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*  Sugar alcohol
The conversion of glucose and mannose to sorbitol and mannitol is given: HOCH2CH(OH)CH(OH)CH(OH)CH(OH)CHO + H2 → HOCH2CH(OH)CH( ... Sugar alcohols occur naturally and at one time, mannitol was obtained from natural sources. Today, they are often obtained by ... This happens, for example, with the crystalline phase of sorbitol, erythritol, xylitol, mannitol, lactitol and maltitol. The ...
*  Mannitol
D-mannitol oxidase E number Mannitol dehydrogenase Mannitol dehydrogenase (cytochrome) Mannitol-1-phosphatase Mannitol 2- ... Mannitol is the primary ingredient of mannitol salt agar, a bacterial growth medium, and is used in others. Mannitol is ... A fructose to mannitol metabolic pathway, known as the mannitol cycle in fungi, has been discovered in a type of red algae ( ... Mannitol is commonly used in the circuit prime of a heart lung machine during cardiopulmonary bypass. The presence of mannitol ...
*  Mannitol hexanitrate
... is a secondary explosive formed by the nitration of mannitol, a sugar alcohol. The product is used in ... Mannitol hexanitrate is a powerful explosive. Physically, it is a powdery solid at normal temperature ranges, with density of ...
*  Mannitol dehydrogenase
In enzymology, a mannitol dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.255) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D-mannitol + NAD+ ⇌ {\ ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is mannitol:NAD+ 1-oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include MTD, and NAD+- ... dependent mannitol dehydrogenase. Stoop JM, Pharr DM (1992). "Partial purification and characterization of mannitol: mannose 1- ... Williamson JD, Stoop JM, Massel MO, Conkling MA, Pharr DM (1995). "Sequence analysis of a mannitol dehydrogenase cDNA from ...
*  Mannitol salt agar
Gram + Staphylococcus: fermenting mannitol: medium turns yellow (e.g. S. aureus) Gram + Staphylococcus: not fermenting mannitol ... It is also a differential medium for mannitol-fermenting staphylococci, containing carbohydrate mannitol and the indicator ... Mannitol salt agar or MSA is a commonly used selective and differential growth medium in microbiology. It encourages the growth ... If an organism can ferment mannitol, an acidic byproduct is formed that causes the phenol red in the agar to turn yellow. It is ...
*  Mannitol 2-dehydrogenase
In enzymology, a mannitol 2-dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.67) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D-mannitol + NAD+ ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is D-mannitol:NAD+ 2-oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include D-mannitol ... Martinez G, Barker HA, Horecker BL (1963). "A specific mannitol dehydrogenase from Lactobacillus brevis". J. Biol. Chem. 238: ... displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } D-fructose + NADH + H+ Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are D-mannitol and NAD+, ...
*  Mannitol-1-phosphatase
In enzymology, a mannitol-1-phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.22) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D-mannitol 1-phosphate ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is D-mannitol-1-phosphate phosphohydrolase. This enzyme is also called mannitol-1- ... the two substrates of this enzyme are D-mannitol 1-phosphate and H2O, whereas its two products are D-mannitol and phosphate. ... Yamada H, Okamoto K, Kodama K, Noguchi F, Tanaka S (May 1961). "Enzymatic studies on mannitol formation by Piricularia oryzae ...
*  D-mannitol oxidase
In enzymology, a D-mannitol oxidase (EC 1.1.3.40) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction mannitol + O2 ⇌ {\ ... Large AT, Jones CJP & Connock MJ (1993). "The association of mannitol oxidase with a distinct organelle in the digestive gland ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is mannitol:oxygen oxidoreductase (cyclizing). Other names in common use include ... Vorhaben JE, Smith DD Jr, Campbell JW (1986). "Mannitol oxidase: partial purification and characterization of the membrane- ...
*  Mannitol dehydrogenase (cytochrome)
In enzymology, a mannitol dehydrogenase (cytochrome) (EC 1.1.2.2) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D-mannitol ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is D-mannitol:ferricytochrome-c 2-oxidoreductase. This enzyme is also called polyol ... the two substrates of this enzyme are D-mannitol and ferricytochrome c, whereas its two products are D-fructose and ...
*  Mannitol motility medium
... is a bacterial growth medium used to detect the ability of bacteria to ferment mannite and produce ... The typical medium is composed of: Agar - 3.0 g/L Peptone - 20.0 g/L Mannitol - 2.0 g/L Potassium nitrate - 1.0 g/L 1% Phenol ...
*  Mannitol 2-dehydrogenase (NADP+)
In enzymology, a mannitol 2-dehydrogenase (NADP+) (EC 1.1.1.138) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D-mannitol ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is D-mannitol:NADP+ 2-oxidoreductase. This enzyme is also called mannitol 2- ... Edmundowicz JM, Wriston JC (1963). "Mannitol dehydrogenase from Agaricus campestris". J. Biol. Chem. 238: 3539-41. PMID ... the two substrates of this enzyme are D-mannitol and NADP+, whereas its 3 products are D-fructose, NADPH, and H+. This enzyme ...
*  PTS Fructose-Mannitol Family
The PTS Fructose-Mannitol (Fru) Family (TC# 4.A.2) is a large and complex family that is part of the PTS-GFL superfamily. It ... As of this edit, this article uses content from "4.A.2 The PTS Fructose-Mannitol (Fru) Family", which is licensed in a way that ... The IIB and IIC domains of the fructose porters appear to be dissimilar from each other as those of the mannitol porters. The ... Further, the IIC domains of the mannitol and fructose porters are as dissimilar from each other as they are from the glucose or ...
*  Mannitol-1-phosphate 5-dehydrogenase
D-Mannitol Marmur J, Hotchkiss RD (1955). "Mannitol metabolism, a transferable property of pneumococcus". J. Biol. Chem. 214 (1 ... Other names in common use include hexose reductase, mannitol 1-phosphate dehydrogenase, D-mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase, ... In enzymology, a mannitol-1-phosphate 5-dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.17) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D- ... A. D-Mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase from E. coli". Methods Enzymol. 1: 346-348. doi:10.1016/0076-6879(55)01050-1. Wolfe JB ...
*  1,5-anhydro-D-fructose reductase (1,5-anhydro-D-mannitol-forming)
In enzymology, a 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose reductase (1,5-anhydro-D-mannitol-forming) (EC 1.1.1.292) is an enzyme that catalyzes ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is 1,5-anhydro-D-mannitol:NADP+ oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include 1,5- ... 5-anhydro-D-mannitol and NADP+, whereas its 3 products are 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose, NADPH, and H+. This enzyme belongs to the ... the chemical reaction 1,5-anhydro-D-mannitol + NADP+ ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose + NADPH + H+ ...
*  Amifostine
Ethyol contains mannitol. Kouvaris JR, Kouloulias VE, Vlahos LJ (June 2007). "Amifostine: the first selective-target and broad- ...
*  Candida keroseneae
... mannitol, sorbitol, glycerol, erythritol; N-acetyl glucosamine, 2-ketogluconate, α-methyl-D-glucoside, levulinate and ...
*  Mannomustine
Mannitol Vargha et al., J. Chem. Soc. 1957, 805. Scherf et al., Arzneim.-Forsch. 20, 1467 (1970). ... Mannomustine (INN), also known as mannitol nitrogen mustard, tradename Degranol is an old alkylating antineoplastic agent from ...
*  Maltitol
"Sorbitol, Maltitol, Mannitol and Isomalt". David Gillespie. Retrieved 2017-10-19. Cargill - Food and Beverage Ingredients: ...
*  Sorbitol
... is an isomer of mannitol, another sugar alcohol; the two differ only in the orientation of the hydroxyl group on ... Kearsley, M. W.; Deis, R. C. Sorbitol and Mannitol. In Sweeteners and Sugar Alternatives in Food Technology; Ames: Oxford, 2006 ...
*  Ciguatera
Mannitol was once used for poisoning after one study reported symptom reversal. Follow-up studies in animals and case reports ... However, a randomized, double-blind clinical trial found no difference between mannitol and normal saline, and based on this ... Mattei C, Molgó J, Marquais M, Vernoux J, Benoit E (1999). "Hyperosmolar D-mannitol reverses the increased membrane ... Schnorf H, Taurarii M, Cundy T (2002). "Ciguatera fish poisoning: a double-blind randomized trial of mannitol therapy". ...
*  FODMAP
They are also used as bulk sweeteners and include isomalt, maltitol, mannitol, sorbitol and xylitol. Cabbage, chicory and ... mannitol, xylitol and maltitol. The term FODMAP is an acronym, derived from "Fermentable Oligo-, Di-, Mono-saccharides And ... and mannitol. Sources of fructans include wheat, rye, barley, onion, garlic, Jerusalem and globe artichoke, beetroot, dandelion ...
*  Traumatic brain injury
Mannitol, an osmotic diuretic, appears to be equally effective at reducing ICP. Some concerns; however, have been raised ... Wakai, A; McCabe, A; Roberts, I; Schierhout, G (Aug 5, 2013). "Mannitol for acute traumatic brain injury". The Cochrane ... 3-4. ISBN 3-13-130781-1. Morley EJ, Zehtabchi S (September 2008). "Mannitol for traumatic brain injury: Searching for the ... Wakai, Abel; Aileen McCabe; Ian Roberts; Gillian Schierhout (2013). "Mannitol for acute traumatic brain injury". The Cochrane ...
*  Osmotic diuretic
The prototypical osmotic diuretic is mannitol. Osmosis "osmotic diuretic" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary "Mannitol". Retrieved ... Two examples are mannitol and isosorbide. In the nephron, osmotic diuretics act at the portions of the nephron that are water- ... The presence of a nonreabsorbable solute such as mannitol prevents the normal absorption of water by interposing a ... ISBN 0-07-139930-5. Sakowitz OW, Stover JF, Sarrafzadeh AS, Unterberg AW, Kiening KL (February 2007). "Effects of mannitol ...
*  Postelsia
They use laminarin and mannitol for storage. Like most brown algae, Postelsia goes through alternation of generations, and is ...