*Spinal cord injury

As SCI patients suffer from reduced total lung capacity and tidal volume, physical therapists teach them accessory breathing ... this can coexist with or cause injury to the spinal cord, but each injury can occur without the other. Spinal cord injury ... Injuries can be cervical 1-8 (C1-C8), thoracic 1-12 (T1-T12), lumbar 1-5 (L1-L5), or sacral (S1-S5). A person's level of injury ... Most of these injuries occur in men under 30 years of age. The average age at the time of injury has slowly increased from ...

*Swimming-induced pulmonary edema

Body fluid in the lungs while swimming. Swimming induced pulmonary edema (SIPE), also known as immersion pulmonary edema, ... leads to increased pressure gradient across the pulmonary capillaries Capillary stress from oxidative or physical injury leads ... lungs, great vessels of the chest) Cold water may cause peripheral vasoconstriction and other neuro-humoral changes that ... occurs when fluids from the blood leak abnormally from the small vessels of the lung (pulmonary capillaries) into the airspaces ...

*Artificial ventilation

... is achieved through manual insufflation of the lungs either by the rescuer blowing into the patient's lungs (mouth-to-mouth ... This is usually only used when there is a complete blockage of the pharynx or there is massive maxillofacial injury, preventing ... sucked into the lungs. Tracheal intubation is often used for short term mechanical ventilation. A tube is inserted through the ... or it may be mechanical ventilation involving the use of a mechanical ventilator to move air in and out of the lungs when an ...

*Reperfusion injury

Zingarelli, B; Hake, PW; O'Connor, M; Burroughs, TJ; Wong, HR; Solomkin, JS; Lentsch, AB (June 2009). "Lung injury after ... Reperfusion injury or reperfusion insult, sometimes called ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) or reoxygenation injury, is the ... or what is termed reperfusion injuries. In fact an individual suffering from an ischemic insult continues suffering injuries ... Reperfusion injury plays a part in the brain's ischemic cascade, which is involved in stroke and brain trauma. Similar failure ...

*Classification of pneumonia

This is a historical term for acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, the term was and ... necrotizing pneumonia includes pneumonias that cause substantial necrosis of lung cells, and sometimes even lung abscess. ... The resulting lung inflammation is not an infection but can contribute to one, since the material aspirated may contain ... A lobar pneumonia is an infection that only involves a single lobe, or section, of a lung. Lobar pneumonia is often due to ...

*Radiation-induced lung injury

... is a general term for damage to the lungs which occurs as a result of exposure to ionizing ... "Radiation-induced lung injury". Seminars in Radiation Oncology. 13 (3): 333-345. doi:10.1016/S1053-4296(03)00034-1. ISSN 1053- ... Pulmonary radiation injury most commonly occurs as a result of radiation therapy administered to treat cancer.[citation needed ... The lungs are a radiosensitive organ, and radiation pneumonitis can occur leading to pulmonary insufficiency and death (100% ...

*Ventilator-associated lung injury

By opening the lung and keeping the lung open RACE (and VALI) is reduced. Another possible ventilator associated lung injury is ... Ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI) is an acute lung injury that develops during mechanical ventilation and is termed ... ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) if it can be proven that the mechanical ventilation caused the acute lung injury. In ... of ventilator associated lung injury VALI is most common in patients receiving mechanical ventilation for acute lung injury or ...

*Transfusion-related acute lung injury

... (TRALI) is a serious blood transfusion complication characterized by the acute onset of ... TRALI is defined as an acute lung injury that is temporally related to a blood transfusion; specifically, it occurs within the ... Leukocyte filters may prevent TRALI for those patients whose lung injury is due to leukoagglutination of the donor white blood ... The blood component transfused is not part of the case definition.[citation needed] Transfusion-related acute lung injury ( ...

*Pulmonary laceration

A pulmonary laceration is a chest injury in which lung tissue is torn or cut. An injury that is potentially more serious than ... However, the injury often takes weeks or months to heal, and the lung may be scarred. Small pulmonary lacerations frequently ... Surgery may be required to stitch the laceration, to drain blood, or even to remove injured parts of the lung. The injury ... Miller DL, Mansour KA (2007). "Blunt traumatic lung injuries". Thoracic Surgery Clinics. 17 (1): 57-61. doi:10.1016/j.thorsurg. ...

*Pulmonary hematoma

ISBN 0-07-137069-2. Miller DL, Mansour KA (2007). "Blunt traumatic lung injuries". Thoracic Surgery Clinics. 17 (1): 57-61. doi ... Gavelli G, Canini R, Bertaccini P, Battista G, Bnà C, Fattori R (June 2002). "Traumatic injuries: imaging of thoracic injuries ... A lung laceration filled with air is called a pneumatocele. In some cases, both pneumatoceles and hematomas exist in the same ... A pulmonary hematoma is a collection of blood within the tissue of the lung. It may result when a pulmonary laceration fills ...

*Cathepsin G

Kawabata K, Hagio T, Matsuoka S (September 2002). "The role of neutrophil elastase in acute lung injury". European Journal of ... Moraes TJ, Chow CW, Downey GP (April 2003). "Proteases and lung injury". Critical Care Medicine. 31 (4 Suppl): S189-94. doi: ... ischemic reperfusion injury, and bone metastasis. It is also implicated in a variety of infectious inflammatory diseases, ... "Cathepsin g is required for sustained inflammation and tissue injury after reperfusion of ischemic kidneys". The American ...

*Plasma frozen within 24 hours

The production of PF24 began in response to an increase in reported cases of transfusion-related acute lung injury, or TRALI. ... Transfusion-Related Lung Injury (TRALI). Karp, Julie Katz. NewsPath (College of American Pathologists online newsletter). ...

*Phagocyte

Neutrophils also play a key role in the development of most forms of acute lung injury. Here, activated neutrophils release the ... Experiments have shown that a reduction in the number of neutrophils lessens the effects of acute lung injury, but treatment by ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Abraham E (April 2003). "Neutrophils and acute lung injury". Crit. Care Med. 31 ... "Neutrophil granule contents in the pathogenesis of lung injury". Curr. Opin. Hematol. 13 (1): 21-27. doi:10.1097/01.moh. ...

*Blood transfusion

Transfusion-associated acute lung injury (TRALI) is a syndrome that is similar to Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), ... Kim, Jeongmin; Na, Sungwon (30 March 2015). "Transfusion-related acute lung injury; clinical perspectives". Korean Journal of ... Cochrane Injuries Group, publishes systematic reviews of interventions for traumatic injury, which include evaluations of blood ... Kidney injury may occur due to the effects of the hemolytic reaction (pigment nephropathy). The severity of the transfusion ...

*Pulmonary toxicity

Pulmonary = lung. Pulmonary toxicity = pulmonary injury = lung injury = lung toxicity. And instead of pulmonary toxicity (a ... They can include lung inflammation (pneumonitis), secondary (in this context, indirectly caused) lung infection (pneumonia), ... lung disease, e.g. an infection of the lungs not related to the medicinal drugs the patient is taking. But if the patient is ... even including lung cancer in some cases, mainly in cases of asbestos-related lung disease, but today this is very rare, ...

*Long-term effects of cannabis

Tashkin DP (June 2005). "Smoked marijuana as a cause of lung injury". Monaldi Arch Chest Dis (Review). 63 (2): 93-100. PMID ... Regular cannabis smokers show pathological changes in lung cells similar to those that precede the development of lung cancer ... "The impact of cannabis on your lungs". British Lung Association. June 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-09-27. Retrieved ... 15 February 2015). "Cannabis smoking and lung cancer risk: Pooled analysis in the International Lung Cancer Consortium". ...

*Cyclopentenone prostaglandins

... and lung injury; injury due to ischemia in the heart, brain, kidney, and gut; and stress-induced central nervous system trauma ... the overproduction of cyclopentenone prostaglandins by the brain has been suggested to contribute to the neuron injury observed ... with the DP1 receptor coupled to Gs alpha subunit-dependent increases in celluar cAMP levels and the suppression of cell injury ... DP2 receptor coupled to Gi alpha subunit-dependent depression of cellular cAMP levels and causing the potentiation cell injury ...

*Gadolinium oxysulfide

Inhalation may result in lung injuries. Exposure to gadolinium compounds may cause lung and/or liver damage. Gloves are highly ...

*Barotrauma

... which are commonly called burst lung or lung overpressure injury by divers. To equalise the lungs, all that is necessary is not ... lung over-pressure injury (LOP) and burst lung. Consequent injuries may include arterial gas embolism, pneumothorax, ... Ventilator induced lung injury (VILI) is a condition caused by over-expansion of the lungs by mechanical ventilation used when ... Lung injuries can also occur during rapid decompression, although the risk of injury is lower than with explosive decompression ...

*Oleic acid

247-8. ISBN 978-0-8493-3585-3. Julien, M; Hoeffel, JM; Flick, MR (1986). "Oleic acid lung injury in sheep". Journal of Applied ... Specifically in sheep, intravenous administration of oleic acid causes acute lung injury with corresponding pulmonary edema. ... Oleic acid is also used to induce lung damage in certain types of animals, for the purpose of testing new drugs and other means ... This sort of research has been of particular benefit to premature newborns, for whom treatment for underdeveloped lungs (and ...

*Mechanical ventilation

Ventilator-associated lung injury - Ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI) refers to acute lung injury that occurs during ... Parker JC, Hernandez LA, Peevy KJ (1993). "Mechanisms of ventilator-induced lung injury". Crit Care Med. 21 (1): 131-43. doi: ... Ventilation with lower Tidal volumes as compared with traditional tidal volumes for acute lung injury and the acute respiratory ... One of the primary complications that presents in patients mechanically ventilated is acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory ...

*Acute respiratory distress syndrome

... "acute lung injury" or ALI, as the term was commonly being misused to characterize a less severe degree of lung injury. Instead ... It is typically provoked by an acute injury to the lungs that results in flooding of the lungs' microscopic air sacs ... The hallmark of ARDS is diffuse injury to cells which form the barrier of the microscopic air sacs of the lungs, surfactant ... According to Brun-Buisson et al (2004), there is a prevalence of acute lung injury (ALI) of 16.1% percent in ventilated ...

*Atelectotrauma

Exp Lung Res. 2011 Feb;37(1):18-25. PMID 20860539 [1] Attar MA, Donn SM. Mechanisms of ventilator-induced lung injury in ... When parts of the lung collapse at the end of expiration, due to a combination of a diseased lung state and a low functional ... is one of several means by which mechanical ventilation may damage the lungs leading to ventilator-associated lung injury. The ... Shi C., Boehme S., Hartmann E. K., Markstaller K. Novel technologies to detect atelectotrauma in the injured lung. ...

*Sirolimus

"Comprehensive lung injury pathology induced by mTOR inhibitors". Clinical & Translational Oncology. 11 (8): 499-510. doi: ... Lung toxicity is a serious complication associated with sirolimus therapy, especially in the case of lung transplants. The ... a dilemma for lung transplantation". The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. 22 (2): 210-3. doi:10.1016/S1053-2498(02) ... LAM involves lung tissue infiltration with smooth muscle-like cells with mutations of the tuberous sclerosis complex gene (TSC2 ...

*Vascular recruitment

... increases evidence of lung injury. Ehrhart IC, Orfanos SE, McCloud LL, Sickles DW, Hofman WF, Catravas JD ... because it may increase evidence of lung injury, and increase pulmonary capillary protein leak. Vascular recruitment in the ... Vascular recruitment in the lung (i.e., in the pulmonary microcirculation) may be noteworthy to healthcare professionals in ...

*Cervical cancer

"WHO Disease and injury country estimates". World Health Organization. 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-11-11. Retrieved ... In advanced disease, metastases may be present in the abdomen, lungs, or elsewhere. Symptoms of advanced cervical cancer may ... GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national ... and X-ray examination of the lungs and skeleton, and cervical conization. Stage 1A cervical cancer Stage 1B cervical cancer ...

*Edward D. Thalmann

"Inhaled carbon monoxide and hyperoxic lung injury in rats". Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 281 (4): L949-57. PMID 11557599 ... Van Liew, H. D.; E. D. Thalmann; D. K. Sponholtz (1981). "Diffusive gas mixing in the lung in hyperbaric environments". Prog. ... Van Liew, H. D.; E. D. Thalmann; D. K. Sponholtz (1981). "Hinderance to diffusive gas mixing in the lung in hyperbaric ... Thalmann, E. D.; D. K. Sponholtz; C. E. G. Lundgren (1979). "Effects of immersion and static lung loading on submerged exercise ...