Loading...
*  Brain positron emission tomography
PET scans were superior to all other metabolic imaging methods in terms of resolution and speed of completion (as little as 30 ... The biggest drawback of PET scanning is that because the radioactivity decays rapidly, it is limited to monitoring short tasks ... Lars-Goran Nilsson and Hans J. Markowitsch (1999). Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory. Seattle: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers., page ... 57 Lars-Goran Nilsson and Hans J. Markowitsch (1999). Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory. Seattle: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers., ...
*  Memory consolidation
... this may be related more-so to a process of synaptic consolidation rather than systems consolidation because of the short-term ... is one form of memory consolidation seen across all species and long-term memory tasks. Long-term memory, when discussed in the ... strengthen and modify memories that are already stored in the long-term memory. Once memories undergo the process of ... it is less necessary during the encoding and use of semantic memories. As memories age there are long-term interactions between ...
*  Dysexecutive syndrome
Individuals with DES will have very poor working memory and short term memory due to executive dysfunction. The dysfunction can ... This can affect their autobiographical memory. It is thought that patients may not be able to assess the accuracy of memory ... Autobiographical memories can be used to help direct future behaviour. You can draw on past experiences to know what to do in ... The term was introduced by Alan Baddeley to describe a common pattern of dysfunction in executive functions, such as planning, ...
*  Prospective memory
... prospective and retrospective memory, short-term memory and long-term memory, and self-cued and environmentally-cued memory. ... assessed prospective memory, short-term memory, and self-cued memory. Questions such as "Do you repeat the same story to the ... Alcohol Excessive drinkers self-reported more deficiencies in both short-term and long-term prospective memory on questions in ... Prospective memory is thus considered a form of memory for the future. Retrospective memory involves the memory of what we know ...
*  Post-traumatic amnesia
Typically, "repressed memory" is the term used to explain this sort of traumatic amnesia; the experience was so horrific that ... "islands of memory" (short periods of clarity). A failure to take these facts into consideration may have biased retrospective ... In long-term recovery, acetylcholine levels associated with diaschisis may continue to play a role in maintaining memory ... When continuous memory returns, PTA is considered to have resolved. While PTA lasts, new events cannot be stored in the memory ...
*  Vierordt's law
Fortin, Claudette; and Rousseau, Robert; (1998) Interference from short-term memory processing on encoding and reproducing ... "short" intervals of time tend to be overestimated, and "long" intervals of time tend to be underestimated. The other major ...
*  Frequency-dependent foraging by pollinators
Instead, the negative reinforcement associated with visiting an unrewarding flower is assumed to be stored in short-term memory ... However, it has been suggested that cognitive constraints on short-term memory capabilities may limit pollinators from ... it is unlikely they will have the opportunity to relocate this information to their long-term memory. Studies have shown that ...
*  Sex differences in memory
This advantage in short-term memory is thought to be linked to women's superior ability to attend to more than one task at once ... Females have been shown to have consistently stronger short-term or working memory than men. Women are thought to be able to ... This provides evidence that different brain structures may be responsible for short term memory differences in males versus ... Recent research suggests that men have advantages in specific subtypes of short term memory, specifically those pertaining to ...
*  Arcuate fasciculus
... possibly contributing to short-term memory. In nine out of ten people with tone deafness, the superior arcuate fasciculus in ... suggest that the connection between posterior temporal cortex and frontal cortex plays a vital role in short-term memory of ... Adams, R. D. The anatomy of memory mechanisms in the human brain. In "The pathology of Memory, edited by G. A. Talland and N. C ...
*  Sage oil
... has been suggested to boost short-term memory performance in many using it as a dietary supplement. Sage oils can be ... Melissa Hantman (Nov 11, 2003). "Spicing Up Your Memory". Psychology Today. Archived from the original on 2009-01-09. Kennedy, ...
*  Bob King (basketball)
King could have returned to the sidelines at some point, but he continued to have short-term memory problems. He attended most ...
*  Pupillometry
In an experiment about short-term serial memory, students heard strings of words and were asked to repeat them. Greater pupil ... The pupil response reflects long-term memory processes both at encoding, predicting the success of memory formation and at ... Kahneman D., Beatty J. (1966) "Pupil Diameter and Load on Memory" Science, 154, 1583-1585. Hess E. H., Polt J. H. (1964) "Pupil ... Kafkas, A., & Montaldi, D. (2011). Recognition memory strength is predicted by pupillary responses at encoding while fixation ...
*  Alex Graves (computer scientist)
At IDSIA, he trained long short-term memory neural networks by a novel method called connectionist temporal classification (CTC ... "Hybrid computing using a neural network with dynamic external memory". Nature. 538: 471-476. doi:10.1038/nature20101. ISSN 1476 ...
*  George Armitage Miller
... psychologists had the idea memory consisted of short-term and long-term memory. While short-term memory was expected to be ... He had mixed feelings about the focus on his work on the exact number seven for quantifying short-term memory, and felt it had ... Capacity of short-term memory was measured in units of psychological length, arguing against a pure behaviorist interpretation ... Miller invented the term chunk to characterize the highly variable units to which the limit on memory applied. A chunk might be ...
*  Motor theory of speech perception
As result vocal imitation needs to be initiated by default into short term memory for every heard spoken vocalizations. If ... The module detected speech in terms of hidden distal objects rather than at the proximal or immediate level of their input. The ... The activation of the motor areas occurs in terms of the phonemic features which link with the vocal track articulators that ... It has been suggested that birds also hear each other's bird song in terms of vocal gestures. Cohort model Speech recognition ...
*  Characters in the Novels of the Company
He cannot stay too long in one place because his short-term memory malfunctions and causes fits of rage. Later Kalugin ... He is short but handsome, with a resemblance to the 1940s actor Leslie Howard, for whom he acts as a movie stand-in in the 20th ... His memories of this have been suppressed by his superiors, to keep the existence of these strange beings a secret. Unusually, ... They have racial memory, being born with full recollection of the knowledge of their ancestors. There are hints that they are ...
*  Visual search
doi:10.1016/S0885-2014(98)90016-8. Alvarez, G. A.; Cavanagh, P. (2004-02-01). "The capacity of visual short-term memory is set ... This was primarily due to the competition in attention meaning that less information was maintained in visual working memory ... This research hypothesises that activation in this region may in fact reflect working memory for holding and maintaining ...
*  PRNP
While null mice exhibit normal learning ability and short-term memory, long-term memory consolidation deficits have been ... Shorter J, Lindquist S (June 2005). "Prions as adaptive conduits of memory and inheritance". Nat. Rev. Genet. 6 (6): 435-50. ... A test of healthy young humans showed increased long-term memory ability associated with an MM or MV genotype when compared to ... Bailey CH, Kandel ER, Si K (September 2004). "The persistence of long-term memory: a molecular approach to self-sustaining ...
*  Melissa Bank
This condition affected her short-term memory and deprived her of the "top 10 to 15% of [her] vocabulary"; she was unable to ... She has published two books, The Wonder Spot a volume of short stories, and The Girls' Guide to Hunting and Fishing, a novel, ... Bank was the winner of the 1993 Nelson Algren Award for short fiction. She currently teaches in the MFA program at Stony Brook ... The Wonder Spot - 2005 "Run run run run run run run away" (short story) - 2005 "The Worst Thing a Suburban Girl Could Imagine ...
*  Artificial organ
Some current research focuses on restoring short-term memory in accident victims and long-term memory in dementia patients. One ... Research is proceeding in areas of vision, memory, and information processing. ... Toward Brain Implants as Neural Prostheses for Memory Loss Adaptive Optoelectronic Eye: Hybrid Sensor/Processor Architecture ...
*  Dog intelligence
It included measurements of short-term memory, agility, and ability to solve problems such as detouring to a goal. It also ... They have advanced memory skills. For example, a border collie, "Chaser", learned the names of over 1,000 objects and retrieved ... Dogs can use such memory skill to make inferences, and a border collie named Rico learned the labels of over 200 items and then ... In 2013, a study documented the learning and memory capabilities of a border collie, "Chaser", who had learned the names and ...
*  Prelingual deafness
Short-term memory spans for signs and fingerspelling are also reduced in comparison to age-matched hearing children's span for ... Additionally, deaf children performed more poorly in short term memory spans for written words in comparison to age-matched ... Deaf children vary widely in their developmental experience with sign language, which affects development of short-term memory ... affects their short-term memory development. However, with the linguistic element removed, deaf children performance is ...
*  Nutrition and cognition
Clinical signs of B1 deficiency include mental changes such as apathy, decrease in short-term memory, confusion, and ... "Short-term folate, vitamin B-12 or vitamin B-6 supplementation slightly affects memory performance but not mood in women of ... Mental symptoms are extremely variable, and include mild disorders of mood, mental slowness, and memory defect. Memory defect ... have more problems with learning memory. Young rats in a separate study by the same university also showed impaired long-term ...
*  GKO
OFZ (bond) Lossan, Alexei (2 December 2014). "Russia to issue short-term state bonds, despite memories of 1998 crisis". RBTH. ... Government Short-Term Commitments') are short-term zero-coupon government bonds issued by the Russian Finance Ministry and ...
*  Baddeley's model of working memory
The sketchpad consists of the spatial short-term memory and the object memory. The spatial short-term memory is how one is able ... in an attempt to present a more accurate model of primary memory (often referred to as short-term memory). Working memory ... Baddeley re-defined the theory of short-term memory as a working memory to explain this phenomenon. In the original theory of ... Alan Baddeley's theory of working memory has yet another aspect to which memory can be stored short term. The visuo-spatial ...
*  Cognitive neuroscience of music
... perform better than righthanders on short term memory for the pitch. It was hypothesized that this handedness advantage is due ... Musical memory involves both explicit and implicit memory systems. Explicit musical memory is further differentiated between ... Semantic musical memory involves the sense of familiarity of songs. The semantic memory for music condition resulted in ... When it comes to memory for pitch, there appears to be a dynamic and distributed brain network subserves pitch memory processes ...
*  Cognitive neuropsychology
... semantic memory). By contrast, patients may lose their short term memory abilities while retaining their long term memory ... procedural memory), remember a series of numbers for a few seconds (short term memory or working memory) and be able to recall ... are the areas responsible for converting short term memory to long term memory. Much of the early work of cognitive ... Scientists concluded that while the hippocampus is needed in the creation of new memories, it is not needed in the retrieval of ...