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*  Methanol toxicity
Methanol has a high toxicity in humans. As little as 10 mL of pure methanol when drunk is metabolized into formic acid, which ... Toxicity to methanol has been described as early as 1856. The initial symptoms of methanol intoxication include central nervous ... Methanol is toxic by two mechanisms. First, methanol (whether it enters the body by ingestion, inhalation, or absorption ... There are cases of methanol resistance, such as that of Mike Malloy who someone tried and failed to poison by methanol in the ...
*  Methanotroph
... use of multi-carbon compounds which differentiates them from methanotrophs that are usually fastidious methane and methanol ...
*  Petronas Methanol
... (Labuan) Sdn. Bhd. (PMLSB) is a subsidiary of Petronas. It was formed in 1992 when Petronas bought the ... The plant was commissioned under Sabah Gas Industries in 1984 to produce Grade AA methanol using Lurgi's low-pressure combined ... The main production units are: Unit 100: Steam reforming Unit 200: Methanol synthesis Unit 300: Distillation In 2005, works ... began on a new methanol plant. Using Lurgi's MegaMethanol technology, the plant has a nameplate capacity of 5000 mtpd, more ...
*  Methanol reformer
A mixture of water and methanol with a molar concentration ratio (water:methanol) of 1.0 - 1.5 is pressurized to approximately ... While hydrogen power produces energy without CO2, a methanol reformer creates the gas as a byproduct. Methanol (prepared from ... The water-methanol mixture is introduced into a tube-shaped reactor where it makes contact with the catalyst. Hydrogen is then ... A methanol reformer is a device used in chemical engineering, especially in the area of fuel cell technology, which can produce ...
*  Methanol fuel
The Methanol Institute, the methanol trade industry organization, posts reports and presentations on methanol. Director Gregory ... Methanol is far more difficult to ignite than gasoline and burns about 60% slower. A methanol fire releases energy at around 20 ... A methanol spill that combines with an existing gasoline spill can cause the mixed methanol/gasoline spill to persist about 30 ... An EGR tolerance of 27 % was found when methanol was used. The efficiencies of the methanol-fueled engine obtained with EGR are ...
*  Methanol economy
... of methanol into fuel and will introduce methanol fuel standard by mid-2008. M85, a mixture of 85% methanol and 15% gasoline ... Methanol is a liquid: this creates a greater fire risk compared to hydrogen in open spaces as Methanol leaks do not dissipate. ... The methanol economy is a suggested future economy in which methanol and dimethyl ether replace fossil fuels as a means of ... for the Methanol Institute, 1999 A discussion of the Methanol Economy with George Olah Recording of a program broadcast on NPR ...
*  Methanol dehydrogenase
In enzymology, a methanol dehydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyses the chemical reaction: methanol ⇌ {\displaystyle \ ... "Methanol metabolism in thermotolerant methylotrophic Bacillus strains involving a novel catabolic NAD-dependent methanol ... "Methanol metabolism in thermotolerant methylotrophic Bacillus strains involving a novel catabolic NAD-dependent methanol ... Prior to the discovery of this enzyme, methanol oxidation in Gram-negative bacteria had been shown to be by way of an (NAD+) ...
*  Deuterated methanol
... (CD3OD), is a form (called an isotopologue) of methanol (CH3OH) in which the hydrogen atom ("H") is ... replaced with deuterium (heavy hydrogen) isotope ("D"). Deuterated methanol is a common solvent used in NMR spectroscopy.. ...
*  Methanol (data page)
This page provides supplementary chemical data on methanol. The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions ... "Properties of pure Methanol". Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved 5 May 2007. Except where noted ...
*  Spanish Methanol Poisonings
The deal was very beneficial, as methanol was much cheaper than real ethyl alcohol. Rogelio Aguiar sold methanol to company ... Methanol poisonings in Spain took place in early 1963, when an alcohol merchant Rogelio Aguiar from Ourense, Galicia, Spain ... She analyzed their drinks and confirmed this was a case of methanol poisoning. Even though the pharmacist published warnings, ... Rogelio Aguiar acquired 75,000 litres of methanol, which it used to produce mixed drinks. ...
*  Methanol dehydrogenase (nicotinoprotein)
... (EC 1.1.99.37, NDMA-dependent methanol dehydrogenase, nicotinoprotein methanol ... Park, H.; Lee, H.; Ro, Y.T.; Kim, Y.M. (2010). "Identification and functional characterization of a gene for the methanol : N,N ... Methanol dehydrogenase (nicotinoprotein) at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and ... dehydrogenase, methanol:N,N-dimethyl-4-nitrosoaniline oxidoreductase) is an enzyme with systematic name methanol:acceptor ...
*  Pärnu methanol tragedy
The Pärnu methanol tragedy (Estonian: Pärnu metanoolitragöödia) was a methanol poisoning incident in Pärnu county, Estonia in ... On the night of 6 September 2001, ten 200-litre canisters of methanol, totalling 1.6 metric tonnes, were stolen from Baltfet (a ... Maistrišin proceeded to sell the stolen methanol to Aleksandr Sobolev, a known smuggler, for 76,000 krooni, claiming that it ... Beginning on 9 September, hundreds of people ended up drinking the resulting product and suffered methanol poisoning. ...
*  Methanol dehydrogenase (cytochrome c)
... (EC 1.1.2.7, methanol dehydrogenase, MDH) is an enzyme with systematic name methanol: ... Anthony, C.; Zatman, L.J. (1964). "The microbial oxidation of methanol. 2. The methanol-oxidizing enzyme of Pseudomonas sp. M ... Methanol dehydrogenase (cytochrome c) at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and ... Duine, J.A.; Frank, J.; Verweil, P.E.J. (1980). "Structure and activity of the prosthetic group of methanol dehydrogenase". Eur ...
*  Reformed methanol fuel cell
... (RMFC) or Indirect Methanol Fuel Cell (IMFC) systems are a subcategory of proton-exchange fuel ... The fuel cartridge stores the methanol fuel, which is often diluted with up to 40% (by volume) water. Methanol→Partial ... Methanol is used as a fuel because it is naturally hydrogen dense (a hydrogen carrier) and can be steam reformed into hydrogen ... Additionally, methanol is naturally occurring, biodegradable, and energy dense. RMFC systems consist of a fuel processing ...
*  2011 Sangrampur methanol tragedy
The drinks contained methanol, a highly toxic chemical which, when ingested, can lead to blindness or death. On December 14th, ... A methanol-tainted batch of illegal alcohol killed 143 people in India in December 2011, affecting mainly manual workers in the ... Magnier, Mark (15 December 2011). "Bootleg liquor laced with methanol kills 143 people in India". Toronto: Los Angeles Times. ...
*  Direct methanol fuel cell
Because of the methanol cross-over, a phenomenon by which methanol diffuses through the membrane without reacting, methanol is ... In contrast to indirect methanol fuel cells, where methanol is reacted to hydrogen by steam reforming, DMFCs use a methanol ... Methanol is a liquid from -97.0 °C to 64.7 °C at atmospheric pressure. The energy density of methanol is an order of magnitude ... Direct-methanol fuel cells or DMFCs are a subcategory of proton-exchange fuel cells in which methanol is used as the fuel. ...
*  Nobel Moral methanol powered UAV
... s are Chinese UAVs developed by Shenyang Noble Moral Aviation (Noble Moral, 沈阳通飞航空科技有限公司), ... The fuselage is constructed of fiber glass, and it is powered by an OS32 class methanol engine. Specification: Length (m): 1.55 ... AH-64 Apache drone is constructed of metal and powered by OS32 class methanol engine. Specification: Length (m): 1.15 Width (m ... Harrier is powered by methanol. Nobel Moral Ka-50 drone is an unmanned helicopter developed by Nobel Moral originally for ...
*  2016 Irkutsk mass methanol poisoning
Methanol is cheaper than ethanol (ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, CH3CH2OH), the alcohol found in vodka and other alcoholic ... List of methanol poisoning incidents Alcohol consumption in Russia Prohibition in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union ... Of the remainder, a problem in attempting to treat them was that fomepizole, a methanol antidote, is not certified for use in ... Irkutsk In December 2016, 78 people died in a mass methanol poisoning in Irkutsk, one of the largest cities in Siberia, Russia ...
*  Glucose-methanol-choline oxidoreductase family
The glucose-methanol-choline (GMC) oxidoreductases are FAD flavoproteins oxidoreductases. These enzymes include a variety of ... In molecular biology, the glucose-methanol-choline oxidoreductase family (GMC oxidoreductase) is a family of enzymes with ... proteins; choline dehydrogenase (CHD) EC 1.1.99.1, methanol oxidase (MOX) EC 1.1.3.13 and cellobiose dehydrogenase EC 1.1.99.18 ...
*  Methanol-5-hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide Co-methyltransferase
Other names in common use include methanol cobalamin methyltransferase, methanol:5-hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide ... In enzymology, a methanol-5-hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide Co-methyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.90) is an enzyme that catalyzes the ... Vogels GD; Te Brömmelstroet, BW; Poirot, CM; Van Der Drift, C; Vogels, GD (1984). "Purification and properties of methanol:5- ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is methanol:5-hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide Co-methyltransferase. ...
*  2012 Czech Republic methanol poisonings
In the course of several days, 38 people in the Czech Republic and 4 people in Poland died as a result of methanol poisoning ... A similar incident, the Pärnu methanol tragedy, occurred in Pärnu county, Estonia, in September 2001, when 68 people died and ... On 24 September, the police announced that the source of the methanol-contaminated alcohol had been identified. Two main ... The 2012 Czech Republic methanol poisonings occurred in September 2012 in the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia. ...
*  Methyl-Co(III) methanol-specific corrinoid protein):coenzyme M methyltransferase
... at the US National Library of Medicine Medical ... Methyl-Co(III) methanol-specific corrinoid protein):coenzyme M methyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.246, methyltransferase 2, mtaA (gene ... Zinc dependence and thermodynamics of the methanol:cob(I)alamin methyltransferase reaction". Eur. J. Biochem. 249: 280-285. doi ... This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction [methyl-Co(III) methanol-specific corrinoid protein] + coenzyme M ⇌ {\ ...
*  Pyrolysis
In their embalming process, the ancient Egyptians used methanol, which they obtained from the pyrolysis of wood. The dry ... "Methanol". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007. ISBN 978-3527306732. CS1 ... distillation of wood remained the major source of methanol into the early 20th Century. Karrick process Gasification ...
*  Rebracketing
One example is the suffix -ol used to name alcohols, such as methanol. Its origin is the rebracketing of al•cohol as alcoh•ol. ... "methanol". Online Etymology Dictionary. Harper, Douglas. "genome". Online Etymology Dictionary. Euboea#Name Reece, Steve (2009 ...
*  Visual impairment
"Methanol". Symptoms of Methanol Poisoning. Canada Safety Council. 2005. Archived from the original on 20 February 2007. ... Methanol is commonly found in methylated spirits, denatured ethyl alcohol, to avoid paying taxes on selling ethanol intended ... A well-known example is methanol, which is only mildly toxic and minimally intoxicating, and breaks down into the substances ...