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*  DNA vaccination
... hepatitis B and influenza). In 2016 a DNA vaccine for the Zika virus began testing at the National Institutes of Health. The ... Second generation vaccines were developed to reduce the risks from live vaccines. These are subunit vaccines, consisting of ... First generation vaccines are whole-organism vaccines - either live and weakened, or killed forms. Live, attenuated vaccines, ... A veterinary DNA vaccine to protect horses from West Nile virus has been approved. DNA vaccines elicit the best immune response ...
*  Pandemic H1N1/09 virus
The virus is a novel strain of influenza. Existing vaccines against seasonal flu provided no protection. A study at the U.S. ... North American swine influenza, North American avian influenza, human influenza, and two swine influenza viruses typically ... North American avian influenza, human influenza, and swine influenza virus typically found in Asia and Europe - "an unusually ... Evidence of competitive advantage of pandemic H1N1 influenza versus seasonal influenza". PLoS Currents Influenza. 1: RRN1011. ...
*  Vaccine-preventable diseases
The WHO lists 25 diseases for which vaccines are available: Measles Rubella Cholera Meningococcal disease Influenza Diphtheria ... Vaccine-preventable deaths are usually caused by a failure to obtain the vaccine in a timely manner. This may be due to ... If a vaccine-preventable disease is uncommon in a country, then residents of that country are unlikely to receive a vaccine ... A vaccine-preventable disease is an infectious disease for which an effective preventive vaccine exists. If a person acquires a ...
*  Avian influenza
... crisis Influenza Influenzavirus A Influenza pandemic Influenza Genome Sequencing Project Influenza research Influenza vaccine ... Avian influenza, for most purposes, refers to the influenza A virus. Though influenza A is adapted to birds, it can also stably ... "Asian Lineage Avian Influenza A (H7N9) Virus - Avian Influenza (Flu)". "USGS National Wildlife Health Center - Avian Influenza ... Currently no vaccine exists, but the use of influenza antiviral drugs known as neuraminidase inhibitors in cases of early ...
*  Influenza vaccine
PATH's Vaccine Resource Library influenza resources CDC Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Information Statement Vaccines and ... Influenza vaccines, also known as flu shots or flu jabs, are vaccines that protect against infection by Influenza viruses. A ... Recently,[when?] the US FDA approved influenza vaccines made by growing virus in cell cultures and influenza vaccines made from ... Background for pandemic influenza vaccine safety monitoring". Vaccine. 27 (15): 2114-20. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.01.125. ...
*  Live attenuated influenza vaccine
... (LAIV) is a type of influenza vaccine in the form of a nasal spray that used to be ... It is an attenuated vaccine, unlike most influenza vaccines, which are inactivated vaccines. LAIV is administered intranasally ... In 2016 the CDC recommended that LAIV not be used for the 2016-2017 flu season and instead another type of influenza vaccine be ... A 2012 review found that LAIV prevents influenza in about one out of six children under six it is given to. It was believed to ...
*  Historical annual reformulations of the influenza vaccine
"Recommended composition of influenza virus vaccines for use in the 2013 influenza season" (PDF). WHO. Retrieved 18 October 2012 ... "Recommended viruses for influenza vaccines for use in the 2010-2011 northern hemisphere influenza season". WHO. Retrieved 14 ... "Recommended composition of influenza virus vaccines for use in the 2011 southern hemisphere influenza season". WHO. Retrieved ... "Recommended composition of influenza virus vaccines for use in the 2012 southern hemisphere influenza season". WHO. Retrieved ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Pharmacy: Drugs and Medications: I: Influenza Virus Vaccine
"Health ... Influenza Virus Vaccine" search on: AOL - Ask - Bing - DuckDuckGo - Gigablast - Google - ixquick - Yahoo - Yandex - ... Provides information about this influenza vaccine, its characteristics, indication, usage, safety considerations, storage and ... Provides information and resources for health professionals and members of the public on flu vaccine supplies, distribution, ...
*  George Newman (doctor)
1906), Influenza vaccine. Instructions to medical officers of health. (1919) Interpreters of Nature. Essays. (1927) Lord ... 1930) Memorandum on prevention of influenza. (1919) On the History of the Decline and Final Extinction of Leprosy as an endemic ...
*  Universal flu vaccine
A universal flu vaccine is flu vaccine that is effective against all influenza virus strains regardless of the virus subtype or ... "Universal Influenza Vaccine Tested Successfully In Humans". The Wistar Institute obtains patent for universal flu vaccine ... Influenza DNA Vaccine Clinical Trial". Reuters. Inovio Biomedical's SynCon preventive DNA vaccine receives approval in Korea ... to all 16 subtypes of the influenza A virus hemagglutinin and might be the lynchpin for a universal influenza vaccine. The ...
*  Cell-based vaccine
Cell-based influenza vaccines: progress to date.Drugs. 2008;68(11):1483-91. Wong SS, Webby RJ. Traditional and New Influenza ... Flucelvax targets three Influenza sub-types which includes Influenza A subtype H1N1, Influenza A subtype H3N2, and Influenza B ... Doroshenko A, Halperin S. Trivalent MDCK cell culture-derived influenza vaccine Optaflu (Novartis Vaccines). Expert Reviews. ... The potential use of cell culture techniques in developing viral vaccines, especially for the Influenza virus, has been widely ...
*  Virosome
"The virosome concept for influenza vaccines". Vaccine. 23: S26-38. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2005.04.026. PMID 16026906. http://ec. ... A virosome is a drug or vaccine delivery mechanism consisting of unilamellar phospholipid membrane (either a mono- or bi-layer ... As a drug or vaccine delivery mechanism they are biologically compatible with many host organisms and are also biodegradable. ... The unique properties of virosomes partially relate to the presence of biologically active influenza HA in their membrane. This ...
*  Cardiovascular disease
Clar, Christine; Oseni, Zainab; Flowers, Nadine; Keshtkar-Jahromi, Maryam; Rees, Karen (2015-05-05). "Influenza vaccines for ... Influenza may make heart attacks and strokes more likely and therefore influenza vaccination may decrease the chance of ...
*  Thiomersal
"Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Supply for the U.S. 2016-2017 Influenza Season , Seasonal Influenza (Flu) , CDC". www.cdc.gov. ... Autism cases in vaccine court: Sugarman SD (2007). "Cases in vaccine court-legal battles over vaccines and autism". N Engl J ... other vaccines may contain a trace of thiomersal from steps in manufacture.. The multi-dose versions of the influenza vaccines ... Unlike other vaccine preservatives used at the time, thiomersal does not reduce the potency of the vaccines that it protects. ...
*  Tom Jefferson (epidemiologist)
He has said that the studies claiming large reductions in mortality rates as a result of the influenza vaccine are "rubbish", ... He has worked on Cochrane reviews examining the effectiveness of oseltamivir and the influenza vaccine. In 2009 Jefferson was ... His views about the effectiveness of influenza vaccines and his outspokenness about them are also controversial; at a 2007 ... Reviews led by Jefferson have concluded that there is insufficient evidence to show that influenza vaccines reduce mortality or ...
*  Vaccine injury
McMahon AW, Iskander JK, Haber P, Braun MM, Ball R (2008). "Inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) in children ... A vaccine injury is an injury caused by vaccination. Allegations and confirmed instances of vaccine injuries in recent decades ... The VICP covers all vaccines listed on the Vaccine Injury Table which is maintained by the Secretary of Health and Human ... Sugarman SD (2007). "Cases in vaccine court-legal battles over vaccines and autism". N Engl J Med. 357 (13): 1275-7. doi: ...
*  ISCOM
... adjuvanted influenza vaccine". Vaccine. 21 (9-10): 946-9. doi:10.1016/S0264-410X(02)00545-5. PMID 12547607. Isconova's homepage ... "A single dose of an ISCOM influenza vaccine induces long-lasting protective immunity against homologous challenge infection but ... "Immunogenicity and efficacy of recombinant subunit vaccines against phocid herpesvirus type 1". Vaccine. 21 (19-20): 2433-40. ... The complex displays immune stimulating properties and is thus mainly used as a vaccine adjuvant in order to induce a stronger ...
*  Antigenic shift
... or in vaccine mismatch. Antigenic drift occurs in all types of influenza including influenzavirus A, influenza B and influenza ... doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.07.039. PMC 3074182 . PMID 19230160. Superflu: Antigenic shift in Influenza. ... Bouvier, Nicole M.; Palese, Peter (September 2008). "The biology of influenza viruses". Vaccine. 26 Suppl 4 (Suppl 4): D49-53. ... Treanor, John (2004-01-15). "Influenza vaccine--outmaneuvering antigenic shift and drift". New England Journal of Medicine. 350 ...
*  2009 flu pandemic in Australia
The World Health Organisation Influenza Centre in North Melbourne was attempting to develop a vaccine for swine flu, by growing ... Collignon P, Doshi P, Del Mar C, Jefferson T (2015). "Safety and efficacy of inactivated influenza vaccines in children". Clin ... In 2009, H1N1 Influenza 2009 (Human Swine Influenza) was the underlying cause of 77 deaths in Australia. The ABS implemented ... "Health Emergency-H1N1 Influenza 09 (Human Swine Influenza)Outbreaks". Healthemergency.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2 ...
*  Peter Collignon
Collignon P, Doshi P, Del Mar C, Jefferson T (2015). "Safety and efficacy of inactivated influenza vaccines in children". Clin ... and the safety and efficacy of some drugs and vaccines. In June 2010 he was made a Member of the Order of Australia (AM) during ...
*  1952 in Scotland
5 December - Ness, Lewis, selected for influenza vaccine trials. 10 December - Caithness Education Committee rejects a plan to ...
*  Otitis media
Influenza vaccine is recommended annually for all children. PCV does not appear to decrease the risk of otitis media when given ... Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) in early infancy, decreases the risk of acute otitis media in healthy infants. PCV is ... A number of measures decrease the risk of otitis media including pneumococcal and influenza vaccination, breastfeeding, and ... Acute otitis media Acute otitis media, myringitis bullosa Myringitis bullosa in influenza Chronic otitis media (otitis media ...
*  IOMAI
"Safety and immunogenicity of an influenza vaccine A/H5N1 (A/Vietnam/1194/2004) when coadministered with a heat-labile ... "Dose sparing with intradermal injection of influenza vaccine". N Engl J Med. 351 (22): 2295-301. doi:10.1056/nejmoa043540. ... Vaccine. 25 (18): 3684-91. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2007.01.043. PMID 17313998. Glenn, GM; Villar, CP; Flyer, DC; Bourgeois, AL; ... The company was the first to develop the concept of transcutaneous immunization, delivery of vaccines to the skin using a patch ...
*  Rheumatoid arthritis
The inactivated influenza vaccine should be received annually. The pneumococcal vaccine should be administered twice for people ... "Prevention and control of seasonal influenza with vaccines: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices ... "Influenza vaccination coverage among health care personnel - United States, 2013-14 influenza season". MMWR. Morbidity and ... Lastly, the live-attenuated zoster vaccine should be administered once after the age 60, but is not recommended in people on a ...
*  Adjuvant
Smith JW, Fletcher WB, Peters M, Westwood M, Perkins FJ (1975). "Response to influenza vaccine in adjuvant 65-4". J Hyg (Lond ... Adjuvant 65 was tested in influenza vaccines in the 1970s, but was never released commercially. Adjuvants can enhance the ... Such aluminium salts are common adjuvants in vaccines sold in the United States and have been used in vaccines for more than 70 ... researchers found that the higher incidence correlated with the use of AS03-adjuvanted influenza vaccine (Pandemrix). Those ...
*  Helen Rees
She chaired the WHO Committee on the STV Vaccine Roadmap and continues to advise WHO on STI vaccine development and on STI ... the chair of the WHO/PATH Advisory Committee on Maternal Influenza Immunisation, a member of the WHO's Polio Research Group and ... and HIV vaccines, and vaccine use in humanitarian emergencies. She is a member of the SAGE Working Group on Measles and Rubella ... She is the current Chair of the WHO SAGE Working Group on Ebola Vaccines, the TFI Working group on Ebola and she chaired the ...
*  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention timeline
1957 - National guidelines for influenza vaccine were developed. 1958 - A CDC team traveled overseas, for the first time, to ... 1963 - CDC tested the newly developed jet injector vaccine for smallpox. 1964 - The first Surgeon General's report linking ...