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*  ITPA
... by this gene hydrolyzes inosine triphosphate and deoxyinosine triphosphate to the monophosphate nucleotide and diphosphate. The ... 2007). "Crystal structure of human inosine triphosphatase. Substrate binding and implication of the inosine triphosphatase ... Inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ITPA gene, by the rdgB gene in bacteria E. ... Cao H, Hegele RA (2003). "DNA polymorphisms in ITPA including basis of inosine triphosphatase deficiency". J. Hum. Genet. 47 ( ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D13)
... inosine diphosphate MeSH D13.695.667.616.500 --- inosine monophosphate MeSH D13.695.667.616.800 --- inosine triphosphate MeSH ... inosine diphosphate MeSH D13.695.827.519.500 --- inosine monophosphate MeSH D13.695.827.519.800 --- inosine triphosphate MeSH ... uridine diphosphate n-acetylglucosamine MeSH D13.695.827.708.727.150 --- uridine diphosphate n-acetylmuramic acid MeSH D13.695. ... inosine MeSH D13.570.583.616.130 --- didanosine MeSH D13.570.583.616.450 --- inosine pranobex MeSH D13.570.583.616.900 --- ...
*  Adenylosuccinate synthase
... dependent conversion of inosine monophosphate (IMP) and aspartic acid to guanosine diphosphate (GDP), phosphate and N(6)-(1,2- ...
*  Nucleoside-diphosphatase
... inosine 5'-diphosphatase, uridine diphosphatase, uridine 5'-diphosphatase, nucleoside diphosphate phosphatase, type B ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is nucleoside-diphosphate phosphohydrolase. Other names in common use include ... GIBSON DM, AYENGAR P, SANADI DR (1955). "A phosphatase specific for nucleoside diphosphates". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 16 (4): ... and nucleoside diphosphate phosphohydrolase. This enzyme participates in purine metabolism and pyrimidine metabolism. As of ...
*  Tioguanine
TGMP is converted by phosphorylation to thioguanosine diphosphate (TGDP) and thioguanosine triphosphate (TGTP). Simultaneously ... concentrations of TGMP may accumulate intracellularly and hamper the synthesis of guanine nucleotides via the enzyme Inosine ...
*  Nucleoside triphosphate
The conversion of NTPs to dNTPs can only be done in the diphosphate form. Typically a NTP has one phosphate removed to become a ... This results in a nucleotide called inosine monophosphate (IMP). IMP is then converted to either a precursor to AMP or GMP. ... Once AMP or GMP are formed, they can be phosphorylated by ATP to their diphosphate and triphosphate forms. Purine synthesis is ...
*  Vidarabine
It is prone to deamination by adenosine deaminase to inosine. This metabolite still possesses antiviral activity, but is 10- ... This prevents the reduction of nucleotide diphosphates, causing a reduction of viral replication. Vidarabine is more toxic and ...
*  Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency type 1
Cellular processes, especially muscles, then convert the ATP into adenosine diphosphate (ADP), freeing the energy to do work.[ ... AMP deaminase is an enzyme that converts adenosine monophosphate (AMP) to inosine monophosphate (IMP), freeing an ammonia ...
*  Nucleic acid metabolism
The conversion of a nucleoside-diphosphate (NDP) to a nucleoside-triphosphate (NTP) is catalyzed by nucleoside diphosphate ... In purine synthesis, PRPP is turned into inosine monophosphate, or IMP. Production of IMP from PRPP requires glutamine, glycine ... This enzyme converts NDPs (nucleoside-diphosphate) to dNDPs (deoxynucleoside-diphosphate). The nucleotides must be in the ... diphosphate form for the reaction to occur. In order to synthesize thymidine, a component of DNA which only exists in the deoxy ...
*  List of biomolecules
Abamectine Abietic acid Acetic acid Acetylcholine Actin Actinomycin D Adenine Adenosine Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) Adenosine ... Hyaluronidase Hydrogen peroxide 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine Hydroxyproline 5-Hydroxytryptamine Indigo dye Indole Inosine Inositol ...
*  Epitranscriptomics
RppH specifically cleaves 5'-triphosphate and 5'-diphosphate RNAs to 5'-monophosphate RNA products which only targets the ATP ... and inosine. The relevance of pseudouridine in rRNA has been documented where pseudouridylation is required for ribosome ...
*  Nucleotide
Some primer sequences may also include the character "I", which codes for the non-standard nucleotide inosine. Inosine occurs ... First the diphosphate form UDP is produced, which in turn is phosphorylated to UTP. Both steps are fueled by ATP hydrolysis: ... While inosine can serve a similar function as the degeneracy "D", it is an actual nucleotide, rather than a representation of a ... Inosine monophosphate is converted to guanosine monophosphate by the oxidation of IMP forming xanthylate, followed by the ...
*  List of EC numbers (EC 2)
... chrysanthemyl diphosphate synthase EC 2.5.1.68: (2Z,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate synthase EC 2.5.1.69: lavandulyl diphosphate ... EC 2.7.1.71: shikimate kinase EC 2.7.1.72: streptomycin 6-kinase EC 2.7.1.73: inosine kinase EC 2.7.1.74: deoxycytidine kinase ... farnesyl-diphosphate specific) EC 2.5.1.84: all-trans-nonaprenyl-diphosphate synthase (geranyl-diphosphate specific) EC 2.5. ... farnesyl diphosphate specific) EC 2.5.1.88: trans,polycis-polyprenyl diphosphate synthase ((2Z,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate ...
*  Metabolism
... causing the active site of the synthase domain to change shape and phosphorylate adenosine diphosphate - turning it into ATP. ... Both adenine and guanine are made from the precursor nucleoside inosine monophosphate, which is synthesized using atoms from ... "Methanocaldococcus jannaschii Uses a Modified Mevalonate Pathway for Biosynthesis of Isopentenyl Diphosphate". J Bacteriol. 188 ... sequential addition of monosaccharides by glycosyltransferase from a reactive sugar-phosphate donor such as uridine diphosphate ...
*  Index of genetics articles
... end Acentric chromosome Achondroplasia Active site Adam's Curse Adaptation Adenine Adenosine Adenovirus Adenosine diphosphate ( ... Infectious transfer Informed consent Inherit Inherited Initiation codon Initiation Initiation Initiator protein Inosine ...
*  Oxyanion
The phosphate and polyphosphate esters adenosine monophosphate (AMP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and adenosine triphosphate ( ... Inosine (IMP2−), and Guanosine (GMP2−) in Aqueous Solution. Evidence for Nucleobase−Lead(II) Interactions". Inorg. Chem. 39 (26 ...
*  List of EC numbers (EC 3)
... inosine nucleosidase EC 3.2.2.3: uridine nucleosidase EC 3.2.2.4: AMP nucleosidase EC 3.2.2.5: NAD+ nucleosidase EC 3.2.2.6: ... diacylglycerol diphosphate phosphatase EC 3.1.3.82: D-glycero-beta-D-manno-heptose 1,7-bisphosphate 7-phosphatase EC 3.1.3.83: ... diphosphate) 3'-diphosphatase EC 3.1.7.3: monoterpenyl-diphosphatase EC 3.1.7.4: sclareol cyclase EC 3.1.7.5: geranylgeranyl ... geranyl diphosphate diphosphatase EC 3.1.8.1: aryldialkylphosphatase EC 3.1.8.2: diisopropyl-fluorophosphatase EC 3.1.11.1: ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D02)
... inosine pranobex MeSH D02.065.199.092.500 --- lidocaine MeSH D02.065.199.092.700 --- phenacetin MeSH D02.065.199.092.800 --- ... cytidine diphosphate choline MeSH D02.092.877.883.333.700 --- phosphorylcholine MeSH D02.092.877.883.333.710 --- platelet ... cytidine diphosphate choline MeSH D02.675.276.232.700 --- phosphorylcholine MeSH D02.675.276.232.710 --- platelet activating ...
*  Purinergic signalling
The signalling effects of uridine triphosphate (UTP) and uridine diphosphate (UDP) are generally comparable to those of ATP. ... IMP to adenosine or inosine, respectively, and is located primarily on the external membranes and mitochondria of proximal ... During the blood clotting process, adenosine diphosphate (ADP) plays a crucial role in the activation and recruitment of ... The P2Y6 receptor, which is primarily mediated by uridine diphosphate (UDP), plays a significant role in microglial phagoptosis ...