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*  Knee cartilage replacement therapy
The human body's own cartilage is still the best material for lining knee joints. This drives efforts to develop ways of using ... It is responsible for much of the compressive resistance and load bearing qualities of the knee joint and, without it, walking ... Articular cartilage, most notably that which is found in the knee joint, is generally characterized by very low friction, high ... Centeno CJ, Busse D, Kisiday J, Keohan C, Freeman M, Karli D (2008). "Increased knee cartilage volume in degenerative joint ...
*  Patellar subluxation syndrome
Symptoms usually include: Knee buckles and can no longer support your weight Kneecap slips off to the side Knee catches during ... ISBN 0-89203-002-X. Colvin AC, West RV (Dec 2008). "Patellar instability". J Bone Joint Surg Am. 90: 2751-62. doi:10.2106/JBJS. ... Such pain is commonly caused by running and jumping sports and activities that place large forces on the patellofemoral joint. ... 2011). "The relationship of the distal femoral physis and the medial patellofemoral ligament". Knee Surg Sports Traumatol ...
*  Ankle replacement
Goodfellow, John; O'Connor, John (1978). "The mechanics of the knee and prosthesis design". Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. ... The main objectives of the prosthetic design for ankle joint replacements are: to replicate original joint function, by ... previous arthrodesis of the ipsilateral hip or knee or severe deformities of these joints. Other potential contraindications ... to attain feasibility of implantation given the small dimensions of the joint. As with other joint replacements, the ...
*  Anterior cruciate ligament
Right knee-joint, from the front, showing interior ligaments. Left knee-joint from behind, showing interior ligaments. Head of ... Capsule of right knee-joint (distended). Posterior aspect. MRI shows normal signal of both cruciate ligaments (arrows). Knee ... In the quadruped stifle joint (analogous to the knee), based on its anatomical position, it is also referred to as the cranial ... Anatomy photo:17:02-0701 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Extremity: Knee joint" Anatomy figure: 17:07-08 at Human ...
*  Discoid meniscus
It is attached to the lining of the knee joint along its periphery and serves to absorb about a third of the impact load that ... There are two menisci in the knee joint, with one on the outside (away from midline) being the lateral meniscus and the inner ... Knee pain Knee osteoarthritis Meniscal cyst "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-12. Retrieved 2008-09-19. ... In a patient complaining of acute onset knee pain, an X-ray study would be done to rule out any bony pathology such as a ...
*  Meniscus transplant
... knee joint instability Anterior cruciate ligament deficiency Knee arthrofibrosis Significant muscular atrophy Prior joint ... It is now known that a knee joint without healthy menisci is at significantly increased risk of developing wear and tear ... Its cross-linking preserved the scaffold in the knee joint long enough for new meniscus tissue to grow into it. (Patents ... Matching the size of the donor knee to the size of the recipient knee is crucial for successful meniscus transplantation. ...
*  Lateral superior genicular artery
The lateral superior genicular artery is a branch of the popliteal artery that supplies a portion of the knee joint. It passes ... the deep branch supplies the lower part of the femur and knee-joint, and forms an anastomotic arch across the front of the bone ...
*  Articular branches of descending genicular artery
... and supplying branches to the knee-joint. Schema of the arteries arising from the external iliac and femoral arteries. ... to the medial side of the knee, where they anastomose with the medial superior genicular and anterior recurrent tibial artery. ...
*  Articular capsule of the knee joint
"The anterior aspect of the knee joint" (PDF). J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1981;63:351-356. Retrieved 2010-08-17. Burgener (2002), p ... The articular capsule of the knee joint (commonly referred to as capsular ligament) is wide and lax; thin in front and at the ... The numerous bursae surrounding the knee joint can be divided into the communicating and the non-communicating bursae: ... Adding to the complex structure of the knee space, there are remnants of three embryonic septal divisions of the knee space ...
*  Transverse ligament of knee
1999) Ratajczak (2001), pp 323-31 Anterior view of knee. Knee and tibiofibular joint.Deep dissection. Anterior view. Knee joint ... The transverse or [anterior] meniscomeniscal ligament is a ligament in the knee joint that connects the anterior convex margin ... condensation of the mesenchymal interzone of the knee joint (i.e. the area of densely packed cells indicating the location of ... When the knee is being extended the ligament prevents the anterior horns of the menisci from moving forward, and the condylar ...
*  Interosseous membrane of leg
Knee and tibiofibular joint.Deep dissection. Anterior view. Knee and tibiofibular joint.Deep dissection. Anterior view. Knee, ... tibiofibular and ankle joints.Deep dissection. Anterolateral view. Knee, tibiofibular and ankle joints.Deep dissection. ... Right knee-joint. Posterior view. The popliteal, posterior tibial, and peroneal arteries. ... Its upper margin does not quite reach the tibiofibular joint, but presents a free concave border, above which is a large, oval ...
*  Anterior tibial artery
Right knee-joint. Posterior view. Cross-section through middle of leg. Schema of the arteries of the thigh. Anterior tibial ... It crosses the anterior aspect of the ankle joint, at which point it becomes the dorsalis pedis artery. The artery originates ... Ankle joint Anatomy figure: 12:04-15 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Arteries of the lower extremity ...
*  Meniscus (anatomy)
The menisci of the knee are two pads of fibrocartilaginous tissue which serve to disperse friction in the knee joint between ... The Knee-joint". Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body. Archived from the original on February 21, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-20. [full ... In humans they are present in the knee, wrist, acromioclavicular, sternoclavicular, and temporomandibular joints; in other ... animals they may be present in other joints. Generally, the term 'meniscus' is used to refer to the cartilage of the knee, ...
*  Medial epicondyle of the femur
Knee joint.Deep dissection. Anteromedial view. Knee joint.Deep dissection. Anteromedial view. Knee joint.Deep dissection. ...
*  Fairbank's changes
FAIRBANK TJ (1948). "Knee joint changes after meniscectomy". Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 30B (4): 664-70. PMID 18894618 ... 341-. ISBN 0-323-02702-4. McDermott, I. D.; Amis, A. A. (2006). "The consequences of meniscectomy". Journal of Bone and Joint ... Fairbank's changes describe the radiological changes observed on an AP radiograph of the knee after menisectomy. Fairbank ... Robert C. Manske (2006). Postsurgical Orthopedic Sports Rehabilitation: Knee & Shoulder. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp. ...
*  Patellar ligament
Patellar reflex Patellar tendinitis Sagittal section of right knee-joint. Capsule of right knee-joint (distended). Lateral ... The posterior surface of the patellar ligament is separated from the synovial membrane of the joint by a large infrapatellar ... Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy: official journal of the ESSKA. doi:10.1007/s00167-015-3695-4. ISSN 1433-7347. ...
*  Knee bursae
The bursae of the knee are the fluid sacs and synovial pockets that surround and sometimes communicate with the joint cavity. ... ISBN 0-7817-3552-1. "Gray's Anatomy (1918): The Knee-joint". Retrieved 26 April 2017. Platzer, Werner (2004). Color Atlas of ... Thin-walled and filled with synovial fluid, they represent the weak point of the joint, but also produce enlargements to the ... A brief description of the "clinically important bursae in the anterior aspect of the knee") Gray's Anatomy (1918) Burgener, ...
*  Oblique popliteal ligament
"Major Joints of the Lower Extremity: Knee Joint". ... Sagittal section of right knee-joint. This article incorporates ...
*  Proximal femoral focal deficiency
... "knee joint". This allows the patient to be fit with a below knee prosthesis vs a traditional above knee prosthesis. In less ... Other linked birth defects include the dislocation or instability of the joint between the femur and the kneecap, a shortened ... Evidence for a defect in proliferation and maturation of chondrocytes". The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 71 (8): 1119-29 ... severe cases, the use of an Ilizarov apparatus can be successful in conjunction with hip and knee surgeries (depending on the ...
*  David Giorgio Mendes Nassi
"Prosthetic patella implant of the knee joint". Google Patents. "Surgical method and tool for repairing a patella of the knee ... Most challenging was the initiation of Joints Replacement with Artificial Implants of the Hip and Knee for diseases such as ... Spearheaded the implementation of advanced methodologies and systems in the area of Hip and Knee artificial joint replacement. ... The exercises move the joint in maximal range with painless motions, keeping low joint pressure, and lubricate the articular ...
*  Crepitus
Jiang CC, Liu YJ, Yip KM, Wu E (1993). "Physiological patellofemoral crepitus in knee joint disorders". Bulletin. 53 (4): 22-6 ... Almost every joint in the body can be 'cracked' in this way, but the joints which require the least amount of effort include ... Joint crepitus: This can be obtained when the affected joint is passively moved with one hand, while the other hand is placed ... in osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis when the cartilage around joints erodes and the surfaces in the joint grind against ...
*  Femoral artery
It assists in supplying the knee joint. In clinical parlance, the part of the femoral artery proximal to the origin of profunda ... Posteriorly: The artery lies on the psoas, which separates it from the hip joint, the pectineus, and the adductor longus. The ... Structures surrounding right hip-joint. Femoral sheath laid open to show its three compartments. The femoral artery. The ...
*  Patella
Herzmark MH (1938). "The Evolution of the Knee Joint" (PDF). J Bone Joint Surg Am. 20 (1): 77-84. Retrieved 2007-11-17. Romer, ... Due to the great stress on the patellofemoral joint during resisted knee flexion, the articular cartilage of the patella is ... and covers and protects the anterior articular surface of the knee joint. The patella is found in many tetrapods, such as mice ... An attenuated patella alta is an unusually small patella that develops out of and above the joint. A patella baja is a low- ...
*  Level and incline running
Knee joint angle displays a biphasic plot. At initial ground contact the knee flexes to lower the body followed by extending to ... These are expressed as joint moments and torques. Telhan et al. observed no change in the joint moments at the hip, knee, or ... Swanson and Caldwell (2000) found greater joint flexion at all three joints during initial foot-strike. Also noted was an ... had found no changes in joint angles when running on an incline versus level surfaces. However, his subjects ran at a speed ...
*  Adductor hiatus
The genicular vessels supply the knee joint. The other two structures that are associated with the adductor hiatus are the ...
*  Popping
The dancer drops to the ground with his/her knees inward (reverse indian style) and feet outward. He or she would move up, down ... Goes between straight arms and right angles to simulate limited joint movement. Tutting/King Tut Inspired by the art of Ancient ... It utilizes circular rolls of various body parts, such as the hips, knees and head, as well as isolation and sectioning, like ... Crazy legs A leg-oriented style focusing on fast moving legs, knee rolls and twisting feet. Developed in 1980-81 by Popin' Pete ...
*  Theodoric II
His thighs are like hard horn; the knee-joints firm and masculine; the knees themselves the comeliest and least wrinkled in the ...