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*  Protein metabolism
Glutamine Special cases Cysteine Selenocysteine Glycine Proline Hydrophobic side chains Alanine Valine Isoleucine Leucine ...
*  Essential amino acid
The nine amino acids humans cannot synthesize are phenylalanine, valine, threonine, tryptophan, methionine, leucine, isoleucine ... leucine, isoleucine, methionine, valine, and arginine, in addition to threonine. Rose's later work showed that eight amino ...
*  ARTS-1
Adipocyte-derived leucine aminopeptidase (ALAP) Puromycin-insensitive leucine aminopeptidase (PILS-AP) ERAP1 has two major ... "Genomic organization of the human adipocyte-derived leucine aminopeptidase gene and its relationship to the placental leucine ... "Molecular cloning of adipocyte-derived leucine aminopeptidase highly related to placental leucine aminopeptidase/oxytocinase". ... Shibata D, Ando H, Iwase A, Nagasaka T, Hattori A, Tsujimoto M, Mizutani S (2004). "Distribution of Adipocyte-derived Leucine ...
*  Leucine
Both L-leucine and D-leucine protect mice against seizures. D-leucine also terminates seizures in mice after the onset of ... Leucines, the isomers and derivatives of leucine Leucine zipper, a common motif in transcription factor proteins Dawson, R.M.C ... and urinary leucine excretion were observed with leucine intakes >500 mg · kg⁻¹ · d⁻¹. The oxidation of l-[1-¹³C]-leucine ... Combined leucine use in these two tissues is seven times greater than in the liver. Leucine is rapidly taken up into the brain ...
*  Leucine zipper
The leucine zipper is a common three-dimensional structural motif in proteins and it has that name because leucines occur every ... A leucine zipper, a.k.a. leucine scissors, is a common three-dimensional structural motif in proteins. They were first ... Leucine zippers are a dimerization domain of the bZIP (Basic-region leucine zipper) class of eukaryotic transcription factors. ... In the case of leucine zippers, leucines are predominant at the d position of the heptad repeat. These residues pack against ...
*  Leucine transaminase
Other names in common use include L-leucine aminotransferase, leucine 2-oxoglutarate transaminase, leucine aminotransferase, ... In enzymology, a leucine transaminase (EC 2.6.1.6) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-leucine + 2-oxoglutarate ... This enzyme participates in 3 metabolic pathways: valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation, valine, leucine and isoleucine ... Leucine (methionine) transaminase of rat liver mitochondria". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 445 (3): 622-31. doi:10.1016/0005-2744(76 ...
*  Leucine dehydrogenase
In enzymology, a leucine dehydrogenase (EC 1.4.1.9) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-leucine + H2O + NAD+ ... This enzyme participates in valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation and valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis. As of ... Other names in common use include L-leucine dehydrogenase, L-leucine:NAD+ oxidoreductase, deaminating, and LeuDH. ... Sanwal BD & Zink MW (1961). "L-Leucine dehydrogenase of Bacillus cereus". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 94: 430-435. doi:10.1016/0003 ...
*  Leucine operon leader
The Leucine operon leader is an RNA element found upstream of the first gene in the Leucine biosynthetic operon. The leader ... This structure forms when the cell has an excess of leucine and ribosome movement over the leader transcript is not impeded. ... The leader also codes for very short peptide sequence that is rich in leucine amino acid. The terminator structure is ... Page for Leucine operon leader at Rfam. ...
*  Leucine-rich repeat
... s are frequently involved in the formation of protein-protein interactions. Leucine-rich repeat motifs have ... Leucine zipper Kobe B, Deisenhofer J (October 1994). "The leucine-rich repeat: a versatile binding motif". Trends Biochem. Sci ... with the absence of the beta-sheets present in other leucine-rich repeats. Leucine-rich repeats are often flanked by N-terminal ... A leucine-rich repeat (LRR) is a protein structural motif that forms an α/β horseshoe fold. It is composed of repeating 20-30 ...
*  Leucine N-acetyltransferase
The systematic name of this enzyme class is acetyl-CoA:L-leucine N-acetyltransferase. This enzyme is also called leucine ... N-acetyl-L-leucine Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acetyl-CoA and L-leucine, whereas its two products are CoA and N ... In enzymology, a leucine N-acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.66) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction acetyl-CoA + L- ... Isolation and properties of an enzyme synthesizing acetyl-L-leucine". J. Antibiot. 33 (8): 857-862. doi:10.7164/antibiotics. ...
*  Bacterial Leucine Transporter
... in this case leucine). The transport is not dependent on any other source of energy (for example, ATP). Leucine transporter, ... Bacterial Leucine Transporter imports leucine from the outside of the cell to the inside with the aid of two sodium ions. It is ... Leucine and alanine are the main amino acids that this protein brings across the membrane since it has a high affinity for ... Bacterial Leucine Transporter (LeuT) is a bundled twelve alpha helix protein which belongs to the family of transporters that ...
*  Leucine-tRNA ligase
... leucine-tRNA synthetase, and leucine translase. This enzyme participates in valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis and ... In enzymology, a leucine-tRNA ligase (EC 6.1.1.4) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + L-leucine + tRNALeu ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-leucine:tRNALeu ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include leucyl- ... L-leucine, and tRNA(Leu), whereas its 3 products are AMP, diphosphate, and L-leucyl-tRNA(Leu). This enzyme belongs to the ...
*  L-Photo-Leucine
As mentioned in the introduction, L-Photo-Leucine is a synthetic derivative of the L- Leucine amino acid. L-Photo-Leucine is ... L-Photo-Leucine is a synthetic derivative of the L-Leucine amino acid that is used as its natural analog and is characterized ... L-Photo-Leucine resembles L-Leucine in its structure. However, the latter contains a photo-activatable diazirine ring, which ... In the absence of the original amino acid (L-Leucine) in an environment, L-Photo-Leucine is used just as its naturally ...
*  Leucine carboxyl methyltransferase 1
... is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the LCMT1 gene. LCMT1 has been shown to interact ... "Entrez Gene: LCMT1 leucine carboxyl methyltransferase 1". Rual JF, Venkatesan K, Hao T, Hirozane-Kishikawa T, Dricot A, Li N, ... Lee JA, Pallas DC (Oct 2007). "Leucine carboxyl methyltransferase-1 is necessary for normal progression through mitosis in ... "Purification of porcine brain protein phosphatase 2A leucine carboxyl methyltransferase and cloning of the human homologue". ...
*  Leucines
The leucines are primarily the four isomeric amino acids: leucine, isoleucine, tert-leucine and norleucine. Being compared with ... Leucine and isoleucine belong to the proteinogenic amino acids; the others are non-natural. Including the stereoisomers, six ... further isomers could be added: D-leucine, D-isoleucine, L-allo-isoleucine, D-allo-isoleucine, D-tert-leucine and D-norleucine ...
*  Leucine-responsive regulatory protein
Leucine responsive protein, or Lrp, is a global regulator protein, meaning that it regulates the biosynthesis of leucine, as ... Leucine-Responsive Regulatory Protein at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). ... de los Rios S, Perona JJ (March 2007). "Structure of the Escherichia coli leucine-responsive regulatory protein Lrp reveals a ...
*  Leucine 2,3-aminomutase
... beta-leucine Hence, this enzyme is responsible for the conversion of L-leucine to β-leucine. This enzyme belongs to the family ... In enzymology, a leucine 2,3-aminomutase (EC 5.4.3.7) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction (2S)-alpha-leucine ⇌ {\ ... Poston JM (1976). "Leucine 2,3-aminomutase, an enzyme of leucine catabolism". J. Biol. Chem. 251 (7): 1859-63. PMID 1270414. ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is (2S)-alpha-leucine 2,3-aminomutase. This enzyme participates in valine, leucine and ...
*  Leucine rich repeat containing 15
... is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LRRC15 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ... Satoh, K; Hata, M; Yokota, H (2002). "A novel member of the leucine-rich repeat superfamily induced in rat astrocytes by beta- ... Leucine rich repeat containing 15". Retrieved 2014-08-25. Muzny, D. M.; Scherer, S. E.; Kaul, R.; Wang, J.; Yu, J.; Sudbrak, R ...
*  Leucine rich repeat containing 3
... is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LRRC3 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ...
*  Phosphatase 2A protein)-leucine-carboxy methyltransferase
... (EC 2.1.1.233, leucine carboxy methyltransferase-1, LCMT1) is an ... leucine methyl ester Methylates the C-terminal leucine of phosphatase 2A. De Baere, I.; Derua, R.; Janssens, V.; Van Hoof, C.; ... phosphatase 2A protein)-leucine-carboxy methyltransferase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH ... Tsai, M.L.; Cronin, N.; Djordjevic, S. (2011). "The structure of human leucine carboxyl methyltransferase 1 that regulates ...
*  Leucine-rich repeats and iq motif containing 1
The Leucine-Rich Repeat domain is found in three isoforms of LRRIQ1. LRRIQ1 contains 4 Leucine Rich Repeats (LRR). The LRR ... Leucine-rich repeats and IQ motif containing 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LRRIQ1 gene. The protein is likely ... "LRRIQ1 leucine-rich repeats and IQ motif containing 1 [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved ... The leucine-rich repeat forms a structural horseshoe shape, which encourages protein-protein interactions. The most common ...
*  Leucine-rich repeats and death domain containing 1
... is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LRRD1 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl ... Leucine-rich repeats and death domain containing 1". Retrieved 2016-02-22. ...
*  Leucine-rich repeat receptor like protein kinase PEPR1
PEPR 1 is a receptor kinase with extra cellular leucine rich repeat motif and functions as a receptor for AtPEPs. In addition, ... PEP Receptor 1 (PEPR 1) and its homologous PEP Receptor 2 (PEPR 2) are plant cell membrane localized Leucine-rich repeat (LRR) ... Yamaguchi, Yube; Pearce, Gregory; Ryan, Clarence A. (2006-06-27). "The cell surface leucine-rich repeat receptor for AtPep1, an ...
*  Basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper transcription factors
... are, as their name indicates, transcription factors containing both ... Basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper transcription factors at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings ( ... Basic helix-loop-helix and leucine zipper motifs. Examples include Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor and Sterol ...
*  Acidic leucine-rich nuclear phosphoprotein 32 family member A
... is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ANP32A gene. It is ... Acidic leucine-rich nuclear phosphoprotein 32 family member A has been shown to interact with MAP1B, TAF1A and Protein SET. ... 1997). "The cerebellar leucine-rich acidic nuclear protein interacts with ataxin-1". Nature. 389 (6654): 974-8. doi:10.1038/ ... "Entrez Gene: ANP32A Acidic (leucine-rich) nuclear phosphoprotein 32 family, member A". Opal, Puneet; Garcia Jesus J; Propst ...