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*  Spinal cord injury
... caused by an improperly done medical procedure such as an injection into the spinal column. SCI can also be of a nontraumatic ... At each level of the spinal column, spinal nerves branch off from either side of the spinal cord and exit between a pair of ... If an unstable spinal column injury is moved, damage may occur to the spinal cord. Between 3 and 25% of SCIs occur not at the ... In a "complete" spinal injury, all functions below the injured area are lost, whether or not the spinal cord is severed. An " ...
*  Spinal anaesthesia
Also, injection of spinal anaesthesia higher than the level of L1 can cause damage to the spinal cord, and is therefore usually ... Spinal anaesthesia (or spinal anesthesia), also called spinal block, subarachnoid block, intradural block and intrathecal block ... A spinal gives profound block of all motor and sensory function below the level of injection, whereas an epidural blocks a ' ... In an epidural, an indwelling catheter may be placed that serves for additional injections, while a spinal is almost always a ...
*  Cervical spine disorder
Blunt cervical spine trauma as a cause of spinal cord injury and delayed cortical blindness. Spinal Cord. Retrieved from http ... Medicine, epidural injections and surgeries are also implemented to treat such a disorder.[1] Clearing the cervical spine ... This is because as one ages spinal discs that absorb any type of shock wear out increasing elders' chances of developing ... Blood work might be utilized in addition to radiographic imaging in order to identify spinal cord diseases. Basic imaging ...
*  Spinal stenosis
"Epidural Corticosteroid Injections for Radiculopathy and Spinal Stenosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis". Annals of ... Spinal stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal or neural foramen that results in pressure on the spinal cord or ... or the spinal cord. The most common forms are cervical spinal stenosis, which are at the level of the neck, and lumbar spinal ... A spinal tap is performed in the low back with dye injected into the spinal fluid. X-Rays are performed followed by a CT scan ...
*  Am Spiegelgrund clinic
... spinal injections of Apomorphine; injections of Phenobarbital; overdoses of sedatives, which would often lead to death when the ... During the same trial, Marianne Türk confessed to "sometimes" giving injections, though she did not know the number of victims ... In reality, the children were being killed via lethal injection, neglect, and disease. Spiegelgrund children were subjected to ... Some died by lethal injection and gas poisoning; others by disease, undernourishment, exposure to the elements, and 'accidents ...
*  Fentanyl
Smith, HS; Colson, J; Sehgal, N (April 2013). "An update of evaluation of intravenous sedation on diagnostic spinal injection ... Fentanyl is available in a number of forms including by injection, as a skin patch, and to be absorbed through the tissues ... Bujedo, BM (July 2014). "Current evidence for spinal opioid selection in postoperative pain". The Korean journal of pain. 27 (3 ... Fentanyl is sometimes given intrathecally as part of spinal anaesthesia or epidurally for epidural anaesthesia and analgesia. ...
*  Back injury
Injections: Spinal nerve blocks and epidural injections are options available to alleviate pain and neurological symptoms. ... Injections of anesthetics alleviate pain while steroid injections can be used to reduce the inflammation and swelling ... Spinal column or vertebral injuries can be classified using the AO spine injury classification system. The three categories - A ... Spinal manipulation, massage, and acupuncture have been used to treat the pain associated with various back injuries, but there ...
*  UCLA-VA Multi-campus PM&R Residency Program
"The Use of Electromyography to Predict Functional Outcome Following Transforaminal Epidural Spinal Injections for Lumbar ...
*  Neurogenic claudication
Harrast MA (March 2008). "Epidural steroid injections for lumbar spinal stenosis". Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 1 (1): 32-8. doi ... Genevay S, Atlas SJ (April 2010). "Lumbar spinal stenosis". Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 24 (2): 253-65. doi:10.1016/j.berh. ... Neurogenic claudication (NC), also known as pseudoclaudication, is a common symptom of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), causing ... Djurasovic M, Glassman SD, Carreon LY, Dimar JR (April 2010). "Contemporary management of symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis". ...
*  Nusinersen
... and adverse effects from the spinal injection. Some people may develop antibodies against the drug; as of December 2016 it was ... Spinal muscular atrophy is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the SMN1 gene which codes for survival motor neuron (SMN) ... It was approved by the FDA in December 2016 and by EMA in May 2017 as the first drug to treat spinal muscular atrophy. ... The drug is used to treat spinal muscular atrophy associated with a mutation in the SMN1 gene. It is administered directly to ...
*  Warfarin
Similarly, spinal or lumbar puncture (e.g. spinal injections, epidurals, etc.) carry increased risk so treatment is suspended ... It is generally taken by mouth but may also be used by injection into a vein. The common side effect is bleeding. Less common ... Heparin must be given by injection, whereas warfarin is available orally. Warfarin has a long half-life and need only be given ... and the spinal cord. Risk of bleeding is increased if the INR is out of range (due to accidental or deliberate overdose or due ...
*  Epidural steroid injection
... for sciatica and spinal stenosis is of unclear effect. The evidence to support use in the cervical ... Elective spinal injections should be performed with imaging guidance, such as fluoroscopy or the use of a radiocontrast agent, ... Medicine portal Shaughnessy, AF (15 February 2016). "Epidural Steroid Not Better Than Placebo Injection for Sciatica and Spinal ... Epidural steroid injection (ESI) is a technique in which corticosteroids and a local anesthetic are injected into the epidural ...
*  G-arm medical imaging
kopenmac09 (2015-03-10), Technique for Spinal Injections supported by Biplanar 400E - Swemac Medical Appliances, retrieved 2016 ...
*  Conus magus
It is administered through injection into the spinal fluid. This marine species occurs in the Red Sea and in the Indian Ocean ...
*  Radiculopathy
"Epidural Corticosteroid Injections for Radiculopathy and Spinal Stenosis". Annals of Internal Medicine. 163 (5): 373-81. doi: ... In a radiculopathy, the problem occurs at or near the root of the nerve, shortly after its exit from the spinal cord. However, ... Most often the radiculopathy found in the patients are located in the cervical spine, most commonly affecting C6-C8 spinal ... Only low level evidence was found to support spinal manipulation for the treatment of chronic lumbar radiculopathies, and no ...
*  Combined spinal and epidural anaesthesia
The standard technique of loss of resistance to injection may be employed. A long fine spinal needle (25G) is then introduced ... Combined spinal and epidural anaesthesia (CSE) is a regional anaesthetic technique, which combines the benefits of both spinal ... A standard epidural pack may be used with a standard spinal needle. However, the standard length of a spinal needle (90mm) may ... The spinal component gives a rapid onset of a predictable block. The indwelling epidural catheter gives the ability to provide ...
*  Augmented reality-assisted surgery
... and the development of an ARF-enhanced system for ultrasound-guided spinal injections." Hakky, Tariq; Martinez, Daniel; ...
*  James Leonard Corning
The controversy centers around whether Corning's injection was a spinal or an epidural block. The dose of cocaine used by ... Finally, Corning was incorrect in his theory on the mechanism of action of cocaine on the spinal nerves and spinal cord. He ... Corning, JL (1885). "Spinal anaesthesia and local medication of the cord". New York Medical Journal. 42: 483-5. Corning, JL ( ... Based on Corning's own description of his experiments, it is apparent that his injections were made into the epidural space, ...
*  Krešimir Krnjević
K. Krnjević; A. Lisiewicz (1972). "Injections of calcium ions into spinal motoneurones". The Journal of Physiology (London). ...
*  Manipulation under anesthesia
Dougherty, Paul; Bajwa, Saeed; Burke, Jeanmarie; Dishman, J. Donald (2004). "Spinal Manipulation Postepidural Injection for ... Kohlbeck FJ, Haldeman S. Medication-assisted spinal manipulation. Spine J. 2002;2(4):288-302. DiGiorgi D. Spinal manipulation ... spinal facet joints or into the surrounding epidural space. Local anesthetic injection allows previously incomplete office- ... along with increased interest in spinal manipulation (SM). In the MUA literature, spinal manipulation under anesthesia has been ...
*  Steve Berke
Off the show, Berke tried to return to the tennis tour with drug prescriptions and spinal injections, but experienced side ... But in one of his first tournaments, he severely herniated two spinal discs. During his rehabilitation, Berke attended a ...
*  History of neuraxial anesthesia
For many years however, a controversy centered around whether Corning's injection was a spinal or an epidural block. The dose ... Finally, Corning was incorrect in his theory on the mechanism of action of cocaine on the spinal nerves and spinal cord. He ... Based on Corning's own description of his experiments, it is apparent that his injections were made into the epidural space, ... Rather than removing the caudal needle after the injection as was customary, the two surgeons experimented with a continuous ...
*  Platon Kostiuk
Kostyuk, P. G.; Araki, T.; Ito, M.; Oscarsson, O. (1962). "Injection of alcaline cations into cat spinal motoneurones". Nature ... Australia to study the mechanisms of synaptic inhibition in the spinal cord. In 1974, he was elected a member (academician) of ...
*  Spinal cord injury research
CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Abraham S (March 2008). "Autologous Stem Cell Injections for Spinal Cord Injury - A ... Spinal cord injury research seeks new ways to cure or treat spinal cord injury in order to lessen the debilitating effects of ... Spinal cord implants, such as e-dura implants, designed for implantation on the surface of the spinal cord, are being studied ... Surgery is currently used to provide stability to the injured spinal column or to relieve pressure from the spinal cord. How ...
*  Abscess
Kraeutler, MJ; Bozzay, JD; Walker, MP; John, K (Oct 24, 2014). "Spinal subdural abscess following epidural steroid injection". ... Tomolillo, CM; Crothers, LJ; Aberson, CL (2007). "The damage done: a study of injection drug use, injection related abscesses ... Another possible risk factor is a prior history of disc herniation or other spinal abnormality, though this has not been proven ... Among spinal subdural abscesses, methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus is the most common organism involved. Rarely ...
*  Childbirth
The injection of small amounts of sterile water into or just below the skin at several points on the back has been a method ... A number of methods can help with pain such as relaxation techniques, opioids, and spinal blocks. Most babies are born head ... They may contribute to the care of a woman in labour by performing epidurals or by providing anaesthesia (often spinal ... Popular medical pain control in hospitals include the regional anesthetics epidurals (EDA), and spinal anaesthesia. Epidural ...
*  P. J. Snow
"Tracing axons and axon collaterals of spinal neurons using intracellular injection of horseradish peroxidase". Science. 191 ( ... Cameron AA, Plenderleith MB, Snow PJ (July 1990). "Organization of the spinal cord in four species of elasmobranch fish: ... Processing of Sensory Information in the Superficial Dorsal Horn of the Spinal Cord. Pleum Press. pp. 285-306. ... cells with tracers and used these to extensively study the neuronal microcircuitry of the sensory systems within the spinal ...