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*  Spatial memory
... has representations within working, short-term memory and long-term memory. Research indicates that there are ... processing short-term memory and transferring memory from the short term to longer delay periods. Infusion of amphetamine into ... The test can be used to measure both short-term and long-term spatial memory, depending on the length of time between test and ... Tasks which employ short-term memory include learning, reasoning, and comprehension. Spatial memory is a cognitive process that ...
*  Childhood amnesia
... preventing the creation of long term or autobiographical memories. The hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, two key structures in ... Peterson, Carole; Warren, Kelly L.; Short, Megan M. (2011). "Infantile Amnesia Across the Years: A 2-Year Follow-up of ... Availability of a memory is the idea that the memory is intact and is in memory storage. Accessibility of a memory is dictated ... One memory is recorded per cue word, so it can be difficult to know whether this memory is their earliest memory or the first ...
*  CREB in cognition
... but not short-term, memory. Impairing CREB function did not impair retrieval of the consolidated memory. Small interfering RNA ... Tests given immediately after training showed that the antisense oligonucleotides against CREB do not disrupt short-term memory ... but not short-term ones. Changes in synaptic function (i.e., synaptic plasticity) are required for learning and memory As ... a line of mice with a targeted disruption of the α and δ isoforms of CREB showed intact short-term memory, but disrupted long- ...
*  Repressed memory
The neuroscientist Donald Hebb (1904-1985) was the first to distinguish between short-term memory and long-term memory. ... Memories stored for longer than this are stored in "long-term memory". Whether information is stored in long-term memory ... are stored in short-term memory for up to a few minutes; this memory depends on "reverberating" electrical activity in neuronal ... In animal studies, high levels of cortisol can cause hippocampal damage, which may cause short-term memory deficits; in humans ...
*  Memory consolidation
... this may be related more-so to a process of synaptic consolidation rather than systems consolidation because of the short-term ... is one form of memory consolidation seen across all species and long-term memory tasks. Long-term memory, when discussed in the ... strengthen and modify memories that are already stored in the long-term memory. Once memories undergo the process of ... it is less necessary during the encoding and use of semantic memories. As memories age there are long-term interactions between ...
*  Music-related memory
It states that short term memory is limited by its capacity and duration. Research suggests that musical short term memory is ... "The organization of short term memory for a single acoustic attribute. In D. Deutsch and J. A. Deutsch (Eds.)". Short Term ... Some researchers believe that interference in memory for pitch is due to a general limited capacity of the short-term memory ... Further work has shown that short-term memory for the pitch of a tone is subject to highly specific effects produced by other ...
*  Brain connectivity estimators
A non-stationary recording may be divided into shorter time windows, short enough to treat the data within a window as quasi- ... Granger causality principle states that if some series Y(t) contains information in past terms that helps in the prediction of ... The results obtained by means of SDTF in experiments involving working memory were compatible with fMRI studies on the ... In case of real movement the short burst of gamma propagation was observed from the electrode positioned over finger primary ...
*  Effects of stress on memory
Stress can also enhance the neural state of memory formation.[clarification needed] Short-term memory (STM) is the ability to ... Both aspects of autobiographical memory, episodic memory, the memory system regarding specific events, and semantic memory, the ... Most of the research on stress and memory has been done on working memory (WM), as opposed to STM. Working memory (WM), similar ... Implicit memory, or more precisely procedural memory, is memory of information without conscious awareness or ability to ...
*  Recognition memory
They may have a normal short term memory, but are unable to consolidate that memory and it is lost rapidly. Lesions in the ... Saunders, R.; Fritz, J.; Mishkin, M. (1998). "The Effects of Rhinal Cortical Lesions on Auditory Short-Term Memory in the ... Research suggests that it is through the hippocampus that short term memory engages in the process of consolidation (the ... If that is unsuccessful in retrieving the memory trace, then there is a more forced search into the long-term memory store. The ...
*  Prospective memory
... prospective and retrospective memory, short-term memory and long-term memory, and self-cued and environmentally-cued memory. ... assessed prospective memory, short-term memory, and self-cued memory. Questions such as "Do you repeat the same story to the ... Alcohol Excessive drinkers self-reported more deficiencies in both short-term and long-term prospective memory on questions in ... Prospective memory is thus considered a form of memory for the future. Retrospective memory involves the memory of what we know ...
*  Supervisory attentional system
These individuals had relatively healthy short-term memories but significantly lacked the ability to direct stored information ... Stimulant medication for ADHD is wildly used for a short-term reduction of symptoms and, in general, medication use can ... The SAS is involved in the executive component of working memory to store, control, and process appropriate information. The ... Furthermore, their lack of motivation, deficit in working memory, and inability to apply their intelligence is a major proposed ...
*  Tabu search
This implementation has a rudimentary short-term memory, but contains no intermediate or long-term memory structures. The term ... Short-term, intermediate-term and long-term memories can overlap in practice. Within these categories, memory can further be ... The memory structures used in tabu search can roughly be divided into three categories: Short-term: The list of solutions ... Short-term memory alone may be enough to achieve solution superior to those found by conventional local search methods, but ...
*  Prefrontal cortex basal ganglia working memory
It can be compared to long short-term memory (LSTM) in functionality, but is more biologically explainable.[third-party source ... Prefrontal cortex basal ganglia working memory (PBWM) is an algorithm that models working memory in the prefrontal cortex and ... of when memories are updated and maintained. The active maintenance of the memory is in prefrontal cortex (PFC), and the ... deciding how to manipulate working memory and perform processing). Although many computational models of working memory have ...
*  Adaptive immune system
Immunological memory can be in the form of either passive short-term memory or active long-term memory. Passive memory is ... Development of immunological memory, in which pathogens are "remembered" through memory B cells and memory T cells. The cells ... Short-term passive immunity can also be transferred artificially from one individual to another via antibody-rich serum. In ... When B cells and T cells are activated some become memory B cells and some memory T cells. Throughout the lifetime of an animal ...
*  Storage (memory)
The model uses both short-term memory, termed short-term store (STS), and long-term memory, termed long-term store (LTS) or ... Short-term memory, is closely related to working memory. Baddeley suggested that information stored in short-term memory is ... short-term memory and long-term memory. In addition, different memory models have suggested variations of existing short- and ... suggests that the items stored in short-term memory moves to long-term memory through repeated practice and use. Long-term ...
*  Dementia with Lewy bodies
Short-term memory and orientation to time and place remain intact in the earlier stages of the disease. While the specific ... In terms of cognitive testing, individuals may have problems with figure copying as a result of visuospatial impairment, with ... In contrast to Alzheimer's disease (AD), in which memory loss is the first symptom, those with DLB first experience impaired ... Kuc, Chris (15 June 2015). "For Stan Mikita, all the Blackhawks memories are gone". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original ...
*  Theoretical definition
"A latent variable analysis of working memory capacity, short-term memory capacity, processing speed, and general fluid ... A theoretical definition of a term can change, over time, based on the methods in the field that created it. The term ... In psychology the term "conceptual definition" is used for a concept variable. Most interdisciplinary fields are designed to ... A theoretical definition is an abstract concept that defines a term in an academic discipline. Without a falsifiable ...
*  Dorsal nexus
Long term ketamine treatments lead to cognitive impairment including problems of short-term memory, visual and verbal memory. ... On the other hand, short term treatments are generally well tolerated and any damage may be reversible. Electroconvulsive ... it has several side effects as loss of memory, confusion and difficulties in forming new memories. Because of this reasons, ... memory, and conflict resolution. Abnormally increased connectivity between these networks through the Dorsal Nexus has been ...
*  Long-term memory
... including long-term memory). Long-term memory, unlike short-term memory, is dependent upon the synthesis of new proteins. This ... Working memory is not part of long-term memory, but is important for long-term memory to function. Working memory holds and ... It is defined in contrast to short-term and working memory, that persist for only about 18 to 30 seconds. Long-term memory is ... However, each time an item in short-term memory is rehearsed, it is strengthened in long-term memory. Similarly, the longer an ...
*  BitLocker
"Systems and methods for safely moving short term memory devices while preserving, protecting and examining their digital data ... its keys are stored in memory where they may be susceptible to attack by a process that is able to access physical memory, for ... Use of a TPM alone does not offer any protection, as the keys are held in memory while Windows is running. Similar full disk ... then dumping the contents of pre-boot memory. The attack relies on the fact that DRAM retains information for up to several ...
*  Time Heist
They all suffer short-term amnesia. A recording includes messages from each agreeing to a short-term memory wipe, before giving ... When the Teller arrives, the Doctor willing allows it to scan his mind, restoring his short-term memory. The call to the TARDIS ... and a device to restore Psi's long-term memories lost from augmentation. They are caught by Delphox and two guards while trying ... Memory worms were first introduced in the 2012 Christmas special, "The Snowmen". While being scanned by the Teller, the Doctor ...
*  Etaqualone
Recreational effects include euphoria, relaxation, increased sociability and sexuality, reduction of short-term memory, and ... The dosage and effects are reported to be similar to those of methaqualone, but shorter acting and slightly weaker. Typical ...
*  Auditory system
... and ventrolateral prefrontal cortices are involved in activation during tonal space and storing short-term memories, ... The entorhinal cortex is the part of the 'hippocampus system' that aids and stores visual and auditory memories. The ... "Left Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex and the Cognitive Control of Memory." Science Direct. 2007. Web. 27 Mar. 2016. Amunts, K ... short and long notes, respectively). IC receives inputs not shown, including visual (pretectal area: moves eyes to sound. ...
*  Language processing in the brain
December 2011). "Conduction aphasia, sensory-motor integration, and phonological short-term memory - an aggregate analysis of ... It is believed that the common route to speech production is through verbal and phonological working memory using the same ... dorsal stream areas (temporal-parietal junction, sPMv) implicated in speech perception and phonological working memory. The ...
*  Attentional control
Astle, D. E.; Scerif, G. (2011). "Interactions between attention and visual short-term memory (VSTM): What can be learnt from ... Working memory capacity has been studied to understand how memory functions. The ability to predict the effectiveness of ... In lay terms, attentional control can be described as an individual's ability to concentrate. Primarily mediated by the frontal ... McVay, J.; Kane, M. (2009). "Conducting the train of thought: Working memory capacity, goal neglect, and mind wandering in an ...
*  Japanese House of Councillors election, 2016
The term of members elected in the 2010 regular election (including those elected in subsequent by-elections or as runners-up) ... On the eve of the election, Gerald Curtis described the race as "one of the dullest in recent memory," pointing out that "never ... slightly short of a majority (as of June 2016). The main opposition Democratic Party held 47 seats. As the coalition held 77 ... for a term of six years. As a result of the election, the LDP/Komeito coalition gained ten seats for a total of 146 (60.3% of ...
*  Neural binding
These characteristics, after being processed through attention, can be stored in short-term memory or as episodic memories. One ... Francis Crick and Christof Koch proposed that specific neural activity can stimulate short-term memory, forming a continuous ... Particularly, the hippocampus has been implicated in binding that is involved with episodic memory, working memory, and ... recipient of inferotemporal outputs and is known to be the substrate for the consolidation of working memories to long term, ...