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*  Mitochondrial DNA
The reasons why mitochondria have retained some genes are debated. The existence in some species of mitochondrion-derived ... which causes a person to lose full function of heart, eye, and muscle movements. Some evidence suggests that they might be ... In sexual reproduction, mitochondria are normally inherited exclusively from the mother; the mitochondria in mammalian sperm ... Also, most mitochondria are present at the base of the sperm's tail, which is used for propelling the sperm cells; sometimes ...
*  Arteriovenous oxygen difference
American Heart Association. 44 (1): 109-118. doi:10.1161/01.cir.44.1.109. Retrieved 30 April 2011. Malpeli, Robert; et al. ( ... possibly due to adaptations of the mitochondria and an increase in the muscle's myoglobin content. Research has shown that ... 1971). "Increased Arteriovenous Oxygen Difference After Physical Training in Coronary Heart Disease". Circulation. ...
*  NDUFA9
Fearnley IM, Finel M, Skehel JM, Walker JE (Sep 1991). "NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase from bovine heart mitochondria. cDNA ...
*  NDUFS2
... ubiquinone oxidoreductase from bovine heart mitochondria. cDNA sequences of the import precursors of the nuclear-encoded 39 kDa ... role of the ND4 and ND5 mitochondria-encoded subunits and interaction with prohibitin". The Biochemical Journal. 383 (Pt. 3): ... the 49-kDa subunit of the mitochondrial respiratory Complex I and immunodetection of the mature protein in mitochondria". ... chain that catalyzes the NADH oxidation with concomitant ubiquinone reduction and proton ejection out of the mitochondria. ...
*  Coenzyme Q10
9 (1). Crane, F.; Hatefi, Y.; Lester, R.; Widmer, C. (1957). "Isolation of a quinone from beef heart mitochondria". Biochimica ... "Coenzyme Q10 for heart failure". Heart Group. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. John Wiley & Sons (6): CD008684. doi: ... the use of CoQ10 for the treatment of heart failure. Evidence with respect to preventing heart disease in those who are ... "The Effect of Coenzyme Q10 on Morbidity and Mortality in Chronic Heart Failure". Heart Failure. American College of Cardiology ...
*  ATP-sensitive potassium channel
Lacza Z, Snipes JA, Miller AW, Szabó C, Grover G, Busija DW (November 2003). "Heart mitochondria contain functional ATP- ... Heart Circ. Physiol. 281 (3): H1295-303. PMID 11514300. Mubagwa K, Flameng W (October 2001). "Adenosine, adenosine receptors ... Low intracellular oxygen levels decrease the rate of metabolism by slowing the TCA cycle in the mitochondria. Unable to ... causing permanent injury to the heart muscle. One method, first described by Keith Reimer in 1986, involves subjecting the ...
*  Ryanodine-Inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor calcium channels
Ry receptors have been identified in heart mitochondria where they provide the main pathway for Ca2+ entry. Sun et al. (2011) ... "Identification of a ryanodine receptor in rat heart mitochondria". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 276 (24): 21482-21488. ...
*  ATP5E
Correlated Electron Microscopic and Biochemical Studies of Isolated Mitochondria and Submitochondrial Particles of Beef Heart ... "The epsilon-subunit of ATP synthase from bovine heart mitochondria. Complementary DNA sequence, expression in bovine tissues ... Mitochondria portal This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro IPR006721. ... activity in uncoupled mitochondria and with the ATPase activity in submitochondrial particles created by exposing mitochondria ...
*  Boris Kholodenko
"The role of long-chain acyl-CoA in the damage of oxidative phosphorylation of heart mitochondria". FEBS Lett. 243: 264-266. doi ... "The role of adenine nucleotide translocator in regulation of oxidative phosphorylation in heart mitochondria". FEBS Letters. ... "Calcium stimulates both respiratory and phosphosylation subsystem in heart mitochondria". Biochem. J. 320: 329-334. CS1 maint: ... increases the control exerted by the adenine nucleotide translocator over 2-oxoglutarate oxidation in rat heart mitochondria". ...
*  NDUFA13
"The nuclear encoded subunits of complex I from bovine heart mitochondria". Biochim Biophys Acta. 1604 (3): 135-50. doi:10.1016/ ...
*  Coenzyme Q - cytochrome c reductase
Marres CM, Slater EC (1977). "Polypeptide composition of purified QH2:cytochrome c oxidoreductase from beef-heart mitochondria ... Complex III is present in the mitochondria of all animals and all aerobic eukaryotes and the inner membranes of most eubacteria ... "Inhibitory effect of anti-obesity drugs on NADH dehydrogenase of mouse heart homogenates". Research communications in chemical ...
*  NDUFA2
... ubiquinone oxidoreductase from bovine heart mitochondria. Application of a novel strategy for sequencing proteins using the ... The NDUFA2 mutation is also associated with the depolarization of the mitochondria. NDUFA2 has many protein interactions, ...
*  Lactate shuttle hypothesis
... and heart mitochondria. It was also found that lactate could be oxidized as quickly as pyruvate in rat liver mitochondria. ... It was found that in rats, LDH-1 was the predominant form in the mitochondria of myocardium, but LDH-5 was predominant in the ... In addition to its role as a fuel source predominantly in the muscles, heart, brain, and liver, the lactate shuttle hypothesis ... Because lactate can either be oxidized in the mitochondria (back to pyruvate for entry into the Krebs' cycle, generating NADH ...
*  ATP synthase gamma subunit
"Structure at 2.8 A resolution of F1-ATPase from bovine heart mitochondria". Nature. 370 (6491): 621-8. doi:10.1038/370621a0. ... nine in mitochondria (A-G, F6, F8). The human ATP synthase gamma subunit is encoded by the gene ATP5C1. Both the F1 and Fo ...
*  Long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase
"Acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenases and electron-transferring flavoprotein from beef heart mitochondria". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. ... and long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases from rat liver mitochondria. Isolation of the holo- and apoenzymes and conversion of the ...
*  Respirasome
"Three-Dimensional Structure of the Respiratory Chain Supercomplex I1III2IV1from Bovine Heart Mitochondria†,‡". Biochemistry. 46 ... Most of Complex II is found in a free-floating form in both plant and animal mitochondria. Complex V can be found co-migrating ... In yeast mitochondria lacking cardiolipin, the number of enzymes forming respiratory supercomplexes was significantly reduced. ... Respirasomes have been found in a variety of species and tissues, including rat brain, liver, kidney, skeletal muscle, heart, ...
*  ATP synthase
Beef heart is used as a source for the enzyme because of the high concentration of mitochondria in cardiac muscle. The ... The ATP synthase isolated from bovine heart mitochondria (Bos taurus) is, in terms of biochemistry and structure, the best- ... Correlated electron microscopic and biochemical studies of isolated mitochondria and submitochondrial particles of beef heart ... "Structure at 2.8 A resolution of F1-ATPase from bovine heart mitochondria". Nature. 370 (6491): 621-8. doi:10.1038/370621a0. ...
*  ATPIF1
"The ATPase inhibitor protein from bovine heart mitochondria: the minimal inhibitory sequence". Biochemistry. 35 (49): 15618-25 ...
*  Adenosine triphosphate
Å resolution of F1-ATPase from bovine heart mitochondria". Nature. 370 (6491): 621-628. doi:10.1038/370621a0. PMID 8065448. ... In the mitochondrion, pyruvate is oxidized by the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex to the acetyl group, which is fully oxidized ... Most of the ATP synthesized in the mitochondria will be used for cellular processes in the cytosol; thus it must be exported ... The generation of ATP by the mitochondrion from cytosolic NADH relies on the malate-aspartate shuttle (and to a lesser extent, ...
*  ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, alpha 1
Correlated Electron Microscopic and Biochemical Studies of Isolated Mitochondria and Submitochondrial Particles of Beef Heart ... "Structure at 2.8 A resolution of F1-ATPase from bovine heart mitochondria". Nature. 370 (6491): 621-8. doi:10.1038/370621a0. ... Mitochondria portal This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public ... activity in uncoupled mitochondria and with the ATPase activity in submitochondrial particles created by exposing mitochondria ...
*  ATP5B
Abrahams JP, Leslie AG, Lutter R, Walker JE (1994). "Structure at 2.8 A resolution of F1-ATPase from bovine heart mitochondria ... Wang ZG, White PS, Ackerman SH (2001). "Atp11p and Atp12p are assembly factors for the F(1)-ATPase in human mitochondria". J. ... Ackerman SH (2002). "Atp11p and Atp12p are chaperones for F(1)-ATPase biogenesis in mitochondria". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1555 ...
*  ATP5C1
Abrahams JP, Leslie AG, Lutter R, Walker JE (1994). "Structure at 2.8 A resolution of F1-ATPase from bovine heart mitochondria ...
*  ADP/ATP translocase
"Complete aminoacid sequence of the ADP/ATP carrier from beef heart mitochondria". Hoppe-Seyler's Zeitschrift für physiologische ... Saks, V; Lipina N; Smirnov V; Chazov E (1 March 1976). "Studies of energy transport in heart cells The functional coupling ... Siekevitz P, Potter VR (July 1955). "Biochemical structure of mitochondria. II. Radioactive labeling of intra-mitochondrial ... and ADP binding sites of rat liver mitochondria. Soon after, an overwhelming amount of research was done in proving the ...
*  Butyrate-CoA ligase
"Purification and characteristics of a butyryl coenzyme A synthetase from bovine heart mitochondria". J. Biol. Chem. 240: 29-33 ...
*  1-Lysophosphatidylcholine
"Hydrolysis of 2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholines in guinea pig heart mitochondria". Biochem Cell Biol. 68 (9): 1090-5. doi: ... Arthur, G. (Jul 1989). "Acylation of 2-acyl-glycerophosphocholine in guinea-pig heart microsomal fractions". Biochem J. 261 (2 ... and one from the mitochondrion. 1-LysoPC can be produced as a by-product of the reaction transferring an acyl group from a ...
*  Senescence
Under normal aerobic conditions, approximately 4% of the oxygen metabolized by mitochondria is converted to superoxide ion, ... heart disease, or liver failure. Aging of whole organisms is therefore a complex process that can be defined as "a progressive ...
*  Nucleoside-triphosphate-adenylate kinase
"Purification and properties of nucleoside triphosphate-adenosine monophosphate transphosphorylase from beef heart mitochondria ...