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*  Vibrational analysis with scanning probe microscopy
... such as electron microscopy (SEM and TEM) and scanning probe microscopy (NSOM, STM and AFM). SPM differs from other techniques ... Near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) was described in 1984, and used in many applications since then. The combination ... IR near-field scanning optical microscopy (IR-NSOM) is a powerful spectroscopic tool because it allows subwavelength resolution ... The first mode relies on the AFM contact mode, and the second mode of operation employs a scanning thermal microscopy probe ( ...
*  Scanning voltage microscopy
... such a profile could indicate the electron and hole distributions where light is generated and could lead to improved laser ... Scanning voltage microscopy (SVM), sometimes also called nanopotentiometry, is a scientific experimental technique based on ... In a similar technique, scanning gate microscopy (SGM), the probe is oscillated at some natural frequency some fixed distance ... atomic force microscopy. A conductive probe, usually only a few nanometers wide at the tip, is placed in full contact with an ...
*  Quantum chemistry
Common methods are infra-red (IR) spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and scanning probe microscopy. ... For multielectron atoms we must introduce some rules as that the electrons fill orbitals in a way to minimize the energy of the ... Unlike the earlier Bohr model of the atom, however, the wave model describes electrons as "clouds" moving in orbitals, and ... This was the first attempt to describe many-electron systems on the basis of electronic density instead of wave functions, ...
*  Evanescent field
... such as the superlens and near field scanning optical microscopy, can overcome the diffraction limit; however these systems are ... Neice, A., "Methods and Limitations of Subwavelength Imaging", Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Vol. 163, July 2010 ... In microscopy, systems that capture the information contained in evanescent waves can be used to create super-resolution images ... and to illuminate very small objects such as biological cells or single protein and DNA molecules for microscopy (as in the ...
*  Field electron emission
Single-atom-apex Mueller emitters also have relevance to the scanning probe microscopy and helium scanning ion microscopy (He ... Field electron emission (also known as field emission (FE) and electron field emission) is emission of electrons induced by an ... Field electron emission, field-induced electron emission, field emission and electron field emission are general names for this ... To achieve high-resolution in electron microscopes and other electron beam instruments (such as those used for electron beam ...
*  Cryo-scanning electron microscopy
... (CSEM) is a form of electron microscopy where a hydrated but cryogenically fixed sample is ... ISBN 978-3-642-75818-8. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Schatten, Heide (2013). Scanning electron microscopy for the ... editors, Heide Schatten, James Pawley, (2007). Biological low voltage field emission scanning electron microscopy. New York: ... Cryo-electron microscopy Dokland Terje (2006). Techniques in Microscopy for Biomedical Applications. World Scientific ...
*  Serial block-face scanning electron microscopy
... (SBEM, SBSEM or SBFSEM) is a method to generate high resolution three- ... Denk W, Horstmann H (2004) Serial Block-Face Scanning Electron Microscopy to Reconstruct Three-Dimensional Tissue Nanostructure ... A serial block-face scanning electron microscope consists of an ultramicrotome mounted inside the vacuum chamber of a scanning ... "Analysis of Brain Mitochondria Using Serial Block-Face Scanning Electron Microscopy". Journal of Visualized Experiments (113). ...
*  Scanning confocal electron microscopy
Confocal microscopy Confocal laser scanning microscopy Electron microscopy Scanning electron microscope Scanning transmission ... as in other scanning microscopy techniques, such as scanning transmission electron microscopy or scanning electron microscopy. ... Scanning confocal electron microscopy (SCEM) is an electron microscopy technique analogous to scanning confocal optical ... "Development of Stage-scanning System for Confocal Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy". E-J. Surf. Sci. Nanotech. 6: 111- ...
*  Scanning transmission electron microscopy
High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) Scanning confocal electron microscopy (SCEM) Scanning electron ... Electron beam induced deposition Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) Energy filtered transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM ... "Optimizing the environment for sub-0.2 nm scanning transmission electron microscopy". J. Electron. Microsc. 50 (3): 219-226. ... "High Dynamic Range Pixel Array Detector for Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy". Microscopy and Microanalysis. 22 (1): ...
*  Conservation scientist
Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS): Uses an electronic beam to scan the surface of a ... Scanning Electron Microscopy with X-ray microanalysis. Retrieved April 19, 2014. National Museums, Liverpool. (n.d.). Scanning ... electron microscopy. Retrieved April 19, 2014. CAMEO. (2014). Chromatography. Retrieved April 19, 2014. CAMEO. (2014).Gas ...
*  Focused ion beam
Levi-Setti, R. (1974). "Proton scanning microscopy: feasibility and promise". Scanning Electron Microscopy: 125. W. H. Escovitz ... FIB systems operate in a similar fashion to a scanning electron microscope (SEM) except, rather than a beam of electrons and as ... The same protocol used for preparing samples to transmission electron microscopy can also be used to select a micro area of a ... A FIB setup is a scientific instrument that resembles a scanning electron microscope (SEM). However, while the SEM uses a ...
*  Hardware Trojan
Typical visual inspection methods are: scanning optical microscopy (SOM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), pico-second ... "Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)". University of Wyoming. Zeng Gong and Marc X. Makkes "Hardware Trojan side-channels based ... Then, the engineer repeatedly scans the surface while grinding the layers of the chip. There are several operations to scan the ... The signature may consist of any number of data outputs from the chip: an entire scan chain or intermediate data result. In a ...
*  Don Brothwell
In Olsen, S.L (ed.) Scanning Electron Microscopy in Archaeology. British Archaeological Reports International Series 452. ... "A Scanning Electron Microscope Study of Archaeological Dental Calculus," pp 372-385. ...
*  Sarcoplasmic reticulum
A review', Scanning electron microscopy., , pp. 437-62. The anatomy of the sarcoplasmic reticulum in vertebrate skeletal muscle ...
*  Flacourtia jangomas
Raeusch through scanning electron microscopy". Current Science. India: Current Science Association and Indian Academy of ...
*  Annular dark-field imaging
Transmission electron microscopy Scanning transmission electron microscopy Dark field microscopy DE Jesson; SJ Pennycook (1995 ... Annular dark-field imaging is a method of mapping samples in a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM). These images ... An annular dark field detector collects electrons from an annulus around the beam, sampling far more scattered electrons than ... This gives an advantage in terms of signal collection efficiency and allows the main beam to pass to an electron energy loss ...
*  Charles Oatley
... : Pioneer of Scanning Electron Microscopy The Papers of Sir Charles Oatley accessed 2 July 2008 Charles Oatley at ... Rodenburg, J.M. (1997). Electron microscopy and analysis 1997 : proceedings of the Institute of Physics Electron Microscopy and ... Ratinac, Kyle R. (2008). "Great moment 9: Scanning electron microscopy". In Ratinac, Kyle R. 50 great moments : celebrating the ... Hawkes, Peter W. (2004). Advances in imaging and electron physics: Volume 133, Sir Charles Oatley and the Scanning Electron ...
*  Nanoprobing
"Automated nanoprobing under scanning electron microscopy". 2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. p. ... Commercially available nanoprobing systems are integrated into either a vacuum-based scanning electron microscope (SEM) or ... Scanning Capacitance, and Electrostatic Force Microscopy images. Conductive AFM provides pico-amp resolution to identify and ... only available in AFM based tools Scanning Capacitance Microscopy (SCM) - only available in AFM based tools Electrostatic Force ...
*  Thomas Eugene Everhart
Bogner, A.; Jouneau, P.-H.; Thollet, G.; Basset, D.; Gauthier, C. (2007). "A history of scanning electron microscopy ... This type of secondary electron and back-scattered electron detector is still used in modern scanning electron microscopes ( ... Rodenburg, J.M. (1997). Electron microscopy and analysis 1997 : proceedings of the Institute of Physics Electron Microscopy and ... Ratinac, Kyle R. (2008). "Great moment 9: Scanning electron microscopy". In Ratinac, Kyle R. 50 great moments : celebrating the ...
*  Statocyst
Scanning Electron Microscopy (4): 1609-1618. PMID 11539690. Lowe, B. (1997). "The role of Ca2+ in deflection-induced excitation ...
*  Gongylonema pulchrum
Naem, S (2000). "Scanning Electron Microscopy of Adult Gongylonema pulchrum". Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 47 (4): 249-255. ...
*  Neural circuit reconstruction
... then imaged using transmission electron microscopy. Alternatively, the sample may be imaged with a scanning electron microscope ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Hayat, M. Arif (2000). Principles and techniques of scanning electron microscopy ... Briggman, Kevin L.; Davi D. Bock (2012). "Volume electron microscopy for neuronal circuit reconstruction". Current Opinion in ... 2010). "Semi-automated reconstruction of neural circuits using electron microscopy" (PDF). Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 20 ...
*  Robert Baratz
Correlation Between Specular and Scanning Electron Microscopy". Archives of Ophthalmology. 102 (6): 921-922. doi:10.1001/ ...
*  Kikuchi line
"Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray microanalysis". Plenum Press, NY. ISBN 0-306-44175-6. Calculate patterns with WebEMApS ... Scanning electron microscopes, on the other hand, typically look at electrons "kicked up" when one rasters a focussed electron ... Electron channeling patterns are contrast effects associated with edge-on lattice planes that show up in scanning electron ... The first scanning electron microscope (SEM) image was an image of electron channeling contrast in silicon steel. However, ...
*  Coolia tropicalis
tropicalisbased on light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and LSU rDNA1". Journal of Phycology. 49 (3): 536-545. doi: ...
*  Cervical cancer
A description of human papillomavirus (HPV) by electron microscopy was given in 1949, and HPV-DNA was identified in 1963. It ... Imaging modalities such as ultrasound, CT scan and MRI have been used to look for alternating disease, spread of tumor and ...
*  Work function
2003). Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis. New York: Springer. For a quick reference to values of work ... This spacing is called the electron affinity (note that this has a different meaning than the electron affinity of chemistry); ... electrochemical potential of electrons) inside the material. The term −eϕ is the energy of an electron at rest in the vacuum ... electrons out of a hot material (called the 'emitter') into the vacuum. If these electrons are absorbed by another, cooler ...