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*  Mitochondrial DNA
The reasons why mitochondria have retained some genes are debated. The existence in some species of mitochondrion-derived ... In sexual reproduction, mitochondria are normally inherited exclusively from the mother; the mitochondria in mammalian sperm ... Also, most mitochondria are present at the base of the sperm's tail, which is used for propelling the sperm cells; sometimes ... Each mitochondrion is estimated to contain 2-10 mtDNA copies. In the cells of extant organisms, the vast majority of the ...
*  Arteriovenous oxygen difference
... possibly due to adaptations of the mitochondria and an increase in the muscle's myoglobin content. Research has shown that ...
*  Mitochondria (song)
"Mitochondria" is Kenichi Suzumura's third single, released on February 4, 2009. It came with a disc with the PV of the title ... track "Mitochondria" and peaked at #20 on the Oricon charts All lyrics written by Kenichi Suzumura. {2000s-Japan-single-stub}. ...
*  Mitochondria associated membranes (MAM)
Maybe it is the plasma membrane, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the mitochondria. But the ER- mitochondria contact site ... Mitochondria associated membranes are involved in the transport of calcium from the ER to mitochondria. This interaction is ... The wild-type gene that codes for α-Syn promotes the physical junction between ER and mitochondria by binding to the lipid raft ... Whereas, the absent of ATG14 puncta, it is caused by the breakdown of the ER-mitochondria contact site The oxidative stress and ...
*  Mitochondrion (band)
Mitochondrion is a Canadian death metal band from Victoria, British Columbia, formed in 2003. The band has undergone some line- ... According to music critics, "What makes Mitochondrion stand out is their ability to bring order to chaos. [...] It is a trait ... "5 Questions With Mitochondrion". About.com. Retrieved 3 April 2012. Norton, Justin M. (31 January 2011). "Parasignosis review ... up changes, but since 2006 Mitochondrion was solidified as a power trio with Shawn Haché (guitar, vocals), Nick Yanchuk (guitar ...
*  Proto-mitochondrion
The proto-mitochondrion is the hypothetical ancestral bacterial endosymbiont from which all mitochondria in eukaryotes are ... The phylogenetic analyses of the few genes that are still encoded in the genomes of modern mitochondria suggest an ... Although the order Rickettsiales has been proposed as the alpha-proteobacterial sister-group of mitochondria, there is no ... and corresponding metabolism of the proto-mitochondrion by comparing extant alpha-proteobacterial and eukaryotic genomes. They ...
*  Apoptosis inducing factor, mitochondria associated 3
... is a protein that in humans is encoded by the AIFM3 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl ... mitochondria associated 3". Retrieved 2017-10-24. Xie Q, Lin T, Zhang Y, Zheng J, Bonanno JA (2005). "Molecular cloning and ... pylori-induced apoptosis in human gastric cancer cells mediated via the release of apoptosis-inducing factor from mitochondria ...
*  Institute For Medical Research, Israel-Canada
"Mitochondria". medicine.ekmd.huji.ac.il. Retrieved 2016-05-03. "Developmental Processes, Malformations and Diseases". medicine. ... Epigenetics and Common Human Diseases The Tumor and its Microenvironment Mitochondria Developmental Processes, Malformations ...
*  Copurification
ISBN 0-87969-628-1. Schon, Eric A.; Pon, Liza A. (2001). Mitochondria. Methods in Cell Biology. 65. Boston: Academic Press. pp ...
*  ENDOG
Li LY, Luo X, Wang X (Jul 2001). "Endonuclease G is an apoptotic DNase when released from mitochondria". Nature. 412 (6842): 95 ... In some apoptotic pathways, EndoG is released from the mitochondrion and migrates to the nucleus, where it degrades chromatin ... that how BNIP3 interacts with mitochondria. It has been shown that BNIP3 interacts with the voltage-dependent anion channel ( ... as it induces DNA fragmentation in neurons when translocated from the mitochondria to nuclei. This mechanism involves the ...
*  MTCH1
... of two proapoptotic domains of presenilin 1-associated protein/mitochondrial carrier homolog 1 on the surface of mitochondria ...
*  DAP3
As a member of the death-associated protein (DAP) family, DAP3 can also be found outside of the mitochondria to initiate the ... Mukamel Z, Kimchi A (2004). "Death-associated protein 3 localizes to the mitochondria and is involved in the process of ... Mitochondrion. 10 (3): 274-83. doi:10.1016/j.mito.2009.12.150. PMC 2844934 . PMID 20079882. Gracia-Sancho J, Casillas-Ramírez A ... "A conserved N-terminal sequence targets human DAP3 to mitochondria". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 280 (1): 177-81. doi: ...
*  AIFM2
Wu M, Xu LG, Li X, Zhai Z, Shu HB (Jul 2002). "AMID, an apoptosis-inducing factor-homologous mitochondrion-associated protein, ... Though AIFM2 also lacks a recognizable mitochondrial localization sequence and cannot enter the mitochondria, it is found to ... "Entrez Gene: AIFM2 apoptosis-inducing factor, mitochondrion-associated, 2". Gong, M; Hay, S; Marshall, KR; Munro, AW; Scrutton ... Apoptosis-inducing factor 2 (AIFM2), also known as apoptosis-inducing factor-homologous mitochondrion-associated inducer of ...
*  TXN2
In contrast to TXN1, TXN2 contains a putative N-terminal mitochondrial targeting sequence, responsible for its mitochondria ...
*  Diablo homolog
However, once the full-length protein is imported into the mitochondria, this sequence is excised to produce the 184-residue ... DIABLO is also referred to as second mitochondria-derived activator of caspases or SMAC. This protein binds inhibitor of ... Adrain C, Creagh EM, Martin SJ (2002). "Apoptosis-associated release of Smac/DIABLO from mitochondria requires active caspases ... Shi Y (2001). "A structural view of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis". Nat. Struct. Biol. 8 (5): 394-401. doi:10.1038/87548. ...
*  CYB5R3
... mitochondria and other membranes) and a soluble form in erythrocytes. The membrane-bound form has both membrane-binding and ...
*  RMDN3
... is a novel mitochondria protein with an N-terminal mitochondrial targeting sequence and induces apoptosis". Apoptosis. 11 (9): ...
*  TBRG4
As a member of the FASTKD family, TBRG4 localizes to the mitochondria to modulate their energy balance, especially under ... which is known for regulating the energy balance of mitochondria under stress and cell cycle progression. TBRG4 is involved in ... The mitochondrial targeting domain directs TBRG4 to be imported into the mitochondria. Though the functions of the C-terminal ... and other tissues enriched in mitochondria. TBRG4 also localizes to the bone marrow (BM), where it functions in hematopoiesis ...
*  SOD1
... while mutant SOD1 has been observed to promote apoptosis in spinal cord mitochondria, but not in liver mitochondria, though it ... Although a large burst of ROS is known to lead to cell damage, a moderate release of ROS from the mitochondria, which occurs ... Two models suggest SOD1 inhibits apoptosis by interacting with BCL-2 proteins or the mitochondria itself. The SOD1 enzyme is an ... SOD1 targeted to the mitochondria must be inserted into the intermembrane space. There, it forms the disulfide bond, though not ...
*  Aldehyde dehydrogenase 6 family, member A1
This enzyme localizes to the mitochondria. Unlike other mitochondrial entry sequences, this does not contain as many arginine ...
*  DNAJA3
Moreover, both p53 and DNAJA3 must be present in the mitochondria in order to induce apoptosis in the cell. In head and neck ... DNAJA3 localizes to the mitochondria, where it interacts with the mitochondrial Hsp70 chaperone (mtHsp70) to carry out the ... Before localization to the mitochondria, DNAJA3 is transiently retained in the cytosol, where it can also interact with ... The proapoptotic long isoform induces apoptosis by stimulating cytochrome C release and caspase activation in the mitochondria ...
*  RHOT1
According to one model, damaged mitochondria are sequestered from healthy mitochondria by the degradation of Miro and mitofusin ... Miro functions to tether the complex to the mitochondrion while the complex transports the mitochondrion via microtubules ... Moreover, the Miro isoforms are only expressed in the mitochondria. Miro associates with Milton (TRAK1/2) and the motor ... As a Miro protein isoform, the protein facilitates mitochondrial transport by attaching the mitochondria to the motor/adaptor ...
*  HIGD1A
In the absence of HIGD1A, γ-secretase contributes to the accumulation of amyloid beta in the mitochondria, leading to increased ... "Higd-1a interacts with Opa1 and is required for the morphological and functional integrity of mitochondria". Proceedings of the ...
*  FASTKD1
As a member of the FASTKD family, FASTKD1 localizes to the mitochondria to modulate their energy balance, especially under ... which is known for regulating the energy balance of mitochondria under stress. FASTKD1 is also an RNA-binding protein and has ... and other tissues enriched in mitochondria. FASTKD1 has been validated as an RNA-binding protein. FASTKD1 is an important ... The mitochondrial targeting domain directs FASTKD1 to be imported into the mitochondria. Though the functions of the C-terminal ...
*  NNT (gene)
The resulting NADPH is used for biosynthesis as well as in reactions inside the mitochondria required to remove reactive oxygen ... activity negatively impacts the NADPH-dependent enzyme activities in the mitochondria and the capacity of mitochondria to ... 109 kDa in molecular weight and is involved in antioxidant defense in the mitochondria. Two alternatively spliced variants, ... of proton-translocating transhydrogenase from human heart mitochondria". Structure. 8 (1): 1-12. doi:10.1016/s0969-2126(00) ...