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*  Protein metabolism
Positively charged side chains....... Arginine Histidine Lysine Negatively charged side chains Aspartic acid Glutamic acid ...
*  Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy
Because the affected enzyme antiquitin is involved in the cerebral lysine degradation pathway, lysine restriction as an ... In trial, lysine restriction of 70-100 mg/kg/day in children less than 1 year of age, 45-80 mg/kg/day in children between 1-7 ... November 2012). "Lysine restricted diet for pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy: First evidence and future trials". Molecular ... Despite the potential of additional benefit from lysine restriction, vitamin B6 supplementation remains the main-stay of ...
*  Protein primary structure
Lysine residues can be singly, doubly and even triply methylated. Methylation does not alter the positive charge on the side ... Functionally, however, the acetylation of lysine residues is used to regulate the binding of proteins to nucleic acids. The ... methylation Several protein residues can be methylated, most notably the positive groups of lysine and arginine. Arginine ... acetylation Acetylation of the lysine amino groups is chemically analogous to the acetylation of the N-terminus. ...
*  Lysine
L-lysine HCl is used as a dietary supplement, providing 80.03% L-lysine. As such, 1 g of L-lysine is contained in 1.25 g of L- ... As an essential amino acid, lysine is not synthesized in animals, hence it must be ingested as lysine or lysine-containing ... lysine). Foods containing significant proportions of lysine include: L-Lysine plays a major role in calcium absorption; ... For lysine, for adults 19 years and older, 38 mg/kg body weight/day. Synthetic, racemic lysine has long been known. A practical ...
*  Lysine carbamoyltransferase
In enzymology, a lysine carbamoyltransferase (EC 2.1.3.8) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction carbamoyl phosphate ... This enzyme is also called lysine transcarbamylase. Hommes FA, Eller AG, Scott DF, Carter AL (1983). "Separation of ornithine ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is carbamoyl-phosphate:L-lysine carbamoyltransferase. ... L-lysine ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } phosphate + L-homocitrulline Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ...
*  Beta-Lysine
β-Lysine (3,6-diaminohexanoic acid) is an amino acid produced by platelets during coagulation and is directly antibacterial by ... curehunter.com > beta-lysine Retrieved on April 18, 2010 IMMUNOLOGY - CHAPTER ONE > INNATE (NON-SPECIFIC) IMMUNITY Gene Mayer, ...
*  Lysine decarboxylase
... is an enzyme that converts lysine to cadaverine. Gale EF, Epps HM (1944). "Studies on bacterial amino-acid ... lysine decarboxylase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular Biology ... Soda K, Moriguchi M (January 1969). "Crystalline lysine decarboxylase". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 34 (1): 34-9. doi: ... decarboxylases: 1. l(+)-lysine decarboxylase". Biochem. J. 38 (3): 232-42. PMC 1258073 . PMID 16747785. ...
*  Lysine dehydrogenase
In enzymology, a lysine dehydrogenase (EC 1.4.1.15) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-lysine + NAD+ ⇌ {\ ... "L-Lysine dehydrogenase deficiency in a patient with congenital lysine intolerance". Nature. 211 (5051): 854-5. doi:10.1038/ ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-lysine:NAD+ oxidoreductase (deaminating, cyclizing). Burgi W, Richterich R, ... the two substrates of this enzyme are L-lysine and NAD+, whereas its 4 products are 1,2-didehydropiperidine-2-carboxylate, NH3 ...
*  Lysine exporter
The generalized transport reaction for LysE is: Lysine (in) + [nH+ (out) or nOH− (in)] Lysine (out) + [nH+ (in) or nOH− (out ... Lysine Exporters are a superfamily of transmembrane proteins which export amino acids, lipids and heavy metal ions. They ... Vrljic, M.; Sahm, H.; Eggeling, L. (1996-12-01). "A new type of transporter with a new type of cellular function: L-lysine ... LysE appears to catalyze unidirectional efflux of L-lysine (and other basic amino acids such as L-arginine), and it provides ...
*  Lysine carboxypeptidase
... at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular Biology ... This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction Release of a C-terminal basic amino acid, preferentially lysine This is a ... Lysine carboxypeptidase (EC 3.4.17.3, carboxypeptidase N, arginine carboxypeptidase, kininase I, anaphylatoxin inactivator, ... peptidyl-L-lysine(-L-arginine) hydrolase, CPN) is an enzyme. ...
*  Lysine racemase
In enzymology, a lysine racemase (EC 5.1.1.5) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-lysine ⇌ D-lysine Hence, this ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is lysine racemase. This enzyme participates in lysine degradation. Huang HT (1960). " ... enzyme has one substrate, L-lysine, and one product, D-lysine. This enzyme belongs to the family of isomerases, specifically ...
*  Lysine riboswitch
The lysine riboswitch has also been identified independently and called the L box. The structure of the lysine riboswitch has ... Grundy, FJ; Lehman SC; Henkin TM (2003). "The L box regulon: Lysine sensing by leader RNAs of bacterial lysine biosynthesis ... Page for Lysine riboswitch at Rfam PDB entry for the lysine riboswitch tertiary structure. ... The lysine amino acid is bound in the pocket formed by the 5-way junction. The structure is composed of a three helical bundle ...
*  Acyl-lysine deacylase
In enzymology, an acyl-lysine deacylase (EC 3.5.1.17) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction N6-acyl-L-lysine + H2O ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is N6-acyl-L-lysine amidohydrolase. Other names in common use include epsilon-lysine ... the two substrates of this enzyme are N6-acyl-L-lysine and H2O, whereas its two products are carboxylate and L-lysine. This ... This enzyme participates in lysine degradation. PAIK WK, BLOCH-FRANKENTHAL L, BIRNBAUM SM, WINITZ M, GREENSTEIN JP (1957). " ...
*  Lysine N-acetyltransferase
This enzyme participates in lysine degradation. PAIK WK, KIM S (1964). "ENZYMIC SYNTHESIS OF EPSILON-N-ACETYL-L-LYSINE". Arch. ... Other names in common use include lysine acetyltransferase, and acetyl-phosphate:L-lysine 6-N-acetyltransferase. ... N6-acetyl-L-lysine Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acetyl phosphate and L-lysine, whereas its two products are ... In enzymology, a lysine N-acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.32) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction acetyl phosphate + ...
*  L-lysine oxidase
In enzymology, a L-lysine oxidase (EC 1.4.3.14) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-lysine + O2 + H2O ⇌ {\ ... Other names in common use include L-lysine alpha-oxidase, and L-lysyl-alpha-oxidase. This enzyme participates in lysine ... Kusakabe H, Kodama K, Kuninaka A, Yoshino H, Misono H, Soda K (1980). "A new antitumor enzyme, L-lysine alpha-oxidase from ... Lukasheva, EV; Berezov, TT (October 2002). "L-Lysine alpha-oxidase: physicochemical and biological properties". Biochemistry ( ...
*  Lysine 2-monooxygenase
... lysine monooxygenase, and L-lysine-2-monooxygenase. This enzyme participates in lysine degradation. It employs one cofactor, ... In enzymology, a lysine 2-monooxygenase (EC 1.13.12.2) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-lysine + O2 ⇌ {\ ... V. Manifestation of amino acid oxidase activity by L-lysine monooxygenase". J. Biol. Chem. 247 (11): 3439-44. PMID 4624115. ... Takeda H, Hayaishi O (1966). "Crystalline L-lysine oxygenase". J. Biol. Chem. 241 (11): 2733-6. PMID 5911646. Takeda H, ...
*  L-lysine-lactamase
L-lysine Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L-lysine 1,6-lactam and H2O, whereas its product is L-lysine. This enzyme ... In enzymology, a L-lysine-lactamase (EC 3.5.2.11) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-lysine 1,6-lactam + H2O ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-lysine-1,6-lactam lactamhydrolase. Other names in common use include L-alpha- ...
*  4-hydroxynonenal-lysine
... is an epitope generated by the oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein. It is formed by the ... Demonstration of oxidation-specific epitopes in lesions and high titers of autoantibodies to malondialdehyde-lysine in serum". ... direct addition of carbonyl groups from 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) onto lysine. "ApoE-deficient mice are a model of lipoprotein ...
*  Lysine-tRNA ligase
L-lysine-transfer RNA ligase, lysine-tRNA synthetase, and lysine translase. This enzyme participates in 3 metabolic pathways: ... In enzymology, a lysine-tRNA ligase (EC 6.1.1.6) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + L-lysine + tRNALys ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-lysine:tRNALys ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include lysyl-tRNA ... Lagerkvist, U.; Rymo, L.; Lindqvist, O.; Andersson, E. (1972). "Some properties of crystals of lysine transfer ribonucleic acid ...
*  Lysine 6-dehydrogenase
... (EC 1.4.1.18, L-lysine epsilon-dehydrogenase, L-lysine 6-dehydrogenase, LysDH) is an enzyme with ... Lysine 6-dehydrogenase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular Biology ... Misono, H.; Uehigashi, H.; Morimoto, E.; Nagasaki, S. (1985). "Purification and properties of L-lysine ε-dehydrogenase from ... Misono, H.; Hashimoto, H.; Uehigashi, H.; Nagata, S.; Nagasaki, S. (1989). "Properties of L-lysine ε-dehydrogenase from ...
*  L-lysine cyclodeaminase
... (EC 4.3.1.28, rapL (gene), fkbL (gene), tubZ (gene), visC (gene)) is an enzyme with systematic name L- ... lysine ammonia-lyase (cyclizing; ammonia-forming). This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction L-lysine ⇌ {\ ... L-lysine cyclodeaminase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular Biology ... Gatto, G.J.; Boyne, M.T.; Kelleher, N.L.; Walsh, C.T. (2006). "Biosynthesis of pipecolic acid by RapL, a lysine cyclodeaminase ...
*  Ornithine(lysine) transaminase
Other names in common use include ornithine(lysine) aminotransferase, lysine/ornithine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase, and L- ... In enzymology, an ornithine(lysine) transaminase (EC 2.6.1.68) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-ornithine + ... ornithine(L-lysine):2-oxoglutarate-aminotransferase. Lowe PN, Rowe AF (1986). "Aminotransferase activities in Trichomonas ...
*  Indoleacetate-lysine synthetase
L-lysine The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, (indol-3-yl)acetate, and L-lysine, whereas its 3 products are ADP, phosphate ... L-lysine ligase (ADP-forming). This enzyme is also called indoleacetate:L-lysine ligase (ADP-forming). Glass NL, Kosuge T (1986 ... In enzymology, an indoleacetate-lysine synthetase (EC 6.3.2.20) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + (indol- ... 3. The isolation and characterization of indole-3-acetyl-epsilon-L-lysine". Biochemistry. 7 (2): 601-5. doi:10.1021/bi00842a013 ...
*  L-lysine 6-oxidase
In enzymology, a L-lysine 6-oxidase (EC 1.4.3.20) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-lysine + O2 + H2O ⇌ {\ ... Gomez D, Lucas-Elio P, Sanchez-Amat A, Solano F (2006). "A novel type of lysine oxidase: L-lysine-epsilon-oxidase". Biochim. ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-lysine:oxygen 6-oxidoreductase (deaminating). Other names in common use include L ... lysine-epsilon-oxidase, Lod, LodA, and marinocine. Lucas-Elio P, Gomez D, Solano F, Sanchez-Amat A (2006). "The antimicrobial ...
*  Lysine-pyruvate 6-transaminase
In enzymology, a lysine-pyruvate 6-transaminase (EC 2.6.1.71) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-lysine + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-lysine:pyruvate aminotransferase. Other names in common use include lysine- ... Schmidt H, Bode R, Birnbaum D (1988). "A novel enzyme, L-lysine : pyruvate aminotransferase, catalyses the first step of lysine ... the two substrates of this enzyme are L-lysine and pyruvate, whereas its two products are L-2-aminoadipate 6-semialdehyde and L ...