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*  Spindle apparatus
"Evidence for a role of CLIP-170 in the establishment of metaphase chromosome alignment". J Cell Biol. 141 (4): 849-862. doi: ... the congressed chromosome then oscillates at the metaphase plate until anaphase onset releases cohesion of the sister ... are maximally compacted into rod-shaped structures by the time they are aligned in the middle of the spindle at metaphase. This ...
*  Metaphase
In metaphase, the centromeres of the chromosomes convene themselves on the metaphase plate (or equatorial plate), an imaginary ... "Metaphase plate". Biology Dictionary. Biology Online. Retrieved 9 December 2012. "Metaphase". Nature Education. Retrieved 9 ... Metaphase (from the Greek μετά, "adjacent" and φάσις, "stage") is a stage of mitosis in the eukaryotic cell cycle in which ... The analysis of metaphase chromosomes is one of the main tools of classical cytogenetics and cancer studies. Chromosomes are ...
*  Thomas Cremer
Cremer T, Lichter P, Borden J, Ward DC, Manuelidis L (November 1988). "Detection of chromosome aberrations in metaphase and ... Distribution in interphase and metaphase". Exp. Cell Res. 124 (1): 111-9. doi:10.1016/0014-4827(79)90261-1. PMID 499376. [2] ... Lichter the concept of comparative genomic hybridization to metaphase chromosomes and to a matrix with DNA spots representing ...
*  Chromatid
In metaphase, they are called chromatids. Chromatids may be sister or non-sister chromatids. A sister chromatid is either one ...
*  Telophase
Interphase Prophase Metaphase Anaphase Yael, Avisar; Choi, Jung; DeSaix, Jean; Jurukovski, Vladimir; Wise, Robert; Rye, Connie ...
*  William C. Earnshaw
Earnshaw, W. C.; Laemmli, U. K. (1983). "Architecture of metaphase chromosomes and chromosome scaffolds". The Journal of Cell ...
*  Anaphase
It begins with the regulated triggering of the metaphase-to-anaphase transition. Metaphase ends with the destruction of B ... which is required for the function of metaphase cyclin-dependent kinases (M-Cdks). Interphase Prophase Prometaphase Metaphase ... Anaphase (from the Greek ἀνά, "up" and φάσις, "stage"), is the stage of mitosis after the metaphase when replicated chromosomes ...
*  Microfluidic whole genome haplotyping
A single metaphase cell is isolated from solution. The chromosomes are then released from the nucleus, and the cytoplasm is ... In addition, this method is only applicable to cells in metaphase, which inherently limits the technique to cell types and ... As with the above technique microdissection begins with metaphase cells. The nucleus is lysed mechanically on a glass slide and ... Microfluidic whole genome haplotyping is a technique for the physical separation of individual chromosomes from a metaphase ...
*  XYY syndrome
Zech, Lore (December 1969). "Investigation of metaphase chromosomes with DNA-binding flurochromes". Exp Cell Res. 58 (2-3): 463 ... first reported intense fluorescence of the AT-rich distal half of the long arm of the Y chromosome in the nuclei of metaphase ...
*  Cell cycle
The metaphase checkpoint is a fairly minor checkpoint, in that once a cell is in metaphase, it has committed to undergoing ... Three main checkpoints exist: the G1/S checkpoint, the G2/M checkpoint and the metaphase (mitotic) checkpoint. G1/S transition ... LeMaire-Adkins R, Radke K, Hunt PA (December 1997). "Lack of checkpoint control at the metaphase/anaphase transition: a ... These phases are sequentially known as: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase Mitosis is the process by which a eukaryotic ...
*  Fluorescence in situ hybridization
In an alternative technique to interphase or metaphase preparations, fiber FISH, interphase chromosomes are attached to a slide ... Then, an interphase or metaphase chromosome preparation is produced. The chromosomes are firmly attached to a substrate, ... A traditional exam involving metaphase chromosome analysis is often unable to identify features that distinguish one disease ... a trained technologist is required to distinguish subtle differences in banding patterns on bent and twisted metaphase ...
*  Oocyte activation
The meiotic cycle of the oocyte was suspended in metaphase of the second meiotic division. Once PLCζ is introduced into the ... Chromosomes then orientate on the metaphase spindle for mitosis. This combination of the two genomes is called syngamy. The ...
*  Cleavage furrow
During metaphase, the chromosomes line up using the spindle apparatus in the middle of the cell along the equatorial plate. The ... Mitosis includes four phases, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. Prophase is the initial phase when spindle fibers ...
*  Mitosis
The resulting tension causes the chromosomes to align along the metaphase plate or equatorial plane, an imaginary line that is ... In animal cells, a cleavage furrow (pinch) containing a contractile ring develops where the metaphase plate used to be, ... If the cell successfully passes through the metaphase checkpoint, it proceeds to anaphase. During anaphase A, the cohesins that ... These stages are prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. During mitosis, the chromosomes, which have ...
*  Control of chromosome duplication
Pflumm, M.F; Bochtan, M.R. (2001). "Orc mutants arrest in metaphase with abnormally condensed chromosomes". Development. 128 (9 ...
*  Cytogenetics
The routine chromosome analysis (Karyotyping) refers to analysis of metaphase chromosomes which have been banded using trypsin ... Because prophase and prometaphase chromosomes are more extended than metaphase chromosomes, the number of bands observable for ... High-resolution banding involves the staining of chromosomes during prophase or early metaphase (prometaphase), before they ... For congenital problems usually 20 metaphase cells are scored. Advances now focus on molecular cytogenetics including automated ...
*  Aster (cell biology)
During metaphase, the kinetochore microtubules connect to the centromere. Afterwards, during anaphase, the kinetochore ... During mitosis, there are four stages of cell division: Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase. During prophase, two ...
*  Spindle checkpoint
Yet in the same study it was shown that, once the transition from metaphase to anaphase is initiated in one part of the cell, ... The beginning of metaphase is characterized by the connection of the microtubules to the kinetochores of the chromosomes, as ... At the metaphase to anaphase transition, this cohesion between sister chromatids is dissolved, and the separated chromatids are ... The multipolar metaphase-anaphase transition occurs through an incomplete separase cycle that results in frequent ...
*  Nucleolus organizer region
Lau YF, Pfeiffer RA, Arrighi FE, Hsu TC (January 1978). "Combination of silver and fluorescent staining for metaphase ...
*  Cell cycle checkpoint
The mitotic spindle checkpoint occurs at the point in metaphase where all the chromosomes should/have aligned at the mitotic ... and the metaphase checkpoint, also known as the spindle checkpoint. All living organisms are products of repeated rounds of ... "An ESP1/PDS1 Complex Regulates Loss of Sister Chromatid Cohesion at the Metaphase to Anaphase Transition in Yeast". Cell. 93 (6 ...
*  Survivin
At metaphase, when the chromosomes align at the middle plate and are pulled with high tension to either pole by the kinetochore ... At prophase and metaphase, survivin is mainly nuclear in location. During prophase, as the chromatin condenses so that it is ... Moreover, survivin has been shown to localize to components of the mitotic spindle during metaphase and anaphase of mitosis. ...
*  Sic1
High Cdc28-Clb levels also initiate DNA replication and duplication of the spindle pole bodies (SPBs). Then the metaphase ...
*  Transgenesis
Nguyen HN, Reijo Pera RA (2008). "Metaphase spreads and spectral karyotyping of human embryonic stem cells". CSH Protoc: pdb. ...
*  Hyperphosphorylation
Wee is a protein that operates at the G2 to metaphase checkpoint. Wee becomes active if errors occur in the DNA synthesis phase ... It blocks entry into metaphase until the problem is resolved. Like Rb, wee becomes inactive when hyperphosphorylated. In ... Cdc2, part of the metaphase entry checkpoint, is active depending on the pattern of phosphorylation.. ...
*  SDRC
The product, Metaphase, eventually became the sole property of SDRC. On September 14, 1994, SDRC announced that it would be ... Metaphase is now published under the Teamcenter Enterprise name by Siemens PLM Software. SEC citation. ... I-DEAS is still published by Siemens PLM Software (formerly known as UGS Corp). Metaphase was SDRC's product lifecycle ...