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*  Cuttlefish
Furthermore, the chromatophores contain luminescent protein nanostructures; there are tethered pigment granules which modify ... The blood of a cuttlefish is an unusual shade of green-blue, because it uses the copper-containing protein haemocyanin to carry ... oxygen instead of the red, iron-containing protein haemoglobin found in vertebrates' blood. The blood is pumped by three ...
*  Renilla-luciferin 2-monooxygenase
Recently, chimeras of RLuc have been developed and demonstrated to be the brightest luminescent proteins to date, and have ... Ward, William W.; Cormier, Milton J. (April 1978). "Energy Transfer Via Protein-Protein Interaction in Renilla Bioluminescence ... "Luminescent proteins for high-speed single-cell and whole-body imaging". Nature Communications. 3: 1262. doi:10.1038/ncomms2248 ... Protein engineering. 5 (3): 197-211. doi:10.1093/protein/5.3.197. PMID 1409539. Loening, AM; Fenn, TD; Wu, AM; Gambhir, SS ( ...
*  Aequorin
"Cloning and sequence analysis of cDNA for the luminescent protein aequorin". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 82 (10): 3154-58. ... "Prediction of EF-hand calcium-binding proteins and analysis of bacterial EF-hand proteins". Proteins. 65 (3): 643-55. doi: ... Notably, the protein contains three EF hand motifs that function as binding sites for Ca2+ ions. The protein is a member of the ... In the animals, the protein occurs together with the Green fluorescent protein to produce green light by resonant energy ...
*  Reporter gene
... used reporter genes that induce visually identifiable characteristics usually involve fluorescent and luminescent proteins. ... The mRNA is then translated into protein. In these cases it is important that both proteins be able to properly fold into their ... Nordgren, I. K.; Tavassoli, A (2014). "A bidirectional fluorescent two-hybrid system for monitoring protein-protein ... Reporter genes can also be used to assay for the expression of the gene of interest, which may produce a protein that has ...
*  Bioluminescence imaging
The DNA encoding the luminescent protein is incorporated into the laboratory animal either via a viral vector or by creating a ... and green fluorescent protein for continuous imaging of cell culture and animal models". Journal of Biomedical Optics. 16 (4): ...
*  Index of biochemistry articles
... lipid anchored protein - lipid bilayer - lipoprotein - Liquid - List of compounds - list of gene families - locus - luminescent ... protein - protein biosynthesis - Protein Data Bank - protein design - protein expression - protein folding - protein isoform - ... protein P16 - protein P34cdc2 - protein precursor - protein structure prediction - protein subunit - protein synthesis - ... proto-oncogene protein C-kit - proto-oncogene proteins c-abl - proto-oncogene proteins c-bcl-2 - Proto-oncogene proteins c-fos ...
*  Green fluorescent protein
In the 1960s and 1970s, GFP, along with the separate luminescent protein aequorin (an enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of ... The green fluorescent protein (GFP) is a protein composed of 238 amino acid residues (26.9 kDa) that exhibits bright green ... Protein tag pGLO Yellow fluorescent protein Genetically encoded voltage indicator Ormö M, Cubitt AB, Kallio K, Gross LA, Tsien ... These properties are so far unique to fluorescent proteins other than GFP derivatives. FMN-binding fluorescent proteins (FbFPs ...
*  Lanthanide probes
Turro, C; Fu, PK; Bradley, PM (2003). "Lanthanide ions as luminescent probes of proteins and nucleic acids". Metal ions in ... polyaminocarboxylates as luminescent sensors in time-resolved luminescent (TRL) immunoassays. Optimization of analytical ... The luminescent probe may for instance serve to localize the MRI contrast agent. This has helped to visualize the delivery of ... LRET was also used to study the interaction of the proteins dystrophin and actin in muscle cells. Dystrophin is present in the ...
*  Stern-Volmer relationship
Permyakov, Eugene A.. [Luminescent Spectroscopy of Proteins], CRC Press, 1993. Fluorescence lifetimes and dynamic quenching. ...
*  Biological imaging
Typical examples include: Bioluminescence imaging, a technique for studying laboratory animals using luminescent protein ...
*  Marc Zimmer
"Luminescent Eel Muscles Fluorescent Protein Revolution into Clinic." Huffington Post, June 18, 2013. "Mending Broken Hearts: ...
*  Fluorescence in the life sciences
Lamture, JB; Wensel, TG (1995). "Intensely luminescent immunoreactive conjugates of proteins and dipicolinate-based polymeric ... Phycoerythrin or green fluorescent protein). Alternatively, specific or general proteins, nucleic acids, lipids or small ... Other proteins are fluorescent but require a fluorophore cofactor, and hence can only be used in vitro; these are often found ... Several fluorescent protein exist in nature[citation needed], but the most important one as a research tool is Green ...
*  Lactoferrin
Xavier PL, Chaudhari K, Verma PK, Pal SK, Pradeep T (2010). "Luminescent quantum clusters of gold in transferrin family protein ... The fraction of protein extracted from milk, contains 3.3% RNA, but, the protein preferably binds to double-stranded DNA rather ... Occurrence of iron-containing red protein in bovine milk was reported as early as in 1939; however, the protein could not be ... optical absorption spectra and presence of two iron atoms per protein molecule. The protein was extracted from milk, contained ...
*  Thalappil Pradeep
A number of atomically precise luminescent clusters have been made in proteins and their growth involves inter-protein metal ... "Understanding the evolution of luminescent gold quantum clusters in protein templates, Kamalesh Chaudhari, Paulrajpillai Lourdu ... Combining luminescent atomically precise clusters with mesoflowers and nanofibres, he developed sensors at sub-zeptomole levels ... 4. Noble metal clusters in protein templates, T. Pradeep, A. Baksi and P. L. Xavier in Functional nanometer-sized clusters of ...
*  N-Acyl homoserine lactone
Similar pathways occur in other luminescent bacteria. In Vibrio fischeri, AHL binds to the protein product of the LuxR gene and ... with a methionine residue in a protein. This reaction is important for chemical sequencing of proteins, as the Edman ... The C-terminal domain of activated LuxR relieves the repression exerted by H-NS nucleoid proteins that bind to the promoters of ... of the involvement of AHLs in quorum sensing is in the regulation of the bioluminescent protein luciferase in the luminescent ...
*  Eos (protein)
Unlike GFPs, which are derived from the luminescent jellyfish Aequorea victoria, fluorescent proteins derived from anthozoa, ... of proteins within living cells while retaining complex biological functions like protein-protein interactions and protein-DNA ... Many different fusion proteins have been created using EosFP and its engineered variants. These fusion proteins allow for the ... Like other fluorescent proteins, Eos allows for applications such as the tracking of fusion proteins, multicolour labelling and ...
*  Protein
... usually utilizes an antibody to one or more proteins of interest that are conjugated to enzymes yielding either luminescent or ... ISBN 0-8053-3931-0. The Protein Naming Utility NCBI Entrez Protein database NCBI Protein Structure database Human Protein ... fibrous proteins, and membrane proteins. Almost all globular proteins are soluble and many are enzymes. Fibrous proteins are ... DNA-binding protein Macromolecule Intein List of proteins Proteopathy Proteopedia Proteolysis Protein sequence space Protein ...
*  Scintillons
... also contains a second protein called luciferin binding protein (LBP) that has been proposed to protect luciferin from non- ... luminescent oxidation. Luciferin is released from LBP by a decrease in pH, and the same decreased pH also activates the ... and these purified scintillon preparations contain luciferase and luciferin binding protein as the only detectable protein ... When synthesized, these two proteins aggregate together and migrate to the vacuole membrane where LBP binds luciferin and the ...
*  John Woodland Hastings
At still another level, protein phosphorylation inhibitors also influence the period of the rhythm. Other luminescent systems: ... Because the mRNAs that code for these proteins remain unchanged from day to night, the synthesis of these proteins is ... another luminescent, but heterotrophic, dinoflagellate, Noctiluca scintillans, has but a single protein, which appears to ... This work has now been expanded to other proteins in the cell. On the other hand, short pulses of inhibitors of synthesis of ...
*  Photoprotein
... s are a type of enzyme, made of protein, from bioluminescent organisms. They add to the function of the luciferins ... The term photoprotein was first used to describe the unusual chemistry of the luminescent system of Chaetopterus (a marine ... Polychaete worm). This was meant to distinguish them from other light-producing proteins because these do not exhibit the usual ...
*  List of MeSH codes (E05)
... protein MeSH E05.393.760.705.685 --- peptide mapping MeSH E05.393.760.705.685.690 --- protein footprinting MeSH E05.393.760.710 ... luminescent measurements MeSH E05.196.712.516.200 --- chemiluminescent measurements MeSH E05.196.712.516.600 --- fluorometry ... protein array analysis MeSH E05.393.525.700 --- random amplified polymorphic dna technique MeSH E05.393.525.870 --- two-hybrid ... protein array analysis MeSH E05.588.570.850 --- tissue array analysis MeSH E05.595.395.500 --- laser scanning cytometry MeSH ...
*  Cellulose
Taylor, N. G. (2003). "Interactions among three distinct CesA proteins essential for cellulose synthesis". Proceedings of the ... Luminescent conjugated oligothiophenes can also be used to detect cellulose using fluorescence microscopy or ... The RTCs are hexameric protein structures, approximately 25 nm in diameter, that contain the cellulose synthase enzymes that ... hemicellulose and lignin by luminescent oligothiophenes". Scientific Reports. 6: 35578. doi:10.1038/srep35578. PMC 5069672 . ...
*  Eastern blot
These include secretory proteins in prokaryotes and eukaryotes and also proteins that are intended to be incorporated in ... Olson and Eglen; Eglen, RM (2007). "beta Galactosidase complementation: A cell-based luminescent assay platform for drug ... were used to detect protein modifications. The technique showed that the antigenic proteins of the non-virulent E.muris is more ... The oxidized protein is then treated with a complex mixture, generating a new conjugate on the membrane. The membrane is then ...
*  Horseradish peroxidase
For example, an antibody conjugated to HRP may be used to detect a small amount of a specific protein in a western blot. Here, ... It produces a coloured, fluorimetric, or luminescent derivative of the labeled molecule when incubated with a proper substrate ... It is an all alpha-helical protein which binds heme as a redox cofactor. Alone, the HRP enzyme, or conjugates thereof, is of ... the antibody provides the specificity to locate the protein of interest, and the HRP enzyme, in the presence of a substrate, ...
*  George T. Reynolds
Scintillators are luminescent materials that, when struck by an incoming particle, absorb its energy and scintillate - emit ... He also developed automated X-ray detectors for collecting data on protein structures. Interest in environmental issues ...