*Perfume intolerance

"Exposure Assessment: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions". University of Washington. Archived from the original on October 29 ... Allergy 2005 Kumar P., Caradonna-Graham V. M., Gupta S., Cai X., Rao P. N., Thompson J. Inhalation challenge effects of perfume ...

*Inhalation exposure

... by the US EPA Inhalation disorders Institution of Occupational Safety and Health Toolkit Trends in inhalation exposure: mid ... Inhalation is a major route of exposure that occurs when an individual breathes in polluted air which enters the respiratory ... Exposure to carbon monoxide is dangerous because of its toxic, odorless nature. Since the gas takes time to build up in the ... Exposure is commonly understood to be the concentration of the airborne pollutant in the air at the mouth and nose boundary. ...

*Dustiness

... increases the risk of inhalation exposure. Dusty materials tend to generate aerosols with high particle ... The full life cycle of a nanomaterial should be considered when planning to control for dust exposure. Nanomaterial synthesis ... This standard is especially related to human exposure in workplace (EN 15051). It describes two methods: the rotating drum ... The dusty level of powders directly affects worker exposure scenarios and associated health risks in occupational settings. ...

*Methanesulfonyl fluoride

Hine, C.H.; Lyons, J.; Eisenlord, G.H.; Wright, J.A.; Long, J.E. (1979). "Three-month inhalation exposure study with methane ... during one hour of exposure or between 1 and 1.2 ppm during 7 hours of exposure. MSF produced no subtle biological effects from ... Repeated exposures to 1/10 of the LCt50 did not produce overt systemic toxicity or significant pathology. MSF can also cause ...

*Workplace respirator testing

Que Hee, Shane; Lawrence, Philip (1983). "Inhalation Exposure of Lead in Brass Foundry Workers: The Evaluation of the ... Smith, Thomas; Ferrel, Willard; Varner, Michael; Putnam, Robert (1980). "Inhalation exposure of cadmium workers: effects of ... Exposure of lead on the employees exceeds the maximum permissible exposure. (1996) This article describes the reasons how ANSI ... Exposure of pollution on the workers was excessive due to the fact that the masks used in the polluted atmosphere ...

*Nanomaterials

... and what levels of exposure may be acceptable, are subjects of ongoing research. Of the possible hazards, inhalation exposure ... Exposure assessment is a set of methods used to monitor contaminant release and exposures to workers. These methods include ... The U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has determined non-regulatory recommended exposure limits for ... Additional concerns include skin contact and ingestion exposure, and dust explosion hazards. Elimination and substitution are ...

*Reference dose

... s are specific to dietary exposure. When assessing inhalation exposure, EPA uses "reference concentrations" (RfCs ... According to the EPA, "[a]n aggregate daily exposure to a [chemical] at or below the RfD (expressed as 100 percent or less of ... The EPA then looked at dietary exposure to endosulfan, and found that for the most exposed 0.1% of children age 1-6, their ... To remedy this, the EPA revoked the use of endosulfan on the crops that contributed the most to exposure of children: certain ...

*Toxaphene

Chronic inhalation exposure in humans results in reversible respiratory toxicity. A study conducted between 1954 and 1972 of ... People that live near an area that has high toxaphene contamination are at high risk to toxaphene exposure through inhalation ... The three main paths of exposure to toxaphene are ingestion, inhalation, and absorption. For humans, the main source of ... Eating large quantities of fish on a daily basis also increases susceptibility to toxaphene exposure. Finally, exposure is rare ...

*Ricin

When skin or inhalation exposure occur, ricin can cause an allergy to develop. This is indicated by edema of the eyes and lips ... of ricin is around 22 micrograms per kilogram of body weight if the exposure is from injection or inhalation (1.78 milligrams ... Within 2 to 5 days of exposure to ricin, effects of ricin on the central nervous system, adrenal glands, kidneys, and liver ... Death typically occurs within 3-5 days of exposure. Although there is no antidote currently available for ricin poisoning, ...

*Air pollution

This can be calculated as an inhalation exposure. This would account for daily exposure in various settings (e.g. different ... Air pollution risk is a function of the hazard of the pollutant and the exposure to that pollutant. Air pollution exposure can ... The exposure to an air pollutant must integrate the concentrations of the air pollutant with respect to the time spent in each ... Air pollution exposure also cause lung cancer in non smokers. It is believed that much like cystic fibrosis, by living in a ...

*Toxicity

Acute toxicity looks at lethal effects following oral, dermal or inhalation exposure. It is split into five categories of ... Acute exposure A single exposure to a toxic substance which may result in severe biological harm or death; acute exposures are ... Chronic exposure Continuous exposure to a toxicant over an extended period of time, often measured in months or years; it can ... the time of exposure (a brief encounter or long term), the number of exposures (a single dose or multiple doses over time), the ...

*Methylisothiazolinone

In industrial use, the greatest occupational inhalation exposure occurs during open pouring. Non-occupational exposure to ... The increase is primarily caused by increasing consumer exposure to MI from cosmetic products; exposures to MI in household ... many of which increase potential exposure to it by humans as well as organisms, both terrestrial and marine. Industrial ...

*Aethalometer

measurements combined with heart rate and minute ventilation sensors to study inhalation exposure. Allen, G (1999). "Field ... exposure to black carbon". Science of the Total Environment. 447 (C): 72-79. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.12.076. PMID 23376518 ... "Applicability of a noise-based model to estimate in-traffic exposure to black carbon and particle number concentrations in ... and hand-held portable versions for measurements of personal exposure to combustion emissions. The main uses of aethalometers ...

*Nanotoxicology

Inhalation exposure is the most common route of exposure to airborne particles in the workplace. The deposition of ... Of the possible hazards, inhalation exposure appears to present the most concern, with animal studies showing pulmonary effects ... Ingestion may also accompany inhalation exposure because particles that are cleared from the respiratory tract via the ... October 2013). "Carbon nanotube dosimetry: from workplace exposure assessment to inhalation toxicology". Particle and Fibre ...

*Radioactive nanoparticle

Inhalation exposure is the most common route of exposure to airborne particles in the workplace. Animal studies on some classes ... or systemic cadiovascular effects from pulmonary exposure. The hazards of ionizing radiation depend on whether the exposure is ... In some cases, the inherent physicochemical toxicity of the nanoparticle itself may lead to lower exposure limits than those ... The two most effective are elimination and substitution, for example reducing dust exposure by eliminating a sonication process ...

*Dermabrasion

There are some possible concerns of inhalation exposure and basic safety precautions should be taken. Patient goggles or eye ... Inhalation of crystals should be avoided and masks are sometimes worn by the operator doing the treatment. Ocular injury may ... After microdermabrasion, skin will be much more sensitive to sun exposure. It is best to keep out of the sun and wear sunscreen ...

*Titanium dioxide nanoparticle

Inhalation exposure is the most common route of exposure to airborne particles in the workplace. The U.S. National Institute ... are possible exposure pathways. Aerosol spray sunscreens are a more significant risk for inhalation exposure, which is more ... However, in the context of TiO2 production workers, inhalation exposure potentially presents a lung cancer risk, and standard ... Exposure assessment methods include use of both particle counters, which monitor the real-time quantity of nanomaterials and ...

*Weinberg Group

"Endosulfan's Occupational Risk Assessment Evaluation of EPA's proposed Aggregation of Dermal Inhalation Exposure." The Weinberg ... and children at current human exposures," and that "bisphenol A exposure in these populations based on effects in the prostate ... Lamb JC, Hentz KL (November 2006). "Toxicological review of male reproductive effects and trichloroethylene exposure: assessing ... "has helped numerous companies manage issues allegedly related to environmental exposures. Beginning with Agent Orange in 1983, ...

*O-Toluidine

Toxicity following inhalation was not identified. Symptoms following acute exposure include cyanosis (blue or purple coloration ... Only oral short-term exposure in rats was researched of o-toluidine. Dermal exposure affected the ovarian cycle, ovary ... Inhalation exposure was not identified. Rats were administered with the compound with a dose of 1125 mg/kg bodyweight over five ... o-Toluidine exposure has been researched in a number of different degrees in animals. o-Toluidine was found to be harmful to ...

*Phosphoric acid

A serious skin exposure to high-strength phosphoric acid can even cause death. Inhalation exposure symptoms include: cough, ... Inhalation and ingestion can also have serious effects. See exposure symptoms below: Eye exposure symptoms include: pain, ... To prevent exposure, the CDC recommends taking serious precautions to prevent the generation of mists, avoiding potentially ... Ingestion exposure symptoms include: burning of lips, tongue, throat, and stomach, abdominal pain, shock or collapse. ...

*Chlorfenvinphos

No regulation exists for inhalation exposure, but multiple minimal risk levels (MRL) have been estimated for oral exposure. ... These small amounts can be used to prove that chlorfenvinphos exposure has occurred and the method of analysis is non-invasive ... Another method to assess chlorfenvinphos exposure is to measure the activity of cholinesterases in the blood. Two pools of ... There have been suggestions that chlorfenvinphos or its metabolites would be a better biomarker of exposure than its ...

*Black bread mold

The action of smelling spoiled food may allow be a source of inhalation exposure to the mold. Rhizopus stolonifer is important ...

*1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane

Chronic inhalation exposure in humans results in jaundice and an enlarged liver, headaches, tremors, dizziness, numbness, and ... For occupational exposure limits, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration has set a permissible exposure limit for ... The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has a more protective recommended exposure limit for dermal exposures ... dermal exposures at 5 ppm over an eight-hour time-weighted average. ...

*Health and safety hazards of nanomaterials

Inhalation exposure is the most common route of exposure to airborne particles in the workplace. The deposition of ... and what levels of exposure may be acceptable, are subjects of ongoing research. Of the possible hazards, inhalation exposure ... Ingestion may also accompany inhalation exposure because particles that are cleared from the respiratory tract via the ... Exposure assessment is a set of methods used to monitor contaminant release and exposures to workers. These methods include ...

*Nickel

... is not a cumulative poison, but larger doses or chronic inhalation exposure may be toxic, even carcinogenic, and ... The average daily exposure does not pose a threat to human health. Most of the nickel absorbed every day by humans is removed ... In the rodent inhalation studies with various nickel compounds and nickel metal, increased lung inflammations with and without ... A less-common form of chronic exposure is through hemodialysis as traces of nickel ions may be absorbed into the plasma from ...

*Stove

... a million and a half people die each year from indoor smoke inhalation caused by faulty stoves. An engineer's "Stove Camp" has ... See CRECER, Chronic Respiratory Effects of Early Childhood Exposure to Respirable Particulate Matter http://ehs.sph.berkeley. ...

*Nickel(II) chloride

... is irritating upon ingestion, inhalation, skin contact, and eye contact. Prolonged inhalation exposure to ... Nickel salts have been shown to be carcinogenic to the lungs and nasal passages, in cases of long-term inhalation exposure. The ...