This has led many authors to refer to such cross-linked proteins in invertebrates as keratin, but modern analyses have shown ... at least some of the cross-linking is by disulphide bonds reminiscent of protein cross-linking in the formation of keratin. ... that the term is inappropriate; keratins are a fairly well-defined set of proteins comprising particular chains in different ... "The EMBO Journal vol.7 no.10 pp.2995-3001, 1988 BROWN, C. H.; Keratins in Invertebrates; Nature 166, 439 (09 September 1950); ...
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin gene family. As a type I hair keratin, it is an acidic protein ... "Entrez Gene: KRT32 keratin 32". Yu J, Yu DW, Checkla DM, et al. (1993). "Human hair keratins". J. Invest. Dermatol. 101 (1 ... Keratin, type I cuticular Ha2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KRT32 gene. ... The type I hair keratins are clustered in a region of chromosome 17q12-q21 and have the same direction of transcription. GRCh38 ...
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin gene family. This type I hair keratin is an acidic protein which ... Keratin, type I cuticular Ha6 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KRT36 gene. ... The type I hair keratins are clustered in a region of chromosome 17q12-q21 and have the same direction of transcription. GRCh38 ... 1999). "The catalog of human hair keratins. I. Expression of the nine type I members in the hair follicle". J. Biol. Chem. 274 ...
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin gene family. It is one of the type I hair keratin genes which are ... "Entrez Gene: KRT33B keratin 33B". Yu J, Yu DW, Checkla DM, et al. (1993). "Human hair keratins". J. Invest. Dermatol. 101 (1 ... As a type I hair keratin, it is an acidic protein which heterodimerizes with type II hair keratin to form hair and nails. There ... Rogers MA, Schweizer J, Kreig T, Winter H (Nov 1995). "A novel human type I hair keratin gene: evidence for two keratin hHa3 ...
This gene is a member of the type II keratin gene family and encodes a protein with an intermediate filament domain. Keratins ... 2005). "Characterization of new members of the human type II keratin gene family and a general evaluation of the keratin gene ... novel keratin genes and a surprisingly high number of pseudogenes related to keratin genes 8 and 18". J. Cell Sci. 114 (Pt 14 ... The genes of the type II keratin family are located as a gene cluster at 12p13.13. Four pseudogenes of this gene family have ...
"hirsutism / hypertrichosis - does shaving stimulate hair growth / hypertrichosis". Keratin.com. Retrieved 2011-11-24. "Shaving ...
"Hair biology - hair fiber". Keratin.com. Retrieved 2013-08-18. v t e. ...
"The hair pull test". Keratin.com. Retrieved 28 March 2012.[self-published source?] Rudnicka L, Olszewska M, Rakowska A, ... "Infectious hair disease - syphilis". Keratin.com. Retrieved 2011-11-17. "Drug-Induced Hair Loss". WebMD. "Drug Induced Hair ...
All hair keratins are expressed in the hair follicle; this hair keratin, as well as KRTHB1 and KRTHB3, is found primarily in ... The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin gene family. As a type II hair keratin, it is a basic protein which ... "Entrez Gene: KRT86 keratin 86". Langbein L, Schweizer J (2005). "Keratins of the human hair follicle". Int. Rev. Cytol. ... Pearce EG, Smith SK, Lanigan SW, Bowden PE (2000). "Two different mutations in the same codon of a type II hair keratin (hHb6) ...
Keratin 80, also known as KRT80, is a protein which humans is encoded by the KRT80 gene. Keratins, such as KRT80, are filament ... "Characterization of new members of the human type II keratin gene family and a general evaluation of the keratin gene domain on ... "Entrez Gene: KRT80 keratin 80". Rogers MA, Edler L, Winter H, Langbein L, Beckmann I, Schweizer J (March 2005). " ... "New consensus nomenclature for mammalian keratins". J. Cell Biol. 174 (2): 169-74. doi:10.1083/jcb.200603161. PMC 2064177. PMID ...
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin gene family. As a type II hair keratin, it is a basic protein which ... "Entrez Gene: KRT83 keratin 83". van Steensel MA, Steijlen PM, Bladergroen RS, Vermeer M, van Geel M (March 2005). "A missense ... Expression of the six type II members in the hair follicle and the combined catalog of human type I and II keratins". J. Biol. ... The type II hair keratins are clustered in a region of chromosome 12q13 and are grouped into two distinct subfamilies based on ...
... actin and alpha keratins. He elucidated the first structures of cytoskeletal keratin families, and predicted the long helical ... "The cDNA sequence of a Type II cytoskeletal keratin reveals constant and variable structural domains among keratins". Cell. 33 ... Hanukoglu I, Fuchs E (Nov 1982). "The cDNA sequence of a human epidermal keratin: divergence of sequence but conservation of ... Hanukoglu I, Ezra L (Jan 2014). "Proteopedia: Coiled-coil structure of keratins". Biochem Mol Biol Educ. 42 (1): 93-94. doi: ...
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin gene family. As a type II hair keratin, it is a basic protein which ... "Entrez Gene: KRT85 keratin 85". Ewing RM, Chu P, Elisma F, et al. (2007). "Large-scale mapping of human protein-protein ... Keratin, type II cuticular Hb5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KRT85 gene. ... The type II hair keratins are clustered in a region of chromosome 12q13 and are grouped into two distinct subfamilies based on ...
Zhang JS, Wang L, Huang H, Nelson M, Smith DI (Jan 2001). "Keratin 23 (K23), a novel acidic keratin, is highly induced by ... The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin family. The keratins are intermediate filament proteins responsible ... novel keratin genes and a surprisingly high number of pseudogenes related to keratin genes 8 and 18". J. Cell Sci. 114 (Pt 14 ... "Entrez Gene: KRT23 keratin 23 (histone deacetylase inducible)". Suzuki A, Ji G, Numabe Y, et al. (2004). "Single nucleotide ...
All hair keratins are expressed in the hair follicle; this hair keratin, as well as KRTHB3 and KRTHB6, is found primarily in ... The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin gene family. As a type II hair keratin, it is a basic protein which ... Keratin, type II cuticular Hb1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KRT81 gene. ... The type II hair keratins are clustered in a region of chromosome 12q13 and are grouped into two distinct subfamilies based on ...
These are modified keratins containing large amounts of the amino acid cysteine, which facilitates chemical cross-linking of ... List of human cell types derived from the germ layers Langbein L, Schweizer J (2005). Keratins of the human hair follicle. Int ...
McElwee, Kevin J. "pili multigemini". www.keratin.com. Retrieved 2019-10-28. Pili multigemini hair follicles, also called ' ...
made of keratin. Keratin is present in general in epithelial cells. neurofilaments of neural cells. made of lamin, giving ... Keratin intermediate filaments in epithelial cells provide protection for different mechanical stresses the skin may endure. ... Pan X, Hobbs RP, Coulombe PA (February 2013). "The expanding significance of keratin intermediate filaments in normal and ... keratins, vimentin, neurofilaments, and desmin. Although tubulin-like proteins share some amino acid sequence similarity, their ...
"Interaction of stress proteins with misfolded keratins". European Journal of Cell Biology. 84 (2-3): 329-39. doi:10.1016/j.ejcb ...
Regardless of the group, keratins are either acidic or basic. Acidic and basic keratins bind each other to form acidic-basic ... Analysis of a second keratin sequence revealed that the two types of keratins share only about 30% amino acid sequence homology ... keratin 5 or keratin 14 mutation Laminopathies are a family of diseases caused by mutations in nuclear lamins and include ... trichocytic keratins (about 13) (hair keratins), which make up hair, nails, horns and reptilian scales. ...
These studies were published in the absence of knowledge of a keratin sequence. The first keratin sequences were determined by ... "The cDNA sequence of a Type II cytoskeletal keratin reveals constant and variable structural domains among keratins". Cell. 33 ... Hanukoglu I, Fuchs E (Nov 1982). "The cDNA sequence of a human epidermal keratin: divergence of sequence but conservation of ... These models have been confirmed by structural analyses of coiled-coil domains of keratins. Coiled coils usually contain a ...
Pachyonychia congenita is caused by multiple keratins. Focal dermal hypoplasia is associated with PORCN. Ellis-van Creveld ... funny videos on YouTube and Instagram List of cutaneous conditions List of cutaneous conditions caused by mutations in keratins ...
His work on keratin provided the foundation for Linus Pauling's discovery of the alpha helix. He also studied the structure for ... Wool consists of keratin.) These substances did not produce sharp patterns of spots like crystals, but the patterns provided ... The molecular structure and elastic properties of hair keratin", Trans. R. Soc. Lond., A232, 333-394. Astbury WT and Sisson WA ... At Leeds Astbury studied the properties of fibrous substances such as keratin and collagen with funding from the textile ...
Keratin that is present in the hair, scales and in the epidermis of the skin is hydrolyzed in the presence of alkali (at pH ... Removal of Keratin proteins. Collagen swelling due to the alkaline pH. Collagen fibre bundle splitting. Removal of natural ... The main removal of keratin is performed during the unhairing operation. In traditional processing, liming and unhairing were ... values greater than 11.5). The disulfide bridges found in keratin protein are cleaved but can be reformed. Long periods of ...
"squamous keratins" CK-1. CK-2. CK-3. CK-4. CK-5. CK-6. CK-9. CK-10. CK-11. CK-12. CK-13. CK-14. CK-15. CK-16. CK-17 ... are simply called keratins (human epithelial category). For example, cytokeratin-4 (CK-4) has been renamed keratin-4 (K4).[3] ... Cytokeratins are keratin proteins found in the intracytoplasmic cytoskeleton of epithelial tissue. They are an important ... The term "cytokeratin" began to be used in the late 1970s, when the protein subunits of keratin intermediate filaments inside ...
Feathers are formed of α- and β-keratins. Compared to reptiles and mammals, α-keratin protein family has been reduced in birds ... 56% of β-keratins are feather-specific and can only be found in birds, whereas those that make up scales and claws can also be ... Since every major bird lineage possess at least one protein of each of the six β-keratin groups, it can be said that their last ...
The upper surface is keratin. The coelacanth has modified scaloid scales that lack cosmine and are thinner than true scaloid ...
... is a keratin gene. This is a type II keratin and appears to be a hair cuticle-specific. "KRT82 keratin 82 [Homo sapiens ( ...
... s can be nutritious, containing a dermal portion and a layer of protein-rich mucus apart from the layers of keratin ... The upper surface is keratin. Cosmoid scales increase in size through the growth of the lamellar bone layer. Elasmoid scales ...
... is a keratin gene. It is responsible for hair formation, along with other genes, and it encodes a protein present in the ... "KRT73 keratin 73 [Homo sapiens (human)]". NCBI. Retrieved April 2, 2016. v t e. ... "KRT73 Gene(Protein Coding) - Keratin 73, Type II". GeneCards. Retrieved April 2, 2016. "UniProtKB - Q86Y46 (K2C73_HUMAN)". ...