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*  Evanescent field
... such as the superlens and near field scanning optical microscopy, can overcome the diffraction limit; however these systems are ... An example of this is so-called wave-mechanical tunnelling, and is known generally as evanescent wave coupling. For example, ... In microscopy, systems that capture the information contained in evanescent waves can be used to create super-resolution images ... In quantum mechanics the wave function interaction may be discussed in terms of particles and described as quantum tunneling. ...
*  Field electron emission
Single-atom-apex Mueller emitters also have relevance to the scanning probe microscopy and helium scanning ion microscopy (He ... "Zener tunneling"), takes place by a field-induced tunneling process that can be regarded as a form of Fowler-Nordheim tunneling ... Fowler-Nordheim tunneling is the wave-mechanical tunneling of an electron through an exact or rounded triangular barrier. Two ... Fowler-Nordheim tunneling is the wave-mechanical tunneling of electrons through a rounded triangular barrier created at the ...
*  Spin polarized scanning tunneling microscopy
Scanning tunneling microscopy Microscopy Scanning probe microscopy spin valve tunnel magnetoresistance Wiesendanger, R (2009 ... Spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy (SP-STM) is a specialized application of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) that ... A brief overview of STM Bode, M (2003). "Spin-polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy". Reports on Progress in Physics. 66: ... This is essentially the effect of tunnel magnetoresistance and the tip/surface essentially acts as a spin valve. Since a scan ...
*  Ultra-high vacuum
Atomic force microscopy. High vacuum enables high Q factors on the cantilever oscillation. Scanning tunneling microscopy. High ... Field emission microscopy and Field ion microscopy Atom Probe Tomography (APT) UHV is necessary for these applications to ...
*  History of nanotechnology
Binnig, G.; Rohrer, H. (1986). "Scanning tunneling microscopy". IBM Journal of Research and Development. 30 (4): 355-69. "Press ... IBM researcher Don Eigler was the first to manipulate atoms using a scanning tunneling microscope in 1989. He used 35 Xenon ... The scanning tunneling microscope, an instrument for imaging surfaces at the atomic level, was developed in 1981 by Gerd Binnig ... the birth of cluster science and the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM). These developments led to the ...
*  List of German inventions and discoveries
Binnig, G.; Rohrer, H. (1986). "Scanning tunneling microscopy". IBM Journal of Research and Development. 30 (4): 355-69. Press ... Scanning tunneling microscope by Gerd Binnig (German) and Heinrich Rohrer (Swiss) (at IBM Zürich) . Schrödinger equation by ... by Albert Einstein General relativity by Albert Einstein Special relativity by Albert Einstein STED microscopy by Stefan Hell ...
*  Scanning tunneling microscope
Microscopy Scanning electron microscope Scanning probe microscopy Scanning tunneling spectroscopy Electrochemical scanning ... "Basic principles of scanning probe microscopy". In D. A. Bonnell. Scanning probe microscopy and spectroscopy: Theory, ... Press release for the 1986 Nobel Prize in physics C. Bai (2000). Scanning tunneling microscopy and its applications. New York: ... Chen, C. J.: Origin of Atomic Resolution on Metal Surfaces in Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, Physical Review Letters 65 (4), ...
*  Photoconductive atomic force microscopy
... while scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and conductive atomic force microscopy (c-AFM) have been used to investigate electron ... Gerber, E. Weibel (1982). "Surface Studies by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy". Phys. Rev. Lett. 49 (1): 57-60. Bibcode:1982PhRvL ... Electrostatic force microscopy (EFM) and scanning Kelvin probe microscopy (SKPM) have been utilized in the studies of electron ... This microscopy technique yielded resolutions which were nearly equal to scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The fundamental ...
*  Gerd Binnig
Binnig, G.; Rohrer, H.; Gerbe, Ch; Weibe, E. (1982). "Surface Studies by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy". Physical Review ... There they developed the scanning tunneling microscope (STM), an instrument for imaging surfaces at the atomic level. The Nobel ... who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986 for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope. He was born in Frankfurt am ... "A low-temperature atomic force/scanning tunneling microscope for ultrahigh vacuum", J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B9, 984-988 (1991). ...
*  Nanotribology
Binnig, G. (1982-01-01). "Surface Studies by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy". Physical Review Letters. 49 (1): 57-61. Bibcode: ... Historically, nanotribological research includes direct investigation with microscopy techniques, such as Scanning Tunneling ... "Observation of Superlubricity by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy". Physical Review Letters. 78 (8): 1448-1451. Bibcode:1997PhRvL ... The Scanning Tunneling Microscope is used mostly for morphological topological investigation of a clean conductive sample, ...
*  Phaedon Avouris
He pioneered the use of scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy to study surface chemistry on the atomic scale, and ... Avouris & R. Wolkow (1989). "Atom-Resolved Surface Chemistry Studied by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Spectroscopy". ... Avouris & R. Wolkow (1989). "Atom-Resolved Surface Chemistry Studied by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Spectroscopy". ... Avouris (1988). "Atom-Resolved Surface Chemistry Using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy". Physical Review Letters. 60 (11): 5091. ...
*  Nanometrology
Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) is another instrument commonly used. It is used to measure 3-D topology of the specimen. ... atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy and Brunauer, Emmett, Teller ... Scanning Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy, High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy, and Field ... Another commonly used instrument is the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) which apart from measuring the shape and size of the ...
*  Skyrmion
Researchers could read and write skyrmions using scanning tunneling microscopy. The topological charge, representing the ...
*  Erio Tosatti
Selloni, A. (1985). "Voltage-dependent scanning-tunneling microscopy of a crystal surface: Graphite". Physical Review B. 31 (4 ...
*  Zinc telluride
... surface by scanning tunneling microscopy". Science and Technology of Advanced Materials (free access). 16: 015002. doi:10.1088/ ...
*  Self-assembled monolayer
De Feyter, S.; De Schreyer F.C. (2003). "Two-dimensional supramolecular self-assembly probed by scanning tunneling microscopy ... The major techniques that use this strategy are: Scanning tunneling microscope The scanning tunneling microscope can remove SAM ... and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). STM has been able to help understand the mechanisms of SAM formation as well as ... "Comparative electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy study of nonionic fluorosurfactant zonyl FSN self-assembled ...
*  Scanning tunneling spectroscopy
... (STS), an extension of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), is used to provide information ... For scanning tunneling spectroscopy the scanning tunneling microscope is used to measure the number of electrons (the LDOS) as ... Scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) is an experimental technique which uses a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) to probe ... At its simplest, a "scanning tunneling spectrum" is obtained by placing a scanning tunneling microscope tip above a particular ...
*  Ward Plummer
His primary research tool has been variable-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy. In 2000, Plummer became the Director of ... NIST selected his 1969 paper "Resonance Tunneling of Field-Emitted Electrons Through Adsorbates on Metal Surfaces", co-authored ...
*  List of semiconductor materials
Kobayashi, K.; Yamauchi, J. (1995). "Electronic structure and scanning-tunneling-microscopy image of molybdenum dichalcogenide ... Visualization of bactericidal activity using atomic force microscopy" (PDF). Current Science. 90 (10): 1378. O. Madelung; U. ...
*  Olympicene
Preliminary images of it were made using scanning tunnelling microscopy. More detailed images were made by IBM researchers in ... Zurich using non-contact atomic force microscopy in 2012. List of chemical compounds with unusual names Olympiadane Williams, A ...
*  Bai Chunli
Bai's research is mainly in the field of nanotechnology and scanning tunneling microscopy, where his work focuses on scanning ... He has been engaged in the study of scanning tunneling microscopy, which has been a significant field in nanotechnology (NT), ... Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Its Application, Springer, ISBN 9783540657156 Bai, C (2005). "Global voices of science. ... 原子和分子的观察与操纵 Research and Application of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (扫描力显微术) "扫描隧道显微术研究及
*  Gopakumar Thiruvancheril
TG Gopakumar; F Müller; M Hietschold (2006). "Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy Studies of ... "Scanning tunneling microscopy and scanning tunneling spectroscopy studies of planar and nonplanar naphthalocyanines on graphite ... Interface Using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Spectroscopy. Part 1: Template-Guided Adlayer Structure Formation". 114 (8 ... interface using scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. 2. Adsorption-induced charge transfer effect". 114 (49). ...
*  Michael F. Crommie
Crommie's research group currently uses scanning tunneling microscopy and scanning tunneling spectroscopy. Crommie is known for ...
*  John Bockris
Two new techniques were applied to Electrochemistry: Ellipsometry and Scanning Tunneling Microscopy. Electrode reactions and ... Scanning Tunneling Microscopy New Thinking Timeline of hydrogen technologies Platt, Charles. (November 1998). What If Cold ...
*  Moiré pattern
... using a technique known as structured illumination microscopy. In scanning tunneling microscopy, moiré fringes appears if ... Kobayashi, Katsuyoshi (1996-01-01). "Moiré pattern in scanning tunneling microscopy: Mechanism in observation of subsurface ... K. Schouteden, N. Galvanetto (2015). "Scanning probe microscopy study of chemical vapor deposition grown graphene transferred ... Since both the TV screen and the digital camera use a scanning technique to produce or to capture pictures with horizontal scan ...
*  Jürgen P. Rabe
Rabe became internationally known for his seminal scanning tunneling microscopy research on the structure, dynamics, and ... he initiated the use of scanning tunneling microscopy for molecular monolayers, which he continued in Gerhard Wegner's ... molecular structure and dynamics at the interface between a solid wall and an organic solution by scanning tunneling microscopy ... employing scanning probe microscopies, light, and molecularly modified graphite surfaces, which has been used to correlate ...
*  Fullerene chemistry
The trimer has also been reported using 4-aminopyridine as catalyst (4% yield) and observed with scanning tunneling microscopy ... "Structural Analysis of C60 Trimers by Direct Observation with Scanning Tunneling Microscopy". Angewandte Chemie International ...