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*  Puberty
Girls are especially sensitive to nutritional regulation because they must contribute all of the nutritional support to a ... Scientists believe the phenomenon could be linked to obesity or exposure to chemicals in the food chain, and is putting girls ... Infant sexuality and the unconscious". The American Journal of Medicine. 77 (6): 977-80. doi:10.1016/0002-9343(84)90172-4. PMID ... Mechanisms of these social effects are unknown, though a variety of physiological processes, including pheromones, have been ...
*  Prenatal memory
... which the infant cannot live without. Thus, fetal memory is critical to the survival and healthy development of the infant ... Upon hearing the tune, these newborns showed physiological changes, such as a decrease in heart rate. This observed change did ... Further research in this area is needed.[citation needed] Similarly to nutritional intake, drugs consumed by the mother during ... Thompson, Richard F.; Spencer, William A. (1966). "Habituation: A model phenomenon for the study of neuronal substrates of ...
*  Zinc deficiency
Oral repletion via tablets (e.g. zinc gluconate) or liquid (e.g. zinc acetate). Oral zinc supplementation in healthy infants ... Deficiency of other nutrients such as tyrosine, tryptophan and thiamine could contribute to this phenomenon of "malnutrition- ... a sensitive physiological marker of zinc status in vivo (Gallus gallus)". Nutrients. 6 (3): 1164-1180. doi:10.3390/nu6031164. ... a time of rapid growth and development when nutritional needs are high. Low maternal zinc status has been associated with less ...
*  Cricket (insect)
William Wordsworth's 1805 poem The Cottager to Her Infant includes the couplet "The kitten sleeps upon the hearth, The crickets ... Yong, Ed (2014-05-09). "The Silence of the Crickets, The Silence of the Crickets". Phenomena: A Science Salon. National ... Physiological Entomology. 8 (2): 151-166. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3032.1983.tb00344.x. Cade W. H. (1975). "Acoustically orienting ... probably providing a nutritional boost. Gryllus firmus exhibits wing polymorphism; some individuals have fully functional, long ...
*  Anthropometric measurement of the developing fetus
... infant and children of different nutritional and socio-economic groups". Indian Pediatr. 7: 347-58. Lakshminarayana P, Nagasamy ... With an increase in gestational time, the fetal organs also grow in progression to the body weight, the phenomenon which is ... under physiological and pathological conditions: immunocytochemical, electron microscopic and in vitro observations". In Vivo. ... M.D. Robert Usher, R.N. Frances McLean (June 1969). "Intrauterine growth of live-born Caucasian infants at sea level: standards ...
*  Taurine
... crosses the blood-brain barrier and has been implicated in a wide array of physiological phenomena including inhibitory ... Prematurely born infants are believed to lack the enzymes needed to convert cystathionine to cysteine, and may, therefore, ... The complex magnesium taurate may thus have potential as a vascular-protective nutritional supplement and might also be ... Taurine is present in breast milk, and has been added to many infant formulas, as a measure of prudence, since the early 1980s ...
*  Hemoglobin
In human infants, the hemoglobin molecule is made up of 2 α chains and 2 γ chains. The gamma chains are gradually replaced by β ... This phenomenon, where molecule Y affects the binding of molecule X to a transport molecule Z, is called a heterotropic ... nutritional deficiency, bone marrow problems, chemotherapy, kidney failure, or abnormal hemoglobin (such as that of sickle-cell ... Oxyhemoglobin is formed during physiological respiration when oxygen binds to the heme component of the protein hemoglobin in ...
*  Mental disorder
The application of the concept of mental illness to the phenomena described by these authors has in turn been critiqued by ... Lakhan, Shaheen E; Vieira, Karen F (2008). "Nutritional therapies for mental disorders". Nutrition Journal. 7 (1): 2. doi: ... However, available evidence may range from nonverbal behaviors-including physiological responses and homologous facial displays ... to adverse rearing conditions such as early separation of infants from mothers; early sensory deprivation; and extended periods ...
*  Saliva testing
In more specific studies looking at the link between cortisol levels and psychological phenomena, it has been found that ... In situations where a subject undergoes induced anxiety, high cortisol levels correspond with experiencing more physiological ... and markers of nutritional status. According to Wong, scientists are now viewing saliva as "a valuable biofluid…with the ... "Total and allergen-specific immunoglobulin A levels in saliva in relation to the development of allergy in infants up to 2 ...
*  Caffeine
... and physiological phenomena that develop after repeated substance use and that typically include a strong desire to take the ... Caffeine is used in: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants for both prevention and treatment. It may improve weight ... Liddle DG, Connor DJ (June 2013). "Nutritional supplements and ergogenic AIDS". Primary Care. 40 (2): 487-505. doi:10.1016/j. ... The physiological effects of the above mentioned substances are well established. However, the ergogenic effect of some of the ...
*  Evolutionary models of human drug use
Torregrossa, Ann-Marie; Dearing, M. Denise (February 2009). "Nutritional toxicology of mammals: regulated intake of plant ... Wishard, Gwendolyn (2012-08-01). "The evolution of childhood: relationships, emotion and mind". Infant Observation. 15 (2): 209 ... physiological_effects_of_subcut.pdf. Missing or empty ,title= (help) Wink, Michael (2006). "Naturally Occurring Bioactive ... of reward-related stimuli and that drug induced dopamine stimulation explains at least some part of drug abuse phenomena. And ...
*  Pain
... a person may report pain that cannot be detected by any known physiological measure. However, like infants, animals cannot ... subjective phenomenon, defining pain has been a challenge. In medical diagnosis, pain is regarded as a symptom of an underlying ... experiencing pain may exhibit withdrawn social behavior and possibly experience a decreased appetite and decreased nutritional ... Infants do feel pain, but lack the language needed to report it, and so communicate distress by crying. A non-verbal pain ...
*  Eicosanoid
Since certain of the ω-6 and ω-3 PUFA series of metabolites have almost diametrically opposing physiological and pathological ... reduced the severity of eczema in a study of 60 infants and, in another study, inhaled LXA4 decreased LTC4-initiated ... "Evidence for the Use of Epoprostenol to Treat Raynaud's Phenomenon With or Without Digital Ulcers: A Review of the Literature ... their role in the determination of nutritional requirements and chronic disease risk". Experimental Biology and Medicine ( ...
*  Leptin
Although regulation of fat stores is deemed to be the primary function of leptin, it also plays a role in other physiological ... Leptin has thus emerged as a candidate to link obesity and osteoarthritis and serves as an apparent objective as a nutritional ... Vasselli JR (November 2008). "Fructose-induced leptin resistance: discovery of an unsuspected form of the phenomenon and its ... and leptin from mother's milk has been found in the blood of suckling infant animals. Leptin along with kisspeptin controls the ...
*  Methamphetamine
The phenomenon of "unopposed alpha stimulation" has not been reported with the use of beta-blockers for treatment of ... Infants born to methamphetamine-abusing mothers were found to have a significantly smaller gestational age-adjusted head ... Liddle DG, Connor DJ (June 2013). "Nutritional supplements and ergogenic AIDS". Prim. Care. 40 (2): 487-505. doi:10.1016/j.pop. ... "is probably caused by a combination of drug-induced psychological and physiological changes resulting in xerostomia (dry mouth ...
*  Human
In developed countries, infants are typically 3-4 kg (7-9 lb) in weight and 50-60 cm (20-24 in) in height at birth.[not in ... Curiosity and the human desire to understand and influence the environment and to explain and manipulate phenomena (or events) ... Human evolution is characterized by a number of morphological, developmental, physiological, and behavioral changes that have ... "The role of nutritional factors in the aetiology of neural tube defects". Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 28 (1): 12- ...
*  Causes of schizophrenia
While some of these explanations may stretch credulity, others (such as heavy metal poisoning and nutritional imbalances) have ... a phenomenon known as the seasonality effect. Factors responsible are thought to be related to various viral epidemics, vitamin ... The Jerusalem Infant Development Study". Arch. Gen. Psychiatry. 56 (8): 741-8. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.56.8.741. PMID 10435609. ... it has been suggested that the physiological hypoxia that prevails in normal embryonic and fetal development, or pathological ...