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*  Vedanga
ISBN 978-0-19-283882-7. Sheldon Pollock (2006). The Language of the Gods in the World of Men: Sanskrit, Culture, and Power in ... These auxiliary fields of Vedic studies emerged because the language of the Vedic texts composed centuries earlier grew too ... Vedangas developed as ancillary studies for the Vedas, but its insights into meters, structure of sound and language, grammar, ... ISBN 978-3-11-018159-3. Horace Hayman Wilson (1841). An introduction to the grammar of the Sanskrit language. Madden. Maurice ...
*  Object model
There is an extensive literature on formalized object models as a subset of the formal semantics of programming languages. A ... The properties of objects in general in a specific computer programming language, technology, notation or methodology that uses ...
*  Oblique
Eye muscles Inferior oblique muscle Superior oblique muscle Obliq, a computer programming language. ...
*  Niche construction
He maintains that our use of language, in turn, created a new niche in which sophisticated cognition was beneficial. While the ... Niche construction is also now central to several accounts of how language evolved. For instance, Derek Bickerton describes how ... to use language, and so forth, that underlie human culture). Mathematical models have established that cultural niche ...
*  Language and gender
Azizi, Masoud (2011). "Language and gender: Do women speak a better language?". In Shafaei, A. Frontiers of language and ... and women's language as deficient. This approach created a dichotomy between women's language and men's language. This ... Some natural languages have intricate systems of gender-specific vocabulary. Irish Sign Language, due to single sex Deaf ... Tannen, Deborah (2006). "Language and culture". In Fasold, Ralph W.; Connor-Linton, Jeff. An introduction to language and ...
*  Iconicity
Illiterate, diverse languages and the like will all be able to work with this system due to its universal language. Moravcsik ( ... "The doorway into this virtual world was opened to us alone by the evolution of language, because language is not merely a mode ... whereas in human language, "most words are symbolic, and ... without symbolic words we couldn't have language". The distinction ... Iconic calls and gestures are not formally considered language, or language-like communication in that they do not contrast or ...
*  Swedish grammar
All three languages have a subject-verb-object basic word order, but Swedish sides with English in keeping this order also in ... In very formal language, the special plural forms appeared occasionally as late as the 1940s. The plural forms are still found ... For example, "to bite" is a strong verb in all three languages as well as Dutch: The supine (supinum) form is used in Swedish ... The Swedish Language Council sanctions putting the ending after fixed, non-arbitrary phrases (e.g. Konungen av Danmarks ...
*  Culture and social cognition
... the similarities between languages have led many researchers to decry that language or aspects of language must be innate. The ... Over time, ideas, tools, and language advance. Simultaneous sociogenesis occurs when two or more individuals work together at ... language, and build societies through biological evolution. Biological evolution could not have individually produced each of ... such as language and mathematics (Tomasello, 1999). Sociogenesis can occur across time, or simultaneously (Tomasello, 1999). ...
*  Language production
Grosjean, F. (1999). The bilingual's language modes. One mind, two languages: Bilingual language processing, 7(11), 1-22. Kroll ... word-forms are separated by language. Language Mode Model, made by Grosjean, uses two assumptions to map bilingual language ... In psycholinguistics, language production is the production of spoken or written language. It describes all of the stages ... Speakers fluent in multiple languages can inhibit access to one of their languages, but this suppression can only be done once ...
*  Recursion
The Language Instinct. William Morrow. Pinker, Steven; Jackendoff, Ray (2005). "The faculty of language: What's so special ... Over the years, languages in general have proved amenable to this kind of analysis. Recently, however, the generally accepted ... Recursion plays a crucial role not only in syntax, but also in natural language semantics. The word and, for example, can be ... It did not appear in the first edition of The C Programming Language. Another joke is that "To understand recursion, you must ...
*  Languages of Brazil
Brazilian Sign Language is also an official language, minority languages include indigenous languages, and languages of more ... This language was spoken in a vast area from São Paulo to Maranhão, as an informal language for domestic use, while Portuguese ... Portuguese language in Brazil and other languages "A última falante viva de xipaia". Revista Época. Editora Globo. Retrieved 4 ... A recent resurgence in popularity of this language occurred, and it is now an official language in the city of São Gabriel da ...
*  Aprosodia
Because aphasias are rooted in deficiencies in language modalities rather than affective aspects of language, it has been ... Prosody in language refers to the ranges of rhythm, pitch, stress, intonation, etc. These neurological deficits can be the ... Review]. Brain and Language, 104(1), 51-74. Raithel, V. (2005). Perception of Intonation Contours and Focus by Aphasic and ... Affect Aphasia Dysprosody Lists of language disorders Prosody Heilman, K. M., Leon, S. A., & Rosenbek, J. C. (2004). Affective ...
*  Specific language impairment
Spoken language may be immature. In many children with SLI, understanding of language, or receptive language, is also impaired ... Specific language impairment (SLI) is diagnosed when a child's language does not develop normally and the difficulties cannot ... Specific language impairment (SLI) is diagnosed when a child has delayed or disordered language development for no apparent ... Language samples are typically transcribed using computer software such as the Systematic Analysis of Language Software (SALT, ...
*  Probabilistic context-free grammar
PCFGs have application in areas as diverse as natural language processing to the study the structure of RNA molecules and ... Context-free grammars are represented as a set of rules inspired from attempts to model natural languages. The rules are ... These probabilities are informed by observing distributions on a training set of similar composition to the language to be ... Dyrka, W; Nebel J-C, Kotulska M (2013). "Probabilistic grammatical model of protein language and its application to helix-helix ...
*  Lexical entrainment
... has applications in natural language processing in computers as well as human-human interaction. Currently ... this process is necessary to overcome the ambiguity inherent in the multitude of synonyms that exist in language. Lexical ...
*  Jim Verraros
I had to become well-versed not only with sign language but with people skills as well...I didn't have time for bullshit." ... Verraros was raised to be fluent in American Sign Language. As a child, he carried the responsibility of interpreting for his ... Because he was raised by deaf parents, he is fluent in American Sign Language. On September 6, 2009, Verraros married his ...
*  Paralanguage
... it differs by language and culture). A good example is the work of John J. Gumperz on language and social identity, which ... Even vocal language has some paralinguistic as well as linguistic properties that can be seen (lip reading, McGurk effect), and ... In most languages, the frequency code also serves the purpose of distinguishing questions from statements. It is universally ... paralinguistic applies not only to speech but to writing and sign language as well, and it is not bound to any sensory modality ...
*  Luminoso
ConceptNet consists of approximately 28 million statements in 304 languages, with full support for 10 languages and moderate ... The software natively analyzes text in thirteen languages, as well as emoji. Luminoso's technology can be accessed via two ... Its solution outperformed all competing systems in every language pair tested, with the exception of Persian. Luminoso has been ... Luminoso continues to actively conduct research in natural language processing and word embeddings and regularly participates ...
*  Heritage language
... language Diglossia Dominant language First language Heritage language learning Heritage Languages in Toronto Home language ... Immigrant language Indigenous language Intangible cultural heritage Minority language Prestige language Saskatchewan ... the language dominance in the individual. A heritage speaker acquires the heritage language as their first language through ... languages include indigenous languages that are often endangered. . . as well as world languages that are commonly spoken in ...
*  Cognition enhanced Natural language Information Analysis Method
... (CogNIAM) is a conceptual fact-based modelling method, that ... The resulting model allows the knowledge to be expressed in diagrammatic form as well as in controlled natural language. ...
*  Al-Sayyid Bedouin Sign Language
Adamorobe Sign Language Martha's Vineyard Sign Language Nicaraguan Sign Language Language acquisition device Al-Sayyid Bedouin ... Israeli Sign Language and Jordanian Sign Language. Researchers have detected examples of abstraction in the language, a sure ... However, the language does not currently contain "agreeing" verbs, as most known sign languages do, which may indicate that the ... Al-Sayyid Bedouin Sign Language (ABSL) is a village sign language used by about 150 deaf and many hearing members of the al- ...
*  Lyn Frazier
"Informative prosodic boundaries." Language and Speech 45(2), 87-114. (1989) Frazier, L. and Clifton, C., Jr. "Successive ... Frazier's work has examined how listeners approach the task of processing the incoming language stream. She has proposed and ... doi:10.1016/0010-0277(78)90002-1. "Successive cyclicity in the grammar and the parser". Language and Cognitive Processes. 4: 93 ... cyclicity in the grammar and the parser." Language and Cognitive Processes, 4(2), 93-126. (1978) Frazier, L. and Fodor, J.D. " ...
*  Prelingual deafness
Sign language, such as American Sign Language (ASL), is a well known form of communication that is linguistic for both hearing ... Such children acquire language comprehension difficulties, even when other modes of language (such as writing and signing) are ... A child who has no access to a spoken language readily acquires a sign language, and children deprived of both oral and sign ... Children who begin language acquisition at older ages and/or have limited language input during early childhood have ...
*  Computational linguistics
Information regarding the structural data of a language is available for English as well as other languages, such as Japanese. ... In order to create better computational models of language, an understanding of language's structure is crucial. To this end, ... historically in attempted reconstruction of earlier forms of modern languages and subgrouping modern languages into language ... language structures, and natural language processing. Combined, these fields most often lead to the development of systems that ...
*  Neurolinguistics
... when adults learn a new language. Neuroplasticity is observed when both Second Language acquisition and Language Learning ... The Neurocognition of Language. p. 280. Hagoort, Peter (2003). "How the brain solves the binding problem for language: a ... Language Experience in Second Language Speech Learning. Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. Ward, Jamie (2006). " ... In general, theoretical linguists propose models to explain the structure of language and how language information is organized ...
*  Language
... portal Category:Lists of languages Human communication International auxiliary language List of language regulators ... Hebrew language, and the languages of the Sahara region, such as the Berber languages and Hausa. The Austronesian languages are ... and becomes a dead language. If eventually no one speaks the language at all, it becomes an extinct language. While languages ... This type of language is generally called a creole language. An example of such mixed languages is Tok Pisin, the official ...