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*  Intestinal atresia
Atresia Bowel obstruction Ileus Pediatric surgery Le, Tao (2013). First Aid for the USMLE STEP. New York: Mc Graw Hill. p. 308 ... Intestinal atresias are often discovered before birth: either during a routine sonogram which shows a dilated intestinal ... The most common cause of non-duodenal intestinal atresia is a vascular accident in utero that leads to decreased intestinal ... Intestinal atresia is a malformation where there is a narrowing or absence of a portion of the intestine. This defect can ...
*  Bowel obstruction
... , also known as intestinal obstruction, is a mechanical or functional obstruction of the intestines which ... Small bowel obstruction on ultrasound. Differential diagnoses of bowel obstruction include: Ileus Pseudo-obstruction or ... Fetal and neonatal bowel obstructions are often caused by an intestinal atresia, where there is a narrowing or absence of a ... Small bowel obstructions are most often due to adhesions and hernias while large bowel obstructions are most often due to ...
*  Sigmoid colon volvulus
It is common in Asia, India (7% of intestinal obstruction) and especially South India because of the high fibre diet. It is ... It requires one and a half rotation to cause vascular obstruction and gangrene which eventually leads to perforation either at ... Sigmoid colon volvulus, also known as sigmoid volvulus, is a common cause of bowel obstruction and constipation. ... very common cause of large bowel obstruction in Peru and Bolivia due to high altitude. Pain in abdomen - initially left-sided, ...
*  Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome
... (DIOS) involves obstruction of the distal part of the small intestines by thickened ... DIOS was previously known as meconium ileus equivalent, a name which highlights its similarity to the intestinal obstruction ... DIOS is sometimes classified by the degree of obstruction as incomplete or complete DIOS. Signs and symptoms of DIOS include a ... Individuals with DIOS may be predisposed to bowel obstruction, though it is a separate entity than true constipation. ...
*  Crohn's disease
Obstruction typically occurs from strictures or adhesions that narrow the lumen, blocking the passage of the intestinal ... "Intestinal Obstruction". MERCK MANUAL Consumer Version. Archived from the original on July 10, 2016. Retrieved June 27, 2016. " ... Flatulence and bloating may also add to the intestinal discomfort. Symptoms caused by intestinal stenosis are also common in ... Bowel obstruction also commonly occurs and those with the disease are at greater risk of bowel cancer. While the cause of ...
*  Ischemic colitis
Path EJ, McClure JN (February 1950). "Intestinal obstruction; the protective action of sulfasuxidine and sulfathalidine to the ... If a bowel obstruction develops as a result of the stricture, surgical resection is the usual treatment, although endoscopic ... Cappell M (1998). "Intestinal (mesenteric) vasculopathy. II. Ischemic colitis and chronic mesenteric ischemia". Gastroenterol ... Brewster DC, Franklin DP, Cambria RP, Darling RC, Moncure AC, Lamuraglia GM, Stone WM, Abbott WM (April 1991). "Intestinal ...
*  Anaerobic infection
... malignant neoplasms intestinal obstruction; decubitus ulcers; dental extraction; sickle cell disease; diabetes mellitus; ... Radiographs studies may show free air in the peritoneal cavity, evidence of ileus or obstruction and obliteration of the psoas ... alleviating any obstruction and by improving tissue oxygenation. Therapy with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) may also be useful. The ... obstruction, bile tract surgery or manipulation. Laboratory studies show elevated blood leukocyte count and predominance of ...
*  Luis Vald├ęs
"Intestinal Obstruction due to Persimmons". Gastroenterology for Practitioners, "Gastric Volvulus". Gastroenterology for ...
*  Colestyramine
MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Triglyceride level Merten, DF; Grossman, H (1980). "Intestinal obstruction associated with ... constipation Increased plasma triglycerides Intestinal obstruction has been reported in patients with previous bowel surgery ...
*  Diphyllobothriasis
Massive infections may result in intestinal obstruction. Migration of proglottids can cause cholecystitis or cholangitis. ... Diagnostic tool: Microscopy Morphologic comparison with other intestinal parasites Though it is difficult to identify the eggs ... Ko, S.B. "Observation of deworming process in intestinal Diphyllobothrium latum parasitism by Gastrografin injection into ...
*  Sarbeswar Sahariah
January 1975). "Acute intestinal obstruction due to gram seed. Report of a case". Indian J Pediatr. 42 (324): 29-31. PMID ... Mittal VK; Dhaliwal R; Yadav RV; Sahariah S. (August 1976). "Fatal respiratory obstruction due to round worm". Med J Aust. 2: ...
*  Phytobezoar
Rubin, M.; Shimonov, M.; Grief, F.; Rotestein, Z.; Lelcuk, S. (1998). "Phytobezoar: A rare cause of intestinal obstruction". ... Chisholm, E. M.; Leong, H. T.; Chung, S. C.; Li, A. K. (1992). "Phytobezoar: An uncommon cause of small bowel obstruction". ... Gastric phytobezoars are a form of intestinal blockage and are seen in those with poor gastric motility. The preferred ... gastric outlet obstruction, perforation, abdominal pain, and bleeding have been reported. Conditions that lead to decreased ...
*  Appendix (anatomy)
The acute abdomen and intestinal obstruction". In Parks, Rowan W.; Garden, O. James; Carter, David John; Bradbury, Andrew W.; ... Intestinal malrotation may also cause displacement of the appendix to the left side. While the base of the appendix is at a ... based on an understanding that emerged by the early 2000s of how the immune system supports the growth of beneficial intestinal ...
*  Pyrantel
... may induce complete intestinal obstruction in a heavy worm load. This obstruction is usually in the form of a worm impaction ... ISBN 0-8138-0518-X. Salman, A. B. (1997). "Management of intestinal obstruction caused by ascariasis". Journal of Pediatric ... This has the result of causing the worm to "lose its grip" on the intestinal wall and be passed out of the system by natural ...
*  Neonatal bowel obstruction
... (NBO) or neonatal intestinal obstruction is the most common surgical emergency in the neonatal ... Bowel obstruction Vinocur, Daniel N.; Lee, Edward Y.; Eisenberg, Ronald L. (January 2012). "Neonatal Intestinal Obstruction". ... obstruction and low, or distal obstruction, both of which are suspected by failure to pass meconium at birth. High obstruction ... With early intervention, morbidity and mortality of cases of intestinal obstruction is low. The outcome is in part dependent ...
*  Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
Simple intestinal obstruction causes bacterial translocation in man. Arch Surg 1989; 124: 699-701. PMID 2730322 McIlroy DJ; et ...
*  Lester Dragstedt
The nature of the toxemia of intestinal obstruction. Preliminary report. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med., 14:17-19. 1917 ... Potentiation between intestinal and gastric phases of acid secretion in Heidenhain pouches. Arch. Surg., 105:709-12. 1973 With ... An experimental study of the intoxication in closed intestinal loops. J. Exp. Med., 25:421-39. 1922 The pathogenesis of ...
*  Appendicitis
Elderly: diverticulitis, intestinal obstruction, colonic carcinoma, mesenteric ischemia, leaking aortic aneurysm. The term " ... Acute appendicitis seems to be the end result of a primary obstruction of the appendix. Once this obstruction occurs, the ... distal intestinal obstruction syndrome in children with cystic fibrosis; typhlitis in children with leukemia. Women: A ... One of the most common causes of this is an acute viral infection which causes lymphoid hyperplasia and therefore obstruction. ...
*  5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid
It is increased in those with chronic intestinal obstruction. Poor correlation exists between 5-HIAA level and the clinical ...
*  Fibrosing colonopathy
Rosenstein BJ, Langbaum TS (May 1983). "Incidence of distal intestinal obstruction syndrome in cystic fibrosis". Journal of ... and constipation are frequent features and have led initially to confusion with distal intestinal obstruction syndrome. In some ...
*  Meckel's diverticulum
Torsions of intestine around the intestinal stalk may also occur, leading to obstruction, ischemia, and necrosis. A technetium- ... Diverticulitis can also cause adhesions, leading to intestinal obstruction. Diverticulitis may result from: Association with ... Classic presentation in adults includes intestinal obstruction and inflammation of the diverticulum (diverticulitis). Painless ... peritonitis or intestinal obstruction may occur in 15-30% of symptomatic patients (Table 1). Only 6.4% of all complications ...
*  Taenia saginata
Intestinal obstruction in humans can be alleviated by surgery. The tapeworm can also expel antigens that can cause an allergic ... With their hooks, they attach to the intestinal wall and penetrate the intestinal mucosa into the blood vessels. The larvae can ... It is an intestinal parasite in humans causing taeniasis (a type of helminthiasis) and cysticercosis in cattle. Cattle are the ... Using the scolex, it attaches to the intestinal wall. The larva mature into adults about 5 to 12 weeks later. Adult worms can ...
*  Basidiobolus ranarum
Radjou, AngelineNeetha; Rajesh, NG (2011). "Intestinal obstruction due to Basidiobolus ranarum: An unusual case". Indian ... one unusual case reported that the severe perineal infection of a led to acute large intestinal obstruction. Moreover, other ... In 1886, the fungus was first isolated from the dung and intestinal contents of frogs by Eidam. In 1927, it was found in the ... ranarum in the intestinal contents of mammals such as one bat in India and the kangaroos in Australia. Moreover, other habitats ...
*  Ileus
MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Intestinal Obstruction Patient UK: Intestinal Obstruction and Ileus PubMed Health: Intestinal ... mainly in acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, Ogilvie's syndrome. A bowel obstruction is generally a mechanical obstruction of ... Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, Sleisenger MH (2006). "Intestinal Obstruction and Ileus". Sleisenger & Fordtran's ... However, instances with symptoms and signs of a bowel obstruction occur, but with the absence of a mechanical obstruction, ...
*  Lignophagia
Green, P.; Tong, J. (1988). "Small intestinal obstruction associated with wood chewing in two horses". Veterinary Record. 123 ( ...
*  Gastrointestinal disease
Surgery may also be used to treat some causes of bowel obstruction. The normal thickness of the small intestinal wall is 3-5 mm ... "Small-Bowel Obstruction Imaging". Medscape. Retrieved 2017-03-07. Updated: Sep 22, 2016 Fernandes, Teresa; Oliveira, Maria I.; ... Causes of constipation may include faecal impaction and bowel obstruction, which may in turn be caused by ileus, ... Functional colonic diseases refer to disorders without a known cause, and include irritable bowel syndrome and intestinal ...
*  Superior mesenteric artery syndrome
... an uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction". South. Med. J. 93 (6): 606-8. doi:10.1097/00007611-200006000-00014. PMID 10881780 ... Catabolysis Malnutrition Medical emergency Median arcuate ligament syndrome Nutcracker syndrome Small bowel obstruction Rare ... or intestinal malrotation around an axis formed by the SMA. Predisposition is easily aggravated by any of the following: poor ... inducing the obstruction, or sudden weight loss for any reason. Causes include prolonged supine bed rest, scoliosis surgery, ...