*Enalapril

... and may be used in the absence of hypertension for its kidney protective effects. It is widely used in chronic kidney failure. ... It has been proven to protect the function of the kidneys in hypertension, heart failure, and diabetes, ... Enalapril versus losartan for adults with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nephrology (Carlton). ... and heart failure. For heart failure it is generally used with a diuretic such as furosemide. It is given by mouth or injection ...

*Michael Howlett

Howlett died in Chicago's Mercy Hospital of chronic kidney failure. He had suffered a stroke three months earlier and remained ...

*Secondary hyperparathyroidism

Chronic kidney failure is the most common cause of secondary hyperparathyroidism. Failing kidneys do not convert enough vitamin ... This disorder is especially seen in patients with chronic kidney failure. It is often-although not consistently-abbreviated as ... In people with chronic renal failure, treatment consists of dietary restriction of phosphorus, supplements with an active form ... It is usually seen in cases of chronic kidney disease or defective calcium receptors on the surface of parathyroid glands. If ...

*Moe Dalitz

Death was attributed to congestive heart failure, chronic hypertension and kidney failure. He also suffered from failing ...

*Urinary retention

Serious complications of untreated urinary retention include bladder damage and chronic kidney failure. Urinary retention is a ... kidney failure, and sepsis. A person should go straight to an emergency department or A&E service as soon as possible if unable ... Chronic urinary retention that is due to bladder blockage which can either be as a result of muscle damage or neurological ... In chronic retention, ultrasound of the bladder may show massive increase in bladder capacity (normal capacity is 400-600 ml). ...

*Haemodialysis-associated amyloidosis

... is a form of systemic amyloidosis associated with chronic kidney failure. Long-term ...

*Granulomatosis with polyangiitis

Kidney: rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (75%), leading to chronic kidney failure Upper airway, eye and ear disease: Nose ... If the person has kidney failure or cutaneous vasculitis, a biopsy is obtained from the kidneys. On rare occasions, ... mainly chronic kidney failure, hearing loss and deafness. Today, drug toxicity is managed more carefully and long-term ... In severe kidney vasculitis, the same regimen is used but with the addition of plasma exchange. In pulmonary haemorrhage, high ...

*Prehypertension

The threshold is lower in patients with diabetes, chronic kidney failure, or cardiovascular disease. The target blood pressure ... and kidney failure. One study found that a prehypertensive person is more than three times more likely to have a heart attack ... However, possible medical causes, such as medications, kidney disease, adrenal problems or thyroid problems, must first be ... According to some studies, prehypertension can increase the risk for heart attacks, strokes, congestive heart failure, ...

*Renin

... and chronic kidney failure". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 85 (2): 204-13. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.07.010. PMC 2725269 . PMID 19664745. " ... chance of inheritance and is a slowly progressive chronic kidney disease that leads to the need for dialysis or kidney ... This is a rare inherited kidney disease that exists in less than 1% of people with kidney disease. Model organisms have been ... leading to restoration of perfusion pressure in the kidneys. Renin is secreted from juxtaglomerular kidney cells, which sense ...

*HIV-associated nephropathy

HIVAN presents with nephrotic syndrome and progressive kidney failure. Despite being a cause of chronic kidney failure, kidney ... Its prognosis is always poor, as it rapidly progresses to chronic kidney disease. There is as yet inadeqaute data from ... General renoprotective measures and the treatment of the complications of nephrotic syndrome and kidney failure are adjunctive ... HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) refers to kidney disease developing in association with HIV infection. The most common, or " ...

*Platelet-activating factor receptor

Its pathogenetic role in chronic kidney failure has also been reported recently. Agonists Platelet activating factor ...

*FAN1

... linking chronic kidney failure to defective DNA damage repair". Nat. Genet. 44 (8): 910-5. doi:10.1038/ng.2347. PMC 3412140 . ... Mutations in FAN1 can result in chronic kidney diseases and neurological conditions such as schizophrenia. However, recent ... It is characterized by congenital abnormalities as well as anemia, bone marrow failure, and cancer predisposition in childhood ...

*Hyperparathyroidism

In chronic kidney failure the problem is more specifically failure to convert vitamin D to its active form in the kidney. The ... It is differentiated from primary hyperparathyroidism by a history of chronic kidney failure and secondary hyperparathyroidism ... and chronic kidney failure. Lack of vitamin D leads to reduced calcium absorption by the intestine leading to hypocalcemia and ... usually vitamin D deficiency or chronic kidney failure). If this is successful PTH levels should naturally return to normal ...

*Multiple myeloma

Treatment of chronic kidney failure is dependent on the type of kidney failure and may involve dialysis. Several newer options ... Kidney failure in multiple myeloma can be acute (reversible) or chronic (irreversible). Acute kidney failure typically resolves ... Kidney failure may develop both acutely and chronically. The most common cause of kidney failure in multiple myeloma is due to ... The complications of kidney failure, sepsis, or pain can lead to an animal's death, frequently by euthanasia. Plasma cell ...

*Kidney failure

... can be divided into two categories: acute kidney injury or chronic kidney disease. The type of renal failure is ... Acute kidney injuries can be present on top of chronic kidney disease, a condition called acute-on-chronic kidney failure ( ... Stages of kidney failure Chronic kidney failure is measured in five stages, which are calculated using a patient's GFR, or ... It is divided into acute kidney failure (cases that develop rapidly) and chronic kidney failure (those that are long term). ...

*Gastric antral vascular ectasia

GAVE is associated with a number of conditions, including portal hypertension, chronic kidney failure, and collagen vascular ... In fact: Most patients with GAVE suffer from liver cirrhosis, autoimmune disease, chronic renal failure and bone marrow ... If there is cirrhosis of the liver that has progressed to liver failure, then lactulose may be prescribed for hepatic ... Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is an uncommon cause of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding or iron deficiency anemia. The ...

*Nandrolone

They have also been studied in clinical trials for chronic kidney failure, aplastic anemia, and as male contraceptives. J. Elks ... and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, AAS with a very high ratio of anabolic to androgenic action like nandrolone ... "Should androgenic anabolic steroids be considered in the treatment regime of selected chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...

*Uremia

These include acute and chronic kidney failure, acute and chronic glomerular nephritis, tubular necrosis and other kidney ... The Uremic Syndrome can be defined as the terminal clinical manifestation of kidney failure (also called renal failure). It is ... Because uremia is mostly a consequence of kidney failure, its signs and symptoms often occur concomitantly with other signs and ... Prerenal azotemia can be caused by decreased blood flow through the kidneys (e.g. low blood pressure, congestive heart failure ...

*Franz Vranitzky

In June 2005, he donated one of his kidneys to his wife Christine, who suffered from chronic kidney failure. He actively ...

*Familial Mediterranean fever

... monitoring the kidney function is of importance in predicting chronic kidney failure. A genetic test is also available to ... AA-amyloidosis with kidney failure is a complication and may develop without overt crises. AA amyloid protein is produced in ... very large quantities during attacks, and at a low rate between them, and accumulates mainly in the kidney, as well as the ...

*Cimino fistula

He convinced surgeon Kenneth Appell to create some in patients with chronic kidney failure and the result was a complete ... Possible underlying causes for failure are stenosis and thrombosis especially in diabetics and those with low blood flow such ... Brescia MJ, Cimino JE, Appel K, Hurwich BJ (1966). "Chronic hemodialysis using venipuncture and a surgically created ...

*Amgen

... for the treatment of anemia associated with chronic kidney failure. Epogen (also marketed by Johnson and Johnson under the ... a mineral metabolism complication common in patients with kidney failure) Vectibix (Panitumumab) (for colon cancer) XGEVA ( ... for chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura) Prolia (denosumab) (for postmenopausal osteoporosis) Sensipar/Mimpara (Cinacalcet ...

*High anion gap metabolic acidosis

M - Methanol U - Uremia (chronic kidney failure) D - Diabetic ketoacidosis P - Paracetamol, Propylene glycol (used as an ... K - Ketoacidosis A - aspirin R - Renal failure M - Methanol E - Ethylene glycol L - Lactic acidosis Another frequently used ... renal failure K - ketoacidosis, ketones generated from starvation, alcohol, and diabetic ketoacidosis The mnemonic MUDPILES is ... Renal Failure. 24 (5): 671-5. doi:10.1081/JDI-120013973. PMID 12380915. "Metabolic Acidosis: Acid-Base Regulation and Disorders ...

*Tertiary hyperparathyroidism

The basis of treatment is still prevention in chronic kidney failure, starting medication and dietary restrictions long before ...

*Afzal Bangash

... had numerous health problems, including chronic bronchitis, asthma, kidney failure, stroke, near blindness, ... Bangash died of kidney failure on October 28, 1986, in Peshawar, Pakistan. Nearly one hundred thousand people turned up at his ...

*Childbirth

... or oligohydramnios Fetal demise Gestational hypertension Maternal conditions such as gestational diabetes or chronic kidney ... Some practitioners may diagnose "Failure to Progress", and consequently, propose interventions to optimize chances for healthy ... Health conditions that may warrant induced labour or cesarean delivery include gestational or chronic hypertension, ... Active phase prolongation is defined as in a primigravid woman as the failure of the cervix to dilate at a rate of 1.2 cm/h ...