*Non-celiac gluten sensitivity

"Gliadin Peptides as Triggers of the Proliferative and Stress/Innate Immune Response of the Celiac Small Intestinal Mucosa". ... NCGS is a clinical condition in which intestinal and extraintestinal symptoms are triggered by gluten ingestion, in the absence ... Proposed criteria for a diagnosis of NCGS suggest an improvement of gastrointestinal symptoms and extra-intestinal ... characterized by intestinal and extraintestinal symptoms related to the ingestion of gluten-containing food, in subjects that ...

*Coeliac disease

The only known effective treatment is a strict lifelong gluten-free diet, which leads to recovery of the intestinal mucosa, ... It can cause a wide variety of symptoms, both intestinal and extra-intestinal because it is a systemic autoimmune disease that ... it is common to find minor intestinal lesions (duodenal lymphocytosis) with normal intestinal villi. At the time of diagnosis, ... Intestinal damage begins to heal within weeks of gluten being removed from the diet, and antibody levels decline over months. ...

*Jejunum

The interior surface of the jejunum-which is exposed to ingested food-is covered in finger-like projections of mucosa, called ... While the length of the entire intestinal tract contains lymphoid tissue, only the ileum has abundant Peyer's patches, which ... CRANE, RK (Oct 1960). "Intestinal absorption of sugars". Physiological Reviews. 40: 789-825. PMID 13696269. Guillaume, Jean; ...

*Management of ulcerative colitis

If intestinal dilation is seen, patients should be decompressed with NG tube and or rectal tube. Refractory ulcerative colitis ... an immune system response and more damage to the mucosa of the colon because of the immune activation. Certain drugs inhibit ... Ulcerative colitis is a disease that affects many parts of the body outside the intestinal tract. In rare cases the extra- ... Surgical removal of the large intestine will not get rid of extra-intestinal symptoms. This procedure is necessary in the event ...

*Trimeric autotransporter adhesin

The bacterium must enter the host's body and, in the case of Yersinia sp., invade the host intestinal mucosa. Then the Trimeric ...

*Proctitis

"Morphometric analysis of intestinal mucosa. V. Quantitative histological and immunocytochemical studies of rectal mucosae in ... Mazzarella, G; Paparo, F; Maglio, M; Troncone, R (2000). "Organ culture of rectal mucosa : in vitro challenge with gluten in ...

*Jared Diamond bibliography

Trophic control of the intestinal mucosa". Nature. 304 (5921): 18. doi:10.1038/304018a0. PMID 6408482. Diamond, J. M. (1983). " ... Clausen, C.; Machen, T. E.; Diamond, J. M. (1982). "Changes in the Cell Membranes of the Bullfrog Gastric Mucosa with Acid ... Ferraris, R. P.; Diamond, J. M. (1993). "Crypt/villus site of substrate-dependent regulation of mouse intestinal glucose ... Diamond, J. M.; Karasov, W. H. (1987). "Adaptive regulation of intestinal nutrient transporters". Proceedings of the National ...

*Erepsin

It was also found not to be unique to intestinal mucosa and is present widely in many other cells and organisms. The term ... Emil L Smith; Max Bergmann (1944). "The peptidases of intestinal mucosa" (PDF). Journal of Biological Chemistry. 153: 627-651. ... It is produced and secreted by the intestinal glands in the ileum and the pancreas. It is also found widely in other cells. It ... Erepsin is a protein fraction found in the intestinal juices and contains a group of enzymes that digest peptones into amino ...

*Tripeptide aminopeptidase

Doumeng, C.; Maroux, S. (1979). "Aminopeptidase, a cytosol enzyme from rabbit intestinal mucosa". Biochem. J. 177: 801-808. PMC ...

*Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

The intestinal mucosa heals quickly from such biopsies. Endoscope Non-coaxial optic fiber system to carry light to the tip of ... which is the area of red mucosa projecting like a tongue. Deep gastric ulcer Endoscopic still of duodenum of patient with ...

*Candida (fungus)

"Mechanisms of association of Candida albicans with intestinal mucosa". J. Med. Microbiol. 24 (4): 333-41. doi:10.1099/00222615- ... Antibiotics promote yeast infections, including gastrointestinal Candida overgrowth, and penetration of the GI mucosa. While ...

*Defibrotide

It is purified from the intestinal mucosa of pigs. it has a different pharmacology, mechanism of action. Defibrotide was ... is a mixture of single-stranded oligonucleotides that is purified from the intestinal mucosa of pigs. It is used to treat veno- ...

*Biotin deficiency

Some anticonvulsants inhibit biotin transport across the intestinal mucosa. Evidence suggests that these anticonvulsants ... Alterations in the intestinal flora caused by the prolonged administration of antibiotics are presumed to be the basis for ... intestinal bacteria synthesize small amounts of it, and the body effectively scavenges and recycles it from bodily waste. ... Excessive alcohol consumption Excessive consumption of antidiuretics or inadequate levels of antidiuretic hormone Intestinal ...

*Vitamin D-dependent calcium-binding protein

"Vitamin D3-induced calcium-binding protein in chick intestinal mucosa". Science. 152 (3723): 791-3. doi:10.1126/science. ...

*Secretin

"Immunofluorescent localization of secretin and enteroglucagon in human intestinal mucosa". Scandinavian Journal of ... It is a peptide hormone produced in the S cells of the duodenum, which are located in the intestinal glands. In humans, the ... They named this intestinal secretion secretin. Secretin was the first such "chemical messenger" identified. This type of ... Secretin is synthesized in cytoplasmic secretory granules of S-cells, which are found mainly in the mucosa of the duodenum, and ...

*Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

They are absorbed well from the stomach and intestinal mucosa. They are highly protein-bound in plasma (typically >95%), ... NSAIDs cause a dual assault on the GI tract: the acidic molecules directly irritate the gastric mucosa, and inhibition of COX-1 ... One of these is in the stomach lining, where prostaglandins serve a protective role, preventing the stomach mucosa from being ... In 1869, Hermann Kolbe synthesised salicylate, although it was too acidic for the gastric mucosa. The reaction used to ...

*Acylglycerol lipase

Pope JL, McPherson JC, Tidwell HC (1966). "A study of a monoglyceride-hydrolyzing enzyme of intestinal mucosa". J. Biol. Chem. ...

*Ancylostoma braziliense

They get attached to the intestinal mucosa via the buccal capsule. Here they undergo two successive molts to become sexually ... It is an intestinal parasite of domestic cats and dogs. Severe infection is often fatal to these pets, especially in puppies ...

*Retinal dehydrogenase

Moffa DJ, Lotspeich FJ, Krause RF (1970). "Preparation and properties of retinal-oxidizing enzyme from rat intestinal mucosa". ...

*Cerebroretinal microangiopathy with calcifications and cysts

Recurrent intestinal bleeding is fairly common. It originates from telangiectatic small blood vessels in the intestinal mucosa ... The immediate cause of death is pneumonia, fulminant intestinal bleeding or multiple organ dysfunction. If not treated, the ...

*Lymphangiectasia

Medical ultrasonography may show striations in the intestinal mucosa indicating dilated lacteals. Treatment is multifactorial. ... When it occurs in the intestines of dogs, and more rarely humans, it causes a disease known as "intestinal lymphangiectasia." ... Sutherland-Smith J, Penninck D, Keating J, Webster C (2007). "Ultrasonographic intestinal hyperechoic mucosal striations in ... and ultrasonographic characteristics of intestinal lymphangiectasia in dogs: 17 cases (1996-1998)". J Am Vet Med Assoc. 219 (2 ...

*Clonorchis sinensis

The free metacercariae penetrate the intestinal mucosa and enters the bile ducts. It takes 1-2 day for migration into the bile ...

*M. Neal Guentzel

Guentzel MN, Guerrero D, DeShambo R. Nature of interaction of different wild type Vibrio cholerae with intestinal mucosa. Scan ... Association of Vibrio cholerae mutants with the intestinal mucosa of infant mice. Scan Electron Microsc. 1981;4:115-24. Dudley ...

*Heparinoid

... and intestinal mucosa. Heparinoids generally are also naturally-occurring polysaccharides, and similarly need to be purified ...

*Alendronic acid

Both these drugs have the potential to irritate the upper gastro-intestinal mucosa. Prophylaxis of osteoporosis in women: 5-10 ...

*Submucous plexus

Its function is to innervate cells in the epithelial layer and the smooth muscle of the muscularis mucosae. 14% of submucosal ... The submucous plexus (Meissner's plexus, plexus of the submucosa, plexus submucosus) lies in the submucosa of the intestinal ... Ganglia from the plexus extend into the muscularis mucosae and to the mucous membrane. They contain Dogiel cells. The nerve ...

*Andreas J. Bäumler

Bäumler studies the molecular mechanisms of Salmonella interaction with the intestinal mucosa. He is one of the leading ... the intestinal mucosa. The Bäumler lab aims to understand what Salmonella virulence factors and host factors contribute to the ... pathogen and the intestinal microbiota during infection. Dr. Bäumler has a B.S. and a Ph.D. in Microbiology from Eberhard Karls ...