... can cause increased gastric acid secretion, diminished bicarbonate secretion, diminished mucus secretion and diminished trophic ... The intestinal mucosal barrier, also referred to as intestinal barrier, refers to the property of the intestinal mucosa that ... Both intestinal and extra-intestinal autoimmune disorders can result. Intestinal barrier dysfunction is thought to be ... These include changes in gut motility, intestinal permeability, ion flux, fluid balance and mucus secretion. Furthermore, acute ...
Meconium is made in the intestinal tract. The liver and pancreas produce fluid secretions. From week 13, sex prediction by ...
Geibel, John P. (1 January 2005). "Secretion and absorption by colonic crypts". Annual Review of Physiology. 67: 471-490. doi: ... Intestinal mucosal barrier Intestinal permeability Clevers H (2013). "The intestinal crypt, a prototype stem cell compartment ... The intestinal epithelium is part of the intestinal mucosa. The epithelium is composed of a single layer of cells, while the ... Thus the intestinal epithelium not only serves as a physical barrier separating the intestinal lumen from the body proper but ...
They named this intestinal secretion secretin. This type of 'chemical messenger' substance is now called a hormone, a term ... Also, the secretion of secretin is increased by the products of protein digestion bathing the mucosa of the upper small ... It is a peptide hormone produced in the S cells of the duodenum, which are located in the intestinal glands. In humans, the ... Secretin helps regulate the pH of the duodenum by (1) inhibiting the secretion of gastric acid from the parietal cells of the ...
... and cause inhibition of gastric acid secretion and absorption from the intestinal lumen. Its role in the intestine is to ... Vasoactive intestinal peptide, also known as vasoactive intestinal polypeptide or VIP, is a peptide hormone that is vasoactive ... stimulating pancreatic bicarbonate secretion, and inhibiting gastrin-stimulated gastric acid secretion. These effects work ... "Upregulation of intestinal mucosal mast cells expressing VPAC1 in close proximity to vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in ...
Evidence for intestinal secretion of the glycosides". Acta Medica Scandinavica. Supplementum. 668: 88-90. doi:10.1111/j.0954- ...
H J Cooke (January 1, 2000). "Neurotransmitters in neuronal reflexes regulating intestinal secretion". Annals of the New York ... She studied intestinal mucosa and pioneered the field of neurobiology. Throughout her career, Cooke campaigned to support women ... H J Cooke (April 1, 1986). "Neurobiology of the intestinal mucosa". Gastroenterology. 90 (4): 1057-1081. doi:10.1016/0016-5085( ... Cooke HJ (February 1, 1994). "Neuroimmune signaling in regulation of intestinal ion transport". American Journal of Physiology ...
August 1983). "Entamoeba histolytica causes intestinal secretion: role of serotonin". Science. 221 (4612): 762-764. Bibcode: ... This means serotonin secretion not only serves to increase the spread of enteamoebas by giving the host diarrhea but also ... Intestinal epithelium-specific deletion of mouse Piezo1 profoundly disturbed gut peristalsis, impeded experimental colitis, and ... Thus, in the fruit fly, serotonergic neurons regulate the adult body size by affecting insulin secretion. Serotonin has also ...
"Entamoeba histolytica causes intestinal secretion: role of serotonin". Science. 221 (4612): 762-4. Bibcode:1983Sci...221..762M ... Stark D, van Hal S, Marriott D, Ellis J, Harkness J (Jan 2007). "Irritable bowel syndrome: a review on the role of intestinal ... Palma C, Manzini S (Jan 1998). "Substance P induces secretion of immunomodulatory cytokines by human astrocytoma cells". ... Steinitz H (Aug 1979). "[Chronic recurrent intestinal amebiasis in Israel (author's transl)]". Leber, Magen, Darm (in German). ...
Naturally stimulates the horse's own hormone secretions without side effects. - Helps assist the rapid recovery process after ... Haarlem oil guarantees against infections, such as respiratory, urinary, biliary, and intestinal. - ...
1983). "Entamoeba histolytica causes intestinal secretion: role of serotonin". Science. 221 (4612): 762-4. Bibcode:1983Sci... ... between the intestinal epithelial cells and the intestinal content. The parasite causes the actin filaments to rearrange, and ... Protease secretion: Blastocystis secretes a protease that breaks up antibodies produced and secreted into the gastrointestinal ... Zhang HW, Li W, Yan QY, He LJ, Su YP (2006). "[Impact of Blastocystis hominis infection on ultrastructure of intestinal mucosa ...
"Vasoactive intestinal peptide stimulates adrenal aldosterone and corticosterone secretion". Endocrinology. 122 (5): 2090-2097. ... "Stimulatory Effects of Stress on Gonadotropin Secretion in Estrogen-Treated Women*" (PDF). The Journal of Clinical ...
A non-functional version of YipF6 exacerbated intestinal inflammation in mice, and sometimes resulted in spontaneous intestinal ... Secretion, Eukaryote proteins). ...
... intestinal, hepatic, and pancreatic secretions add an additional 7-8 L of protein-, lipid-, and electrolyte-containing fluid to ... Symptoms can be intestinal or extra-intestinal - the former predominates in severe malabsorption.[citation needed] Diarrhoea, ... Intestinal malabsorption can be due to: Congenital or acquired reduction in absorptive surface Defects of ion transport Defects ... In patients whose intestinal absorptive surface is severely limited from disease or surgery, long term total parenteral ...
This allows for thorough mixing of intestinal contents, known as chyme, to allow greater absorption. The secretion of ... Through intestinal muscles, the motor neurons control peristalsis and churning of intestinal contents. Other neurons control ... Hormone secretion is controlled by the vagovagal reflex, where the neurons in the digestive tract communicate through both ... The neurons of the enteric nervous system control the motor functions of the system, in addition to the secretion of ...
... the motor neurons control peristalsis and churning of intestinal contents. Other neurons control the secretion of enzymes. The ... the intestinal epithelium and the intestinal mucosal barrier that it secretes have co-developed in a way that is tolerant to, ... it was proposed that emotional states might alter normal intestinal microbiota which could lead to increased intestinal ... Intestinal bacteria also play a role in synthesizing vitamin B and vitamin K as well as metabolizing bile acids, sterols, and ...
... allows for fructose to be transported from the intestinal lumen into the enterocyte by facilitated diffusion due to ... sensing and incretin secretion". Scientific Reports. 5 (1): 16831. doi:10.1038/srep16831. PMC 4652176. PMID 26582215. GLUT5+ ... Fructose absorption by GLUT5 can be investigated using intestinal organoids. Click on genes, proteins and metabolites below to ... Drozdowski LA, Woudstra TD, Wild GE, Clandinin MT, Thomson AB (October 2004). "Age-associated changes in intestinal fructose ...
The sphincter regulates the secretion of pancreatic juice and bile into the duodenum. It also prevents reflux of duodenal ... The sphincter of Oddi is relaxed by the hormone cholecystokinin via vasoactive intestinal peptide. Pancreatitis can result from ... Wiley JW, O'Dorisio TM, Owyang C (June 1988). "Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide mediates cholecystokinin-induced relaxation of ... a failure of pancreatic secretions to drain properly. One possible cause of impaired drainage of pancreatic juice is blockage ...
1999). "Intestinal trefoil factor binds to intestinal epithelial cells and induces nitric oxide production: priming and ... Goblet cell-specific expression of a peptide targeted for apical secretion". J. Biol. Chem. 268 (9): 6694-702. doi:10.1016/ ... 2002). "Intestinal trefoil factor: a marker of poor prognosis in gastric carcinoma". Clin. Cancer Res. 8 (5): 1092-9. PMID ... 1997). "Human intestinal trefoil factor is expressed in human hypothalamus and pituitary: evidence for a novel neuropeptide". ...
"Chloride Secretion by the Intestinal Epithelium: Molecular Basis and Regulatory Aspects". Annual Review of Physiology. 62 (1): ... Resta-Lenert, S.; Barrett, K. E. (1 July 2003). "Live probiotics protect intestinal epithelial cells from the effects of ... and IFN-γ-Induced Dysfunction in Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells". Gastroenterology. 130 (3): 731-746. doi:10.1053/j.gastro. ...
Potentiation between intestinal and gastric phases of acid secretion in Heidenhain pouches. Arch. Surg., 105:709-12. 1973 With ... A quantitative study of the effect of vagotomy on gastric secretion in the dog. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med., 67:350-51. With E. ... Effect of resection of antrum of stomach on gastric secretion in Pavlov pouch dogs. Am. J. Physiol., 162:99-109. 1951 With H. A ... Quantitative study of effect of antrum resection on gastric secretion in Pavlov pouch dogs. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med., 68:473- ...
In a diarrheal illness, sodium-rich intestinal secretions are lost before they can be reabsorbed. This can lead to life- ... This, combined with evidence that the intestinal mucosa appears undamaged in cholera, suggested that intestinal absorption of ... Without glucose, intestinal sodium is not absorbed. This is why oral rehydration salts include both sodium and glucose. For ... From the intestinal epithelial cells, sodium is pumped by active transport via the sodium-potassium pump through the ...
"Duodenal brush border intestinal alkaline phosphatase activity affects bicarbonate secretion in rats". American Journal of ... Human-intestinal alkaline phosphatase shows around 80% homology with the bovine intestinal enzyme which holds true their shared ... Intestinal alkaline phosphatase is secreted by enterocytes, and seems to play a pivotal role in intestinal homeostasis and ... Intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) and the mechanism it uses to regulate pH and ATP hydrolysis in rat duodenum. Testing the ...
... mucous secretion by goblet cells) and are eventually shed into the lumen. Intestinal stem cells were first identified as such ... Below, a table of intestinal stem cell "marker" genes is given, along with a notation if this marks active of CBC stem cells, ... The following is a list of intestinal stem cell marker genes, including their name and known function. In the adult intestine, ... Takeda, N.; Jain, R.; Leboeuf, M. R.; Wang, Q.; Lu, M. M.; Epstein, J. A. (2011). "Interconversion Between Intestinal Stem Cell ...
It was marketed by Geigy as an intestinal antiseptic and amebicide with the trade name Siosteran.[citation needed] Mett H, Gyr ... K, Zak O, Vosbeck K (July 1984). "Duodeno-pancreatic secretions enhance bactericidal activity of antimicrobial drugs". ...
Other secretions from the pancreas, gallbladder, liver, and glands in the intestinal wall help in digestion. When food ... Chyme is part liquid and part solid: a thick semifluid mass of partially digested food and digestive secretions that is formed ... The duodenum also produces the hormone secretin to stimulate the pancreatic secretion of large amounts of sodium bicarbonate, ... particles are sufficiently reduced in size and composition, they are absorbed by the intestinal wall and transported to the ...
"Molecular cloning and expression of a pituitary gland protein modulating intestinal fluid secretion". J. Biol. Chem. 270 (35): ... a protein in the central nervous system and in the gut which inhibits intestinal hypersecretion induced by cholera toxin". ...
May 2005). "CD36 deficiency impairs intestinal lipid secretion and clearance of chylomicrons from the blood". The Journal of ... and digestive secretions". The Journal of Clinical Investigation. 115 (11): 3177-84. doi:10.1172/JCI25299. PMC 1265871. PMID ... induced MAPK activation and proinflammatory cytokine secretion. When macrophages were exposed to PfGPI the proteins ERK1/2, JNK ...
"Secretion of microbicidal alpha-defensins by intestinal Paneth cells in response to bacteria". Nat. Immunol. 1 (2): 113-8. doi: ... They were first characterized as products of cDNAs derived from mouse small intestinal RNA. To date, over 25 cryptdin-encoding ... In response to bacterial antigens, Paneth cells release their secretory granules into the lumen of intestinal crypts. There, ... "Regulation of intestinal alpha-defensin activation by the metalloproteinase matrilysin in innate host defense". Science. 286 ( ...
If Notum secretion is inhibited, the regenerative potential of the intestinal epithelium could increase. It has been ... They are located below the intestinal stem cells in the intestinal glands (also called crypts of Lieberkühn) and the large ... About mid-way though the development of the small intestine, cathelicidin secretion is replaced by α-defensin secretion. The ... "Secretion of microbicidal alpha-defensins by intestinal Paneth cells in response to bacteria". Nature Immunology. 1 (2): 113- ...