... α-Ketoglutaric acid, an intermediate in the citric acid cycle β-Ketoglutaric acid (acetonedicarboxylic acid or 3-oxoglutaric ... Ketoglutaric acid or oxoglutaric acid, or its conjugate base, the carboxylate ketoglutarate or oxoglutarate, may refer to the ... acid) This set index article lists chemical compounds articles associated with the same name. If an internal link led you here ...
... (2-oxoglutaric acid) is a keto acid. Its carboxylate, α-ketoglutarate (also called 2-oxoglutarate), is an ... The term "ketoglutaric acid," when not further qualified, almost always refers to the alpha variant. β-Ketoglutaric acid varies ... Dicarboxylic acids, Alpha-keto acids, Citric acid cycle compounds). ... Proline, arginine, and lysine (in some organisms) are other amino acids synthesized as well. These three amino acids derive ...
Via condensation with oxalate esters, it serves as a precursor to ketoglutaric acid. It is a reagent in the Stobbe condensation ... Bottorff, E. M.; Moore, L. L. (1964). "α-Ketoglutaric Acid". Organic Syntheses. 44: 67. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.044.0067. Hunger, K ... A colorless liquid, diethyl succinate is formed by Fisher esterification of succinic acid and ethanol. Being a diester, diethyl ...
Krebs, HA (1938). "Micro-determination of alpha-ketoglutaric acid". The Biochemical Journal. 32 (1): 108-12. doi:10.1042/ ... Krebs, HA; Johnson, WA (1937). "Acetopyruvic acid (alphagamma-diketovaleric acid) as an intermediate metabolite in animal ... "The formation of citric and alpha-ketoglutaric acids in the mammalian body". The Biochemical Journal. 32 (1): 113-7. doi: ... "citric acid cycle". It is also known as the "Krebs cycle" or "tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle". Krebs sent a short manuscript ...
It is isosteric with α-Ketoglutaric acid. Such enzymes are pervasive and, for example, are required for the synthesis of 4- ...
It is the salt formed from ornithine and alpha-ketoglutaric acid. It is also used to improve nutritional health in elderly ... Amino acids, Combination drugs, All stub articles, Gastrointestinal system drug stubs). ...
... , 3-oxoglutaric acid or β-ketoglutaric acid is a simple dicarboxylic acid. Acetonedicarboxylic acid can ... Acetonedicarboxylic acid is well known to be used in the Robinson tropinone synthesis. The presence of β-ketoglutaric acid in ... alpha-Ketoglutaric acid ,ALDRICH&N5=SEARCH_CONCAT_PNO,BRAND_KEY&F=SPEC 1,3-Acetonedicarboxylic acid{{,bot=InternetArchiveBot , ... also be prepared by decarboxylation of citric acid in fuming sulfuric acid: Acetonedicarboxylic acid and its esters such as ...
Creatine-alpha-ketoglutarate is a salt formed from alpha-ketoglutaric acid (AKG) and creatine. Creatine is a mass-produced ... itself is a central molecule in the Krebs cycle that controls the organism's overall citric acid cycle rate. It can improve ... Amino Acids, and Medium-Chain Triglycerides and Endurance and Performance". International Journal of Sport Nutrition and ...
α-Ketoglutaric acid (or 2-oxoglutaric acid) β-Ketoglutaric acid (or 3-oxoglutaric acid) Jinich, Adrian; Sanchez-Lengeling, ... Trioxoglutaric acid or trioxopentanedioic acid is a hypothetical chemical compound with formula C5H2O7 or HO−(C=O)5−OH. It can ... It would be the next member of the series of fully oxidized straight-chain dicarboxylic acids, that starts with the oxalic, ... there seems to be no reliable published report of synthesis or isolation of the acid or its salts. It is however listed in one ...
... (AAKG) is a salt of the amino acid arginine and alpha-ketoglutaric acid. It is marketed as a ...
Rando RR (October 1977). "Mechanism of the irreversible inhibition of gamma-aminobutyric acid-alpha-ketoglutaric acid ... Gabaculine is also known as 3-amino-2,3-dihydrobenzoic acid hydrochloride and 5-amino cyclohexa-1,3 dienyl carboxylic acid. ... Amino acids, Gamma-Amino acids, Neurotoxins, GABA transaminase inhibitors, GABA reuptake inhibitors, GABA analogues). ...
One system checks the decrease in absorbance at 340 nm when the ammonia reacts with alpha-ketoglutaric acid. The Astra system ... In the more specific enzymatic methods, the enzyme urease converts urea to ammonia and carbonic acid. These products, which are ... A common assumption is that the ratio is elevated because of amino acid digestion, since blood (excluding water) consists ... Creatinine formation begins with the transamidination from arginine to glycine to form glycocyamine or guanidoacetic acid (GAA ...
Malic acid, ascorbic acid, citric acid, ketoglutaric acid, fumaric acid, shikimic acid and traces of succinic acid were ... Organic acids have been isolated from this species. Similar orange-capped species occur in North America and India. It was ... Malic and ascorbic acids were the most abundant compounds. Ergosterol has also been isolated from A. caesarea. Amanita caesarea ... A study of the organic acid composition of mushrooms found a relatively high level, about 6 g/kg, in A. caesarea. ...
... and alpha-Ketoglutaric acid to form L-phenylalanine (figure 1). L-phenylalanine then undergoes an elimination of the primary ... and Erythrose 4-phosphate to form shikimic acid, which then further reacts to form specific aromatic amino acids. L- ... The compound then reacts with Coenzyme A (CoA), CoA ligase, and ATP to attach CoA to the carboxylic acid group. The compound ... First naringenin is reacted with two equivalents of oxygen, alpha-Ketogluteratic acid, and flavanone 3-hydroxylase to form ...
Thiamine is important in three reactions in the metabolism of glucose: the decarboxylation of pyruvic acid, d-ketoglutaric acid ... pantothenic acid and biotin, vitamin B12, folic acid, niacin (vitamin B3), and vitamin A. It is also thought there is perhaps a ... Thiamine, vitamin B-12, and folic acid are vitamins that play an essential role in the peripheral and central nervous system ... Normal products of the liver, such as lipoic acid, may be deficient in alcoholics. This deficiency would also disrupt ...
... catalyzes the following reaction: L-proline + alpha-ketoglutaric acid + O2 → (2S, 4R)-4- ... enzymes catalyze the incorporation of oxygen into organic substrates through a mechanism that requires alpha-Ketoglutaric acid ... the complete cDNA-derived amino acid sequence and evidence for alternative splicing of RNA transcripts". Proceedings of the ...
I. The inhibition of gamma-aminobutyric acid-alpha-ketoglutaric acid transaminase in vitro and in vivo by U-7524 (amino- ... Also in 1936, Kitagawa and Takani described the preparation of aminooxyacetic acid by the condensation of benzhydroxamic acid ... and was prepared by the hydrolysis of ethylbenzhydroximinoacetic acid. In 1936, Anchel and Shoenheimer used aminooxyacetic acid ... Aminooxyacetic acid has been studied as a treatment for tinnitus. One study showed that about 20% of patients with tinnitus had ...
The compound can be converted to α-ketoglutaric acid through the action of a 2-hydroxyglutarate dehydrogenase which, in humans ... α-Hydroxyglutaric acid (2-hydroxyglutaric acid) is an alpha hydroxy acid form of glutaric acid. In humans the compound is ...
They also contain several organic acids, most predominantly the pairs malic and quinic acids, and citric and ketoglutaric acid ... which respectively make up 42% and 30% of total organic acids. The composition and concentration of organic acids in mushrooms ... A 2010 publication reported that the fungal hyphae are covered in crystals of oxalic acid, which, in addition to reducing soil ... "Quantitation of nine organic acids in wild mushrooms" (PDF). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 53 (9): 3626-30. doi: ...
Dioxalin Ketoglutaric acid (disambiguation) alpha-Ketoglutaric acid Acetonedicarboxylic acid (beta-Ketoglutaric acid) This set ...
... p-aminohippuric acid MeSH D02.241.607.360.579 - iodohippuric acid MeSH D02.241.607.465 - ketoglutaric acids MeSH D02.241. ... quinic acid MeSH D02.241.511.852 - shikimic acid MeSH D02.241.511.902 - sugar acids MeSH D02.241.511.902.107 - ascorbic acid ... formiminoglutamic acid MeSH D02.241.081.337.351.502 - ketoglutaric acids MeSH D02.241.081.337.351.550 - meglutol MeSH D02.241. ... edetic acid MeSH D02.241.081.038.455 - egtazic acid MeSH D02.241.081.038.581 - iodoacetic acid MeSH D02.241.081.038.581.400 - ...
... alpha-Ketoglutaric acid, also known as 2-Ketoglutaric acid, 2-Oxopentanedioic acid, 2-Oxoglutamate, 2-Oxoglutaric acid & ... Oxoglutaric acid Asian Kung-Fu Generation, a Japanese rock band Alternatív Közgazdasági Gimnázium, a high school in Budapest, ...
... (EC 1.1.1.41, isocitric dehydrogenase, beta-ketoglutaric-isocitric carboxylase, isocitric acid ... doi:10.1016/0003-9861(55)90421-5. Vickery HB (June 1962). "A suggested new nomenclature for the isomers of isocitric acid". The ... Hathaway JA, Atkinson DE (August 1963). "The effect of adenylic acid on yeast nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide isocitrate ...
... from α-ketoglutaric acid, which is produced as part of the citric acid cycle by a series of reactions whose starting point is ... Glutamic acid has been implicated in epileptic seizures. Microinjection of glutamic acid into neurons produces spontaneous ... Glutamate is a very major constituent of a wide variety of proteins; consequently it is one of the most abundant amino acids in ... In neuroscience, glutamate is the anion of glutamic acid in its role as a neurotransmitter (a chemical that nerve cells use to ...
The Gene has recently been nominated as a receptor not only for 2-oxogluterate (see alpha-Ketoglutaric acid) but also for the ... respond to alpha-Ketoglutaric acid by upregulating bicarbonate/NaCl exchange and exhibited a reduced ability to maintain acid- ... The projected amino acid sequence of the protein encoded by the GPR80 gene bore similarities to a purinergic receptor, P2Y1, ... He W, Miao FJ, Lin DC, Schwandner RT, Wang Z, Gao J, Chen JL, Tian H, Ling L (May 2004). "Citric acid cycle intermediates as ...
2-ketoglutaric acid, adipic acid, and suberic acid which seems to support the thesis that CASK affects mitochondrial function. ...
Stoolmiller AC, Abeles RH (1966). "Formation of alpha-ketoglutaric semialdehyde from L-2-keto-3-deoxyarabonic acid and ...
There are many other acids in small quantities: citric acid, ascorbic acid, α-ketoglutaric, fumaric acid, galacturonic acid, ... and organic acids, especially malic acid and tartaric acid. Acids occur in larger amounts in the centre of the berry while the ... The organic acids are mainly malic and tartaric acids. Tartaric acid is a characteristic of grapes; in its leaves its content ... Another solution is to introduce Metatartaric acid, a tartaric acid polymer, into the wine. Its mode of action is still unknown ...
... α-ketoglutaric acid (n = 2) and α-ketoadipic acid (n = 3) (the latter a metabolite of the amino acid lysine). Diethyl ... Diethyl oxomalonate is the diethyl ester of mesoxalic acid (ketomalonic acid), the simplest oxodicarboxylic acid and thus the ... the electrochemical oxidation of cyanmalonic acid diethylester (from cyanoacetate and chloroacetic acid ethyl ester using ... At humid air, mesoxalic acid diethyl ester reacts with water to give diethyl mesoxalate hydrate and the green-yellow oil are ...
D-gluconic acid, quinic acid, D-saccharic acid, D-lactic acid methyl ester, lactic acid, α-keto-glutaric acid and tween 40. ... mucic acid, p-hydroxy-phenylacetic acid, methyl pyruvate, citric acid, D-malic acid, L-malic acid, propionic acid or formic ... Strains which have been studied failed to utilize dextrin, D-aspertic acid, glycyl-L-proline, L-alanine, L-arginine, L-glutamic ... Strains that have been studied are sensitive to ampicillin, resistant to kanamycin and nalidixic acid, and grow well in YEMA ...