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*  Ankle replacement
The main objectives of the prosthetic design for ankle joint replacements are: to replicate original joint function, by ... Other potential contraindications such as capsuloligamentous instability and hindfoot or forefoot deformities affecting correct ... to attain feasibility of implantation given the small dimensions of the joint. As with other joint replacements, the ... This meniscal bearing should allow full congruence at the articular surfaces in all joint positions in order to minimize wear ...
*  Anterior cruciate ligament
Right knee-joint, from the front, showing interior ligaments. Left knee-joint from behind, showing interior ligaments. Head of ... This would suggest that many patients without instability, buckling or giving way after a course of rehabilitation can be ... The joint through which the anterior cruciate ligament passes, along with the actual size of the anterior cruciate ligament, is ... In the quadruped stifle joint (analogous to the knee), based on its anatomical position, it is also referred to as the cranial ...
*  Shoulder replacement
This is because joint tissues are well innervated from nociceptive input and therefore, a surgical procedure in the joint ... shoulder replacement can lead to a variety of complications including rotator cuff tear and glenohumeral instability. However, ... Such joint replacement surgery generally is conducted to relieve arthritis pain or fix severe physical joint damage. Shoulder ... joint through a relatively nerve free passageway. The shoulder joint is initially covered by the rotator cuff muscles ( ...
*  DLG1
Mukherjee A, Varma SK, Natarajan K (Feb 1972). "Ankle joint instability in poliomyelitis". Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 39 ( ...
*  Osteoarthritis
... especially shoulder and knee joint. A person may also complain of joint locking and joint instability. These symptoms would ... Unlike other types of arthritis, only the joints are typically affected. Causes include previous joint injury, abnormal joint ... Ligamentous deterioration or instability may be a factor. Marfan syndrome Obesity Joint infection While osteoarthritis is a ... In a healthy joint, the ends of bones are encased in smooth cartilage. Together, they are protected by a joint capsule lined ...
*  Digital motion X-ray
4. Youhimoto H, et al., Kinematic Evaluation of Atlantoaxial Joint Instability: An In Vivo Cineradiographic Investigation. ... Any form of joint motion can be recorded and analyzed. (Motion X-Ray) 1. Bill O'Neill inventor of and leader in non- ... Dwyer A., et al., Cervical Zyagopophyseal Joint Pain Patterns. II: A Study in Normal Volunteers, Spine 15: 453-447, 1990. 21. ... Bogduk N, Marsland A: The Cervical Zygapophyseal Joints As a Source of Neck Pain. Spine 13: 610-617, 1988. 22. National ...
*  Triangular fibrocartilage
Johnston, K; Durand, D; Hildebrand, K. A (2009). "Chronic volar distal radioulnar joint instability: Joint capsular plication ... Wong, Kwok-Ho; Yip, Tak-Hing; Wu, Wing-Cheung (2004). "Distal Radioulnar Joint Dorsal Instability Treated with Dorsal Capsular ... Arthrography: a dye is injected into the wrist joint. If there is a TFCC lesion the dye will leak from one joint compartment to ... Instability from the distal radioulnar joint: Reconstruction and evolution of dorsal triangular fibrocartilage complex ligament ...
*  Ligamentous laxity
This creates normal joint stability. If muscular control does not compensate for ligamentous laxity, joint instability may ... People with hypermobile joints (or "double-jointed" people), almost by definition, have lax ligaments. Hypermobility (joints) ... However, age of onset and extent of joint laxity are variable in Marfan syndrome, and joint laxity may be confined to the hands ... When this condition affects joints in the entire body, it is called generalized joint hypermobility, which occurs in about ten ...
*  Osteolysis
Associated findings may include distended joint capsule, soft-tissue swelling, and joint instability. A common surgery to treat ... While bone resorption is commonly associated with many diseases or joint problems, the term osteolysis generally refers to a ... Distal clavicular osteolysis (DCO) is often associated with problems weightlifters have with their acromioclavicular joints due ... worn off the contact surface of the artificial ball and socket joint). As the body attempts to clean up these wear particles ( ...
*  Trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis
... will lead to joint instability. This instability causes misalignment of the joint bones, which will then rub against each other ... Because of this instability, the joint is more susceptible to be damaged. To remain stable the CMC1 joint has to rely on the ... This joint is a so-called saddle joint (articulatio sellaris), unlike the CMC joints of the other four fingers which are ... Because the stress on the CMC1 joint is now divided over the other joints, those joints are more likely to be damaged. ...
*  Wrist osteoarthritis
Joint locking, where the joint is fixed in an extended position. Joint instability. These symptoms can lead to loss of function ... when palpated or while moving the radioscaphoid joint), dorsal radial swelling and instability of the wrist joint. Notice that ... Because the radiolunate joint is typically preserved in stage II SLAC and SNAC wrists, this joint can be the only remaining ... Stage IV: the osteoarthritis is located in the entire radiocarpal joint and in the intercarpal joints. It also may involve the ...
*  Post-polio syndrome
Joint instability can cause significant pain in individuals with PPS and should be adequately treated with painkillers. ... A recent study showed that in a review of 539 PPS patients, 80 percent reported pain in muscles and joints and 87 percent had ...
*  Gain-field encoding
"Gain modulation of the middle latency cutaneous reflex in patients with chronic joint instability after ankle sprain". Clinical ...
*  Gene therapy for osteoarthritis
... mechanical overloading of joints or joint-instability. Genetics is also a leading factor that contributes to OA. Studies have ... The major purpose of gene delivery is to alter the lining of the joint in a way that enables them to serve as an endogenous ... Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease which is the western world's leading cause of pain and disability. It is ... OA is mostly the result of natural aging of the joint due to biochemical changes in the cartilage extracellular matrix. ...
*  Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
... and joint instability and absent rheumatoid factor. JIA affects about one in 1,000 children in any given year, with about one ... Late effects of arthritis include joint contracture (stiff, bent joint due to fibrosis) and joint damage. Children with JIA ... The joints affected are usually symmetrical, meaning that it affects both joints on both sides of the body (such as both wrists ... Usually, the smaller joints are affected in polyarticular JIA, such as the fingers and hands, although weight-bearing joints ...
*  Retrolisthesis
... then Category IV instability is present. See also Joint stability. Translation is a gliding motion where one bone of a joint ... A summary of part of the DRE tables (6) give a guide as to the implications of the joint instability. If either translation or ... osteophyte formation and apophyseal joint instability. With a retrolisthesis there is always a less than ideal positioning of ... If the joints are stuck in a retrolisthesis configuration there may also be changes to range of motion. Pain may be experienced ...
*  Joint stability
Instability of joints can cause unhealthy ranges of movement in your joints which can result in the joints fracturing. The bony ... It is believed that one or more of the subsystems must have failed if joint instability occurs, usually a torn or overstretched ... Joint stability refers to the resistance offered by various musculoskeletal tissues that surround a skeletal joint. Several ... components that may relate to the potential for joint instability can be measured by use of x-rays. Plain film lateral x-rays ...
*  Tibial plateau fracture
Fracture of the lateral tibial plateau IIIB Compression Fracture of the central tibial plateau May result in joint instability ... Blood in the soft tissues and knee joint (hemarthrosis) may lead to bruising and a doughy feel of the knee joint. Due to the ... A tibial plateau fracture is a break of the upper part of the tibia (shinbone) that involves the knee joint. Symptoms include ... Depends on the body weight of patient and stability of the joint. Schantz pin insertion over the Calcaneum should be done from ...
*  Bennett's fracture
... relatively little joint instability, and minimal subluxation of the CMC joint (less than 1 mm). In such cases, closed reduction ... and especially over the CMC joint of the thumb. Physical examination demonstrates instability of the CMC joint of the thumb. ... Symptoms of Bennett fracture are instability of the CMC joint of the thumb, accompanied by pain and weakness of the pinch grasp ... Edmunds, JO (Aug 2006). "Traumatic dislocations and instability of the trapeziometacarpal joint of the thumb" (PDF). Hand ...
*  Ringbone
Arthrodesis: the fusion of the two bones of the pastern joints eliminates the instability of the joint, and thus the ... However, this is usually not progressive unless nearby soft tissue was also harmed and thus the joint instability was affected ... Joint injections: The pastern joint can be injected directly, typically with a form of corticosteroid and hyaluronic acid. ... Arthrodesis of the coffin joint is usually not performed due to the location of the joint (within the hoof) and because the ...
*  Sacroiliac joint dysfunction
SI joint dysfunction is sometimes referred to as "sacroiliac joint instability" or "sacroiliac joint insufficiency" due to the ... The current "gold standard" for diagnosis of sacroiliac joint dysfunction emanating within the joint is sacroiliac joint ... joints. Each innominate bone (ilium) joins the femur (thigh bone) to form the hip joint; thus the sacroiliac joint moves with ... Sacroiliac joint dysfunction generally refers to pain in the sacroiliac joint region that is caused by abnormal motion in the ...
*  Osteopathic manipulation
The use of HVLA is contraindicated in patients with Down syndrome due to instability of the atlantoaxial joint which may stem ... Muscle energy techniques are contraindicated in patients with fractures, crush injuries, dislocations, joint instability, ... therapeutic force of brief duration that travels a short distance within the anatomic range of motion of a joint and engages ...
*  Adducted thumb syndrome
... joint instability, facial clefting and bleeding disorders, as well as heart, kidney or intestinal defects. Severe psychomotor ... including bone and joint defects of the upper limbs, adducted thumbs, camptodactyly and talipes equinovarus or calcaneovalgus. ...
*  Hypermobility (joints)
Hypermobility causes physical trauma (in the form of joint dislocations, joint subluxations, joint instability, sprains, etc ... "Joint double jointed ness , Arthritis Research UK". www.arthritisresearchuk.org. Retrieved 2016-12-02. "Joint hypermobility - ... Joint instability causing frequent sprains, tendinitis, or bursitis when doing activities that would not affect others Joint ... For example, their joints may be easily injured, be more prone to complete dislocation due to the weakly stabilized joint and ...
*  Elbow fracture
The terrible triad of the elbow is confers joint instability and a major risk of developing osteoarthritis. Daniel K Nishijima ... Elbow fractures are any broken bone around the elbow joint. They include among others: Olecranon fractures Supracondylar ...
*  Classical Anatolia
In addition to instability in governance and civil war the crisis years were marked by hyperinflation, plague and the first ... The Romans restored him as a joint king with Orophernes in 157 BC by dividing the kingdom. Orophernes was reluctant to cede ... The Julio-Claudian dynasty ended with Nero's suicide, resulting in a period of instability in 69 until Vespasian (69-79) ... Eventually Alexander and Philip were made joint monarchs and responsibility for regional administration divided up at the ...
*  Meniscus transplant
... knee joint instability Anterior cruciate ligament deficiency Knee arthrofibrosis Significant muscular atrophy Prior joint ... It is now known that a knee joint without healthy menisci is at significantly increased risk of developing wear and tear ... Its cross-linking preserved the scaffold in the knee joint long enough for new meniscus tissue to grow into it. (Patents ... A thirty-year follow-up". The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume. 82 (2): 217-21. PMID 10755429. Rockborn, P; ...