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*  Breast cancer classification
... axillary lymph nodes), the collar area (supraclavicular lymph nodes), and inside the chest (internal mammary lymph nodes.) The ... Lymph Node - The lymph node values (NX, N0, N1, N2 or N3) depend on the number, size and location of breast cancer cell ... the tumor should also be lymph node negative (N0), but internationally the test may be performed if the lymph node status is ... These cancer characteristics are described as the size of the tumor (T), whether or not the tumor has spread to the lymph nodes ...
*  Lymph node biopsy
... is a test in which a lymph node or a piece of a lymph node is removed for examination under a microscope (see ... The lymph nodes also try to trap cancer cells. The test is used to help determine the cause of lymph node enlargement (swollen ... biopsy). The lymphatic system is made up of several lymph nodes connected by lymph vessels. The nodes produce white blood cells ... However, Sentinel lymph node biopsy for evaluating early, thin melanoma has not been shown to improve survival, and for this ...
*  Lymph node stromal cell
The lymph carries chemokines (molecular chemical messengers) and antigens to the lymph node. At the lymph node, the lymph ... Afferent lymphatic vessels bring lymph fluid from the peripheral tissues to the lymph nodes. The lymph tissue in the lymph ... This is the place where blood vessels enter and leave the lymph node and lymphatic vessels leave the lymph node. Lymph vessels ... Lymph node stromal cells are essential to the structure and function of the lymph node. There are a number of different types ...
*  Popliteal lymph nodes
The efferents of the popliteal lymph nodes pass almost entirely alongside the femoral vessels to the deep inguinal lymph nodes ... The popliteal lymph nodes, small in size and some six or seven in number, are embedded in the fat contained in the popliteal ... The flow of lymph from the legs towards the heart is the result of the calf pump- during walking the calf muscle contracts, ... squeezing lymph out of the leg via the lymphatic vessels. When the muscle relaxes, valves in the vessels shut preventing the ...
*  Lymph hearts
Lymph vessels carry the lymph and, in the frog, open into the four lymph hearts. These lymph hearts are located on the dorsal ... The lymphatic system of a frog consists of lymph, lymph vessels, lymph heart, lymph spaces and spleen. Some mast cells can also ... The lymph hearts rhythmically and slowly pump to drive the lymph into the veins. It is possible to see the lymph hearts beat by ... Lymph hearts are organs found in some animals which pump lymph. Lymph hearts are found in lungfishes, all amphibians, reptiles ...
*  Metastatic breast cancer
Breast cancer can metastasize anywhere in body but primarily metastasizes to the bone, lungs, regional lymph nodes, liver and ... is a stage of breast cancer where the disease has spread to distant sites beyond the axillary lymph nodes. There is no cure for ... the cell enters the bloodstream or lymph channels. The cell must survive the transit into the new environment, until it ...
*  Lymph trunk
... right lymph duct and the thoracic duct). When an efferent lymph vessel leaves a lymph node, it may carry lymph to another lymph ... Jugular lymph trunks Subclavian lymph trunks Bronchomediastinal lymph trunks Lumbar lymph trunks Intestinal lymph trunk- ... Lymph trunk is a collection of lymph vessels that carries lymph, and is formed by confluence of many efferent lymph vessels. It ... The lymph trunks drain into the lymph ducts, which in turn return lymph to the blood by emptying into the respective subclavian ...
*  Breast cancer management
Advances in Sentinel Lymph Node mapping over the past decade have increased the accuracy of detecting Sentinel Lymph Node from ... as the removal of this many lymph nodes affected lymphatic drainage. More recently, the technique of sentinel lymph node (SLN) ... The sentinel lymph node is the first node that drains the tumor, and subsequent SLN mapping can save 65-70% of patients with ... Lymph nodes are often included in the scope of breast tumor removal. Surgery can be performed before or after receiving ...
*  Lymph
In particular, the lymph that leaves a lymph node is richer in lymphocytes. Likewise, the lymph formed in the human digestive ... Lymph returns proteins and excess interstitial fluid to the bloodstream. Lymph may pick up bacteria and bring them to lymph ... enters the lymph capillaries as lymph. Thus, lymph when formed is a watery clear liquid with the same composition as the ... The word lymph is derived from the name of the ancient Roman deity of fresh water, Lympha. Lymph has a composition comparable ...
*  Lymph node
The primary function of lymph nodes is the filtering of lymph to identify and fight infection. In order to do this, lymph nodes ... the cervical lymph nodes of the head and neck and the inguinal lymph nodes near the groin crease. Some lymph nodes can be seen ... Lymph node syndrome Bubonic plague "What are lymph nodes". Siamak N. Nabili, MD, MPH. 2015-02-05. "Lymph Nodes Directory". www. ... such as the paraaortic lymph nodes and the tracheobronchial lymph nodes. There are no lymph nodes in the central nervous system ...
*  Lymph capillary
Each lymphatic capillary carries lymph into a lymphatic vessel, which in turn connects to a lymph node. Lymph is ultimately ... Lymph capillaries or lymphatic capillaries are tiny, thin-walled vessels located in the spaces between cells (except in the ... Lymph capillaries have a greater internal oncotic pressure than blood capillaries, due to the greater concentration of plasma ... When pressure is greater in the interstitial fluid than in lymph, the cells separate slightly, like the opening of a one-way ...
*  Lymph sacs
These are the retroperitoneal lymph sac, the cysterna chyli, and paired posterior lymph sacs. The posterior lymph sacs are ... Because lymph sacs form from the venous system, they typically contain red blood cells. It is believed that the lymph sacs are ... These four new lymph sacs function in the collection of lymph from the trunk and lower extremities of the body. The cysterna ... Lymph sacs are a part of the development of the human lymphatic system, known as lymphangiogenesis. The lymph sacs are ...
*  Lymph duct
A lymph duct is a great lymphatic vessel that empties lymph into one of the subclavian veins. There are two lymph ducts in the ... The right lymphatic duct drains lymph from the right upper limb, right side of thorax and right halves of head and neck. The ... thoracic duct drains lymph into the circulatory system at the left brachiocephalic vein between the left subclavian and left ...
*  Calf lymph
... was the name given to a type of smallpox vaccine used in the 19th century, and which was still manufactured up to ... Calf lymph was known as early as 1805 in Italy, but it was the Lyon Medical Conference of 1864 which made the technique known ... In 1898 calf lymph became the standard method of vaccination for smallpox in the United Kingdom, when arm to arm vaccination ... BMA 1905 - for example - "Calf lymph is now available for the vaccination of every child in the country" page 21. Galbiati G. ( ...
*  Paraaortic lymph nodes
The paraaortic lymph nodes (also known as periaortic, and lumbar) are a group of lymph nodes that lie in front of the lumbar ... These lymph nodes receive drainage from the gastrointestinal tract and the abdominal organs. The paraaortic lymph node group is ... The lateral aortic lymph nodes, typically 15 to 20 on each side, are the ones usually chosen for dissection or biopsy in the ... Both sets of glands on the right and left side receive (a) the efferents of the common iliac lymph nodes (b) the lymphatics ...
*  Cervical lymph nodes
... are lymph nodes found in the neck. Of the 800 lymph nodes in the human body, 300 are in the neck. Cervical ... affects the cervical lymph nodes which become swollen. The characterization of cancerous lymph nodes on CT scan, MRI or ... archotol.ama-assn.org Chen, C. C.; Lin, J. C.; Chen, K. W. (2015). "Lymph node ratio as a prognostic factor in head and neck ... Superficial lymph glands and lymphatic vessels of head and neck. Lymphatics of pharynx. The lymphatics of the face. "I. ...
*  Mastoid lymph nodes
The mastoid lymph nodes (retroauricular lymph nodes or posterior auricular glands) are a small group of lymph nodes, usually ... Their mastoid lymph nodes receives lymph from the posterior part of the temporoparietal region, the upper part of the cranial ... The lymph then passes to the superior deep cervical glands. This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th ...
*  Jugulodigastric lymph node
The jugulodigastric lymph node is a large node found in the proximity of where the posterior belly of the digastric muscle ... Enlarged jugulodigastric lymph nodes are also commonly found in tonsillitis. Worzala, Katherine; Dale Berg (2006). Atlas of ...
*  Inguinal lymph nodes
... are the lymph nodes in the inguinal region. They are found in the femoral triangle, and are grouped into ... A view of the different inguinal lymph nodes Murine inguinal lymph node beneath the bifurcation of superior epigastric vein. ... Bright structure visualised by MHC II-GFP construct, is the lymph node "Superficial Inguinal Lymph Nodes -- Medical Definition ... and man's penis connected to the superficial lymph nodes and send their drainage to those via lymph vessels. The mean size of ...
*  Deltopectoral lymph nodes
The superficial lymph glands and lymphatic vessels of the upper extremity. This article incorporates text in the public domain ... One or two deltopectoral lymph nodes (or infraclavicular nodes) are found beside the cephalic vein, between the pectoralis ...
*  Gastric lymph nodes
The gastric lymph nodes consist of two sets, superior and inferior. The Superior Gastric Glands (lymphoglandulæ gastricæ ... They receive their afferents from the stomach; their efferents pass to the celiac group of preaortic lymph nodes. The Inferior ...
*  Parasternal lymph nodes
The parasternal lymph nodes drain into the bronchomediastinal trunks, in a similar fashion to the upper intercostal lymph nodes ... The parasternal lymph nodes (or sternal glands) are placed at the anterior ends of the intercostal spaces, by the side of the ... Anatomy and topography of the parasternal lymph nodes in the adult]". Voprosy onkologii (in Russian). 27 (5): 66-70. PMID ...
*  Prelaryngeal lymph nodes
... are lymph nodes located anterior to the larynx. One such node is the Delphian node situated above the ... isthmus of the thyroid gland, which may be removed at the time of a thyoidectomy as a sentinel lymph node in order to identify ...
*  Pretracheal lymph nodes
The pretracheal lymph nodes are lymph nodes located anterior to the trachea. http://www.emedicine.com/ent/topic306.htm#section~ ...
*  Mandibular lymph node
The mandibular lymph node is a lymph node found near the jaw. This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th ...