Loading...
*  Lactococcus lactis
... lactic acid. However, reported D-(−)-lactic acid can be produced when cultured at low pH. The capability to produce lactic acid ... The byproduct of ATP energy production is lactic acid. The lactic acid produced by the bacterium curdles the milk that then ... glucose and lactic acid concentrations on the kinetics of lactic acid production by Lactococcus lactis ssp. Lactis ATCC 19435 ... November 2004). "The lactic acid bacteria, the food chain, and their regulation". Trends in Food Science & Technology. 15 (10 ...
*  Carbohydrate catabolism
Lactic acid fermentation is used by human muscle cells as a means of generating ATP during strenuous exercise where oxygen ... In lactic acid fermentation, each pyruvate molecule is directly reduced by NADH. The only byproduct from this type of ... alcohol fermentation and lactic acid fermentation. There are several different types of carbohydrates: polysaccharides (e.g., ...
*  Lactobacillus collinoides
... acetic acid and ethanol. When glycerol was present lactic acid was lower than expected and acetic acid and ethanol were higher ... It is characterized by it ability to produce lactic acid as a by-product of glucose metabolism. Sugars are necessary for growth ... Lactobacillus collinoides is a rod shaped species of lactic acid bacteria found in cider. It is part of the Lactobacillaceae ... "The genus Lactobacillus." The genera of lactic acid bacteria. Springer US, 1995. 19-54. Fred, E.B., Peterson, W.H., and ...
*  Class II bacteriocin
One important and well studied class of bacteriocins is the class IIa or pediocin-like bacteriocins produced by lactic acid ... Ennahar S, Sonomoto K, Ishizaki A (1999). "Class IIa bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria: antibacterial activity and food ... spatial location of residues critical for biological activity in type IIa bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria". Biochemistry ... Spatial Location of Residues Critical for Biological Activity in Type IIa Bacteriocins from Lactic Acid Bacteria†,‡". ...
*  Leuconostoc
... spp., along with other lactic acid bacteria such as Pediococcus and Lactobacillus, are responsible for the ... where the sugars in the cabbage are transformed by lactofermentation to lactic acid which gives the cabbage a sour flavour and ...
*  Bacteriocin
Pandey N, Malik RK, Kaushik JK, Singroha G (2013). "Gassericin A: a circular bacteriocin produced by lactic acid bacteria ... Mørtvedt, C. I.; Nissen-Meyer, J.; Sletten, K.; Nes, I. F. (1991). "Purification and amino acid sequence of lactocin S, a ... Bacteriocins that contain the modified amino acid lanthionine as part of their structure are called lantibiotics. However, ... Nucleic Acids Research. 34: W273-W279. doi:10.1093/nar/gkl237. PMC 1538908 . PMID 16845009. Hammami R, Zouhir A, Ben Hamida J, ...
*  Pediococcus cellicola
nov., a novel lactic acid coccus isolated from a distilled-spirit-fermenting cellar". International Journal of Systematic and ...
*  Lactic acid
... lactic acid or (R)-lactic acid. A mixture of the two in equal amounts is called DL-lactic acid, or racemic lactic acid. Lactic ... Lactic acid is chiral, consisting of two optical isomers. One is known as L-(+)-lactic acid or (S)-lactic acid and the other, ... Chemistry and production of lactic acid, lactide and poly(lactic acid) in Poly(Lactic acid). Hoboken: Wiley. p. 3. ISBN 978-0- ... DL-lactic acid is miscible with water and with ethanol above its melting point which is around 17 or 18 °C. D-lactic acid and L ...
*  Lactic acid O-carboxyanhydride
... (lac-OCA) is an organic compound. It is used as a monomer equivalent to lactic acid or lactide ... lactic acid). When this monomer undergoes ring-opening polymerization, one equivalent of carbon dioxide gas is released for ... every lactic acid unit incorporated into the polymer: This compound is prepared by treatment of lactic acid or its salts with ...
*  Brummel & Brown
... lactic acid; artificial flavors; vitamin A (palmitate); beta carotene (colour). Nutrition Information for a serving size of 1 ...
*  Facklamia
Hoyles, Lesley (2014). "The genus Facklamia". Lactic Acid Bacteria. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: 91-98. doi:10.1002/9781118655252. ...
*  Negative split
The people that go out too fast build up more lactic acid faster and this causes them to slow down even though they don't want ... "Lactic Acid Test". Medline Plus Trusted Health Information for You. A.D.A.M., Inc. November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 12, ... Starting slow allows the runner's body to compensate for the lactic acid that is produced as a by-product of exerting oneself ... because their bodies can't process the lactic acid fast enough. Progressively increasing speed in any race allows the ...
*  Korean natural farming
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are anaerobic. In the absence of oxygen, they metabolize sugar into lactic acid. LAB improves soil ... "Lactic Acid Bacteria" (PDF). Cho Global Natural Farming. 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2016. Reddy 2011, p. 41. Reddy 2011, p. 42 ... Four types of bacteria common in KNF include lactic acid bacteria, purple bacteria, Bacillus subtilis and yeast. Mycorrhizae ... Outputs can include antibiotics, enzymes and lactic acids that can suppress diseases and promote healthy soil conditions. The ...
*  Lactobacillus reuteri
The lactic acid bacteria in health and disease. 1. The lactic acid bacteria. New York: Elsevier Applied Science. pp. 69-114. ... Lactic acid bacteria, 2nd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1998: 475-518. Edens FW, Parkhurst CR, Casas IA, Dobrogosz WJ (January ... At the turn of the 20th century, L. reuteri was recorded in scientific classifications of lactic acid bacteria, though at this ... The lactic acid Bacteria. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskasbernes Selskab. Naturvidenskabelige mathematiske Afdeling, NS 8.5.2 ...
*  Acetolactic acid
Wood, B. J. B.; Holzapfel, W. H. (1995). "Carbohydrate Metabolism". The Lactic Acid Bacteria: The genera of lactic acid ... α-Acetolactic acid is produced from two molecules of pyruvic acid by acetolactate synthase. α-Acetolactic acid can also be ... ISBN 978-0-7514-0215-5. Marth, E. H.; Steele, J. L. (2001). "Genetics of Lactic acid bacteria". Applied dairy microbiology. 110 ... α-Acetolactic acid (α-acetolactate) is a precursor in the biosynthesis of the branched chain amino acids valine and leucine. ...
*  Sourdough
... and the lactic acid bacteria produces lactic acid, which contributes flavor in the form of sourness. The lactic acid bacteria ... with more lactic acid relative to acetic acid. The yeasts produce mainly CO2 and ethanol. High amounts of lactic acid are ... They metabolise hexoses to lactic acid, and pentoses to lactic and acetic acids. They can use oxygen and will "produce more ... Lactic acid bacteria: genetics, metabolism, and applications: proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on lactic acid bacteria: ...
*  Indian Institute of Horticultural Research
Lactic acid fermentation of vegetables. Protocols for minimally processed foods. Technology for production of tomato, colored ... Nucleic acid probes for many viruses. DNA fingerprinting techniques for characterization and documentation of germplasm. ...
*  Lactobacillus acidophilus
Lactic acid fermentation Bâati, L. ̈L.; Fabre-Gea, C.; Auriol, D.; Blanc, P. J. (2000). "Study of the cryotolerance of ... L. acidophilus is a homofermentative, microaerophilic species, fermenting sugars into lactic acid, and grows readily at rather ... Ljungh A, Wadström T (2006). "Lactic acid bacteria as probiotics". Curr Issues Intest Microbiol. 7 (2): 73-89. PMID 16875422. ... Lactobacillus acidophilus (New Latin 'acid-loving milk-bacillus') is a species of gram positive bacteria in the genus ...
*  Streptomyces lacticiproducens
... produces lactic acid. Zhu, HH; Yao, Q; Yang, SZ; Li, ZK; Guo, J (January 2011). "Streptomyces ... nov., a lactic acid-producing streptomycete isolated from the rhizosphere of tomato plants". International Journal of ... nov., a lactic acid-producing streptomycete isolated from the rhizosphere of tomato plants". International Journal of ...
*  Spermicide
Lactic acid preparations have also been shown to have some spermicidal effect, and commercial lactic acid-based spermicides are ... "Femprotect - Lactic Acid Contraceptive Gel". Woman's Natural Health Practice. Archived from the original on June 1, 2006. ... However, no published studies on the effectiveness of lactic acid in preventing pregnancy appear to have been done since 1936. ... and also because of the lactic acid (a known spermicide) formed from the acacia. Writings by Soranus, a 2nd-century Greek ...
*  Calmurid
Due to lactic acid's keratolytic properties (to break down hard skin cells) and urea's hydrating properties, Calmurid is used ... Composition: Urea 100 mg/g and lactic acid 50 mg/g in an emulsified base containing betaine monohydrate, glyceryl monostearate ... Calmurid Cream contains the active ingredients lactic acid and urea, whereas Calmurid HC contains an additional ingredient, the ... "Calmurid cream (urea, lactic acid)". Netdoctor. 27 August 2010. Retrieved 2017-02-12. ...
*  Xylose isomerase
doi:10.1007/s10295-012-1089-x. Kitahara, K. (1966). "Studies on Lactic Acid Bacteria". Nyusankin no Kenkyu: 67~69. Buchanan, R. ... Both share an acid residue Glutamic acid 216 of the enzyme that bridges the two cations. Two basic amino acids surround the ...
*  Basal metabolic rate
Wells, JG; Balke, B; Van Fossan, DD (1957). "Lactic acid accumulation during work; a suggested standardization of work ... saturated fatty acid, polyunsaturated fatty acid, monounsaturated fatty acid, dietary cholesterol, and trans fatty acid. From a ... more energy is needed to burn a saturated fatty acid than an unsaturated fatty acid. The fatty acid molecule is broken down and ... Palmitic acid is a commonly studied example of the saturated fatty acid molecule. The overall equation for the substrate ...
*  Bifidobacterium ruminantium
B.J. Wood; W.H.N Holzapfel (1995). The Genera of Lactic Acid Bacteria. Springer. pp. 301-. ISBN 978-0-7514-0215-5. Nielsen, D. ... and Other Lactic Acid Bacteria in the Human Colon". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 69 (12): 7545-7548. doi:10.1128/AEM ...
*  Weakness
It was once believed that lactic acid build-up was the cause of muscle fatigue. The assumption was lactic acid had a "pickling ... producing lactic acid as a metabolic byproduct. Contrary to common belief, lactic acid accumulation doesn't actually cause the ... The impact of lactic acid on performance is now uncertain, it may assist or hinder muscle fatigue. Produced as a by-product of ... Lactic acid also has a negating effect on the chloride ions in the muscles, reducing their inhibition of contraction and ...
*  Fermented tea
Other fermented teas, called pickled teas, are fermented in a wet process with lactic acid bacteria. Pickled teas include miang ...
*  Calysta
By June 2013, Calysta began working with NatureWorks to use methane fermentation to produce lactic acid. However, Calysta's ... Protti-Alvarez, Francinia (2013-06-18). "NatureWorks, Calysta Energy enter R&D to produce lactic acid via methane fermentation ... McCoy, Michael (2016-03-14). "NatureWorks advances methane-to-lactic acid". C&EN Global Enterprise. 94 (11): 15-16. doi:10.1021 ...