*  Essential fatty acid interactions
In the arachidonic acid cascade, dietary linoleic acid (18:2 ω-6) is desaturated and lengthened to form arachidonic acid, ... Linolenic acid (18:3 ω-3) contributes to this by displacing linoleic acid (18:2 ω-6) from the elongase and desaturase enzymes ... However, the effect is not as strong; the desaturase has a higher affinity for α-linolenic acid than it has for linoleic acid. ... Most AA in the human body derives from dietary linoleic acid (another essential fatty acid, 18:2 ω-6), which is derived from ...
*  Lipoxygenase
... arachidonic acid, linoleic acid, dihomo-γ-linolenic acid, and adrenic acid; the omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid, ... ALOX15 actually prefers linoleic acid over arachidonic acid, metabolizing linoleic acid to 12-hydroperoxyoctadecaenoic acid (13 ... docosahexaenoic acid, and alpha-linolenic acid; and the omega-9 fatty acid, mead acid. Certain types of the lipoxygenases, e.g ... Also, human ALOX15 prefers linoleic acid over arachidonic acid as a substrate, metabolizing it to 13-HpODE while Alox15 has ...
*  Delta 6 desaturase
... cis-linoleic acid to gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) Palmitic acid to Sapienic acid less efficiently in humans: ALA to Stearidonic ... has greater affinity for ALA than for linoleic acid, nevertheless many diets have far more linoleic acid present, resulting in ... Tetracosatetranoic acid to tetracosapentanoic acid, an intermediate step between EPA to DHA synthesis. D6D is obligatory along ... EctoGEM: 1.14.19.3-RXN Lee JM, Lee H, Kang S, Park WJ (January 2016). "Fatty Acid Desaturases, Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid ...
*  Hydroperoxide dehydratase
... linoleic acid hydroperoxide isomerase, HPI, (9Z,11E,14Z)-(13S)-hydroperoxyoctadeca-9,11,14-trienoate, and 12,13-hydro-lyase. As ... Esselman WJ, Clagett CO (1974). "Products of linoleic hydroperoxide-decomposing enzyme of alfalfa seed". J. Lipid Res. 15 (2): ... doi:10.1016/0005-2760(87)90313-4. Hamberg M (1988). "Biosynthesis of 12-oxo-10,15(Z)-phytodienoic acid: identification of an ... Hamberg M (1987). "Mechanism of corn hydroperoxide isomerase - detection of 12,13(S)-oxido-9(Z),11-octadecadienoic acid". ...
*  Punicic acid
It is chemically similar to the conjugated linoleic acids, or CLA, which have two. It has been erroneous classified as "n-5" or ... Punicic acid (also called trichosanic acid) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid, 18:3 cis-9, trans-11, cis-13. It is named for the ... Polyunsaturated fatty acids-conjugated fatty acids Cyberlipid. "POLYENOIC FATTY ACIDS". Retrieved 2007-01-11. Tsuzuki T, ... methylene-interrupted polyunsaturated fatty acids. In lab rats, punicic acid was converted to the CLA rumenic acid (9Z11E-CLA ...
*  Conjugated linoleic acid
... is both a trans fatty acid and a cis fatty acid. The cis bond causes a lower melting point and ... Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are a family of at least 28 isomers of linoleic acid found mostly in the meat and dairy ... "Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) Content of Milk from Cows Offered Diets Rich in Linoleic and Linolenic Acid". Journal of Dairy ... "Metabolism of Linoleic Acid by Human Gut Bacteria: Different Routes for Biosynthesis of Conjugated Linoleic Acid". Journal of ...
*  Clas
Conjugated linoleic acids. ...
*  Mealworm
... s contain essential linoleic acids as well. They also have greater vitamin content by weight compared to beef, B12 not ...
*  List of vegetable oils
Apple seed oil, high in linoleic acid. Argan oil, from the seeds of the Argania spinosa, is a food oil from Morocco developed ... Egusi seed oil, from the seeds of Cucumeropsis mannii naudin, is particularly rich in linoleic acid. Pumpkin seed oil, a ... Composed predominantly of oleic and linoleic acids. The greenish yellow edible oil has a pleasant taste and odor. Papaya seed ... Nearly equal content of oleic and linoleic acids. Pequi oil, extracted from the seeds of Caryocar brasiliense. Used in Brazil ...
*  Delta12-fatty acid dehydrogenase
This enzyme participates in linoleic acid metabolism. The systematic name of this enzyme class is linoleate, hydrogen-donor: ... In enzymology, a Delta12-fatty acid dehydrogenase (EC 1.14.99.33) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction linoleate ... Other names in common use include crepenynate synthase and linoleate Delta12-fatty acid acetylenase (desaturase). S (1997). " ... "Biosynthesis of an acetylenic fatty acid in microsomal preparations from developing seeds Crepis alpina. Physiol. Biochem. Mol ...
*  Linoleate 11-lipoxygenase
This enzyme participates in linoleic acid metabolism. Hamberg M, Su C, Oliw E (1998). "Manganese lipoxygenase. Discovery of a ... Oliw EH, Su C, Skogstrom T, Benthin G (1998). "Analysis of novel hydroperoxides and other metabolites of oleic, linoleic, and ... linolenic acids by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with ion trap MSn". Lipids. 33 (9): 843-52. doi:10.1007/s11745-998- ...
*  Linoleate isomerase
This enzyme is also called linoleic acid isomerase. This enzyme participates in linoleic acid metabolism. Kepler CR, Tove SB ( ... 1967). "Biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids. 3. Purification and properties of a linoleate delta-12-cis, delta-11-trans ...
*  Linoleoyl-CoA desaturase
... fatty acid 6-desaturase, linoleate desaturase, linoleic desaturase, linoleic acid desaturase, linoleoyl CoA desaturase, ... linoleoyl-coenzyme A desaturase, and long-chain fatty acid Delta6-desaturase. This enzyme participates in linoleic acid ... Other names in common use include Delta6-desaturase, Delta6-fatty acyl-CoA desaturase, Delta6-acyl CoA desaturase, fatty acid ...
*  Linoleate diol synthase
This enzyme participates in linoleic acid metabolism. Brodowsky ID, Hamberg M, Oliw EH (1992). "A linoleic acid (8R)- ... Biosynthesis of (8R)-hydroxylinoleic acid and (7S,8S)-dihydroxylinoleic acid from (8R)-hydroperoxylinoleic acid". J. Biol. Chem ... Hamberg M, Zhang LY, Brodowsky ID, Oliw EH (1994). "Sequential oxygenation of linoleic acid in the fungus Gaeumannomyces ... Oliw EH, Su C, Skogstrom T, Benthin G (1998). "Analysis of novel hydroperoxides and other metabolites of oleic, linoleic, and ...
*  Poppyseed oil
... is high in linoleic acid. Although not generally higher than safflower oil, it can be as high as 74.5%. Other ... Poppyseed oil has relatively little oleic acid. Peanut oil and rapeseed oil have far more oleic acid and are less expensive, ... Guerbet M (1966). "[Experimental study of an intravascularly injectable solution of fatty acid esters of iodized poppyseed oil ... Abe S, Otsuki M (November 2002). "Styrene maleic acid neocarzinostatin treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma". Current ...
*  Avocado
... is monounsaturated fat as oleic acid. Other predominant fats include palmitic acid and linoleic acid. The saturated fat content ... Avocado leaves contain a toxic fatty acid derivative, persin, which in sufficient quantity can cause colic in horses and ... palmitic acid). Although costly to produce, nutrient-rich avocado oil has diverse uses for salads or cooking and in cosmetics ...
*  Calendic acid
It is chemically similar to the conjugated linoleic acids; laboratory work suggests it may have similar in vitro bioactivities ... Calendic acid is an omega-6 fatty acid. though not usually listed with this group. Calendic acid is synthesised in Calendula ... Calendic acid (sometimes α-calendic acid) is an unsaturated fatty acid, named for the pot marigold (Calendula officinalis), ... Calendic acid is the fatty acid responsible for the reduction in feed intake and improved feed utilization in mice when ...
*  Conjugated fatty acid
Polyunsaturated fatty acids Conjugated linoleic acid Rawat, Richa; Yu, Xiao-Hong; Sweet, Marie; Shanklin, John (26 March 2012 ... An example conjugated fatty acid is conjugated linoleic acid: The conjugation results in delocalization of electrons along the ... Conjugated fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids in which at least one pair of double bonds are separated by only one ... "Conjugated Fatty Acid Synthesis". Journal of Biological Chemistry. 287: 16230-16237. doi:10.1074/jbc.M111.325316. ...
*  Chicken fat
Of animal-sourced substances, chicken fat is noted for being high in linoleic acid, an omega-6 fatty acid. Linoleic acid levels ... Typical Fatty-Acid Compositions of Some Common Fats Pet Food Ingredients Environmental Economics: Bioidiesel easycooking- ...
*  Feta
... , as a sheep dairy product, contains up to 1.9% Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which corresponds to 0.8% of its fat ... Rainer, Lisa; Heiss, Cynthia J. (2004). "Conjugated linoleic acid: Health implications and effects on body composition". ... Feta also has significant amounts of vitamins A and K, folic acid, pantothenic acid, iron and magnesium. It is lower in fat and ... "A comparative study of fatty acid composition and CLA concentration in commercial cheeses". Journal of Food Composition and ...
*  1-Octen-3-ol
Octenol is formed during oxidative breakdown of linoleic acid. It is also a wine fault, defined as a cork taint, occurring in ...
*  Saint Boniface Hospital
"Suppression of Cardiac Myocyte Hypertrophy by Conjugated Linoleic Acid". Journal of Biological Chemistry. American Society for ... 2009). "Bioavailability of alpha-linolenic acid from flaxseed diets as a function of the age of the subject". European Journal ...
*  Dactylellina haptotyla
Linoleic acid, has been identified in the mycelial extracts. It is an aliphatic compound that is antibacterial and nematocidal ...
*  Iris spuria subsp. musulmanica
They contained linoleic acid (40%) and oleic acid (30%). In 2012, a study was carried out on the seed germination of Iris ... The oil content and methyl esters of fatty acids of the seed were also examined. ...
*  Jatropha curcas
The oil is largely made up of oleic and linoleic acids. Furthermore, the plant also contains curcasin, arachidic, myristic, ... The seeds contain around 20% saturated fatty acids and 80% unsaturated fatty acids, and they yield 25-40% oil by weight. In ... It is made by adding sulfuric acid to pure Jatropha oil. It was the first synthetic detergent after ordinary soap, as this ... Transesterification is a simple chemical reaction that neutralizes the free fatty acids present in any fatty substances in ...
*  Buffalo gourd oil
The oil's fatty acid composition is dominated by linoleic acid (64.5%) and oleic acid (17.1%). "Squashes, Gourds and Pumpkins ...
*  Artificial marbling
... or fatty acids such as conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in powder form. Research into artificial marbling through fat injection ... "Injection of conjugated linoleic acid into beef strip loins" (PDF). Meat Sci. 75 (1): 84-93. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2006.07.006 ... study by Tyson Foods and the University of Arkansas used beef strip loin and injected it with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in ...