Loading...
*  Quantitative models of the action potential
As an example, the cardiac action potential illustrates how differently shaped action potentials can be generated on membranes ... is a position on the membrane, σinside and φinside are the conductivity and potential just within the membrane, and σoutside ... Thus, given these σ and φ values on the membrane, the extracellular potential φ(x) can be calculated for any position x; in ... Hodgkin AL, Huxley AF (1952). "The dual effect of membrane potential on sodium conductance in the giant axon of Loligo". J ...
*  SMC3
Gregson HC, Schmiesing JA, Kim JS, Kobayashi T, Zhou S, Yokomori K (Dec 2001). "A potential role for human cohesin in mitotic ... Wu RR, Couchman JR (1997). "cDNA cloning of the basement membrane chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan core protein, bamacan: a ... Gregson HC, Schmiesing JA, Kim JS, Kobayashi T, Zhou S, Yokomori K (2001). "A potential role for human cohesin in mitotic ... A post-translated modified form that is excreted is known as basement membrane-associated chondroitin proteoglycan (bamacan). ...
*  Membrane potential
... "membrane potential" refers to the transmembrane potential. dipole potential surface potential Membrane potential (also ... The term "membrane potential" may refer to one of three kinds of membrane potential: transmembrane potential-covered in this ... the resting membrane potential is merely the membrane potential that results from the membrane permeabilities that predominate ... This term is used for the membrane potential of non-excitable cells, but also for the membrane potential of excitable cells in ...
*  Subthreshold membrane potential oscillations
Neurons produce action potentials when their membrane potential increases past a critical threshold. If the voltage is below ... but the membrane potential still fluctuates due to postsynaptic potentials and intrinsic electrical properties of neurons. In ... beyond synaptic and action potentials, rhythmic subthreshold membrane potential oscillations (a particular type of neural ... Subthreshold membrane potential oscillations are rhythmic fluctuations of the voltage difference between the interior and ...
*  Signal
Some cells or organelles have the same membrane potential throughout; neurons generally have different potentials at different ... Biological membrane potentials. The value of the signal is an electric potential ("voltage"). The domain is more difficult to ...
*  Cardioplegia
Resting potential Action potential Membrane potential http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/cgi-bin/omd?action=Search+OMD&query= ... "CV Physiology: Membrane Potentials". Retrieved 8 November 2016. Hensley F, Martin D. A Practical Approach to Cardiac Anesthesia ... However, the removal of Na+ does not alter the resting membrane potential of the cell. Likewise, removal of extracellular Ca2+ ... Membrane inactivation gates, or h Na+ gates, are voltage dependent. The less negative the membrane voltage, the more h gates ...
*  Electrorotation
Dielectric relaxation Dielectrophoresis Membrane potential. ... of cellular compartments and their surrounding membranes. ...
*  Voltage-sensitive dye
It also makes possible the measurement of spatial and temporal variations in membrane potential along the surface of single ... Many physiological processes are accompanied by changes in cell membrane potential which can be detected with voltage sensitive ... Cohen LB, Salzberg BM (1978). "Optical Measurement of Membrane Potential". Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacalogy ... Measurements may indicate the site of action potential origin, and measurements of action potential velocity and direction may ...
*  Ron Gallemore
2. Membrane-potentials, apparent resistances, and mechanisms. Mechanism of the light peak and other responses originating at ... 1. Membrane-potentials, apparent resistances, and mechanisms". Journal of Neuroscience 9 (6) 1968-1976 (1989) Cited 42 times. ... "Effects of dopamine on the chick retinal-pigment epithelium - membrane-potentials and light-evoked responses". Investigative ... "Light-evoked modulation of basolateral membrane Cl− conductance in chick retinal-pigment epithelium - the light peak and fast ...
*  Second-harmonic imaging microscopy
Nuriya, Mutsuo; Jiang, Jiang; Nemet, Boaz; Eisenthal, Kenneth B.; Yuste, Rafael (2006). "Imaging membrane potential in ... It has also been used to prove that backpropagating action potentials invade dendritic spines without voltage attenuation, ...
*  Transcellular transport
Rhoades, Rodney A.; Bell, David R. (2012). "Plasma membrane. membrane transport, and resting membrane potential". Medical ... where the substances travel through the cell passing through both the apical membrane and basolateral membrane 2. Renal ... This transport can either be absorption, transport from lumen (apical membrane surface) to blood, or secretion, transport from ... the cell membrane is a hydrophobic environment and will not allow the passive diffusion of charged, hydrophilic, or zwitterion ...
*  Rhodamine 123
"Mitochondrial membrane potential in living cells."Annu Rev Cell Biol. 4 (1988) 155-181 M. Huang, A. K. S. Camara, D. F. Stowe, ... This use relies on the fact that rhodamine 123 accumulates in membranes in a manner which is dependent on membrane polarization ... Rhodamine fluorescence can also be used as a measure of membrane polarization in live cell assays both within mitochondria and ... "Mitochondrial inner membrane electrophysiology assessed by rhodamine-123 transport and fluorescence" Annals of Biomedical ...
*  Peter K. Hepler
Zeiger, E., W. Moody, P. Hepler and F. Varela (1977). "Light-sensitive membrane potentials in onion guard cells". Nature. 270: ... Hepler, P. K., S. M. Wick and S. M. Wolniak (1981). The structure and role of membranes in the mitotic apparatus. in: ... Wolniak, S. M., P. K. Hepler, and W. T. Jackson (1980). "Detection of the membrane-calcium distribution during mitosis in ... Hepler, P. K. (1980). "Membranes in the mitotic apparatus of barley cells". Journal of Cell Biology. 86: 490-499. doi:10.1083/ ...
*  Resting potential
Resting Membrane Potential - Online lecture notes on the resting membrane potential The Origin of the Resting Membrane ... Play media The relatively static membrane potential of quiescent cells is called the resting membrane potential (or resting ... The resting membrane potential is not an equilibrium potential as it relies on the constant expenditure of energy (for ionic ... K+ leaving the cell will tend to drag the membrane potential toward EK. Na+ entering the cell will tend to drag the membrane ...
*  Green fluorescent protein
Other interesting uses of fluorescent proteins in the literature include using FPs as sensors of neuron membrane potential, ... "Genetically encoded fluorescent sensors of membrane potential". Brain Cell Biology. 36 (1-4): 53-67. doi:10.1007/s11068-008- ... Due to the potential for widespread usage and the evolving needs of researchers, many different mutants of GFP have been ... For example, mGFP often refers to a GFP with an N-terminal palmitoylation that causes the GFP to bind to cell membranes. ...
*  Lysosomal cystine transporter family
Effect of intralysosomal pH and membrane potential". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 262 (3): 1244-53. PMID 2948955. ... The proton motive force (pmf) across the lysosomal membrane is generated by a V-type ATPase which hydrolyzes cytoplasmic ATP to ... Removal of the C-terminal GYDQL lysosomal sorting motif causes cystinosin to migrate to the plasma membrane with the ...
*  Myogenic response
Many cells have resting membrane potentials that are unstable. It is usually due to ion channels in the cell membrane that ... Slow wave potential are unstable resting membrane potentials that continuously cycle through depolarization- and repolarization ... Pacemaker potentials are unstable cell membrane potentials that reach depolarization threshold with every depolarization/ ... Membrane potential Action potential Excitation-contraction coupling Myogenic mechanism (Myogenic reflex). ...
*  Redox
See the Membrane potential article. Free radical reactions are redox reactions that occur as a part of homeostasis and killing ... The electrode potential of each half-reaction is also known as its reduction potential E0 red, or potential when the half- ... Each half-reaction has a standard electrode potential (E0 cell), which is equal to the potential difference or voltage at ... the potential difference is: E0 cell = E0 cathode - E0 anode However, the potential of the reaction at the anode was sometimes ...
*  TXN2
Involvement in mitochondrial membrane potential and cell death". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 (36): 33249-57. doi: ... Involvement in mitochondrial membrane potential and cell death". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 (36): 33249-57. doi: ... It may play important roles in the regulation of the mitochondrial membrane potential and in protection against oxidant-induced ... The encoded protein may play important roles in the regulation of the mitochondrial membrane potential and in protection ...
*  Anthopleurin
This causes a hyperpolarization of its membrane potential. This hyperpolarizing effect could lead to increased uptake of ...
*  Prostomatea
Rudberg P, Sand O (February 2000). "Bistable membrane potential of the ciliate Coleps hirtus". The Journal of Experimental ...
*  1954 in science
Stämpfli, R. (1954). "A new method for measuring membrane potentials with external electrodes". Experientia. 10 (12): 508-509. ... The sucrose gap is introduced by Robert Stämpfli for the reliable measurement of action potential in nerve fibers. 10th General ...
*  Sucrose gap
Double sucrose gap, however, can measure the membrane potential and resistance. Another limitation is that membrane potentials ... The recording of membrane potentials in the superior cervical ganglion was made simple with the sucrose-gap method as it allows ... A pair of agar-bridged Ag-AgCl electrodes are placed in the test and KCl chambers to record the changes in membrane potential. ... When used with proper electronics, the double sucrose gap can be used to voltage clamp the membrane potential of the nerve or ...
*  Matteo Carandini
Carandini, M; Ferster, D (2000). "Membrane potential and firing rate in cat primary visual cortex". Journal of Neuroscience. 20 ... membrane potential, and firing rate in visual cortex and discovered that prolonged visual stimulation causes a tonic ...
*  Lacosamide
... makes this inactivation happen at less depolarized membrane potentials. This means that lacosamide only affects ... In a study conducted to assess the teratogenic potential of AEDs in the zebrafish embryo, the teratogenicity index of ... Inactivation only occurs in neurons firing action potentials; this means that drugs that modulate fast inactivation selectively ... This inactivation prevents the channel from opening, helping end the action potential. Many antiepileptic drugs, like ...
*  Phage display
"Factors limiting display of foreign peptides on the major coat protein of filamentous bacteriophage capsids and a potential ... Ff phages for phage display is that they require the protein of interest to be translocated across the bacterial inner membrane ...
*  Peter D. Mitchell
His hypothesis was confirmed by the discovery of ATP synthase, a membrane-bound protein that uses the potential energy of the ... He knew that living cells had a membrane potential; interior negative to the environment. The movement of charged ions across a ... Mitchell realised that the movement of ions across an electrochemical potential difference could provide the energy needed to ... and by the discovery by André Jagendorf that a pH difference across the thylakoid membrane in the chloroplast results in ATP ...