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*  List of types of proteins
... and the catalysts are naturally occurring macromolecular substances known as enzymes. Enzymes possess specific binding sites ... "Catalysis of the transfer of a specific substance or related group of substances from one side of the membrane to the other." " ... Isomerase is the systematic name for any enzyme of EC class 5." "Catalysis of the ligation of two substances with concomitant ... Usually the antioxidant is effective because it can itself be more easily oxidized than the substance protected. The term is ...
*  Alexander Kovarski
... conducted extensive research of the regularities of the dynamics of low-molecular weight additives in macromolecular substances ... Kovarski new methods for the research of magnetic nanoparticles aggregation in dispersions and macromolecular adsorption on ...
*  Polymer
IUPAC definition Substance composed of macromolecules. Note: Applicable to substance macromolecular in nature like cross-linked ... "Macromolecular Nomenclature Note No. 18". U.S. Patent 6,052,184 and U.S. Patent 6,653,150, other patents pending Florenzano, F ... There are multiple conventions for naming polymer substances. Many commonly used polymers, such as those found in consumer ... The modern concept of polymers as covalently bonded macromolecular structures was proposed in 1920 by Hermann Staudinger, who ...
*  List of MeSH codes
... macromolecular substances D06 - hormones, hormone substitutes, and hormone antagonists D07 - none (enzymes and coenzymes) D08 ...
*  Polymethylsiloxane polyhydrate
... absorbs macromolecular toxic substances by a mechanism of precipitation in the gel (e.g., bacterial toxins); exhibits ... PMSPH absorbs toxic substances from the gastrointestinal tract as well as toxic substances (xenobiotics) trapped in the gastro- ... It acts as sorbent for binding toxic substances of various natures, pathogens and metabolites in the gastrointestinal tract and ... matrix determines absorptive capacity of the mechanism of molecular adsorption and allows mostly to adsorb toxic substances and ...
*  Covalent bond
Such covalent substances are usually gases, for example, HCl, SO2, CO2, and CH4. In molecular structures, there are weak forces ... Macromolecular structures have large numbers of atoms linked by covalent bonds in chains, including synthetic polymers such as ... Such covalent substances are low-boiling-temperature liquids (such as ethanol), and low-melting-temperature solids (such as ... There are several types of structures for covalent substances, including individual molecules, molecular structures, ...
*  List of biophysically important macromolecular crystal structures
The Differentiation and Specificity of Corresponding Proteins and other Vital Substances in Relation to Biological ... It contained beta sheet (antiparallel) as well as helices, and was also the first macromolecular structure to have its atomic ... "Biophysical highlights from 54 years of macromolecular crystallography". Biophysical Journal. 106: 510-525. doi:10.1016/j.bpj. ...
*  Immunogen
Generally, both are substances that are capable of generating antibodies (antigen) or immune responses (immunogen). We can ... define an immunogen as a complete antigen which is composed of the macromolecular carrier and epitopes (determinants) that can ... An immunogen is an antigen or any substance that may be specifically bound by components of the immune system (antibody, ... An adjuvant (from Latin adiuvare - to help) is any substance, distinct from antigen, which enhances immune response by various ...
*  Colloid
Examples of such substances are xanthan and guar gum. Particle settling is hindered by the stiffness of the polymeric matrix ... As more detailed knowledge of biology and biochemistry developed, the colloidal theory was replaced by the macromolecular ... From page 183: "As gelatine appears to be its type, it is proposed to designate substances of the class as colloids, and to ... Sometimes the dispersed substance alone is called the colloid; the term colloidal suspension refers unambiguously to the ...
*  Physical chemistry
Other milestones include the subsequent naming and accreditation of enthalpy to Heike Kamerlingh Onnes and to macromolecular ... ISBN 0-8047-0738-3. Josiah Willard Gibbs, 1876, "On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances", Transactions of the ... Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics (1947); Annual Review of Physical Chemistry (1950); Molecular Physics (1957); Journal of ... On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances. This paper introduced several of the cornerstones of physical chemistry, such ...
*  Entrez
... unique small molecule chemical structures PubChem Substance: deposited chemical substance records Genome Project: genome ... three-dimensional macromolecular structures Taxonomy: organisms in GenBank Taxonomy SNP: single nucleotide polymorphism Gene: ... bioactivity screens of chemical substances Probe: sequence-specific reagents NLM Catalog: NLM bibliographic data for over 1.2 ...
*  Chaotropic activity
2010). "Hydrophobic substances induce water stress in microbial cells". Microbial Biotechnology. 3 (6): 701-716. doi:10.1111/j. ... even though they partition into the hydrophobic domains of macromolecular systems. Hamaguchi & Geiduschek (1962). "The Effect ... According to the original usage and work carried out on cellular stress mechanisms and responses, chaotropic substances do not ... Furthermore, hydrophobic substances known to stress cellular systems (including benzene and toluene) can chaotropically ...
*  David A. Tirrell
His work in macromolecular synthesis underlies the development of "smart" materials, which respond to external cues like ... Recognizing that most synthetic polymers are mixtures, rather than pure substances, he developed pioneering techniques for the ... Tirrell, David A. (2008). "Reinterpreting the Genetic Code: Implications for macromolecular design, evolution and analysis". In ...
*  Wladyslaw Metanomski
"Unusual Names Assigned to Chemical Substances" presented at the 101-st National Meeting of the ACS on April 14, 1986, and ... as member of the Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature (1987-1999). Metanomski participated in the IUPAC as secretary of ...
*  Cytosol
The cytosol is a complex mixture of substances dissolved in water. Although water forms the large majority of the cytosol, its ... This high concentration of macromolecules in cytosol causes an effect called macromolecular crowding, which is when the ... Hoppert M, Mayer F (1999). "Principles of macromolecular organization and cell function in bacteria and archaea". Cell Biochem ... The cytosol also contains large amounts of macromolecules, which can alter how molecules behave, through macromolecular ...
*  Moscow State University of Fine Chemical Technologies
Molecular and Cellular Biotechnology Chemistry and Technology of biologically active substances Technology of drugs Technology ... of organometallic compounds Chemical technology of natural energy and carbon materials Chemical Technology of Macromolecular ... and biological synthesis of various types of lipids and their complexes with a variety of biologically active substances, the ...
*  Bacterial gliding
Extracellular polymeric substance Mucilage Spormann, Alfred M. (September 1999). "Gliding Motility in Bacteria: Insights from ... Another suggests the presence of energized nano-machinery or large macromolecular assemblies located on the bacterium's cell ...
*  Steam exploded fiber
Alternatively, the fibers, along with other extracted substances, can be processed chemically or digested to produce ethanol ... Characterization and properties". Die Angewandte makromolekulare Chemie: Applied macromolecular chemistry and physics. Hüthig ... and other useful substances. Maurizio Avella; Claudio Bozzi; Ramiro dell'Erba; Bonaventura Focher; Annamaria Marzetti; Ezio ...
*  Lung microbiome
Macromolecular components of respiratory secretions (proteins, glycoproteins, lipids, nucleic acids) are converted to nutrients ... Secondly, they are able to produce antibacterial substances called bacteriocins which inhibit the growth of pathogens. Genera ...
*  Chromatin
Just which of the multitudinous substances present in a nucleus will constitute a part of the extracted material partly depends ... The term, introduced by Walther Flemming, has multiple meanings: Simple and concise definition: Chromatin is a macromolecular ...
*  Cytoplasm
It comprises cytosol (the gel-like substance enclosed within the cell membrane) and the organelles - the cell's internal sub- ... an effect called macromolecular crowding occurs and the cytosol does not act as an ideal solution. This crowding effect alters ... The inclusions are small particles of insoluble substances suspended in the cytosol. A huge range of inclusions exist in ... The submicroscopic ground cell substance or cytoplasmatic matrix which remains after exclusion the cell organelles and ...
*  Association theory
Prior to the development of macromolecular theory by Hermann Staudinger in the 1920s, association theory remained the most ... is a discredited theory first advanced by chemist Thomas Graham in 1861 to describe the molecular structure of substances such ...
*  Chaotropic agent
Macromolecular structure and function is dependent on the net effect of these forces (see protein folding), therefore it ... This is used in protein purification processes, to remove undesired proteins from solution A chaotropic agent is a substance ... "Hydrophobic substances induce water stress in microbial cells". Microbial Biotechnology. 3 (6): 701-716. doi:10.1111/j.1751- ... Antichaotropic salts like ammonium sulphate can be used to precipitate substances from the impure mixture. ...
*  Biopharmaceutical
The first such substance approved for therapeutic use was biosynthetic "human" insulin made via recombinant DNA. Sometimes ... the terms biological medicinal products or therapeutic biological product to refer specifically to engineered macromolecular ... In the European Union, a biological medicinal product is one of the active substance(s) produced from or extracted from a ... Biologics can be composed of sugars, proteins, or nucleic acids or complex combinations of these substances, or may be living ...
*  Chemical nomenclature
... each chemical name should refer to a single substance. A less important aim is to ensure that each substance has a single name ... Compendium of Macromolecular Nomenclature, Oxford:Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1991. Compendium of Terminology and ... Another system gaining popularity is the International Chemical Identifier (InChI) - which reflects a substance's structure and ... macromolecular chemistry (the Purple Book) and clinical chemistry (the Silver Book). These "color books" are supplemented by ...
*  Cellulose
Macromolecular Symposia. 54-55 (1): 509-518. doi:10.1002/masy.19920540138. Bishop, Charles A., ed. (2007). Vacuum deposition ... Plant-derived cellulose is usually found in a mixture with hemicellulose, lignin, pectin and other substances, while bacterial ...