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*  Essential fatty acid interactions
Linolenic acid (18:3 ω-3) contributes to this by displacing linoleic acid (18:2 ω-6) from the elongase and desaturase enzymes ... However, the effect is not as strong; the desaturase has a higher affinity for α-linolenic acid than it has for linoleic acid. ... The reverse is also true - high dietary linoleic acid decreases the body's conversion of α-linolenic acid to EPA. ... National Institute of Health (2005-08-01). "Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acid". Archived from the original on ...
*  Lipoxygenase
... arachidonic acid, linoleic acid, dihomo-γ-linolenic acid, and adrenic acid; the omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid, ... docosahexaenoic acid, and alpha-linolenic acid; and the omega-9 fatty acid, mead acid. Certain types of the lipoxygenases, e.g ... ALOX15 actually prefers linoleic acid over arachidonic acid, metabolizing linoleic acid to 12-hydroperoxyoctadecaenoic acid (13 ... polyunsaturated fatty acids such as the Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids and HODEs (i.e. hydroxyoctadecaenoic acids). ...
*  Delta 6 desaturase
... cis-linoleic acid to gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) Palmitic acid to Sapienic acid less efficiently in humans: ALA to Stearidonic ... nevertheless many diets have far more linoleic acid present, resulting in reduced levels of alpha-Linolenic acid to EPA ... GLA deficiencies in animals including humans have shown wide effects down the line -- Dihomogamma-linolenic acid (DGLA) and ... Tetracosatetranoic acid to tetracosapentanoic acid, an intermediate step between EPA to DHA synthesis. D6D is obligatory along ...
*  Punicic acid
... is a conjugated linolenic acid or CLnA; i.e. it has three conjugated double bonds. It is chemically similar to the ... "POLYENOIC FATTY ACIDS". Retrieved 2007-01-11. Tsuzuki T, Kawakami Y, Abe R (1 August 2006). "Conjugated linolenic acid is ... Punicic acid (also called trichosanic acid) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid, 18:3 cis-9, trans-11, cis-13. It is named for the ... methylene-interrupted polyunsaturated fatty acids. In lab rats, punicic acid was converted to the CLA rumenic acid (9Z11E-CLA ...
*  Linseed oil
The triply unsaturated α-linolenic acid (51.9-55.2%), The saturated acids palmitic acid (about 7%) and stearic acid (3.4-4.6 ... Linseed oil is an edible oil in demand as a nutritional supplement, as a source of α-Linolenic acid, (an omega-3 fatty acid). ... Linseed oil is not generally recommended for use in cooking, yet one study does show that the alpha linolenic acid (ALA) while ... Linseed oil is distinctive for its unusually large amount of α-linolenic acid, which has a distinctive reaction with oxygen in ...
*  Linolenic acid
... α-Linolenic acid, an omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid γ-Linolenic acid, an omega-6 (n-6) fatty acid Linoleic acid, a similarly named ... Linolenic acid is a type of fatty acid. It can refer to either of two octadecatrienoic acids (i.e. with an 18-carbon chain and ... Linolenate (in the form of triglyceride esters of linolenic acid) is often found in vegetable oils; traditionally, such fatty ... acylates are reported as the fatty acids: ...
*  Alpha-Linolenic acid
... fatty acid. It is an isomer of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a polyunsaturated n−6 (omega-6) fatty acid. α-Linolenic acid was ... α-Linolenic acid (ALA) is an n−3 fatty acid. It is one of two essential fatty acids (the other being linoleic acid), so called ... synthesis decreases down the cascade of α-linolenic acid conversion, DHA synthesis from α-linolenic acid is even more ... "Conversion of $\alpha$-linolenic acid to longer-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in human adults". Ramon, JM; Bou, R; Romea, S ...
*  Gamma-Linolenic acid
... or GLA (γ-Linolenic acid), (INN and USAN gamolenic acid) is a fatty acid found primarily in vegetable oils ... It is an isomer of α-linolenic acid, which is a polyunsaturated n−3 (omega-3) fatty acid, found in rapeseed canola oil, ... Although there are α- and γ- forms of linolenic acid, there is no β- form. One was once identified, but it turned out to be an ... From GLA, the body forms dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA). This is one of the body's three sources of eicosanoids (along with AA ...
*  Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid
Gamma linolenic acid. Rev. Contemp. Pharmacother. 1, 1-45 Huang, Y.-S. and Mills, D. E. (Eds.), 1996. Gamma-linolenic acid ... "Addition of eicosapentaenoic acid to gamma-linolenic acid-supplemented diets prevents serum arachidonic acid accumulation in ... Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA) is a 20-carbon ω−6 fatty acid. In physiological literature, it is given the name 20:3 (ω−6). ... DGLA production from GLA is enhanced when high levels of alpha-linolenic acid are present, blocking the arachidonic acid ...
*  Oenothera
"Gamma Linolenic Acid". American Cancer Society. 13 May 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2013. Bamford, J. T.; et al. (2013). "Oral ...
*  David Horrobin
ISBN 0-471-56693-4. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Horrobin, David F. (1990). "Gamma linolenic acid". Reviews in ... Horrobin's efforts focused on evening primrose oil, which contains gamma-linolenic acid. In the 1980s, Horrobin sold primrose ... When it was found that borage contained a higher percentage of gamma-linolenic acid than did the evening primrose, rival ... Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids. Science writer Susan Allport, in her book on dietary fatty acids, states that Horrobin ...
*  Oenothera biennis
The nutrient of greatest interest is gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a polyunsaturated fatty acid. For this reason evening primrose ... 327 (7428): 0-h. doi:10.1136/bmj.327.7428.0-h. "Gamma Linolenic Acid". American Cancer Society. 13 May 2010. Retrieved August ... Ziboh, V.A. (2001). "Gamma Linolenic Acid: Recent advances in biotechnology and clinical applications". The American Oil ... GLA, also referred to as C18:3-ω6 fatty acid, is not an essential fatty acid because it can readily be created from linoleic ...
*  Linola
This variety was developed to provide a source of edible linseed oil with a low alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) content of ... J. C. P. Dribnenkil and A. G. Green (1995). "Linola '947' low linolenic acid flax". Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 75 (1): ... It also has a correspondingly higher content of the linoleic acid, omega-6 fatty acid, around 65% to 75%. The lower level of ... bred for producing linseed oil with a low alpha-linolenic acid content. Linola was developed in the early 1990s by the ...
*  Vegetable oil
Berry, E.M. & Hirsch, J. (1986). "Does dietary linolenic acid influence blood pressure?". American Journal of Clinical ... partial hydrogenation results in the transformation of unsaturated cis fatty acids to unsaturated trans fatty acids in the oil ... "Fats and fatty acids contents per 100 g (click for "more details") example: avocado oil; user can search for other oils". ... Factors influencing fatty acid chain elongation and desaturation, in the role of fats in human nutrition (2 ed.). Academic ...
*  Cunninghamella echinulata
Growth of this fungus on organic nitrogen leads yields lipids rich in γ-linolenic acid (GLA). The presence of an active ... The fungus is able to synthesize γ-linolenic acid. It also possesses the ability to bioabsorb metals, with the highest levels ... Gema, H.; Kavadia, A.; Dimou, D.; Tsagou, V.; Komaitis, M.; Aggelis, G. "Production of γ-linolenic acid by Cunninghamella ... and is currently of interest to the biotechnology industry due to its ability to synthesize γ-linolenic acid as well as its ...
*  Sten Stymne
Stymne, Sten (1980). "The biosynthesis of linoleic and linolenic acids in plants". ISBN 9157607044. OCLC 63571586. The ... "The biosynthesis of linoleic and linolenic acids in plants". The following year, Stymne was appointed associate Professor of ... Later in his career, Stymne focused on studying the biochemical processes involved in the biosynthesis of exotic fatty acids, ... previously identified only in animals and responsible for transferring fatty acids between phospholipids and diacylglycerol ...
*  Blackcurrant
... seed oil is rich in vitamin E and unsaturated fatty acids, including alpha-linolenic acid and gamma-linolenic acid ... Traitler, H; Winter, H; Richli, U; Ingenbleek, Y (1984). "Characterization of gamma-linolenic acid in Ribes seed". Lipids. 19 ( ... It can be made into jams and jellies which set readily because of the fruit's high content of pectin and acid. For culinary use ...
*  Fish oil
"Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acid". Retrieved 4 February 2014. Montgomery P, Richardson AJ (2008). Montgomery ... Fish oils contain the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), precursors of certain ... Algae Docosahexaenoic acid Eicosapentaenoic acid Krill oil Lovaza Shark liver oil Moghadasian, Mohammed H. (2008). "Advances in ... Heinze, VM; Actis, AB (February 2012). "Dietary conjugated linoleic acid and long-chain n-3 fatty acids in mammary and prostate ...
*  Polyunsaturated fat
"Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acid". Mayo Clinic. 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017. "Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Health ... Omega-3 fatty acids have a double bond three carbons away from the methyl carbon, whereas omega-6 fatty acids have a double ... The illustration below shows the omega-6 fatty acid, linoleic acid. While it is the nutritional aspects of polyunsaturated fats ... High levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), however, the most abundant omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid in erythrocyte (red ...
*  Jasmonate
It is biosynthesized from linolenic acid in chloroplast membranes. Synthesis is initiated with the conversion of linolenic acid ... jasmonic acid. Only the conversion of linolenic acid to OPDA occurs in the chloroplast; all subsequent reactions occur in the ... Arachidonic acid (AA), the counterpart of the JA precursor α-LeA occurring in metazoan species but not in plants, is perceived ... Specifically, JA-Ile binds both to a ligand-binding pocket in COI1 and to a 20 amino-acid stretch of the conserved Jas motif in ...
*  Ribes
Currant root and seeds are high in gamma-linolenic acid (GLA). GLA has been clinically verified as an effective treatment for ...
*  Trans,cis-2,6-Nonadienal
Isotopic labeling has indicated that nonadienal is formed from alpha-linolenic acid. Such reactions are typically catalyzed by ... "Linoleic and linolenic acid as precursors of the cucumber flavor". Lipids. 6 (5): 351-352. doi:10.1007/BF02531828. ...
*  Jasmonic acid
It is biosynthesized from linolenic acid by the octadecanoid pathway. Its biosynthesis starts from the fatty acid linolenic ... In the absence of enzyme, this iso-jasmonic acid isomerizes to jasmonic acid . The major function of JA and its various ... This conversion is catalyzed by the jasmonic acid carboxyl methyltransferase enzyme. It is also be conjugated to amino acids in ... Jasmonic acid (JA) is an organic compound found in several plants including jasmine. The molecule is a member of the jasmonate ...
*  Eicosanoid
Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA), 8Z, 11Z,14Z-eicosatrienoic acid is an ω-6 fatty acid with three cis double bonds, each ... di-homo-γ-linolenic acid viz., 8,9-epoxy-eicosadienoic acid (8,9-EpEDE), 11,12-EpEDE, and 14,15-EpEDE; and d) adrenic acid viz ... and epoxyeicosatetraenoic acids as well as the metabolism of dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid to prostanoids and mead acid to 5(S)- ... Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), i.e.i.e. 5Z, 8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z-eicosapentaenoic acid is an ω-3 fatty acid with five cis double bonds ...
*  Dairy cattle
... palmitic acid found in granular fats and dry fats; and linolenic acids which are found in cottonseed, safflower, sunflower, and ... Some of these different fats include oleic acids, found in canola oil, animal tallow, and yellow grease; ...
*  Salvia
... produces edible seeds high in protein and in the omega-3 fatty acid, α-linolenic acid (ALA). Salvia involucrata: roseleaf sage ...
*  Soybean oil
The major unsaturated fatty acids in soybean oil triglycerides are the polyunsaturates alpha-linolenic acid (C-18:3), 7-10%, ... and palmitic acid (C-16:0), 10%. The high-proportion of oxidation-prone linolenic acid is undesirable for some uses, such as ... and linoleic acid (C-18:2), 51%; and the monounsaturate oleic acid (C-18:1), 23%. It also contains the saturated fatty acids ... Hydrogenation may be used to reduce the unsaturation in linolenic acid. The resulting oil is called hydrogenated soybean oil. ...