals; or lights of ... An operant conditioning chamber (also known as the Skinner box) is a laboratory apparatus used to study animal behavior. The ...
*  Fat sand rat
Therefore, they have been used as an animal model for studies on diabetes and obesity. Sequencing of the complete nuclear DNA ... Kaiser, N; Cerasi, E; Leibowitz, G (2012). "Diet-Induced Diabetes in the Fat sand Rat (Psammomys obesus)". Animal Models in ... These animals have been studied extensively for their remarkably efficient kidneys: they can produce very concentrated urine ... Because they are diurnal, fat sand rats are also used as models for human seasonal affective disorder. The presence of fat sand ...
*  Sheep
Vuguin PM (2007). "Animal models for small for gestational age and fetal programming of adult disease". Horm. Res. 68 (3): 113- ... Didactic model of a sheep muscular system. Didactic model of a sheep. Didactic model of a sheep muscular system. Dry Sheep ... Hasenfuss G (1998). "Animal models of human cardiovascular disease, heart failure and hypertrophy". Cardiovasc. Res. 39 (1): 60 ... Experimental Studies on Animal Models". Evidence Based Complementary Alternative Medicine. 3 (2): 171-86. doi:10.1093/ecam/ ...
*  Alexander Fleming Biomedical Sciences Research Center
Main areas of research: Functional genomics and proteomics; Molecular and cellular immunology; Animal models of human disease; ... Fleming researchers have established transgenic animal models for rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease and multiple ... Fleming's Animal house (certified with ISO 9001) provides husbandry of animals and services to the biomedical research ... The Animal House has a capacity to house more than 20,000 mice and is currently the largest Mouse Unit in Greece in terms of ...
*  Chang Yi Wang
Immunogenicity and protection in small-animal models with controlled-release tetanus toxois microparticles as a single-dose ... Controlled release microparticles as a single dose diphtheria toxoid vaccine; immunogenicity in small animal models. Vaccine ... vaccinated animals for Foot and mouth disease. Since 1992, she has been encouraged by the support and guidance of Dr.James D. ... Differentiation of convalescent animals from those vaccinated against Foot and mouth disease by a peptide ELISA. Vaccine, 1999 ...
*  Chilean art
Animal figures and symbols abound but images of people did not appear unless they were important or had some magical ... The attempt to bring the European model to Chile by replicating its techniques has been seen as a failure in terms of the ... The historian Uriqueta viewed Haymhausen as a model for future generations of painters because, in addition his own talent as ... These authors based their criticism on Ciccarelli's attempt to copy the European model of teaching. In Europe, teachers were ...