Contract sphincters of Gastro Intestinal tract. Thickened secretions from salivary glands. Insulin secretion from pancreas ... Increase protein content of secretions from lacrimal glands. Receptor also present in cerebellum. Bronchiole dilation (targeted ...
Meconium is made in the intestinal tract. The liver and pancreas produce fluid secretions. From week 13, sex prediction by ... Insulin secretion in fetus starts around 12th week of gestation. Fetal pig Definitions and Indicators in Family Planning. ... Zygote is nourished by cellular cytoplasm and secretions in fallopian tubes and uterine cavity. Histoplasmic transfer: After ...
"Entamoeba histolytica causes intestinal secretion: role of serotonin". Science. 221 (4612): 762-4. doi:10.1126/science.6308760 ... Stark D, van Hal S, Marriott D, Ellis J, Harkness J (Jan 2007). "Irritable bowel syndrome: a review on the role of intestinal ... Palma C, Manzini S (Jan 1998). "Substance P induces secretion of immunomodulatory cytokines by human astrocytoma cells". ... Steinitz H (Aug 1979). "[Chronic recurrent intestinal amebiasis in Israel (author's transl)]". Leber, Magen, Darm (in German). ...
1983). "Entamoeba histolytica causes intestinal secretion: role of serotonin". Science. 221 (4612): 762-4. doi:10.1126/science. ... between the intestinal epithelial cells and the intestinal content. The parasite causes the actin filaments to rearrange, and ... Protease Secretion: Blastocystis secretes a protease that breaks up antibodies produced and secreted into the gastrointestinal ... Zhang HW, Li W, Yan QY, He LJ, Su YP (2006). "[Impact of Blastocystis hominis infection on ultrastructure of intestinal mucosa ...
"Vasoactive intestinal peptide stimulates adrenal aldosterone and corticosterone secretion". Endocrinology. 122 (5): 2090-2097. ... "Stimulatory Effects of Stress on Gonadotropin Secretion in Estrogen-Treated Women*" (PDF). The Journal of Clinical ...
They named this intestinal secretion secretin. Secretin was the first such "chemical messenger" identified. This type of ... Also, the secretion of secretin is increased by the products of protein digestion bathing the mucosa of the upper small ... It is a peptide hormone produced in the S cells of the duodenum, which are located in the intestinal glands. In humans, the ... Chow BK, Cheung KH, Tsang EM, Leung MC, Lee SM, Wong PY (2004). "Secretin controls anion secretion in the rat epididymis in an ...
Evidence for intestinal secretion of the glycosides". Acta medica Scandinavica. Supplementum. 668: 88-90. PMID 6963097. ...
1999). "Intestinal trefoil factor binds to intestinal epithelial cells and induces nitric oxide production: priming and ... Goblet cell-specific expression of a peptide targeted for apical secretion". J. Biol. Chem. 268 (9): 6694-702. PMID 8454642. ... 2002). "Intestinal trefoil factor: a marker of poor prognosis in gastric carcinoma". Clin. Cancer Res. 8 (5): 1092-9. PMID ... 1997). "Human intestinal trefoil factor is expressed in human hypothalamus and pituitary: evidence for a novel neuropeptide". ...
"Entamoeba histolytica causes intestinal secretion: role of serotonin". Science. 221 (4612): 762-4. Bibcode:1983Sci...221..762M ... This means serotonin secretion not only serves to increase the spread of enteamoebas by giving the host diarrhea but also ... Thus, in the fruit fly, serotonergic neurons regulate the adult body size by affecting insulin secretion. Serotonin has also ... "Intracellular serotonin modulates insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells by protein serotonylation". PLoS Biol. 7 (10): ...
... the motor neurons control peristalsis and churning of intestinal contents. Other neurons control the secretion of enzymes. The ... "Do lesions of the enteric nervous system occur following intestinal ischemia/reperfusion?". Acta Cir Bras. 22 (2): 120-4. doi: ...
... the motor neurons control peristalsis and churning of intestinal contents. Other neurons control the secretion of enzymes. The ... and by that time the intestinal epithelium and the intestinal mucosal barrier that it secretes have co-developed in a way that ... Intestinal bacteria also play a role in synthesizing vitamin B and vitamin K as well as metabolizing bile acids, sterols, and ... Apr 2015). "Keeping bugs in check: The mucus layer as a critical component in maintaining intestinal homeostasis". IUBMB Life. ...
"Molecular cloning and expression of a pituitary gland protein modulating intestinal fluid secretion". J. Biol. Chem. 270 (35): ... a protein in the central nervous system and in the gut which inhibits intestinal hypersecretion induced by cholera toxin". ...
"Actions of serotonin antagonists on cholera-toxin-induced intestinal fluid secretion". Acta Physiol Scand. National Institutes ...
"Secretion of microbicidal alpha-defensins by intestinal Paneth cells in response to bacteria". Nat. Immunol. 1 (2): 113-8. doi: ... They were first characterized as products of cDNAs derived from mouse small intestinal RNA. To date, over 25 cryptdin-encoding ... In response to bacterial antigens, Paneth cells release their secretory granules into the lumen of intestinal crypts. There, ... "Regulation of intestinal alpha-defensin activation by the metalloproteinase matrilysin in innate host defense". Science. 286 ( ...
Salivary, gastric, intestinal, hepatic, and pancreatic secretions add an additional 7-8 L of protein-, lipid-, and electrolyte- ... Symptoms can be intestinal or extra-intestinal - the former predominates in severe malabsorption. Diarrhoea, often steatorrhoea ... In patients whose intestinal absorptive surface is severely limited from disease or surgery, long term total parenteral ... Intestinal malabsorption can be due to: Mucosal damage (enteropathy) Congenital or acquired reduction in absorptive surface ...
The duodenum contains Brunner's glands, which produce a mucus-rich alkaline secretion containing bicarbonate. These secretions ... The gastro intestinal tract in the Human Protein Atlas Your Digestive System and How It Works at National Institutes of Health ... Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a syndrome caused by a malformation of the digestive system, characterized by a severe ... The area of the human, adult small intestinal mucosa is about 30 m2. Its main function is to absorb the products of digestion ( ...
"Intestinal organoids for assessing nutrient transport, sensing and incretin secretion". Scientific Reports. 5: 16831. doi: ... Intestinal organoids were used to study the nature of the intestinal stem cell niche, and research done with them demonstrated ... Intestinal organoids have also been generated from intestinal stem cells, extracted from adult tissue and cultured in 3D media ... Intestinal organoid Intestinal organoids have thus far been among the gut organoids to be generated directly from pluripotent ...
Potentiation between intestinal and gastric phases of acid secretion in Heidenhain pouches. Arch. Surg., 105:709-12. 1973 With ... A quantitative study of the effect of vagotomy on gastric secretion in the dog. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med., 67:350-51. With E. ... Effect of resection of antrum of stomach on gastric secretion in Pavlov pouch dogs. Am. J. Physiol., 162:99-109. 1951 With H. A ... Quantitative study of effect of antrum resection on gastric secretion in Pavlov pouch dogs. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med., 68:473- ...
... morphine decreases the rate of intestinal transit. Reduction in gut secretion and increased intestinal fluid absorption also ... and the beginning of intestinal cramping[citation needed] Stage IV, 24 h to 36 h after last dose: Increase in all of the above ... morphine acts on the myenteric plexus in the intestinal tract, reducing gut motility, causing constipation. The ...
In a diarrheal illness, sodium-rich intestinal secretions are lost before they can be reabsorbed. This can lead to life- ... This, combined with evidence that the intestinal mucosa appears undamaged in cholera, suggested that intestinal absorption of ... Without glucose, intestinal sodium is not absorbed. This is why oral rehydration salts include both sodium and glucose. For ... From the intestinal epithelial cells, sodium is pumped by active transport via the sodium-potassium pump through the ...
Their secretions are vital to the functioning of the organ. There are many specialised cells of the GI tract. These include the ... These are then absorbed by villi on the intestinal wall. If fats are not absorbed in this way in the small intestine problems ... Aqueous pancreatic secretions from pancreatic duct cells contain bicarbonate ions which are alkaline and help with the bile to ... If the taste is agreeable, the tongue will go into action, manipulating the food in the mouth which stimulates the secretion of ...
"Duodenal brush border intestinal alkaline phosphatase activity affects bicarbonate secretion in rats". American Journal of ... Human-intestinal ALPase shows around 80% homology with bovine intestinal ALPase, which holds true their shared evolutionary ... Intestinal alkaline phosphatase is secreted by enterocytes, and seems to play a pivotal role in intestinal homeostasis and ... Intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) and the mechanism it uses to regulate pH and ATP hydrolysis in rat duodenum. Testing the ...
Intestinal NPP3 would be involved in hydrolyzing food-derived nucleotides. The liver releases ATP and ADP into the bile to ... Schlenker T, Romac JM, Sharara AI, Roman RM, Kim SJ, LaRusso N, Liddle RA, Fitz JG (1997). "Regulation of biliary secretion ... Byrd, J. C.; Fearney, F. J.; Kim, Y. S. (1985). "Rat Intestinal Nucleotide-Sugar Pyrophosphatase". Journal of Biological ... regulate bile secretion. It subsequently reclaims adenosine via a pathway that probably contains NPP3. NPP belongs to the ...
Mechanism of action is the suppression of insulin secretion. Octreotide can reduce the intestinal resorption of ciclosporin, ... and vasoactive intestinal peptide, reduce secretion of fluids by the intestine and pancreas, reduce gastrointestinal motility ... Octreotide helps in management of the fistula by reducing GI secretions and inhibiting GI motility, thus controlling and ... Since octreotide resembles somatostatin in physiological activities, it can: inhibit secretion of many hormones, such as ...
Other secretions from the pancreas, gallbladder, liver, and glands in the intestinal wall help in digestion. When food ... Chyme is part liquid and part solid: a thick semifluid mass of partially digested food and digestive secretions that is formed ... The duodenum also produces the hormone secretin to stimulate the pancreatic secretion of large amounts of sodium bicarbonate, ... particles are sufficiently reduced in size and composition, they are absorbed by the intestinal wall and transported to the ...
... only a minor defect in insulin secretion and others with slight insulin resistance and primarily a lack of insulin secretion.[ ... The intestinal bacteria Prevotella copri and Bacteroides vulgatus have been connected with type 2 diabetes.[31] ... not all people with insulin resistance develop diabetes since an impairment of insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells is ...