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*  Spatial memory
... has representations within working, short-term memory and long-term memory. Research indicates that there are ... processing short-term memory and transferring memory from the short term to longer delay periods. Infusion of amphetamine into ... The test can be used to measure both short-term and long-term spatial memory, depending on the length of time between test and ... Tasks which employ short-term memory include learning, reasoning, and comprehension. Spatial memory is a cognitive process that ...
*  Childhood amnesia
... preventing the creation of long term or autobiographical memories. The hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, two key structures in ... Peterson, Carole; Warren, Kelly L.; Short, Megan M. (2011). "Infantile Amnesia Across the Years: A 2-Year Follow-up of ... Availability of a memory is the idea that the memory is intact and is in memory storage. Accessibility of a memory is dictated ... One memory is recorded per cue word, so it can be difficult to know whether this memory is their earliest memory or the first ...
*  Memory consolidation
... this may be related more-so to a process of synaptic consolidation rather than systems consolidation because of the short-term ... is one form of memory consolidation seen across all species and long-term memory tasks. Long-term memory, when discussed in the ... strengthen and modify memories that are already stored in the long-term memory. Once memories undergo the process of ... it is less necessary during the encoding and use of semantic memories. As memories age there are long-term interactions between ...
*  Music-related memory
It states that short term memory is limited by its capacity and duration. Research suggests that musical short term memory is ... "The organization of short term memory for a single acoustic attribute. In D. Deutsch and J. A. Deutsch (Eds.)". Short Term ... Some researchers believe that interference in memory for pitch is due to a general limited capacity of the short-term memory ... Further work has shown that short-term memory for the pitch of a tone is subject to highly specific effects produced by other ...
*  Dysexecutive syndrome
Individuals with DES will have very poor working memory and short term memory due to executive dysfunction. The dysfunction can ... This can affect their autobiographical memory. It is thought that patients may not be able to assess the accuracy of memory ... Autobiographical memories can be used to help direct future behaviour. You can draw on past experiences to know what to do in ... The term was introduced by Alan Baddeley to describe a common pattern of dysfunction in executive functions, such as planning, ...
*  Recognition memory
They may have a normal short term memory, but are unable to consolidate that memory and it is lost rapidly. Lesions in the ... Saunders, R.; Fritz, J.; Mishkin, M. (1998). "The Effects of Rhinal Cortical Lesions on Auditory Short-Term Memory in the ... Research suggests that it is through the hippocampus that short term memory engages in the process of consolidation (the ... If that is unsuccessful in retrieving the memory trace, then there is a more forced search into the long-term memory store. The ...
*  Prospective memory
... prospective and retrospective memory, short-term memory and long-term memory, and self-cued and environmentally-cued memory. ... assessed prospective memory, short-term memory, and self-cued memory. Questions such as "Do you repeat the same story to the ... Alcohol Excessive drinkers self-reported more deficiencies in both short-term and long-term prospective memory on questions in ... Prospective memory is thus considered a form of memory for the future. Retrospective memory involves the memory of what we know ...
*  Post-traumatic amnesia
Typically, "repressed memory" is the term used to explain this sort of traumatic amnesia; the experience was so horrific that ... "islands of memory" (short periods of clarity). A failure to take these facts into consideration may have biased retrospective ... In long-term recovery, acetylcholine levels associated with diaschisis may continue to play a role in maintaining memory ... When continuous memory returns, PTA is considered to have resolved. While PTA lasts, new events cannot be stored in the memory ...
*  Short-Term Memories
... is the first studio album by the Canadian indie pop band The Salteens released in 2000 on Endearing Records ... Allmusic review "Short term memories (sound recording)", www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/lac-bac/search/all, Ottawa: Library and ... External link in ,work= (help) "The Salteens Short-Term Memories". gnudb.org/search.php. gnudb.org. 2006. Retrieved 22 March ...
*  Short-term memory
This limit is referred to as the finite capacity of short-term memory. The capacity of short-term memory is often called memory ... Thus, while there are short-term memory components to working memory models, the concept of short-term memory is distinct from ... short-term memory can be used to remember a phone number that has just been recited. The duration of short-term memory (when ... and long-term recall (semantic similarity). Together, these findings show that long-term memory and short-term memory can vary ...
*  Long short-term memory
The expression long short-term refers to the fact that LSTM is a model for the short-term memory which can last for a long ... Long short-term memory (LSTM) units (or blocks) are a building unit for layers of a recurrent neural network (RNN). An RNN ... The approach used "dialog session-based long-short-term memory". There are several architectures of LSTM units. A common ... Thireou, T.; Reczko, M. (2007). "Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory Networks for predicting the subcellular localization of ...
*  Visual short-term memory
... visual short-term memory (VSTM) is one of three broad memory systems including iconic memory and long-term memory. VSTM is a ... Whereas iconic memories are fragile, decay rapidly, and are unable to be actively maintained, visual short-term memories are ... Pinto, Y., Sligte, I.S., Shapiro, K.L., & Lamme, V.A.F. (2013). Fragile Visual Short-Term Memory is an object-based and ... Sligte, I.G., Scholte, H.S., Lamme, V.A.F. (2008). Are There Multiple Visual Short-Term Memory Stores? PLoS ONE, 3(2), e1699. ...
*  Qualia
Short-term memory. The input invariably creates a representation that persists in short-term memory-long enough to allow time ... From Locke onwards it had been normal to frame perception problems in terms of a single subject S looking at a single entity E ... The term qualia derives from the Latin neuter plural form (qualia) of the Latin adjective quālis (Latin pronunciation: [ ... In contrast, a cooked feel is that perception seen as existing in terms of its effects. For example, the perception of the ...
*  Consumer behaviour
ISBN 0-521-22850-6 Deutsch, D., & Deutsch, J. A. (1975). Short-term Memory. New York: Academic Press. Ferber, R. (1976). A ... The evoked set is a term used to describe the set of brands that a consumer can elicit from memory and is typically a very ... Consumers can also feel short-term regret when they avoid making a purchase decision, however this regret can dissipate over ... Such decisions are termed low-involvement and are characterized by relatively low levels of information search/ evaluation ...
*  Modality effect
This and other similar terms(echoic memory, phonological loop) are used to explain a specialized short-term memory system store ... Murdock interprets this as evidence for separate short term stores for visual and auditory memory. Glenberg showed that the ... Multimedia learning E-learning (theory) Murdock, Bennet B. (1972). "Short-term Memory". The psychology of learning and ... In short-term sentence recall studies, emphasis is placed on words in a distractor-word list when requesting information from ...
*  Speech recognition
Today, however, many aspects of speech recognition have been taken over by a deep learning method called Long short-term memory ... Prolonged use of speech recognition software in conjunction with word processors has shown benefits to short-term-memory ... Hochreiter, S; Schmidhuber, J (1997). "Long Short-Term Memory". Neural Computation. 9 (8): 1735-1780. doi:10.1162/neco.1997.9. ... and a personal computer running word-processing software has proven to be positive for restoring damaged short-term-memory ...
*  Google Translate
Sepp Hochreiter; Jürgen Schmidhuber (1997). "Long short-term memory". Neural Computation. 9 (8): 1735-1780. doi:10.1162/neco. ... long short-term memory networks. GNMT improves the quality of translation because it uses an example-based machine translation ... sometimes swapping common terms for similar but nonequivalent common terms in the other language, or inverting sentence meaning ... However, if the source text is shorter, rule-based machine translations often perform better; this effect is particularly ...
*  Amazon Alexa
Sepp Hochreiter; Jürgen Schmidhuber (1997). "Long short-term memory". Neural Computation. 9 (8): 1735-1780. doi:10.1162/neco. ... The voice of Amazon Alexa is generated by a long short-term memory artificial neural network. On November 30, 2016 Amazon ...
*  Saul Sternberg
"Scanning Short Term Memory". Rutgers. Retrieved 2 December 2013. Saul Sternberg's Homepage Biography CV. ... Bokhorst, F. "The Sternberg Short-Term Memory Experiment". University of Cape Town. Retrieved 2 December 2013. Schmidt, Charles ... people will search every item in short-term memory without stopping, even if the item was found. "Saul Sternberg's CV". ... Saul Sternberg is a Professor Emeritus of Psychology and former Paul C. Williams Term Professor (1993-1998) at the University ...
*  Felix Gers
With Jürgen Schmidhuber and Fred Cummins, he introduced the forget gate to the long short-term memory recurrent neural network ... Hochreiter, Sepp; Schmidhuber, Jürgen (1997). "Long Short-Term Memory". Neural Computation. 9 (8): 1735-1780. doi:10.1162/neco. ...
*  Vanishing gradient problem
Another technique particularly used for recurrent neural networks is the long short-term memory (LSTM) network of 1997 by ... Hochreiter, Sepp; Schmidhuber, Jürgen (1997). "Long Short-Term Memory". Neural Computation. 9 (8): 1735-1780. doi:10.1162/neco. ... Gradient flow in recurrent nets: the difficulty of learning long-term dependencies. In S. C. Kremer and J. F. Kolen, editors, A ... they avoid the problem simply by constructing ensembles of many short networks together. (Ensemble by Construction) Behnke ...
*  Types of artificial neural networks
The long short-term memory (LSTM) has no vanishing gradient problem. It works even when with long delays, and it can handle ... Long short-term memory. Neural Computation, 9(8):1735-1780, 1997. Neural Networks as Cybernetic Systems 2nd and revised edition ... The Long short-term memory architecture overcomes these problems. In reinforcement learning settings, no teacher provides ... Instantaneously trained neural networks (ITNNs) were inspired by the phenomenon of short-term learning that seems to occur ...
*  Recurrent neural network
Long short-term memory is an example of this but has no such formal mappings or proof of stability. Gated recurrent units (GRUs ... Long short-term memory (LSTM) is a deep learning system that avoids the vanishing gradient problem. LSTM is normally augmented ... Long short-term memory (LSTM) networks were invented by Hochreiter and Schmidhuber in 1997 and set accuracy records in multiple ... Zen, Heiga; Sak, Hasim (2015). "Unidirectional Long Short-Term Memory Recurrent Neural Network with Recurrent Output Layer for ...
*  Sepp Hochreiter
He developed the long short-term memory (LSTM) for which the first results were reported in his diploma thesis in 1991. The ... Sepp Hochreiter developed the long short-term memory (LSTM) for which the first results were reported in his diploma thesis in ... Hochreiter, S.; Schmidhuber, J. (1997). "Long Short-Term Memory". Neural Computation. 9 (8): 1735-1780. doi:10.1162/neco.1997.9 ... Long Short-Term Memory software for the state of the art recurrent neural network (C) LSTM for protein classification (JAVA) ...
*  Deep learning
Long short-term memory is particularly effective for this use. Convolutional deep neural networks (CNNs) are used in computer ... Many aspects of speech recognition were taken over by a deep learning method called Long short-term memory (LSTM), a recurrent ... Google Translate (GT) uses a large end-to-end long short-term memory network. GNMT uses an example-based machine translation ... Sak, Hasim; Senior, Andrew; Beaufays, Francoise (2014). "Long Short-Term Memory recurrent neural network architectures for ...
*  Anton Chekhov
Raymond Carver, who wrote the short story "Errand" about Chekhov's death, believed that Chekhov was the greatest of all short ... Sekirin, Peter (2011). Memories of Chekhov: Accounts of the Writer from His Family, Friends and Contemporaries. Foreword by ... It was he who articulated the notion that human beings hardly ever speak in explicit terms among each other about their deepest ... was a Russian playwright and short story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history ...
*  Iconic memory
It is a component of the visual memory system which also includes visual short-term memory (VSTM) and long-term memory (LTM). ... Long, Gerald (1980). "Iconic Memory: A Review and Critique of the Study of Short-Term Visual Storage". Psychological Bulletin. ... Averbach, E; A. Coriell (1961). "Short-term memory in vision". Bell System Technical Journal. 40: 309-328. doi:10.1002/j.1538- ... CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Sperling, George (1967). "Successive approximations to a model for short-term memory ...