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*  Spatial memory
... has representations within working, short-term memory and long-term memory. Research indicates that there are ... The test can be used to measure both short-term and long-term spatial memory, depending on the length of time between test and ... This means that it allows for viewpoint manipulation from memory. It is however, important for long-term spatial memory of ... processing short-term memory and transferring memory from the short term to longer delay periods. Infusion of amphetamine into ...
*  Postperfusion syndrome
Symptoms of postperfusion syndrome are subtle and include defects associated with attention, concentration, short term memory, ... The authors concluded patients with long-standing coronary artery disease have some degree of cognitive dysfunction secondary ...
*  Childhood amnesia
... preventing the creation of long term or autobiographical memories. The hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, two key structures in ... Availability of a memory is the idea that the memory is intact and is in memory storage. Accessibility of a memory is dictated ... One memory is recorded per cue word, so it can be difficult to know whether this memory is their earliest memory or the first ... whereas memories from the age of 2 are more often confounded with false images and memories. Memories from early childhood ( ...
*  Repressed memory
Memories stored for longer than this are stored in "long-term memory". Whether information is stored in long-term memory ... The neuroscientist Donald Hebb (1904-1985) was the first to distinguish between short-term memory and long-term memory. ... amnesia refers to any instance in which memories stored in the long-term memory are completely or partially forgotten, usually ... Retrieval dynamics in long-term memory". Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition. 20 (5): 1063-1087 ...
*  Scalar expectancy
... the time value is stored in a long-term reference memory. This time-to-reinforcement in reference memory represents the ... SET assumes that the animal has a clock, a working memory, a reference memory, and a decision process. The clock contains a ... stored in reference memory). Specifically, the animal continually samples from its memory of past times at which reinforcement ... The model posits an internal clock, and particular memory and decision processes. SET is one of the most important models of ...
*  Implicit memory
... is one of the two main types of long-term human memory. It is acquired and used unconsciously, and can affect ... In one study, amnesic patients showed a severely impaired ability in verbal long-term memory, but no impairment in their memory ... This result indicates that the mechanism for long-term declarative memory does not have a similar effect on implicit memory. ... In one experiment two groups of people, one composed of amnesic patients with heavily impaired long-term memory, and the other ...
*  Memory consolidation
... is one form of memory consolidation seen across all species and long-term memory tasks. Long-term memory, when discussed in the ... strengthen and modify memories that are already stored in the long-term memory. Once memories undergo the process of ... and thereby strengthen long-term memory. Protein synthesis plays an important role in the formation of new memories. Studies ... it is less necessary during the encoding and use of semantic memories. As memories age there are long-term interactions between ...
*  Music-related memory
McGill University, Montreal Trainor L.J.; Wu L.; Tsang C.D. (2004). "Long-term memory for music: infants remember tempo and ... It states that short term memory is limited by its capacity and duration. Research suggests that musical short term memory is ... Ilari, B. S. (July 2002). Music Cognition in Infancy: Infants' Preferences and Long-Term Memory for Complex Music. Faculty of ... Thus, they concluded that the left hemisphere is mainly important for musical representation in long term memory, whereas the ...
*  Brain connectivity estimators
Granger causality principle states that if some series Y(t) contains information in past terms that helps in the prediction of ... According to, nonlinear measures require long stationary segments of signals, are prone to systematic errors and above all are ... The results obtained by means of SDTF in experiments involving working memory were compatible with fMRI studies on the ... The above measures provide information on the directionality of interactions in terms of delay (correlation) or coherence ( ...
*  Effects of stress on memory
Long-term memory (LTM) is the ability to store an unlimited[citation needed] amount of information over long periods of time, ... Both aspects of autobiographical memory, episodic memory, the memory system regarding specific events, and semantic memory, the ... Information in STM can be transferred to long-term memory (LTM) by rehearsal and association with other information previously ... de Quervain et al., Stress and glucocorticoids impair retrieval of long-term spatial memory. Nature, 394, 787-790 (1998) ...
*  Recognition memory
If that is unsuccessful in retrieving the memory trace, then there is a more forced search into the long-term memory store. The ... They may have a normal short term memory, but are unable to consolidate that memory and it is lost rapidly. Lesions in the ... the transfer to long term storage). The memories are transferred from the hippocampus to the broader lateral neocortex via the ... This has been termed specifically as integrative agnosia. Recognition memory was long thought to involve only the structures of ...
*  Adult neurogenesis
Dayer, A.G.; Ford, A.A.; Cleaver, K.M.; Yassaee, M.; Cameron, H.A. (2003). "Short-term and long-term survival of new neurons in ... Adult neurogenesis poses many implications in terms of its functioning in learning and memory, emotion, stress, depression, and ... This method can be used for long term quantification of cell division and labeling, whereas the previously mentioned procedures ... Praag H, Christie BR, Sejnowski TJ, Gage FH (1999). "Running enhances neurogenesis, learning, and long-term potentiation in ...
*  Prospective memory
... prospective and retrospective memory, short-term memory and long-term memory, and self-cued and environmentally-cued memory. ... long-term memory, and environmentally-cued memory. Prospective memory tasks can be used in a variety of ways to assess ... Alcohol Excessive drinkers self-reported more deficiencies in both short-term and long-term prospective memory on questions in ... Prospective memory is thus considered a form of memory for the future. Retrospective memory involves the memory of what we know ...
*  LINGO1
... cognition and working memory; the hippocampus, responsible for long term memory and the encoding and retrieval of multi-sensory ... Better than BDNF and BII003 (LINGO1 antagonist) alone, the combined treatment of both provides long term RCG neuroprotection ...
*  Picture superiority effect
Visual ads require less exposure than verbal ads for long-term memory effect (Childers & Houston, 1984). The pictorial ... Yuille, John C. (2014-05-09). Imagery, Memory and Cognition (PLE: Memory): Essays in Honor of Allan Paivio. Psychology Press. ... While memory for words is impaired for older adults, pictures help restore their impaired memory and function properly (Ally et ... a speed-accuracy trade-off study of recognition memory". Memory & Cognition. 35 (1): 113-123. doi:10.3758/BF03195948. Paivio, ...
*  Cultural group selection
Infant imitation after a one-week delay: long term memory for novel acts and multiple stimuli. Dev. Psychol. 24:470-76 Boyd, R ...
*  DNA methylation
Research has suggested that long-term memory storage in humans may be regulated by DNA methylation. In mammalian cells, DNA ... Si-Yang, Liu; Jian-Qing, Lin; Hong-Long, Wu; Cheng-Cheng, Wang; Shu-Jia, Huang; Yan-Feng, Luo; Ji-Hua, Sun; Jian-Xiang, Zhou; ... Furthermore, this study showed that there is a similarity between B cell tumors and long-lived B cells in their DNA methylation ... The entropy-based Specific Methylation Analysis and Report Tool, termed "SMART", which focuses on integrating a large number of ...
*  Flying fish festival
Those Yami specialties, prepared sweet potatoes and taro, are highly recommended to boost long-term memory." The Yami people ...
*  Rapid automatized naming
One suggestion is that they both exploit the speed with which phonological representations are retrieved from long-term memory ... Researchers argue that RAN tests "the ability to retrieve phonological representations rapidly from long-term memory". Part of ... RAN as tapping into the phonological system by measuring the rate of retrieval of phonological information in long term memory ... Some theorists believe that discrete RAN testing reflects the retrieval of phonological code from memory which can also be ...
*  Cortical implant
A hippocampal prosthetic aims to help with restoration of a patient's full long-term memory capabilities. Researchers are ... For example, the way the brain codes the memory of a chair is vastly different from the way it codes for a lamp. With a full ... trying to determine the neural basis for memory by finding out how the brain encodes different memories in the hippocampus. By ... Researchers have found difficulty in determining how the brain codes distinct memories. ...
*  Allan Paivio
Dual-coding theory posits that nonverbal and verbal information are stored separately in long term memory. Dual coding theory ... The memory emphasis is further justified here because learning and memory are at the heart of educational goals. The effects ... DCT research focused initially on memory and soon expanded to other cognitive phenomena. Memory remains crucial, however, ... and a verbal memory trace. They can also set up a dual verbal-nonverbal memory trace by imaging to concrete words, but this is ...
*  Active recall
Chapter 20 What are the differences between long-term, short-term, and working memory?. pp. 323-338. doi:10.1016/s0079-6123(07) ... Active recall exploits the psychological testing effect and is very efficient in consolidating long-term memory. A study done ... a method of committing information into long-term memory by means of increasing time intervals between subsequent review of ... Active recall is a principle of efficient learning, which claims the need to actively stimulate memory during the learning ...
*  Temporal lobe
... and episodic memory (events). Medial temporal lobe structures that are critical for long-term memory include the hippocampus, ... The temporal lobe communicates with the hippocampus and plays a key role in the formation of explicit long-term memory ... The medial temporal lobe consists of structures that are vital for declarative or long-term memory. Declarative (denotative) or ... are thought to be involved in encoding declarative long term memory. The medial temporal lobes include the hippocampi, which ...
*  Neuromechanics
In athletes, repetition results in muscle memory. The motor task becomes a long-term memory that can be repeated without much ... Claus, D; Schöcklmann, HO; Dietrich, HJ (1986). "Long latency muscle responses in cerebellar diseases". European Archives of ... Claus, Detlef; Schocklmann, Dietrich (1986). "Long Latency Muscle Responses in Cerebellar Diseases". European Archives of ...
*  Memory erasure
Within long-term memory there are also different types of long-term memories. Implicit memory is one type of long-term memory ... There are three main types of memories: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. Sensory memory in short is the ... Another type of long-term memory, explicit memory, refers to memories that can be consciously drawn upon by a person to ... This indicates that long-term memories can be called upon by various different associations that were made with the memory ...
*  Negativity bias
There is also evidence that people exhibit better recognition memory and source memory for negative information. When asked to ... Phrasing in more Gestalt-friendly terms, the whole is more negative than the sum of its parts. Negative differentiation is ... For example, when tasked with forming an impression of presented target individuals, participants spent longer looking at ... and this is thought to be because these negative memories are more salient than are the positive memories. People also tend to ...
*  Forgetting
Trace decay theory explains memories that are stored in both short-term and long-term memory system, and assumes that the ... It is inability to encode, to store and retrieve the previously learned information from long-term memory over varying periods ... These theories encompass the loss of information already retained in long-term memory or the inability to encode new ... This improvement occurs because rehearsal helps to transfer information into long-term memory - practise makes perfect. It is ...