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*  Microbubbles
... may be used for drug delivery, biofilm removal, membrane cleaning/biofilm control and water/waste water treatment ... Microbubbles are bubbles smaller than one millimetre in diameter, but larger than one micrometre. They have widespread ... This distinguishes the microbubbles from surrounding tissues. In practice, because gas bubbles in liquid lack stability and ... The gas-filled, e.g. air or perfluorocarbon, microbubbles oscillate and vibrate when a sonic energy field is applied and may ...
*  Hepatopulmonary syndrome
Intravenous microbubbles (> 10 micrometers in diameter) from agitated normal saline that are normally obstructed by pulmonary ...
*  Brian Andrew Hills
Hills, BA; James, PB (1991). "Microbubble damage to the blood-brain barrier: relevance to decompression sickness". Undersea and ... Butler, BD; Hills, BA (1978). "Transcutaneous detection of arterial microbubbles using doppler". Abstract of the Undersea and ... Butler, BD; Hills, BA (1981). "Methods for producing microbubbles for microembolism studies". Abstract of the Undersea and ...
*  B├╝hlmann decompression algorithm
"Smart microbubble management" (PDF). In Depth. Uwatec. Retrieved 12 March 2016. Marroni, A; Cali Corleo, R; Balestra, C; ... ZHL-8 ADT MB: A version of the ZHL-8 ADT claimed to suppress microbubble formation. ZHL-8 ADT MB PDIS: Profile-Determined ...
*  Medical ultrasound
The microbubbles being too large in diameter, they stay confined in blood vessels and cannot extravasate towards the ... Microbubbles-based contrast media is administrated intravenously in patient blood stream during the medical ultrasonography ... This allows to maximize binding to the malignant tumor; the targeted microbubbles being in more direct contact with cancerous ... A contrast medium for medical ultrasonography is a formulation of encapsulated gaseous microbubbles to increase echogenicity of ...
*  Decompression theory
Once a micro-bubble forms it may continue to grow if the tissues are sufficiently supersaturated. As the bubble grows it may ... The force balance on the bubble may be modified by a layer of surface active molecules which can stabilise a microbubble at a ... Cole, Bob (2008). "Diver Behaviour - Micro-bubble Control". SAA Buhlmann Deep Stop System Handbook. Sub-Aqua Association. pp. 4 ...
*  Echogenicity
This is because microbubbles have a high degree of echogenicity. When gas bubbles are caught in an ultrasonic frequency field, ... Heavy gases are less water-soluble so they are less likely to leak out from the microbubble to impair echogenicity (McCulloch ... Echogenicity can be increased by intravenously administering gas-filled microbubble contrast agent to the systemic circulation ... Contrast-enhanced ultrasound Echogenic intracardiac focus Ultrasound Lindner, JR (2004). "Microbubbles in medical imaging: ...
*  Soil contamination
A. Agarwal, Y. Zhou, Y. Liu (2016) Remediation of oil contaminated sand with self-collapsing air microbubbles. Environmental ... Remediation of oil contaminated sediments with self-collapsing air microbubbles. Various national standards for concentrations ...
*  Sulfur hexafluoride
... microbubbles are administered in solution through injection into a peripheral vein. These microbubbles ...
*  Gene therapy
Tinkov S, Bekeredjian R, Winter G, Coester C (20 November 2000). "Polyplex-conjugated microbubbles for enhanced ultrasound ...
*  Environmental remediation
Air microbubbles generated in water without adding any surfactant could be used to clean oil contaminated sediments. This ... Cleaning of oil contaminated sediments with self collapsing air microbubbles have been recently explored as a chemical free ... Agarwal, Ashutosh; Zhou, Yufeng; Liu, Yu (2016). "Remediation of oil-contaminated sand with self-collapsing air microbubbles". ...
*  Perflenapent
2003, 29, 39 Liu, Y., Miyoshi, H., and Nakamura, M. Encapsulated ultrasound microbubbles: Therapeutic application in drug/gene ... It has several biomedical applications including: propellant for pressurized metered dose inhalers; gas core in microbubble ... and occlusion therapy via the conversion of nanometer liquid droplets into micrometer sized gas microbubbles (acoustic droplet ...
*  Contrast-enhanced ultrasound
PEG prevents microbubble aggregation and makes the microbubble more non-reactive. It temporarily "hides" the microbubble from ... Microbubble shell: selection of shell material determines how easily the microbubble is taken up by the immune system. A more ... Microbubble gas core: The gas core is the most important part of the ultrasound contrast microbubble because it determines the ... When microbubbles in the blood flow past the imaging window, the microbubbles' compressible gas cores oscillate in response to ...
*  Varying Permeability Model
Yount, D.E. (1983). "A model for microbubble fission in surfactant solutions". Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 91 (2 ...
*  Sonoporation
... employs the acoustic cavitation of microbubbles to enhance delivery of these large molecules. The bioactivity of ...
*  Ultra-high-purity steam for oxidation and annealing
Micro-bubbles in the water can also lead to project defects on the wafer. Water vapor also plays an important role in Carbon ...
*  Antarctic Technology Offshore Lagoon Laboratory
What are the distribution and dynamics of microbubbles caused by turbulences and gas-oversaturations? How can the organisms ...
*  Octafluoropropane
... microbubbles reflect sound waves well and are used to improve the ultrasound signal backscatter. It is also ... In medicine, octafluoropropane may compose the gas cores of microbubble contrast agents used in contrast-enhanced ultrasound. ...
*  High-intensity focused ultrasound
Using injected microbubbles, to lower the threshold for inertial cavitation only at the target, may help reduce damage to ... Microbubbles produced in the field oscillate and grow (due to factors including rectified diffusion), and can eventually ... This technique involves infusing a therapeutic agent along with gas-filled microbubbles into the bloodstream. The ultrasound is ... Focused ultrasound, either alone or enhanced by microbubbles and/or thrombolytic agents, can also dissolve blood clots. ...
*  MS Harmony of the Seas
"Micro-bubble system helps Quantum to whopping 20% efficiency gain on Oasis". Seatrade Cruise News. 28 August 2014. Archived ...
*  Hepatomegaly
Meacock, L M; Sellars, M E; Sidhu, P S (2010-07-01). "Evaluation of gallbladder and biliary duct disease using microbubble ...
*  Cetacean stranding
Stirred up sand as well as long-lived microbubbles formed by rain may further exacerbate the effect. A 2017 study by scientists ...
*  Reef aquarium
Organic waste adheres to the surface of these microbubbles and is removed as it overflows at the reactor surface into a ... Protein skimmers use the foam fractionation process wherein air is introduced into a water stream creating microbubbles. ...
*  Drug delivery to the brain
This combined with the microbubbles allows for a very specific area of diffusion for the microbubbles, because they can only ... Microbubbles are small "bubbles" of mono-lipids that are able to pass through the blood-brain barrier. They form a lipophilic ... A second factor that must be determined is the stability of the loaded micro-bubble. This means is the drug fully retained in ... Lastly, it must be determined how the drug is to be released from the microbubble once it passes through the blood-brain ...
*  Echocardiography
The ultrasound contrast is made up of tiny microbubbles filled with a gas core and protein shell. This allows the microbubbles ...