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*  Limulus amebocyte lysate
LAL reacts with bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which is a membrane component of gram-negative bacteria. This ...
*  Ames test
The tester strains also carry mutations in the genes responsible for lipopolysaccharide synthesis, making the cell wall of the ...
*  Lipopolysaccharide
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), also known as lipoglycans and endotoxins, are large molecules consisting of a lipid and a ... The term lipooligosaccharide is used to refer to the low molecular weight form of bacterial lipopolysaccharides, which can be ... Ruiz N, Kahne D, Silhavy TJ (2009). "Transport of lipopolysaccharide across the cell envelope: the long road of discovery". Nat ... The term lipooligosaccharide ("LOS") is used to refer to a low-molecular-weight form of bacterial lipopolysaccharides. The ...
*  Lipopolysaccharide binding protein
2000). "Lipopolysaccharide-Binding Protein and Phospholipid Transfer Protein Release Lipopolysaccharides from Gram-Negative ... Lipopolysaccharide binding protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LBP gene. LBP is a soluble acute-phase protein ... Lipopolysaccharide-binding protein has been shown to interact with CD14, TLR2, TLR4 and the co-receptor MD-2. GRCh38: Ensembl ... 1999). "Lipopolysaccharide binding protein and serum amyloid A secretion by human intestinal epithelial cells during the acute ...
*  Lipopolysaccharide-transporting ATPase
... and lipopolysaccharide, whereas its 3 products are ADP, phosphate, and lipopolysaccharide. This enzyme belongs to the family of ... In enzymology, a lipopolysaccharide-transporting ATPase (EC 3.6.3.39) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP phosphohydrolase (lipopolysaccharide-exporting). Fath MJ, Kolter R (1993). "ABC ...
*  Lipopolysaccharide N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
In enzymology, a lipopolysaccharide N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.56) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:lipopolysaccharide N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase. ... This enzyme participates in lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis and glycan structures - biosynthesis 2. Osborn MJ; D'Ari L (1964 ... Other names in common use include UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-lipopolysaccharide, N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase, uridine ...
*  Lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase II
... alpha-D-glucosyl-lipopolysaccharide Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are UDP-glucose and lipopolysaccharide, whereas its ... In enzymology, a lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase II (EC 2.4.1.73) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UDP- ... Edstrom RD, Heath EC (1967). "The biosynthesis of cell wall lipopolysaccharide in Escherichia coli. VI. Enzymatic transfer of ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-glucose:galactosyl-lipopolysaccharide alpha-D-glucosyltransferase. Other names ...
*  Lipopolysaccharide N-acetylmannosaminouronosyltransferase
4-lipopolysaccharide Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are UDP-N-acetyl-beta-D-mannosaminouronate and lipopolysaccharide ... In enzymology, a lipopolysaccharide N-acetylmannosaminouronosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.180) is an enzyme that catalyzes the ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-N-acetyl-beta-D-mannosaminouronate:lipopolysaccharide N-acetyl-beta-D- ... whereas its two products are UDP and N-acetyl-beta-D-mannosaminouronosyl-1,4-lipopolysaccharide. This enzyme belongs to the ...
*  Lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase I
Other names in common use include UDP-glucose:lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase I, lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase ... D-glucosyl-lipopolysaccharide Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are UDP-glucose and lipopolysaccharide, whereas its two ... uridine diphosphate glucose:lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase, I, and uridine diphosphoglucose-lipopolysaccharide ... In enzymology, a lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase I (EC 2.4.1.58) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UDP- ...
*  Lipopolysaccharide 3-alpha-galactosyltransferase
... lipopolysaccharide glucose] Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are UDP-galactose and lipopolysaccharide, whereas its two ... lipopolysaccharide, alpha-3-galactosyltransferase, uridine diphosphogalactose-lipopolysaccharide, and alpha,3- ... In enzymology, a lipopolysaccharide 3-alpha-galactosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.44) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-galactose:lipopolysaccharide 3-alpha-D-galactosyltransferase. Other names in ...
*  Lipopolysaccharide kinase (Kdo/WaaP) family
The family consists of lipopolysaccharide kinases including lipopolysaccharide core heptose(I) kinase rfaP (encoded by the waaP ... Krupa A, Srinivasan N (2002). "Lipopolysaccharide phosphorylating enzymes encoded in the genomes of Gram-negative bacteria are ... In molecular biology, the lipopolysaccharide kinase (Kdo/WaaP) family is a family of kinases. ... rfaP) gene). Lipopolysaccharide core heptose(I) kinase rfaP is required for the addition of phosphate to O-4 of the first ...
*  Cell membrane
The outer membrane of gram negative bacteria is rich in lipopolysaccharides, which are combined poly- or oligosaccharide and ... Alexander, C.; Rietschel, E. T. (2001). "Bacterial lipopolysaccharides and innate immunity". Journal of Endotoxin Research. 7 ( ...
*  Bacterial outer membrane
LptC is required for the translocation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from the inner membrane to the outer membrane. LptE forms a ... Raetz CR, Whitfield C (2002). "Lipopolysaccharide endotoxins". Annu. Rev. Biochem. 71: 635-700. doi:10.1146/annurev.biochem. ... the outer leaflet of the outer membrane of many gram-negative bacteria includes a complex lipopolysaccharide whose lipid ... "Functional analysis of the protein machinery required for transport of lipopolysaccharide to the outer membrane of Escherichia ...
*  Cyanotoxin
Lipopolysaccharides are present in all cyanobacteria. Though not as potent as other cyanotoxins, some researchers have claimed ... Penguin Group USA, ISBN 0-452-29547-5. Stewart I, Schluter PJ, Shaw GR (2006). "Cyanobacterial lipopolysaccharides and human ... alkaloids and lipopolysaccharides (endotoxins). Most cyanotoxins have a number of variants (analogues). As of 1999, altogether ... that all lipopolysaccharides in cyanobacteria can irritate the skin, while other researchers doubt the toxic effects are that ...
*  Committed step
Raetz C, Whitfield C (2002). "Lipopolysaccharide endotoxins" (abstract). Annu Rev Biochem. 71: 635-700. doi:10.1146/annurev. ...
*  Christian R. H. Raetz
Raetz C. Whitfield C (2002). "Lipopolysaccharide endotoxins" (abstract). Annu Rev Biochem. 71: 635-700. doi:10.1146/annurev. ...
*  Lipid A
It is the innermost of the three regions of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS), also called endotoxin molecule, and its hydrophobic ... King, Jerry D; Kocíncová, Dana; Westman, Erin L; Lam, Joseph S (2009). "Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis in Pseudomonas ... "The structural basis of lipopolysaccharide recognition by the TLR4-MD-2 complex". Nature. 458 (7242): 1191-1195. Bibcode: ... Raetz C, Whitfield C (2002). "Lipopolysaccharide endotoxins" (abstract). Annu Rev Biochem. 71 (1): 635-700. doi:10.1146/annurev ...
*  George Siber bibliography
Warren, H S; Kania, S A; Siber, G R (1 July 1985). "Binding and neutralization of bacterial lipopolysaccharide by colistin ... Siber, GR; Kania, SA; Warren, HS (Nov 1985). "Cross-reactivity of rabbit antibodies to lipopolysaccharides of Escherichia coli ... Warren, HS; Knights, CV; Siber, GR (Nov 1986). "Neutralization and lipoprotein binding of lipopolysaccharides in tolerant ... "Neutralization of bacterial lipopolysaccharides by human plasma". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 22 (4): 590-5. PMC 268473 ...
*  NOD-like receptor
Inohara N, Ogura Y, Chen FF, Muto A, Nuñez G (2001). "Human Nod1 confers responsiveness to bacterial lipopolysaccharides". J ...
*  Chlorella
However, more recent studies have found that the lipopolysaccharides in organisms other than Gram-negative bacteria, for ... Stewart, Ian; Schluter, Philip J; Shaw, Glen R (2006). "Cyanobacterial lipopolysaccharides and human health - a review". ... "Immunohistochemical demonstration of a lipopolysaccharide in the cell wall of a eukaryote, the green alga, Chlorella". The ... A 2002 study showed that Chlorella cell walls contain lipopolysaccharides, endotoxins found in Gram-negative bacteria that ...
*  Lysozyme
Ohno N, Morrison DC (March 1989). "Lipopolysaccharide interaction with lysozyme. Binding of lipopolysaccharide to lysozyme and ... In Gram-negative bacteria, the lipopolysaccharide acts as a non-competitive inhibitior by highly-favored binding with lysozyme ... recognize bacterial carbohydrate antigen without lytic activity was reported for tetrasaccharide related to lipopolysaccharide ...
*  Undecaprenyl-phosphate galactose phosphotransferase
Osborn MJ, Tze-Yuen RY (1968). "Biosynthesis of bacterial lipopolysaccharide. VII. Enzymatic formation of the first ...
*  NOD1
2001). "Human Nod1 confers responsiveness to bacterial lipopolysaccharides". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (4): 2551-4. doi:10.1074/jbc. ...
*  Mary Jane Osborn
Her postdoctoral research examined the biosynthesis of lipopolysaccharides. Osborn was elected to the American Academy of Arts ... Her research examining the biosynthesis of lipopolysaccharides resulted in the development of antibiotics effective against ...
*  LPS
... may refer to: Lipopolysaccharide (Endotoxin) Levator palpebrae superioris muscle Leighton Park School in Reading, England ...