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*  Mir-9/mir-79 microRNA precursor family
The miR-9 microRNA (homologous to miR-79), is a short non-coding RNA gene involved in gene regulation. The mature ~21nt miRNAs ... Packer AN, Xing Y, Harper SQ, Jones L, Davidson BL (2008). "The bifunctional microRNA miR-9/miR-9* regulates REST and CoREST ... Packer AN, Xing Y, Harper SQ, Jones L, Davidson BL (2008). "The bifunctional microRNA miR-9/miR-9* regulates REST and CoREST ... a MYC/MYCN-activated microRNA, regulates E-cadherin and cancer metastasis". Nat Cell Biol. 12 (3): 247-56. doi:10.1038/ncb2024 ...
*  Mir-181 microRNA precursor
In molecular biology miR-181 microRNA precursor is a small non-coding RNA molecule. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are transcribed as ~70 ... "MicroRNAs regulate critical genes associated with multiple myeloma pathogenesis". Proceedings of the National Academy of ... "Numerous microRNPs in neuronal cells containing novel microRNAs". Rna. 9 (2): 180-6. doi:10.1261/rna.2141503. PMC 1370383 . ... Lagos-Quintana M, Rauhut R, Meyer J, Borkhardt A, Tuschl T (February 2003). "New microRNAs from mouse and human". Rna. 9 (2): ...
*  Mir-2 microRNA precursor
"Evolution and function of the extended miR-2 microRNA family". RNA Biology. 9 (3): 242-280. doi:10.4161/rna.19160. PMC 3384581 ... showed that the miR-2 family regulates cell survival by translational repression of proapoptotic factors. Based on ... The mir-2 microRNA family includes the microRNA genes mir-2 and mir-13 (MIPF0000049). Mir-2 is widespread in invertebrates, and ... Mir-2 microRNAs are organized in a large cluster in most insects. This cluster has typically 5 members of the mir-2 family plus ...
*  Antagomir
... s are used to silence endogenous microRNA (miR). An antagomir is a small synthetic RNA that is perfectly complementary ... "MicroRNAs 103 and 107 regulate insulin sensitivity". Nature. 474 (7353): 649-53. doi:10.1038/nature10112. PMID 21654750. Kahn ... microRNA-122, cholesterol and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) The primary method for using microRNA technology to target HCV is by ... microRNA-103/107 MicroRNA-103/107 inhibition in mice leads to increased insulin sensitivity and signalling. It has been shown ...
*  MiR-27
MicroRNAs miR-27a and -27b have been found to negatively regulate adipocyte differentiation through regulation of the ... Cazalla, D; Yario, T; Steitz, JA (Jun 18, 2010). "Down-regulation of a host microRNA by a Herpesvirus saimiri noncoding RNA". ... Li, X; Mertens-Talcott, SU; Zhang, S; Kim, K; Ball, J; Safe, S (June 2010). "MicroRNA-27a Indirectly Regulates Estrogen ... Mertens-Talcott SU, Chintharlapalli S, Li X, Safe S (2007). "The oncogenic microRNA-27a targets genes that regulate specificity ...
*  Antisense RNA
In bacteriophage P22, the asRNA sar helps regulate between lytic and lysogenic cycle by control the expression of Ant. Besides ... microRNA therapies and delivery of functional cDNA. However, each bears some drawbacks. For example, the synthesized protein ... RNA I and RNA II forms a duplex which introduces a conformational change of RNA II. Consequently, RNA II cannot hybridize with ... RNA-RNA interactions either in nucleus or cytoplasm and RNA-protein interactions (epigenetic). Antisense RNAs can be ...
*  Long non-coding RNA
In eukaryotes, RNA transcription is a tightly regulated process. NcRNAs can target different aspects of this process, targeting ... Similar to small regulatory RNAs such as microRNAs and snoRNAs, these functions often involve complementary base pairing with ... short interfering RNAs (siRNAs), Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), and other short RNAs. However ... an ncRNA repressor of RNA polymerase II transcription". RNA. 13 (4): 583-96. doi:10.1261/rna.310307. PMC 1831867 . PMID ...
*  Small nuclear RNA
This mechanism regulating the abundance of snRNAs is in turn coupled to a widespread change of alternative RNA splicing. ... MicroRNA Henry, R.; Mittal, V.; Ma, B.; Kobayashi, R.; Hernanadex, N. (1 September 1998). "SNAP 19 mediates the assembly of a ... U1 spliceosomal RNA, U2 spliceosomal RNA, U4 spliceosomal RNA, U5 spliceosomal RNA, and U6 spliceosomal RNA. Their nomenclature ... They have also been shown to aid in the regulation of transcription factors (7SK RNA) or RNA polymerase II (B2 RNA), and ...
*  Transfer-messenger RNA
doi:10.1146/annurev.micro.62.081307.162948. PMID 18557701. Ray BK, Apirion D (July 1979). "Characterization of 10S RNA: a new ... Hong, S. J.; Tran, Q. A.; Keiler, K. C. (2005). "Cell cycle-regulated degradation of tmRNA is controlled by RNase R and SmpB". ... Transfer-messenger RNA (abbreviated tmRNA, also known as 10Sa RNA and by its genetic name SsrA) is a bacterial RNA molecule ... November 2007). "Semiautomated improvement of RNA alignments". RNA. 13 (11): 1850-9. doi:10.1261/rna.215407. PMC 2040093 . PMID ...
*  MiR-203
In molecular biology miR-203 is a short non-coding RNA molecule. MicroRNAs function to regulate the expression levels of other ... MicroRNAs are short (20-22nt), non-coding RNA molecules involved in the regulation of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) by pairing with ... They are located in intergenic and intragenic regions, and are transcribed as pri-miRNA by RNA polymerase II or RNA polymerase ... "A mammalian microRNA expression atlas based on small RNA library sequencing". Cell. 129 (7): 1401-14. doi:10.1016/j.cell. ...
*  Let-7 microRNA precursor
"Lin-28 interaction with the let-7 precursor loop mediates regulated microRNA processing". RNA. 14: 1539-49. doi:10.1261/rna. ... 2008). "Determinants of microRNA processing inhibition by the developmentally regulated RNA-binding protein Lin28". J. Biol. ... and was later shown to be part of a much larger class of non-coding RNAs termed microRNAs. miR-98 microRNA precursor from human ... doi:10.1261/rna.1139508. PMC 2578851 . PMID 18824511. Ding XC, Slack FJ, Grosshans H (2008). "The let-7 microRNA interfaces ...
*  Mir-430 microRNA precursor family
In molecular biology mir-430 microRNA is a short RNA molecule. MicroRNAs function to regulate the expression levels of other ... 2008). "Treatment with small interfering RNA affects the microRNA pathway and causes unspecific defects in zebrafish embryos". ... "MicroRNAs Regulate Brain Morphogenesis in Zebrafish". Science. 308 (5723): 833-838. doi:10.1126/science.1109020. PMID 15774722 ... RNA. 18 (5): 915-929. doi:10.1261/rna.029090.111. PMC 3334700 . PMID 22408181. Zhao, Y.; Xiong, Q.; Xie, P. (2011). Sch├Ânbach, ...
*  Mir-365 microRNA precursor family
In molecular biology mir-365 microRNA is a short RNA molecule. MicroRNAs function to regulate the expression levels of other ... RNA. 14 (11): 2348-2360. doi:10.1261/rna.1034808. PMC 2578865 . PMID 18812439. Page for mir-365 microRNA precursor family at ... Nie, J.; Liu, L.; Zheng, W.; Chen, L.; Wu, X.; Xu, Y.; Du, X.; Han, W. (2011). "MicroRNA-365, down-regulated in colon cancer, ... "Pre-microRNA and Mature microRNA in Human Mitochondria". PLoS ONE. 6 (5): e20220. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020220. PMC 3102686 ...
*  MicroRNA
... leading to the suggestion that let-7 RNA and additional "small temporal RNAs" might regulate the timing of development in ... Given the name "competing endogenous RNAs" (ceRNAs), these microRNAs bind to "microRNA response elements" on genes and ... doi:10.1261/rna.2183803. PMC 1370393 . PMID 12592000. Science review of small RNA: Baulcombe D (2002). "DNA events. An RNA ... "Small RNA deep sequencing identifies microRNAs and other small noncoding RNAs from human herpesvirus 6B". J. Virol. 86 (3): ...
*  Mir-32 microRNA precursor family
In molecular biology mir-32 microRNA is a short RNA molecule. MicroRNAs function to regulate the expression levels of other ... "Genomic Profiling of MicroRNA and Messenger RNA Reveals Deregulated MicroRNA Expression in Prostate Cancer". Cancer Research. ... "Medpor regulates osteoblast's microRNAs". Bio-medical materials and engineering. 18 (2): 91-97. PMID 18408260. Choong, M. L.; ... "MicroRNAs regulate critical genes associated with multiple myeloma pathogenesis". Proceedings of the National Academy of ...
*  Mir-19 microRNA precursor family
The miR-19 microRNA precursor is a small non-coding RNA molecule that regulates gene expression. Within the human and mouse ... 2011). "Widespread regulatory activity of vertebrate microRNA* species". RNA. 17 (2): 312-26. doi:10.1261/rna.2537911. PMC ... 2008). "MicroRNAs regulate critical genes associated with multiple myeloma pathogenesis". Proceedings of the National Academy ... Landgraf, P; M Rusu; R Sheridan; A Sewer (2007). "A Mammalian microRNA Expression Atlas Based on Small RNA Library Sequencing ...
*  Mir-340 microRNA precursor family
In molecular biology mir-340 microRNA is a short RNA molecule. MicroRNAs function to regulate the expression levels of other ... "Identification of microRNA-regulated gene networks by expression analysis of target genes". Genome Research. 22 (6): 1163-1172 ... "Micro-RNA dysregulation in multiple sclerosis favours pro-inflammatory T-cell-mediated autoimmunity". Brain. 134 (12): 3578- ... MicroRNA 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Gennarino, V. A.; d'Angelo, G.; Dharmalingam, G.; Fernandez, S.; Russolillo, G.; Sanges, R.; ...
*  Mir-190 microRNA precursor family
In molecular biology mir-190 microRNA is a short RNA molecule. MicroRNAs function to regulate the expression levels of other ... MicroRNA Zheng, H.; Law, P. Y.; Loh, H. H. (2012). "Non-Coding RNAs Regulating Morphine Function: With Emphasis on the in vivo ... "Identification of microRNA-regulated gene networks by expression analysis of target genes". Genome Research. 22 (6): 1163-1172 ... Zhang, Y.; Li, M.; Wang, H.; Fisher, W. E.; Lin, P. H.; Yao, Q.; Chen, C. (2008). "Profiling of 95 MicroRNAs in Pancreatic ...
*  Mir-367 microRNA precursor family
In molecular biology mir-367 microRNA is a short RNA molecule. MicroRNAs function to regulate the expression levels of other ... Tsai ZY, Singh S, Yu SL, Kao LP, Chen BZ, Ho BC, Yang PC, Li SS (Jan 2010). "Identification of microRNAs regulated by activin A ... "Medpor regulates osteoblast's microRNAs". Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering. 18 (2): 91-7. PMID 18408260. Yue J, Sheng Y, ... MicroRNA 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Anokye-Danso F, Trivedi CM, Juhr D, Gupta M, Cui Z, Tian Y, Zhang Y, Yang W, Gruber ...
*  Mir-408 microRNA precursor family
In molecular biology mir-408 microRNA is a short RNA molecule. MicroRNAs function to regulate the expression levels of other ... Gupta, O. P.; Permar, V.; Koundal, V.; Singh, U. D.; Praveen, S. (2011). "MicroRNA regulated defense responses in Triticum ... Ren, L.; Tang, G.; Jin, W.; Guo, A. (2012). "Identification of sucrose-responsive microRNAs reveals sucrose-regulated copper ... "Identification of conserved and novel microRNAs in Aquilaria sinensis based on small RNA sequencing and transcriptome sequence ...
*  Mir-444 microRNA precursor family
In molecular biology mir-444 microRNA is a short RNA molecule. MicroRNAs function to regulate the expression levels of other ... MicroRNA 1. 2. Gupta, O. P.; Permar, V.; Koundal, V.; Singh, U. D.; Praveen, S. (2011). "MicroRNA regulated defense responses ... Sunkar, R.; Jagadeeswaran, G. (2008). "In silico identification of conserved microRNAs in large number of diverse plant species ... Page for MIR444 microRNA precursor family at Rfam. ...
*  Mir-133 microRNA precursor family
mir-133 is a type of non-coding RNA called a microRNA that was first experimentally characterised in mice. Homologues have ... Boutz PL, Chawla G, Stoilov P, Black DL (Jan 2007). "MicroRNAs regulate the expression of the alternative splicing factor nPTB ... Chen JF, Mandel EM, Thomson JM, Wu Q, Callis TE, Hammond SM, Conlon FL, Wang DZ (2006). "The role of microRNA-1 and microRNA- ... Page for mir-133 microRNA precursor family at Rfam miRBase entry for mir-133 MicroRNA of the week at the miRNA blog. ...
*  Mir-10 microRNA precursor family
The miR-10 microRNA precursor is a short non-coding RNA gene involved in gene regulation. It is part of an RNA gene family ... "MicroRNA-responsive 'sensor' transgenes uncover Hox-like and other developmentally regulated patterns of vertebrate microRNA ... MicroRNA Gene expression Hox genes Lee, R. C.; Ambros, V (2001). "An Extensive Class of Small RNAs in Caenorhabditis elegans". ... Han, L; Witmer, PD; Casey, E; Valle, D; Sukumar, S (2007). "DNA methylation regulates MicroRNA expression". Cancer biology & ...
*  Mir-708 microRNA precursor family
In molecular biology mir-708 microRNA is a short RNA molecule. MicroRNAs function to regulate the expression levels of other ... Behrman S, Acosta-Alvear D, Walter P (2011). "A CHOP-regulated microRNA controls rhodopsin expression". J Cell Biol. 192 (6): ... "Identification of new microRNA genes and aberrant microRNA profiles in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia". Leukemia. 23 (2 ... MicroRNA Wang XZ, Kuroda M, Sok J, Batchvarova N, Kimmel R, Chung P, et al. (1998). "Identification of novel stress-induced ...
*  Mir-396 microRNA precursor family
In molecular biology mir-396 microRNA is a short RNA molecule. MicroRNAs function to regulate the expression levels of other ... "Microarray-based analysis of stress-regulated microRNAs in Arabidopsis thaliana". RNA. 14 (5): 836-843. doi:10.1261/rna.895308 ... "High throughput sequencing technology reveals that the taxoid elicitor methyl jasmonate regulates microRNA expression in ... MicroRNA Zhou, J.; Liu, M.; Jiang, J.; Qiao, G.; Lin, S.; Li, H.; Xie, L.; Zhuo, R. (2012). "Expression profile of miRNAs in ...
*  Metabolism
Many viruses have an RNA genome, such as HIV, which uses reverse transcription to create a DNA template from its viral RNA ... doi:10.1146/annurev.micro.52.1.191. PMID 9891798. Boiteux A, Hess B (1981). "Design of glycolysis". Philos Trans R Soc Lond B ... This is important as it allows the formation and breakdown of glucose to be regulated separately, and prevents both pathways ... RNA in ribozymes such as spliceosomes and ribosomes is similar to enzymes as it can catalyze chemical reactions. Individual ...
*  Mir-344 microRNA precursor family
In molecular biology mir-344 microRNA is a short RNA molecule. MicroRNAs function to regulate the expression levels of other ... The pre-miR-344 is transcribed directly as a precursor microRNA hairpin and thus contains a 5' m7G-cap. MicroRNA 1. 2. Lee, S. ... Profile of microRNAs regulating adipogenesis by modulating the canonical Wnt/╬▓-catenin signaling pathway". BMC Genomics. 11: ... Capped MicroRNA Precursors that Generate a Single MicroRNA". Cell. 155 (7): 1568-1580. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2013.11.027. PMC ...