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*  Superior laryngeal nerve
... the internal laryngeal nerve (sensory), which supplies sensory fibers to the laryngeal mucosa, and the external laryngeal nerve ... the external laryngeal nerve and the internal laryngeal nerve. The external laryngeal nerve is the smaller, external branch. It ... All intrinsic laryngeal muscles except the cricothyroids are innervated by the recurrent laryngeal nerve. The cricothyroid ... By comparison with the recurrent laryngeal nerves, the superior laryngeal nerve takes a more direct route on the way to the ...
*  Erythroplakia
Erythroplasia may also occur on the laryngeal mucosa, or the anal mucosa. Erythroplakia has an unknown cause but researchers ... Boy SC (Nov 2012). "Leukoplakia and erythroplakia of the oral mucosa-- a brief overview". SADJ: journal of the South African ... Erythroplakia of the genital mucosae is often referred to as erythroplasia of Queyrat. The most common areas in the mouth where ... Any lesion of the oral mucosa that presents as bright red velvety plaques which cannot be characterized clinically or ...
*  Oedema glottidis
... as the abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues involving the supraglottic and subglottic region where laryngeal mucosa is ... It is also known as Laryngeal Oedema. PL Dhingra, Shruti Dhingra and Deeksha Dhingra. 2016. Diseases of Ent, Nose and Throat & ...
*  Neuroendocrine cell
They are located in the nasal respiratory epithelium, laryngeal mucosa and throughout the entire respiratory tract from the ...
*  Pepsin
Exposure of laryngeal mucosa to enzymatically active pepsin, but not irreversibly inactivated pepsin or acid, results in ... Johnston N, Dettmar PW, Lively MO, Postma GN, Belafsky PC, Birchall M, Koufman JA (Jan 2006). "Effect of pepsin on laryngeal ... Johnston N, Wells CW, Blumin JH, Toohill RJ, Merati AL (Dec 2007). "Receptor-mediated uptake of pepsin by laryngeal epithelial ... implications for reflux attributed laryngeal disease". The Laryngoscope. 117 (6): 1036-9. doi:10.1097/MLG.0b013e31804154c3. ...
*  List of MeSH codes (A04)
... laryngeal mucosa MeSH A04.760.600 --- nasal mucosa MeSH A04.760.600.640 --- olfactory mucosa MeSH A04.760.600.640.640 --- ... laryngeal mucosa MeSH A04.329.597.320 --- goblet cells MeSH A04.329.604 --- laryngeal muscles MeSH A04.411.125 --- bronchi MeSH ... nasal mucosa MeSH A04.531.520.320 --- goblet cells MeSH A04.531.520.573 --- olfactory mucosa MeSH A04.531.520.573.580 --- ... File "2006 MeSH Trees".) MeSH A04.329.364 --- glottis MeSH A04.329.364.737 --- vocal cords MeSH A04.329.591 --- laryngeal ...
*  Xerostomia
Photophobia (light intolerance). Dryness of other mucosae, e.g., nasal, laryngeal, and/or genital. Burning sensation. Itching ... Mucosa that appears dry. A lack of saliva pooling in the floor of the mouth during examination. Dysphagia - difficulty ... Lozenges are soft and gentle on the mouth and there is a belief that prolonged contact with the oral mucosa mechanically ... These are viscous products which are applied to the oral mucosa, which can be found in the form of sprays, gels, oils, ...
*  White sponge nevus
Less commonly, sites outside the mouth are affected, including the nasal, esophageal, laryngeal, anal and genital mucosae. It ... Most usually, the lesions are on the buccal mucosa, but sometimes on the labial mucosa, alveolar ridge, floor of the mouth, ... White sponge nevus (WSN, or white sponge naevus, Cannon's disease, hereditary leukokeratosis of mucosa, white sponge nevus of ... which causes a defect in the normal process of keratinization of the mucosa. This results in lesions which are thick, white and ...
*  Neoplasm
RASSF1A and FHIT in laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas and adjacent normal mucosa". Oral Oncol. 47 (2): 104-7. doi:10.1016/j. ... field defect in the colonic mucosa: an initiating step in the development of mismatch repair-deficient colorectal cancers". Gut ...
*  Cancer epigenetics
RASSF1A and FHIT in laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas and adjacent normal mucosa". Oral Oncol. 47 (2): 104-7. doi:10.1016/j. ... However, in colon tumors compared to adjacent normal-appearing colonic mucosa, there are about 600 to 800 heavily methylated ... field defect in the colonic mucosa: an initiating step in the development of mismatch repair-deficient colorectal cancers". Gut ... CpG islands in promoters of genes in the tumors while these CpG islands are not methylated in the adjacent mucosa. Manipulation ...
*  O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase
RASSF1A and FHIT in laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas and adjacent normal mucosa". Oral Oncol. 47 (2): 104-7. doi:10.1016/j. ... and DAPK genes in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and their associations with clinical profiles of the patients". Head Neck. ... field defect in the colonic mucosa: an initiating step in the development of mismatch repair-deficient colorectal cancers". Gut ...
*  Thyroplasty
Malignant diseases of the endolaryngeal mucosa. Previous history of radiation therapy to the larynx for treatment of laryngeal ... Unilateral superior laryngeal nerve weakness. The main aim of this combination is relaxation and increased mass of one vocal ... Recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis with lateralized arytenoid. Non-rotating aarytenoid. Medial vocal cord fixation. Arytenoid ... There is increase in average phonation time (from 4.6 seconds to 15 seconds). It provides static change to the laryngeal ...
*  List of MeSH codes (A10)
... mouth mucosa MeSH A10.615.550.760 --- respiratory mucosa MeSH A10.615.550.760.520 --- laryngeal mucosa MeSH A10.615.550.760. ... gastric mucosa MeSH A10.615.550.291.150 --- chief cells, gastric MeSH A10.615.550.291.162 --- enterochromaffin cells MeSH ... intestinal mucosa MeSH A10.615.550.444.290 --- enterocytes MeSH A10.615.550.444.321 --- goblet cells MeSH A10.615.550.444.700 ... olfactory mucosa MeSH A10.615.550.760.600.640.640 --- olfactory receptor neurons MeSH A10.615.789 --- serous membrane MeSH ...
*  Special needs dentistry
The paleness of oral mucosa and ulcers are also commonly found in these patients. Furthermore, oral infections such as dental ... The advance case of Leukemia may include malaise, cervical lymphadenopathy, laryngeal pain and fever. Leukemia is managed by ... Ecchymosis mainly presents on buccal mucosa or tongue. The gingival enlargement or overgrowth is another common manifestation ...
*  Tongue
The upper surface of the tongue is covered in masticatory mucosa a type of oral mucosa which is of keratinized stratified ... internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (itself a branch of the vagus nerve, CN X) ... The oral mucosa is very thin underneath the tongue, and is underlain by a plexus of veins. The sublingual route takes advantage ...
*  Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli
EAEC are defined by their "stacked-brick" pattern of adhesion to the human laryngeal epithelial cell line HEp-2. The ... pathogenesis of EAEC involves the aggregation of and adherence of the bacteria to the intestinal mucosa, where they elaborate ...
*  Plummer-Vinson syndrome
Laryngeal crepitus is found normally and is produced because the cricoid cartilage rubs against the vertebrae. The cause of PVS ... PVS sufferers often complain of a burning sensation with the tongue and oral mucosa, and atrophy of lingual papillae produces a ... Biopsy of involved mucosa typically reveals epithelial atrophy (shrinking) and varying amounts of submucosal chronic ... Dizziness Pallor of the conjuctiva and face Erythematous oral mucosa with burning sensation Breathelessness Atropic and smooth ...
*  Larynx
Laryngeal perichondritis, the inflammation of the perichondrium of laryngeal cartilages, causing airway obstruction. Laryngeal ... Similarly, only mammals possess a true epiglottis, although a flap of non-cartilagenous mucosa is found in a similar position ... Sensory innervation to the glottis and laryngeal vestibule is by the internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve. The ... by the superior laryngeal nerve. Injury to the external laryngeal nerve causes weakened phonation because the vocal folds ...
*  Singing
It has also been shown that a more powerful voice may be achieved with a fatter and fluid-like vocal fold mucosa. The more ... Registers originate in laryngeal function. They occur because the vocal folds are capable of producing several different ... These different kinds of laryngeal function are described as different kinds of vocal registers. The primary method for singers ... Speech pathologists identify four vocal registers based on the physiology of laryngeal function: the vocal fry register, the ...
*  Histology of the vocal folds
The squamous mucosa also differentiates into three distinct layers (the lamina propria) on the free edge of the vocal folds. ... The squamous cell epithelium of the anterior glottis are also a frequent site of laryngeal cancer caused by smoking. A voice ... It causes a menstrual-like cycle in the vocal fold epithelium and a drying out of the mucosa with a reduction in secretions of ... This causes the vocal fold mucosa to appear floppy with excessive movement of the cover that has been described as looking like ...
*  Guttural pouch
As the guttural pouches are covered by respiratory epithelium and mucosa, they have the potential to be affected by all ... with vagus nerve involvement there may be laryngeal hemiplegia (roaring) or difficulty swallowing (also if glossopharyngeal ...
*  Laryngotracheal reconstruction
"Effect of harvesting autogenous laryngeal cartilage for laryngotracheal reconstruction on laryngeal growth and support". The ... placement of an anterior costal cartilage graft with buccal mucosa and a stent and was eventually decannulated. Fearon and ... In 1938, Looper rotated the hyoid bone to augment a stenotic adult laryngeal fracture sustained in a railroad accident. In 1968 ... Gerwat, J.; Bryce, D. P. (1974-06-01). "The management of subglottic laryngeal stenosis by resection and direct anastomosis". ...
*  Respiratory system of the horse
The horse's olfactory receptors are located in the mucosa of the upper nasal cavity. Due to the length of the nasal cavity, ... Influenza Left Recurrent Laryngeal Hemiplegia ("Roaring") Recurrent airway obstruction ("Heaves"), akin to COPD or emphysema in ...
*  List of cancer types
Bronchial adenomas/carcinoids Small cell lung cancer Mesothelioma Non-small cell lung cancer Pleuropulmonary blastoma Laryngeal ... Mast cell leukemia Mediastinal large B cell lymphoma Multiple myeloma/plasma cell neoplasm Myelodysplastic syndromes Mucosa- ...
*  Reinke's edema
... is considered to be a benign (non-cancercous) polyp (protrusion) that represents 10% of all benign laryngeal ... Reduced vocal range with diminished upper limits Stretching of the mucosa (Distension) Shortness of breath Reinke's edema is ...
*  H19 (gene)
Bladder mucosa is one of the tissues that express high levels of H19 RNA prenatally. In bladder cancers, H19 is also ... H19 is overexpressed in laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas that relapse as compared to those that do not relapse. In a pilot ...