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*  Intercurrent disease in pregnancy
Many infectious diseases have a risk of vertical transmission to the fetus. Examples include: Chickenpox Chlamydia Herpes ... ISBN 0-521-88115-3. Yu J, Wu S, Li F, Hu L (January 2009). "Vertical transmission of Chlamydia trachomatis in Chongqing China ... Lee MJ, Hallmark RJ, Frenkel LM, Del Priore G (1998). "Maternal syphilis and vertical perinatal transmission of human ... An intercurrent (or concurrent, concomitant or, in most cases, pre-existing) disease in pregnancy is a disease that is not ...
*  Liver disease
"Vertical transmission of hepatitis C virus: systematic review and meta-analysis". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 59 (6): 765-73 ... Liver disease (also called hepatic disease) is a type of damage to or disease of the liver. There are more than a hundred ... Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a spectrum of disease associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome. Hereditary diseases ... Alcoholic liver disease is a hepatic manifestation of alcohol overconsumption, including fatty liver disease, alcoholic ...
*  Vertically transmitted infection
"Virus Markers Associated with Vertical Transmission of Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 in Jamaica". Clinical Infectious ... Group B streptococcal infection Susceptibility and severity of infections in pregnancy Horizontal disease transmission ... almost all cases of vertical transmission will continue to be pathological-in particular if any other routes of transmission ... 2014). "Vertical hepatitis C virus transmission: Main questions and answers". World Journal of Hepatology. 6 (8): 538-548. doi: ...
*  Transmission (medicine)
Tracking the transmission of infectious diseases is called disease surveillance. Surveillance of infectious diseases in the ... Vertical transmission refers to acquisition of symbionts from parents (usually mothers). Vertical transmission can be ... Horizontal Disease Transmission, online-medical-dictionary.org. date ? Routes of transmission of infectious diseases agents ... although all contagious diseases are infectious, not all infectious diseases are contagious). These diseases can also be ...
*  Virulence
... because the fitness of the host is bound to the fitness in vertical transmission but is not so bound in horizontal transmission ... Host-pathogen interface Membrane vesicle trafficking Bacterial effector protein Infectious disease Optimal virulence Super- ... and decreases with vertical transmission (from parent to child). This is ... The ability of bacteria to cause disease is described in terms of the number of infecting bacteria, the route of entry into the ...
*  Yellow fever
"Infectious Diseases Related to Travel". Yellow Book. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Archived from the original on ... Fontenille D, Diallo M, Mondo M, Ndiaye M, Thonnon J (1997). "First evidence of natural vertical transmission of yellow fever ... Mitchell misdiagnosed the disease that he observed and treated, and the disease was probably Weil's disease or hepatitis. See: ... In the 18th and 19th centuries, yellow fever was seen as one of the most dangerous infectious diseases. In 1927 yellow fever ...
*  Virus
Transmission of viruses can be vertical, which means from mother to child, or horizontal, which means from person to person. ... The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2009;9(6):347-56. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(09)70108-2. PMID 19467474. Shuda M, Feng H, Kwun HJ, ... and chronic wasting disease in deer; in humans, prionic diseases include Kuru, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, and Gerstmann- ... Examples of vertical transmission include hepatitis B virus and HIV, where the baby is born already infected with the virus. ...
*  Pathogen
Horizontal transmission occurs between hosts of the same species, in contrast to vertical transmission, which tends to evolve ... However, a relatively small list of pathogenic bacteria can cause infectious diseases. One of the bacterial diseases with the ... Diseases caused by organisms in humans are known as pathogenic diseases. Pathogenicity is the potential disease-causing ... they cause various infectious diseases). Examples of algae acting as a mammalian pathogen are known as well, notably the ...
*  Group B streptococcal infection
2001). "Group B Streptococcal Disease in Nonpregnant Adults" (PDF). Clinical Infectious Diseases. 33: 556-561. doi:10.1086/ ... GBS-EOD is acquired vertically (vertical transmission), through exposure of the fetus or the baby to GBS from the vagina of a ... "Prematurity Is the Major Risk Factor for Late-Onset Group B Streptococcus Disease" (PDF). The Journal of Infectious Diseases. ... Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn Infant (7th. ed.). Elsevier. pp. 419-469. ISBN 978-0-443-06839-3. Keefe GP. (1997 ...
*  Bovine leukemia virus
Instead, preventing disease transmission by implementing preventive practices would likely be more cost-effective." High ... Meas, Sothy; Usui, Tatsufumi; Ohashi, Kazuhiko; Sugimoto, Chihiro; Onuma, Misao (2002-01-23). "Vertical transmission of bovine ... Emerging Infectious Diseases. 20 (5): 772-782. doi:10.3201/eid2005.131298. PMC 4012802 . PMID 24750974. OIE (2010). "Chapter ... While transmission has been documented via blood feeding insects, the significance of this risk is unclear. Transmission relies ...
*  Marine fungi
Transmission among animals in the open sea may naturally limit the spread of fungal diseases. Infectious fungi known from ... Many more occur in the splash zone, where they occupy different vertical zones depending on how tolerant they are to submersion ... "A Review of Potential Infectious Disease Threats to Southern Resident Killer Whales (Orcinus orca)" (PDF). Fungal infections of ... a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals. Lichens are mutualistic associations between fungi, usually an ...
*  Avian nephritis virus
The disease is mainly transmitted horizontally by the oro-faecal route, but rarely vertical transmission may occur. Clinical ... Causes: Infectious Stunting Syndrome - ISS - Baby Chick Nephritis - BCN. The virus has been reported in Japan, Europe, USA and ... Adequate nutrition and a stress-free environment should decrease the amount of clinical disease seen in flocks. Avian Nephritis ... policy and thorough disinfection of housing between batches should be employed to control disease. ...
*  Human pathogen
... important bacteria Lists of diseases List of human diseases associated with infectious pathogens List of infectious diseases ... This is called horizontal transmission in contrast to vertical transmission, which tends to evolve symbiosis (after a period of ... a few pathogenic bacteria can cause infectious diseases. The most common bacterial disease is tuberculosis, caused by the ... In the context of invasion biology, the term usually .." Infectious Disease -- University of Arizona (microvet.arizona.edu) ...
*  Zika fever
Oral, anal or vaginal sex can spread the disease. Cases of vertical perinatal transmission have been reported. The CDC ... 2011). "Probable Non-Vector-borne Transmission of Zika Virus, Colorado, USA". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 17 (5): 880-882. ... Zika fever, also known as Zika virus disease or simply Zika, is an infectious disease caused by the Zika virus. Most cases have ... 2016). "Zika virus: high infectious viral load in semen, a new sexually transmitted pathogen?". The Lancet Infectious Diseases ...
*  Pediatric gynaecology
STI-associated vulvovaginitis may be caused by sexual abuse or vertical transmission, and are treated and diagnosed like adult ... Vulvovaginitis in children may be "nonspecific", or caused by irritation with no known infectious cause, or infectious, caused ... The most common cause is low levels of estrogen (hypoestrogenism), which may result from chronic disease, radiation or ... Infectious vulvovaginitis can be caused by group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus (7-20% of cases), Haemophilus influenzae, ...
*  R. Palmer Beasley
Director of the Center for Infectious Diseases at UTSPH. "He is a giant in the field of infectious diseases.". Samuel Katz, ... N Eng J Med 1975;292:1354 Beasley RP, Trepo C, Stevens CE, Szmuness W. The e antigen and vertical transmission of hepatitis B ... During this period he established the Center for Infectious Diseases which is now headed by Herbert L. DuPont, an expert in ... Beasley then showed that the "E" antigen is a good predictor for vertical transmission from mother-to-infant. This observation ...
*  Infection
One of the ways to prevent or slow down the transmission of infectious diseases is to recognize the different characteristics ... impetigo and warts Vehicle Transmission, transmission by an inanimate reservoir (food, water, soil). Vertical transmission, ... Sexual transmission, with the resulting disease being called sexually transmitted disease Oral transmission, Diseases that are ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) Infectious Disease Index of the Public ...
*  Mycoplasma meleagridis
Transmission is mainly vertical via the egg but ticks such as the Ixodes species can also be vectors. The disease is often ... Also known as: Mycoplasma air sacculitis − Mycoplasma infectious stunting − Mycoplasmosis Mycoplasma meleagridis is a small ... Vertical transmission is difficult to prevent, but males can be tested before breeding and eggs can be dipped in a Tylosin bath ... The disease is more severe in young birds and occurs globally wherever turkeys are reared intensively. ...
*  Transmission of hepadnaviruses
Vertical transmission: through perinatal periods, mother to child. Cross-species transmission has not been proven yet, but if ... It is thought that mother-to-child perinatal transmission and the establishment of a lifelong highly infectious carrier state ... However the potential for zoonotic disease transmission exists where blood or body fluid exposure is common. Such scenarios ... Gibbons: studies show that the vertical transmission is essential in the transmission of HBV in the non-human primates. But, ...
*  Diseases of poverty
... mother-to-child transmission (vertical transmission), and through HIV-infected blood. Since rate of HIV transmission via ... Malnutrition, the immune system, and infectious diseases operate in a cyclical manner: infectious diseases have deleterious ... Gum disease has been linked to diseases such as cardiovascular disease. Diseases of poverty reflect the dynamic relationship ... Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death around the world for an infectious disease. This disease is especially prevalent in ...
*  Dengue virus
Vertical transmission from mosquito to mosquito has also been observed in some vector species. Recent findings suggest that, as ... The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 200 (8): 1261-1270. doi:10.1086/605847. ISSN 0022-1899. PMID 19754307. Morrison, Juliet; ... "First isolation of Aedes flavivirus in the Western Hemisphere and evidence of vertical transmission in the mosquito Aedes ( ... wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2016/infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/dengue "Dengue virus". Pathogen Information ( ...
*  Vaginitis
2016 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America". Clinical Infectious Diseases: civ933. doi:10.1093/cid/civ933. PMID ... STI-associated vulvovaginitis may be caused by sexual abuse or vertical transmission, and are treated and diagnosed like adult ... Vulvovaginitis in children may be "nonspecific", or caused by irritation with no known infectious cause, or infectious, caused ... Infectious Diseases. 32 (8): 977-84. doi:10.1007/s10096-013-1846-4. PMID 23443475. NHS Choices, United Kingdom National Health ...
*  Epidemic
Colostral transmission: A form of vertical transmission via successive generations. Contact transmission: The disease agent is ... The agent undergoes some development in the transmission vehicle. Fecal-oral transmission: The infectious agent is shed by the ... Propagative transmission: The agent multiplies in the transmission vehicle. Vertical transmission: From one generation to the ... Epidemics of infectious disease are generally caused by several factors including a change in the ecology of the host ...
*  Initial acquisition of microbiota
This evidence supports the possibility of vertical microbial transmission in mammals. Most research on vertical transmission in ... The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 38 (3): 205-210. doi:10.1093/infdis/38.3.205. Weiss, J.E.; Rettger, L.F. (1938). "Taxonomic ... Koga, R.; Meng, X.Y.; Tsuchida, T.; Fukatsu, T. (2012). "Cellular mechanism for selective vertical transmission of an obligate ... Schmitt, S.; Weisz, J.B.; Lindquist, N.; Hentschel, U. (2007). "Vertical transmission of a phylogenetically complex microbial ...
*  Misconceptions about HIV/AIDS
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has only recorded one case of possible HIV transmission through kissing ( ... Most infectious agents have been associated with the disease they cause long before their pathogenic mechanisms have been ... Groginsky, E.; Bowdler, N.; Yankowitz, J. (1998). "Update on vertical HIV transmission". J Reprod Med. 43 (8): 637-46. PMID ... HIV antibody tests exceed the performance of most other infectious disease tests in both sensitivity (the ability of the ...
*  Whale
These pollutants can cause gastrointestinal cancers and greater vulnerability to infectious diseases. They can also be poisoned ... Whales swim by moving their tail fin and lower body up and down, propelling themselves through vertical movement, while their ... Cranford, T.W.; Krysl, P.; Hildebrand, J.A. (2008). "Acoustic pathways revealed: simulated sound transmission and reception in ... A 2008 study found that sperm whales sleep in vertical postures just under the surface in passive shallow 'drift-dives', ...